Leviticus 11:20
Parallel Verses
New International Version
"'All flying insects that walk on all fours are to be regarded as unclean by you.

New Living Translation
"You must not eat winged insects that walk along the ground; they are detestable to you.

English Standard Version
“All winged insects that go on all fours are detestable to you.

New American Standard Bible
All the winged insects that walk on all fours are detestable to you.

King James Bible
All fowls that creep, going upon all four, shall be an abomination unto you.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
All winged insects that walk on all fours are to be detestable to you.

International Standard Version
and any winged insect that crawls on four legs is detestable for you.

NET Bible
"'Every winged swarming thing that walks on all fours is detestable to you.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
"Every swarming, winged insect that walks across the ground like a four-legged animal is disgusting to you.

Jubilee Bible 2000
Every flying insect that creeps, going upon all four, shall be an abomination unto you.

King James 2000 Bible
All winged insects that creep, going upon all fours, shall be an abomination unto you.

American King James Version
All fowls that creep, going on all four, shall be an abomination to you.

American Standard Version
All winged creeping things that go upon all fours are an abomination unto you.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Of things that fly, whatsoever goeth upon four feet, shall be abominable to you.

Darby Bible Translation
Every winged crawling thing that goeth upon all four shall be an abomination unto you.

English Revised Version
All winged creeping things that go upon all four are an abomination unto you.

Webster's Bible Translation
All fowls that creep, going upon all four, shall be an abomination to you.

World English Bible
"'All flying insects that walk on all fours are an abomination to you.

Young's Literal Translation
Every teeming creature which is flying, which is going on four -- an abomination it is to you.
Parallel Commentaries
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary

11:1-47 What animals were clean and unclean. - These laws seem to have been intended, 1. As a test of the people's obedience, as Adam was forbidden to eat of the tree of knowledge; and to teach them self-denial, and the government of their appetites. 2. To keep the Israelites distinct from other nations. Many also of these forbidden animals were objects of superstition and idolatry to the heathen. 3. The people were taught to make distinctions between the holy and unholy in their companions and intimate connexions. 4. The law forbad, not only the eating of the unclean beasts, but the touching of them. Those who would be kept from any sin, must be careful to avoid all temptations to it, or coming near it. The exceptions are very minute, and all were designed to call forth constant care and exactness in their obedience; and to teach us to obey. Whilst we enjoy our Christian liberty, and are free from such burdensome observances, we must be careful not to abuse our liberty. For the Lord hath redeemed and called his people, that they may be holy, even as he is holy. We must come out, and be separate from the world; we must leave the company of the ungodly, and all needless connexions with those who are dead in sin; we must be zealous of good works devoted followers of God, and companions of his people.
]

Pulpit Commentary

Verses 20-23. - All fowls that creep should rather be rendered all winged creeping things, that is, all flying insects. None are allowed except the Saltatoria, or locust family. The word translated beetle signifies a sort of locust, like the other three words. That the locust was a regular article of food in Palestine is amply proved. "It is well known that locusts were eaten by many of the nations of antiquity, both in Asia and Africa, and even the ancient Greek thought the cicadas very agreeable in flavour (Arist. 'Hist. An.,' 5:30). In Arabia they are sold in the market, sometimes strung upon cords, sometimes by measure, and they are also dried and kept in bags for winter use.... They are generally cooked over hot coals, or on a plate, or in an oven, or stewed in butter, and eaten either with salt or with spice and vinegar, the head, wings, and feet being thrown away. They are also boiled in salt and water, and eaten with salt or butter. Another process is to dry them thoroughly, and then grind them into meal, and make cakes of them" (Keil). (Cf. Matthew 3:4.) The expression goeth upon all four, means groveling or going in a horizontal position, in contrast with two-legged birds, just spoken of.

Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

All fowls that creep,.... Or rather "every creeping thing that flies"; for what are designed are not properly fowls, but, as the Jewish writers interpret them, flies, fleas, bees, wasps, hornets, locusts, &c. so the Targum of Jonathan, Jarchi, Ben Gersom, and Maimonides (y):

going upon all four; that is, upon their four feet, when they walk or creep:

these shall be an abomination to you; not used as food, but detested as such.

(y) Maacolot Asurot, c. 2. l. 5.

Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Bible Commentary

20. All fowls that creep, &c.—By "fowls" here are to be understood all creatures with wings and "going upon all fours," not a restriction to animals which have exactly four feet, because many "creeping things" have more than that number. The prohibition is regarded generally as extending to insects, reptiles, and worms.

Leviticus 11:20 Additional Commentaries
Context
Clean and Unclean Animals
19and the stork, the heron in its kinds, and the hoopoe, and the bat. 20All the winged insects that walk on all fours are detestable to you. 21Yet these you may eat among all the winged insects which walk on all fours: those which have above their feet jointed legs with which to jump on the earth.…
Cross References
Acts 10:14
"Surely not, Lord!" Peter replied. "I have never eaten anything impure or unclean."

Leviticus 11:19
the stork, any kind of heron, the hoopoe and the bat.

Leviticus 11:21
There are, however, some flying insects that walk on all fours that you may eat: those that have jointed legs for hopping on the ground.
Treasury of Scripture

All fowls that creep, going on all four, shall be an abomination to you.

Leviticus 11:23,27 But all other flying creeping things, which have four feet, shall …

Deuteronomy 14:19 And every creeping thing that flies is unclean to you: they shall not be eaten.

2 Kings 17:28-41 Then one of the priests whom they had carried away from Samaria came …

Psalm 17:14 From men which are your hand, O LORD, from men of the world, which …

Matthew 6:24 No man can serve two masters: for either he will hate the one, and …

Philippians 3:18,19 (For many walk, of whom I have told you often, and now tell you even …

2 Timothy 4:10 For Demas has forsaken me, having loved this present world, and is …

1 John 2:15-17 Love not the world, neither the things that are in the world. If …

Jude 1:10,19 But these speak evil of those things which they know not: but what …

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