Daniel 4:29
Verse (Click for Chapter)
New International Version
Twelve months later, as the king was walking on the roof of the royal palace of Babylon,

New Living Translation
Twelve months later he was taking a walk on the flat roof of the royal palace in Babylon.

English Standard Version
At the end of twelve months he was walking on the roof of the royal palace of Babylon,

New American Standard Bible
"Twelve months later he was walking on the roof of the royal palace of Babylon.

King James Bible
At the end of twelve months he walked in the palace of the kingdom of Babylon.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
At the end of 12 months, as he was walking on the roof of the royal palace in Babylon,

International Standard Version
About a year later, as the king was walking on the roof of the royal palace of Babylon,

NET Bible
After twelve months, he happened to be walking around on the battlements of the royal palace of Babylon.

New Heart English Bible
At the end of twelve months he was walking in the royal palace of Babylon.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Twelve months later, he was walking around the royal palace in Babylon.

JPS Tanakh 1917
At the end of twelve months he was walking upon the royal palace of Babylon.

New American Standard 1977
“Twelve months later he was walking on the roof of the royal palace of Babylon.

Jubilee Bible 2000
At the end of twelve months as he was walking upon the palace of the kingdom of Babylon,

King James 2000 Bible
At the end of twelve months he walked in the palace of the kingdom of Babylon.

American King James Version
At the end of twelve months he walked in the palace of the kingdom of Babylon.

American Standard Version
At the end of twelve months he was walking in the royal palace of Babylon.

Douay-Rheims Bible
At the end of twelve months he was walking in the palace of Babylon.

Darby Bible Translation
At the end of twelve months he was walking upon the royal palace of Babylon:

English Revised Version
At the end of twelve months he was walking in the royal palace of Babylon.

Webster's Bible Translation
At the end of twelve months he walked in the palace of the kingdom of Babylon.

World English Bible
At the end of twelve months he was walking in the royal palace of Babylon.

Young's Literal Translation
'At the end of twelve months, on the palace of the kingdom of Babylon he hath been walking;
Study Bible
The Second Dream Fulfilled
28"All this happened to Nebuchadnezzar the king. 29"Twelve months later he was walking on the roof of the royal palace of Babylon. 30"The king reflected and said, 'Is this not Babylon the great, which I myself have built as a royal residence by the might of my power and for the glory of my majesty?'…
Cross References
2 Peter 3:9
The Lord is not slow to fulfill His promise as some understand slowness, but is patient with you, not wanting anyone to perish, but everyone to come to repentance.

Daniel 4:30
"The king reflected and said, 'Is this not Babylon the great, which I myself have built as a royal residence by the might of my power and for the glory of my majesty?'
Treasury of Scripture

At the end of twelve months he walked in the palace of the kingdom of Babylon.

end.

Genesis 6:3 And the LORD said, My spirit shall not always strive with man, for …

Ecclesiastes 8:11 Because sentence against an evil work is not executed speedily, therefore …

1 Peter 3:20 Which sometime were disobedient, when once the long-suffering of …

2 Peter 3:9,10,15 The Lord is not slack concerning his promise, as some men count slackness; …

Revelation 2:21 And I gave her space to repent of her fornication; and she repented not.

in. or, upon.

(29) Twelve months--i.e., counting from the time of the vision. Sufficient time for repentance was mercifully granted to the king.

Palace of the kingdom of Babylon.--He had palaces in other towns. Daniel lays a stress upon the fact that this occurred in the town of Babylon. Nebuchadnezzar, the golden head of the image, was in the very centre of his dominions, in his own proud capital, when this occurred. It is needless, therefore, to assume that this was written by a person who lived a long way off from Babylon.

At the end of twelve months,.... After the dream, and the interpretation of it; which, according to Bishop Usher (s), Dean Prideaux (t), and Mr. Whiston (u), was in the year of the world 3435 A.M., and before Christ 569, and in the thirty sixth year of his reign: one whole year, a space of time, either which God gave him to repent in, or which he obtained by attending for a while to Daniel's advice:

he walked in the palace of the kingdom of Babylon; or "upon the palace" (w); upon the roof of it, which in the eastern countries was usually flat and plain; and so Abydenus (x), in the above cited place, represents him, , as ascending upon his royal palace; when, after he had finished his oration on it, he disappeared. From hence he could take a full view of the great city of Babylon, which swelled him with pride and vanity, and which he expressed in the next verse; See Gill on Daniel 4:4, where also mention is made of his palace, the new one built by him. The old palace of the kings of Babylon stood on the east side of the river Euphrates, over against it, as Dean Prideaux (y) observes; on the other side of the river stood the new palace Nebuchadnezzar built. The old one was four miles in circumference; but this new one was eight miles, encompassed with three walls, one within another, and strongly fortified; and in it were hanging gardens, one of the wonders of the world, made by him for the pleasure of his wife Amyitis, daughter of Astyages king of Media; who being taken with the mountainous and woody parts of her native country, and retaining an inclination for them, desired something like it at Babylon; and, to gratify her herein, this surprising work was made: though Diodorus Siculus (z) says it was made by a Syrian king he does not name, for the sake of his concubine; and whose account of it, and which is given from him by Dean Prideaux (a), and the authors of the Universal History (b), is this, and in the words of the latter:

"these gardens are said to contain a square of four plethra, or four hundred feet on each side, and to have consisted of terraces one above another, carried up to the height of the wall of the city; the ascent, from terrace to terrace, being by steps ten feet wide. The whole pile consisted of substantial arches up on arches, and was strengthened by a wall, surrounding it on every side, twenty two feet thick; and the floors on each of them were laid in this order: first on the tops of the arches was laid a bed or pavement of stones, sixteen feet long, and four feet broad; over this was a layer of reed, mixed with a great quantity of bitumen; and over this two courses of brick, closely cemented with plaster; and over all these were thick sheets of lead, and on these the earth or mould of the garden. This floorage was designed to retain the moisture of the mould; which was so deep as to give root to the greatest trees, which were planted on every terrace, together with great variety of other vegetables, pleasing to the eye; upon the uppermost of these terraces was a reservoir, supplied by a certain engine with water from the river, from whence the gardens at the other terraces were supplied.''

And it was either on the roof of the palace, as before observed, or perhaps it might be upon this uppermost terrace, that Nebuchadnezzar was walking, and from whence he might take a view of the city of Babylon; the greatness of which, as set forth by him, he prided himself with, in the following words:

(s) Annales Vet. Test. A. M. 3435. (t) Connexion, &c. part. 1. p. 105. (u) Chronological Tables, cent. 10. (w) "super palatium", Vatablus; "super palatio", Cecceius, Michaelis. (x) Apud Euseb. ut supra. (Praepar. Evangel. l. 9. c. 41. p. 457.) (y) Connexion, &c. part 1. B. 2. p. 102. (z) Biliothec. I. 2. p. 98. (a) Ibid. (b) Vol. 4. B. 1. ch. 9. p. 409, 410. 29. twelve months—This respite was granted to him to leave him without excuse. So the hundred twenty years granted before the flood (Ge 6:3). At the first announcement of the coming judgment he was alarmed, as Ahab (1Ki 21:27), but did not thoroughly repent; so when judgment was not executed at once, he thought it would never come, and so returned to his former pride (Ec 8:11).

in the palace—rather, upon the (flat) palace roof, whence he could contemplate the splendor of Babylon. So the heathen historian, Abydenus, records. The palace roof was the scene of the fall of another king (2Sa 11:2). The outer wall of Nebuchadnezzar's new palace embraced six miles; there were two other embattled walls within, and a great tower, and three brazen gates.4:28-37 Pride and self-conceit are sins that beset great men. They are apt to take that glory to themselves which is due to God only. While the proud word was in the king's mouth, the powerful word came from God. His understanding and his memory were gone, and all the powers of the rational soul were broken. How careful we ought to be, not to do any thing which may provoke God to put us out of our senses! God resists the proud. Nebuchadnezzar would be more than a man, but God justly makes him less than a man. We may learn to believe concerning God, that the most high God lives for ever, and that his kingdom is like himself, everlasting, and universal. His power cannot be resisted. When men are brought to honour God, by confession of sin and acknowledging his sovereignty, then, and not till then, they may expect that God will honour them; not only restore them to the dignity they lost by the sin of the first Adam, but add excellent majesty to them, from the righteousness and grace of the Second Adam. Afflictions shall last no longer than till they have done the work for which they were sent. There can be no reasonable doubt that Nebuchadnezzar was a true penitent, and an accepted believer. It is thought that he did not live more than a year after his restoration. Thus the Lord knows how to abase those that walk in pride, but gives grace and consolation to the humble, broken-hearted sinner who calls upon Him.
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