Romans 1:23
Parallel Verses
New International Version
and exchanged the glory of the immortal God for images made to look like a mortal human being and birds and animals and reptiles.

New Living Translation
And instead of worshiping the glorious, ever-living God, they worshiped idols made to look like mere people and birds and animals and reptiles.

English Standard Version
and exchanged the glory of the immortal God for images resembling mortal man and birds and animals and creeping things.

New American Standard Bible
and exchanged the glory of the incorruptible God for an image in the form of corruptible man and of birds and four-footed animals and crawling creatures.

King James Bible
And changed the glory of the uncorruptible God into an image made like to corruptible man, and to birds, and fourfooted beasts, and creeping things.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
and exchanged the glory of the immortal God for images resembling mortal man, birds, four-footed animals, and reptiles.

International Standard Version
and exchanged the glory of the immortal God for images that looked like mortal human beings, birds, four-footed animals, and reptiles.

NET Bible
and exchanged the glory of the immortal God for an image resembling mortal human beings or birds or four-footed animals or reptiles.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
And they changed the glory of God, who is indestructible, into the likeness of the image of man, which is destructible, and into the likeness of birds and of four footed animals and of creeping things of The Earth.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
They exchanged the glory of the immortal God for statues that looked like mortal humans, birds, animals, and snakes.

Jubilee Bible 2000
and exchanged the glory of the incorruptible God for the likeness of an image of corruptible man and of birds and of fourfooted beasts and of serpents.

King James 2000 Bible
And changed the glory of the incorruptible God into an image made like to corruptible man, and to birds, and four-footed beasts, and creeping things.

American King James Version
And changed the glory of the incorruptible God into an image made like to corruptible man, and to birds, and four footed beasts, and creeping things.

American Standard Version
and changed the glory of the incorruptible God for the likeness of an image of corruptible man, and of birds, and four-footed beasts, and creeping things.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And they changed the glory of the incorruptible God into the likeness of the image of a corruptible man, and of birds, and of fourfooted beasts, and of creeping things.

Darby Bible Translation
and changed the glory of the incorruptible God into [the] likeness of an image of corruptible man and of birds and quadrupeds and reptiles.

English Revised Version
and changed the glory of the incorruptible God for the likeness of an image of corruptible man, and of birds, and four-footed beasts, and creeping things.

Webster's Bible Translation
And changed the glory of the incorruptible God into an image made like to corruptible man, and to birds, and four-footed beasts, and creeping animals.

Weymouth New Testament
and, instead of worshipping the imperishable God, they worshipped images resembling perishable man or resembling birds or beasts or reptiles.

World English Bible
and traded the glory of the incorruptible God for the likeness of an image of corruptible man, and of birds, and four-footed animals, and creeping things.

Young's Literal Translation
and changed the glory of the incorruptible God into the likeness of an image of corruptible man, and of fowls, and of quadrupeds, and of reptiles.
Parallel Commentaries
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary

1:18-25 The apostle begins to show that all mankind need the salvation of the gospel, because none could obtain the favour of God, or escape his wrath by their own works. For no man can plead that he has fulfilled all his obligations to God and to his neighbour; nor can any truly say that he has fully acted up to the light afforded him. The sinfulness of man is described as ungodliness against the laws of the first table, and unrighteousness against those of the second. The cause of that sinfulness is holding the truth in unrighteousness. All, more or less, do what they know to be wrong, and omit what they know to be right, so that the plea of ignorance cannot be allowed from any. Our Creator's invisible power and Godhead are so clearly shown in the works he has made, that even idolaters and wicked Gentiles are left without excuse. They foolishly followed idolatry; and rational creatures changed the worship of the glorious Creator, for that of brutes, reptiles, and senseless images. They wandered from God, till all traces of true religion must have been lost, had not the revelation of the gospel prevented it. For whatever may be pretended, as to the sufficiency of man's reason to discover Divine truth and moral obligation, or to govern the practice aright, facts cannot be denied. And these plainly show that men have dishonoured God by the most absurd idolatries and superstitions; and have degraded themselves by the vilest affections and most abominable deeds.

Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

And changed the glory of the incorruptible God,.... God is incorruptible and immortal in his nature, and so is opposed to all corruptible creatures and things: he has a glory which is essential to him, and a manifestative one in the creatures, and which is relative, and of right belongs to him: his absolute essential glory cannot be changed, cannot be taken away from him, nor given to another; but his relative glory may be said to be changed, when another is worshipped in his stead, and called by his name. So Philo the Jew (g) speaks of

"some, who, leaving the true God, make to themselves false ones, and impose the name of the eternal and incorruptible upon created and corruptible beings.''

Into an image made like to corruptible man; which was worshipped in different forms by the several nations of the world:

and to birds; as the dove by the Samaritans, the hawk, the ibis, and others by the Egyptians:

and fourfooted beasts; as the ox, and other creatures:

and creeping things; such as beetles, serpents, and others, by the same.

(g) De Vita Mosis, l. 3. p. 678, 679.

Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Bible Commentary

23. And changed—or "exchanged."

the glory of the uncorruptible God into—or "for"

an image … like to corruptible man—The allusion here is doubtless to the Greek worship, and the apostle may have had in his mind those exquisite chisellings of the human form which lay so profusely beneath and around him as he stood on Mars' Hill; and "beheld their devotions." (See on [2180]Ac 17:29). But as if that had not been a deep enough degradation of the living God, there was found "a lower deep" still.

and to birds, and four-footed beasts, and to creeping things—referring now to the Egyptian and Oriental worship. In the face of these plain declarations of the descent of man's religious belief from loftier to ever lower and more debasing conceptions of the Supreme Being, there are expositors of this very Epistle (as Reiche and Jowett), who, believing neither in any fall from primeval innocence, nor in the noble traces of that innocence which lingered even after the fall and were only by degrees obliterated by wilful violence to the dictates of conscience, maintain that man's religious history has been all along a struggle to rise, from the lowest forms of nature worship, suited to the childhood of our race, into that which is more rational and spiritual.

Romans 1:23 Additional Commentaries
Context
God's Wrath against Sin
22Professing to be wise, they became fools, 23and exchanged the glory of the incorruptible God for an image in the form of corruptible man and of birds and four-footed animals and crawling creatures. 24Therefore God gave them over in the lusts of their hearts to impurity, so that their bodies would be dishonored among them.…
Cross References
Deuteronomy 4:16
so that you do not become corrupt and make for yourselves an idol, an image of any shape, whether formed like a man or a woman,

Deuteronomy 4:17
or like any animal on earth or any bird that flies in the air,

Psalm 106:20
They exchanged their glorious God for an image of a bull, which eats grass.

Jeremiah 2:11
Has a nation ever changed its gods? (Yet they are not gods at all.) But my people have exchanged their glorious God for worthless idols.

Acts 10:12
It contained all kinds of four-footed animals, as well as reptiles and birds.

Acts 17:29
"Therefore since we are God's offspring, we should not think that the divine being is like gold or silver or stone--an image made by human design and skill.
Treasury of Scripture

And changed the glory of the incorruptible God into an image made like to corruptible man, and to birds, and four footed beasts, and creeping things.

changed.

Romans 1:25 Who changed the truth of God into a lie, and worshipped and served …

Psalm 106:20 Thus they changed their glory into the similitude of an ox that eats grass.

Jeremiah 2:11 Has a nation changed their gods, which are yet no gods? but my people …

an image.

Deuteronomy 4:15-18 Take you therefore good heed to yourselves…

Deuteronomy 5:8 You shall not make you any graven image, or any likeness of any thing …

Psalm 115:5-8 They have mouths, but they speak not: eyes have they, but they see not…

Psalm 135:15-18 The idols of the heathen are silver and gold, the work of men's hands…

Isaiah 40:18,26 To whom then will you liken God? or what likeness will you compare to him…

Isaiah 44:13 The carpenter stretches out his rule; he marks it out with a line; …

Ezekiel 8:10 So I went in and saw; and behold every form of creeping things, and …

Acts 17:29 For as much then as we are the offspring of God, we ought not to …

1 Corinthians 12:2 You know that you were Gentiles, carried away to these dumb idols, …

1 Peter 4:3 For the time past of our life may suffice us to have worked the will …

Revelation 9:20 And the rest of the men which were not killed by these plagues yet …

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