Hosea 4:2
Parallel Verses
New International Version
There is only cursing, lying and murder, stealing and adultery; they break all bounds, and bloodshed follows bloodshed.

New Living Translation
You make vows and break them; you kill and steal and commit adultery. There is violence everywhere--one murder after another.

English Standard Version
there is swearing, lying, murder, stealing, and committing adultery; they break all bounds, and bloodshed follows bloodshed.

New American Standard Bible
There is swearing, deception, murder, stealing and adultery. They employ violence, so that bloodshed follows bloodshed.

King James Bible
By swearing, and lying, and killing, and stealing, and committing adultery, they break out, and blood toucheth blood.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Cursing, lying, murder, stealing, and adultery are rampant; one act of bloodshed follows another.

International Standard Version
Swearing, lying, murder, theft, and adultery are rampant, and blood mingles with blood.

NET Bible
There is only cursing, lying, murder, stealing, and adultery. They resort to violence and bloodshed.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
There is cursing, lying, murdering, stealing, and adultery. People break [my laws], and there is one murder after another.

Jubilee Bible 2000
By swearing and lying and murdering and stealing and committing adultery, they prevailed, and blood touches blood.

King James 2000 Bible
By swearing, and lying, and killing, and stealing, and committing adultery, they break all restraint, and bloodshed touches bloodshed.

American King James Version
By swearing, and lying, and killing, and stealing, and committing adultery, they break out, and blood touches blood.

American Standard Version
There is nought but swearing and breaking faith, and killing, and stealing, and committing adultery; they break out, and blood toucheth blood.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Cursing, and lying, and killing, and theft, and adultery have overflowed, and blood hath touched blood.

Darby Bible Translation
Swearing, and lying, and killing, and stealing, and committing adultery, -- they break out; and blood toucheth blood.

English Revised Version
There is nought but swearing and breaking faith, and killing, and stealing, and committing adultery; they break out, and blood toucheth blood.

Webster's Bible Translation
By swearing, and lying, and killing, and stealing, and committing adultery, they break out, and blood toucheth blood.

World English Bible
There is cursing, lying, murder, stealing, and committing adultery; they break boundaries, and bloodshed causes bloodshed.

Young's Literal Translation
Swearing, and lying, and murdering, And stealing, and committing adultery -- have increased, And blood against blood hath touched.
Parallel Commentaries
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary

4:1-5 Hosea reproves for immorality, as well as idolatry. There was no truth, mercy, or knowledge of God in the land: it was full of murders, 2Ki 21:16. Therefore calamities were near, which would desolate the country. Our sins, as separate persons, as a family, as a neighbourhood, as a nation, cause the Lord to have a controversy with us; let us submit and humble ourselves before Him, that he may not go on to destroy.

Pulpit Commentary

Verse 2. - Having given a picture of Israel negatively, he next presents the positive side. The absence of the virtues specified implies the presence of the opposite vices. In the most vivid and impressive manner the prophet, instead of enumerating prosaically the vices so prevalent at the time, expresses them more emphatically by a species of exclamation, using

(1) infinitives absolute instead of finite verbs; thus: "Swearing, and lying, and murdering, and stealing, and committing adultery." They may, however, be regarded as in the nominative as subjects to יֵשׁ. Instead of either supplying לְשָׁוְא, to allot, or closely connecting" allot" with the verb "to lie," which immediately follows, it is better to understand the two verbs separately, as expressing two different species of sin; that is, swearing and cursing, and lying. So the Septuagint renders them by the nouns ἀρὰ καὶ ψεῦδος, equivalent to "cursing and lying;" as also the Chaldee, "they swear falsely and lie." The commandments which the children of Israel thus violated were the third, the ninth, the sixth, the eighth, and the seventh.

(2) The construction, adopted in the LXX., Vulgate, and by Luther in his version, takes the infinitives (nounal expressions of habitual or continued actions) as nominatives to the verb paratsu; thus: "Cursing, and lying, and murder, and theft, and adultery abound (κέχυται or εκκέχυται) in the land;" "Maledictum, et mendacium, et homicidium, et furtum, et adulterium innndavernut;" and Luther translates, "Gotteslastern, Luger, Morder, Stehlen, and Ehebrechen hat uberhand genommen." The common mode

(3) of constructing the infinitives independently as above in

(1) or gerundively as in the Authorized Version, and in either ease understanding an indefinite subject to paratsu, is preferable on the whole; thus: "By swearing, etc., they break out." The allusion to the water overflowing its banks and spreading in all directions, implied in the Septuagint Version, is approved by Jerome in his Commentary: "He (the prophet) did not say est, but, to demonstrate the abundance of crimes, introduced inundaverunt (overflowed)." The common meaning of parats is to tear or break - break in upon, especially with violence, as robbers and murderers; so paritsim has the sense of murderers and robbers. It is better, therefore, to take the verb here as a present perfect connecting past and present, and to translate it" break through," or" in to," that is, as burglars into houses. So Kimchi, though figuratively: "They break through the wall which is the fence of the Law, and multiply transgressions." Similarly, De Wette has "Gewaltthat uber sie;" and Maurer likewise: "Jurare et mentiri et occidere et furari et adulterari! Violenter agunt et sanguines sanguines altingunt." The Massoretic accentuation favors (putting athnach at naopt) this construction; while the context, which speaks of bloodshed, is quite in keeping with acts of violence.

Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

By swearing, and lying,.... Which some join together, and make but one sin of it, false swearing, so Jarchi and Kimchi; but that swearing itself signifies, as the Targum interprets it; for it not only takes in all cursing and imprecations, profane oaths, and taking the name of God in vain, and swearing by the creatures, but may chiefly design perjury; which, though one kind of "lying", may be distinguished from it here; the latter intending "lying" in common, which the devil is the father of, mankind are incident unto, and which is abominable to God, whether in civil or in religious things: "and killing, and stealing and committing adultery"; murders, thefts, and adulteries, were very common with them; sins against the sixth, eighth, and seventh commandments:

they break out; through all the restraints of the laws of God and man, like an unruly horse that breaks his bridle and runs away; or like wild beasts, that break down the fences and enclosures about them, and break out, and get away; or like a torrent of water, that breaks down its dams and banks, and overflows the meadows and plains; such a flood and deluge of sin abounded in the nation. Some render it, "they thieve" (o); or act the part of thieves and robbers: and the Targum,

"they beget sons of their neighbours' wives;''

and so Abarbinel interprets it of breaking through the hedge of another man's wife; but these sins are observed before:

and blood toucheth blood; which some understand of sins in general, so called, because filthy and abominable; and of the addition and multiplication of them, there being as it were heaps of them, or rather a chain of them linked together. So the Targum,

"and they add sins to sins.''

Others interpret it of impure mixtures, of incestuous lusts, or marriages contrary to the ties of blood, and laws of consanguinity, Leviticus 18:6, or rather it is to be understood of the great effusion of blood, and frequency of murders; so that there was scarce any interval between them, but a continued series of them. Some think respect is had to the frequent slaughter of their kings; Zachariah the son of Jeroboam was slain by Shallum, when he had reigned but six months; and Shallum was slain by Menahem when he had reigned but one month; and this Menahem was a murderer of many, smote many places, and ripped up the women with child; Pekahiah his son was killed by Pekah the son of Remaliah, and he again by Hoshea, 2 Kings 15:8.

(o) "latrocinantur, vel latrones agunt", Schmidt.

Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Bible Commentary

2. they break out—bursting through every restraint.

blood toucheth blood—literally, "bloods." One act of bloodshed follows another without any interval between (see 2Ki 15:8-16, 25; Mic 7:2).

Hosea 4:2 Additional Commentaries
Context
God's Charges against Israel
1Listen to the word of the LORD, O sons of Israel, For the LORD has a case against the inhabitants of the land, Because there is no faithfulness or kindness Or knowledge of God in the land. 2There is swearing, deception, murder, stealing and adultery. They employ violence, so that bloodshed follows bloodshed. 3Therefore the land mourns, And everyone who lives in it languishes Along with the beasts of the field and the birds of the sky, And also the fish of the sea disappear.…
Cross References
Genesis 4:8
Now Cain said to his brother Abel, "Let's go out to the field." While they were in the field, Cain attacked his brother Abel and killed him.

Deuteronomy 5:11
"You shall not misuse the name of the LORD your God, for the LORD will not hold anyone guiltless who misuses his name.

Deuteronomy 5:18
"You shall not commit adultery.

Deuteronomy 5:19
"You shall not steal.

Isaiah 59:3
For your hands are stained with blood, your fingers with guilt. Your lips have spoken falsely, and your tongue mutters wicked things.

Jeremiah 9:2
Oh, that I had in the desert a lodging place for travelers, so that I might leave my people and go away from them; for they are all adulterers, a crowd of unfaithful people.

Jeremiah 23:10
The land is full of adulterers; because of the curse the land lies parched and the pastures in the wilderness are withered. The prophets follow an evil course and use their power unjustly.

Jeremiah 51:5
For Israel and Judah have not been forsaken by their God, the LORD Almighty, though their land is full of guilt before the Holy One of Israel.

Ezekiel 7:23
"'Prepare chains! For the land is full of bloodshed, and the city is full of violence.

Ezekiel 22:9
In you are slanderers who are bent on shedding blood; in you are those who eat at the mountain shrines and commit lewd acts.

Hosea 5:2
The rebels are knee-deep in slaughter. I will discipline all of them.

Hosea 6:8
Gilead is a city of evildoers, stained with footprints of blood.

Hosea 6:9
As marauders lie in ambush for a victim, so do bands of priests; they murder on the road to Shechem, carrying out their wicked schemes.

Hosea 7:1
whenever I would heal Israel, the sins of Ephraim are exposed and the crimes of Samaria revealed. They practice deceit, thieves break into houses, bandits rob in the streets;

Hosea 7:3
"They delight the king with their wickedness, the princes with their lies.

Hosea 7:4
They are all adulterers, burning like an oven whose fire the baker need not stir from the kneading of the dough till it rises.

Hosea 10:4
They make many promises, take false oaths and make agreements; therefore lawsuits spring up like poisonous weeds in a plowed field.

Hosea 10:13
But you have planted wickedness, you have reaped evil, you have eaten the fruit of deception. Because you have depended on your own strength and on your many warriors,

Hosea 11:12
Ephraim has surrounded me with lies, Israel with deceit. And Judah is unruly against God, even against the faithful Holy One.

Hosea 12:14
But Ephraim has aroused his bitter anger; his Lord will leave on him the guilt of his bloodshed and will repay him for his contempt.
Treasury of Scripture

By swearing, and lying, and killing, and stealing, and committing adultery, they break out, and blood touches blood.

swearing.

Isaiah 24:5 The earth also is defiled under the inhabitants thereof; because …

Isaiah 48:1 Hear you this, O house of Jacob, which are called by the name of …

Isaiah 59:2-8,12-15 But your iniquities have separated between you and your God, and …

Jeremiah 5:1,2,7-9,26,27 Run you to and fro through the streets of Jerusalem, and see now, …

Jeremiah 6:7 As a fountain casts out her waters, so she casts out her wickedness: …

Jeremiah 7:6-10 If you oppress not the stranger, the fatherless, and the widow, and …

Jeremiah 9:2-8 Oh that I had in the wilderness a lodging place of wayfaring men; …

Jeremiah 23:10-14 For the land is full of adulterers; for because of swearing the land …

Ezekiel 22:2-13,25-30 Now, you son of man, will you judge, will you judge the bloody city? …

Micah 2:1-3 Woe to them that devise iniquity, and work evil on their beds! when …

Micah 3:2,9 Who hate the good, and love the evil; who pluck off their skin from …

Micah 6:10 Are there yet the treasures of wickedness in the house of the wicked, …

Micah 7:2 The good man is perished out of the earth: and there is none upright …

Zephaniah 3:1 Woe to her that is filthy and polluted, to the oppressing city!

Zechariah 5:3 Then said he to me, This is the curse that goes forth over the face …

Zechariah 7:9 Thus speaks the LORD of hosts, saying, Execute true judgment, and …

blood. Heb. bloods. toucheth.

Hosea 5:2 And the rebels are profound to make slaughter, though I have been …

Hosea 6:9 And as troops of robbers wait for a man, so the company of priests …

Lamentations 4:13 For the sins of her prophets, and the iniquities of her priests, …

Matthew 23:35 That on you may come all the righteous blood shed on the earth…

Acts 7:52 Which of the prophets have not your fathers persecuted? and they …

1 Thessalonians 2:15 Who both killed the Lord Jesus, and their own prophets, and have …

Revelation 17:6 And I saw the woman drunken with the blood of the saints, and with …

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