Leviticus 11:1
Verse (Click for Chapter)
New International Version
The LORD said to Moses and Aaron,

New Living Translation
Then the LORD said to Moses and Aaron,

English Standard Version
And the LORD spoke to Moses and Aaron, saying to them,

New American Standard Bible
The LORD spoke again to Moses and to Aaron, saying to them,

King James Bible
And the LORD spake unto Moses and to Aaron, saying unto them,

Holman Christian Standard Bible
The LORD spoke to Moses and Aaron: "

International Standard Version
The LORD told Moses and Aaron,

NET Bible
The LORD spoke to Moses and Aaron, saying to them,

New Heart English Bible
The LORD spoke to Moses and to Aaron, saying to them,

GOD'S WORD® Translation
The LORD spoke to Moses and Aaron,

JPS Tanakh 1917
And the LORD spoke unto Moses and to Aaron, saying unto them:

New American Standard 1977
The LORD spoke again to Moses and to Aaron, saying to them,

Jubilee Bible 2000
And the LORD spoke unto Moses and to Aaron, saying unto them,

King James 2000 Bible
And the LORD spoke unto Moses and to Aaron, saying unto them,

American King James Version
And the LORD spoke to Moses and to Aaron, saying to them,

American Standard Version
And Jehovah spake unto Moses and to Aaron, saying unto them,

Douay-Rheims Bible
And the Lord spoke to Moses and Aaron, saying:

Darby Bible Translation
And Jehovah spoke to Moses and to Aaron, saying to them,

English Revised Version
And the LORD spake unto Moses and to Aaron, saying unto them,

Webster's Bible Translation
And the LORD spoke to Moses and to Aaron, saying to them.

World English Bible
Yahweh spoke to Moses and to Aaron, saying to them,

Young's Literal Translation
And Jehovah speaketh unto Moses and unto Aaron, saying unto them,
Study Bible
Clean and Unclean Animals
1The LORD spoke again to Moses and to Aaron, saying to them, 2"Speak to the sons of Israel, saying, 'These are the creatures which you may eat from all the animals that are on the earth.…
Cross References
Genesis 7:2
"You shall take with you of every clean animal by sevens, a male and his female; and of the animals that are not clean two, a male and his female;

Genesis 8:20
Then Noah built an altar to the LORD, and took of every clean animal and of every clean bird and offered burnt offerings on the altar.

Leviticus 10:20
When Moses heard that, it seemed good in his sight.

Leviticus 11:2
"Speak to the sons of Israel, saying, 'These are the creatures which you may eat from all the animals that are on the earth.

Leviticus 20:25
'You are therefore to make a distinction between the clean animal and the unclean, and between the unclean bird and the clean; and you shall not make yourselves detestable by animal or by bird or by anything that creeps on the ground, which I have separated for you as unclean.
Treasury of Scripture

And the LORD spoke to Moses and to Aaron, saying to them,

XI.

(1) And the Lord spake unto Moses and to Aaron.--Lest the rebuke which Moses publicly administered to the priests (see Leviticus 10:16) should diminish their influence with the people, whom they had to teach the laws of clean and unclean things (see Leviticus 10:10-11) laid down in the following chapters, the Lord here honours Aaron, as well as Moses, by making this communication to them conjointly. Besides, Aaron as minister was as much concerned in these laws as Moses the legislator. Hence, when a question of defilement had afterwards to be decided, it was brought for judgment before Moses and Aaron conjointly. (See Numbers 9:6.)

Verse 1. - The Lord spake unto Moses and to Aaron. Aaron, having now been consecrated high priest, is joined with Moses as the recipient of the laws on cleanness and uncleanness in Leviticus 11:1; Leviticus 13:1; Leviticus 14:33; Leviticus 15:1. His name is not mentioned in Leviticus 12:1; Leviticus 14:1; Leviticus 17:1; Leviticus 18:1; Leviticus 19:1; Leviticus 20:1; Leviticus 21:1, 16; Leviticus 22:1, 17, 26. Probably there is no signification in these omissions. And the Lord spake unto Moses, and unto Aaron,.... The one being the chief magistrate, and the other the high priest, and both concerned to see the following laws put into execution; according to Jarchi, the Lord spoke to Moses that he might speak to Aaron; but being now in office, and one part of his office being to distinguish between clean and unclean, the following discourse is directed equally to him as to Moses:

saying unto them; as follows. CHAPTER 11

Le 11:1-47. Beasts That May and May Not Be Eaten.

1, 2. the Lord spake unto Moses and to Aaron—These laws, being addressed to both the civil and ecclesiastical rulers in Israel, may serve to indicate the twofold view that is to be taken of them. Undoubtedly the first and strongest reason for instituting a distinction among meats was to discourage the Israelites from spreading into other countries, and from general intercourse with the world—to prevent them acquiring familiarity with the inhabitants of the countries bordering on Canaan, so as to fall into their idolatries or be contaminated with their vices: in short, to keep them a distinct and peculiar people. To this purpose, no difference of creed, no system of polity, no diversity of language or manner, was so subservient as a distinction of meats founded on religion; and hence the Jews, who were taught by education to abhor many articles of food freely partaken of by other people, never, even during periods of great degeneracy, could amalgamate with the nations among which they were dispersed. But although this was the principal foundation of these laws, dietetic reasons also had weight; for there is no doubt that the flesh of many of the animals here ranked as unclean, is everywhere, but especially in warm climates, less wholesome and adapted for food than those which were allowed to be eaten. These laws, therefore, being subservient to sanitary as well as religious ends, were addressed both to Moses and Aaron.11:1-47 What animals were clean and unclean. - These laws seem to have been intended, 1. As a test of the people's obedience, as Adam was forbidden to eat of the tree of knowledge; and to teach them self-denial, and the government of their appetites. 2. To keep the Israelites distinct from other nations. Many also of these forbidden animals were objects of superstition and idolatry to the heathen. 3. The people were taught to make distinctions between the holy and unholy in their companions and intimate connexions. 4. The law forbad, not only the eating of the unclean beasts, but the touching of them. Those who would be kept from any sin, must be careful to avoid all temptations to it, or coming near it. The exceptions are very minute, and all were designed to call forth constant care and exactness in their obedience; and to teach us to obey. Whilst we enjoy our Christian liberty, and are free from such burdensome observances, we must be careful not to abuse our liberty. For the Lord hath redeemed and called his people, that they may be holy, even as he is holy. We must come out, and be separate from the world; we must leave the company of the ungodly, and all needless connexions with those who are dead in sin; we must be zealous of good works devoted followers of God, and companions of his people.
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