Hosea 4:7
Parallel Verses
New International Version
The more priests there were, the more they sinned against me; they exchanged their glorious God for something disgraceful.

New Living Translation
The more priests there are, the more they sin against me. They have exchanged the glory of God for the shame of idols.

English Standard Version
The more they increased, the more they sinned against me; I will change their glory into shame.

New American Standard Bible
The more they multiplied, the more they sinned against Me; I will change their glory into shame.

King James Bible
As they were increased, so they sinned against me: therefore will I change their glory into shame.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
The more they multiplied, the more they sinned against Me. I will change their honor into disgrace.

International Standard Version
"The more they increased in number, the more they sinned against me, so I will change their glory into shame.

NET Bible
The more the priests increased in numbers, the more they rebelled against me. They have turned their glorious calling into a shameful disgrace!

GOD'S WORD® Translation
The more priests there are, the more they sin against me. So I will turn their glory into shame.

Jubilee Bible 2000
According to their greatness, so did they sin against me; therefore I will change their honour into shame.

King James 2000 Bible
As they were increased, so they sinned against me: therefore will I change their glory into shame.

American King James Version
As they were increased, so they sinned against me: therefore will I change their glory into shame.

American Standard Version
As they were multiplied, so they sinned against me: I will change their glory into shame.

Douay-Rheims Bible
According to the multitude of them so have they sinned against me: I will change their glory into shame.

Darby Bible Translation
As they were multiplied, so they sinned against me: I will change their glory into shame.

English Revised Version
As they were multiplied, so they sinned against me: I will change their glory into shame.

Webster's Bible Translation
As they were increased, so they sinned against me: therefore will I change their glory into shame.

World English Bible
As they were multiplied, so they sinned against me. I will change their glory into shame.

Young's Literal Translation
According to their abundance so they sinned against Me, Their honour into shame I change.
Parallel Commentaries
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary

4:6-11 Both priests and people rejected knowledge; God will justly reject them. They forgot the law of God, neither desired nor endeavoured to retain it in mind, and to transmit the remembrance to their posterity; therefore God will justly forget them and their children. If we dishonour God with that which is our honour, it will, sooner or later, be turned into shame to us. Instead of warning the people against sin, from the consideration of the sacrifices, which showed what an offence sin was to God, since it needed an atonement, the priests encouraged the people to sin, since atonement might be made at so small an expense. It is very wicked to be pleased with the sins of others, because they may turn to our advantage. What is unlawfully gained, cannot be comfortably used. The people and the priests hardened one another in sin; therefore justly shall they share in the punishment. Sharers in sin must expect to share in ruin. Any lust harboured in the heart, in time will eat out all its strength and vigour. That is the reason why many professors grow so heavy, so dull, so dead in the way of religion. They have a liking for some secret lust, which takes away their hearts.

Pulpit Commentary

Verses 7, 8. - As they were increased; rather, multiplied. Whether כְּרֻבָּם be taken as infinitive with suffix and prefix, or as a noun, it will amount to the same. The reference is rather to the multitude of the population than to the greatness of their prosperity or the abundance of their wealth. In the latter sense it is understood by the Chaldee paraphrase, but in the former by the Syriac translator. So also Kimchi, where he says, "As for Aaron the priest their father, the Law of truth was in his mouth; but now that his sons have multiplied and spread abroad, they have sinned against me and forgotten my law; according as I did them good they did evil." He also gives as the explanation of others, "As I increased them in wealth and riches, they sinned against me." Their glory will I change into shame. The "therefore" of the Authorized Version is inserted unnecessarily. Both the Chaldee and Syriac render, "And they changed their glory into shame;" as they took אָמִיר for the infinitive הָמִיר, and that in the sense of the preterit; or the infinitive in the gerundival sense: "changing their glory into shame." Kimchi explains the meaning correctly: "Therefore I made them beads over the people and expiators, yet if they do not observe my Law I will change their glory into shame; and the people will contemn and despise them." Their numbers multiplied with the multiplication of idols, and the apostasy of the people kept pace with both; and now as a fit punishment they are to be deprived of their priestly glory - their dignity and splendor. They eat up the sin of my people. The word חַטַּאה may be understood in either of two senses; and the meaning of the verse will correspond thereto. It may either mean that these faithless priests lived upon the sin of the people, deriving their livelihood and profit from the people's idolatrous practices; or that they were delighted with their sin, approving rather than reproving them for the same. The other explanation understands the word of sin offering, and is thus expressed by Kimchi: "They are only priests for eating up the sin and trespass offering which the people offer on account of sins, not for teaching the Law or right way." To their iniquity they lift up (each one) his soul. They set their heart upon and eagerly desire the continued practice of sin on the part of the people that they may profit by the sacrifices. Thus Kimchi explains this clause in accordance with his exposition of the former: "The priests lift up every one his soul to the sin of the people, saying, When will they sin, and bring sin offering and trespass offering that we may eat?"

Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

As they were increased, so they sinned against me,.... As the children of the priests increased and grew up, they sinned against the Lord, imitating their parents; they were as many sinners as they were persons, not one to be excepted: this expresses their universal depravity and corruption. Some understand it of their increase, as in number, so in riches, wealth, honour, dignity, and authority, and yet they sinned more and more; which shows their ingratitude. So the Targum,

"as I have multiplied fruits unto them, &c.''

Therefore will I change their glory into shame, take away their priesthood from them, so that they shall be no more priests, and as if they never had been; and reduce them to a state of poverty, meanness, and disgrace; and cause them to go into captivity with the meanest of the people; and be in no more honour, but subject to as much scorn and contempt as they.

Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Bible Commentary

7. As they were increased—in numbers and power. Compare Ho 4:6, "thy children," to which their "increase" in numbers refers.

so they sinned—(Compare Ho 10:1 and Ho 13:6).

will I change their glory into shame—that is, I will strip them of all they now glory in (their numbers and power), and give them shame instead. A just retribution: as they changed their glory into shame, by idolatry (Ps 106:20; Jer 2:11; Ro 1:23; Php 3:19).

Hosea 4:7 Additional Commentaries
Context
God's Charges against Israel
6My people are destroyed for lack of knowledge. Because you have rejected knowledge, I also will reject you from being My priest. Since you have forgotten the law of your God, I also will forget your children. 7The more they multiplied, the more they sinned against Me; I will change their glory into shame. 8They feed on the sin of My people And direct their desire toward their iniquity.…
Cross References
Hosea 9:11
Ephraim's glory will fly away like a bird-- no birth, no pregnancy, no conception.

Hosea 10:1
Israel was a spreading vine; he brought forth fruit for himself. As his fruit increased, he built more altars; as his land prospered, he adorned his sacred stones.

Hosea 10:6
It will be carried to Assyria as tribute for the great king. Ephraim will be disgraced; Israel will be ashamed of its foreign alliances.

Hosea 13:6
When I fed them, they were satisfied; when they were satisfied, they became proud; then they forgot me.

Habakkuk 2:16
You will be filled with shame instead of glory. Now it is your turn! Drink and let your nakedness be exposed! The cup from the LORD's right hand is coming around to you, and disgrace will cover your glory.
Treasury of Scripture

As they were increased, so they sinned against me: therefore will I change their glory into shame.

they were.

Hosea 4:10 For they shall eat, and not have enough: they shall commit prostitution, …

Hosea 5:1 Hear you this, O priests; and listen, you house of Israel; and give …

Hosea 6:9 And as troops of robbers wait for a man, so the company of priests …

Hosea 13:6,14 According to their pasture, so were they filled; they were filled, …

Ezra 9:7 Since the days of our fathers have we been in a great trespass to …

therefore.

1 Samuel 2:30 Why the LORD God of Israel said, I said indeed that your house, and …

Jeremiah 2:26,27 As the thief is ashamed when he is found, so is the house of Israel …

Malachi 2:9 Therefore have I also made you contemptible and base before all the …

Philippians 3:19 Whose end is destruction, whose God is their belly, and whose glory …

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