International Standard Version
Greetings from Paul
1From:a Paul, a servant of Jesus the Messiah,b called to be an apostle and set apart for God’s gospel, 2which he promised beforehand through his prophets in the Holy Scriptures 3regardingc his Son. He was a descendant of David with respect to his humanity 4and was declared by the resurrection from the dead to be the powerful Son of God according to the spiritd of holiness—Jesus the Messiah,e our Lord. 5Through him we received grace and a commission as an apostle to bring about faithful obedience among all the gentiles for the sake of his name. 6You, too, are among those who have been called to belong to Jesus the Messiah.f
May grace and peace from God our Father and the Lord Jesus, the Messiah,i be yours!
Paul’s Prayer and Desire to Visit Rome
8First of all, I thank my God through Jesus the Messiahj for all of you, because the news about your faith is being reported throughout the world. 9For God, whom I serve with my spirit by preaching the gospel about his Son, is my witness how constantly I mention you 10in my prayers at all times, asking that somehow by God’s will I may at last succeed in coming to you. 11For I am longing to see you so that I may impart to you some spiritual gift to make you strong, 12that is, that we may be mutually encouraged by each other’s faith, both yours and mine.
13I do not want you to be unaware, brothers, that I often planned to come to you (but have been prevented from doing so until now), so that I might reap a harvest among you, just as I have among the rest of the gentiles. 14Both to Greeks and to barbarians,k both to wise and to foolish people, I am a debtor. 15That is why I am so eager to proclaim the gospel to you who live in Rome,l too.
16For I am not ashamed of the gospel,m because it is God’s power for the salvation of everyone who believes, of the Jew first and of the Greek as well. 17For in the gospeln God’s righteousness is being revealed from faith to faith, as it is written, “The righteous will live by faith.”o
God’s Wrath against Sinful Humanity
18For God’s wrath is being revealed from heaven against all the ungodliness and wickedness of those who in their wickedness suppress the truth. 19For what can be known about God is plain to them, because God himself has made it plain to them. 20For since the creation of the world God’sp invisible attributes—his eternal power and divine nature—have been understood and observed by what he made, so that peopleq are without excuse. 21For although they knew God, they neither glorified him as God nor gave thanks to him. Instead, their thoughts turned to worthless things,r and their senseless hearts were darkened. 22Though claiming to be wise, they became fools 23and exchanged the glory of the immortal God for images that looked like mortal human beings, birds, four-footed animals, and reptiles.
24For this reason, God delivered them to sexual impurity as they followed the lustss of their hearts and dishonored their bodies with one another. 25They exchanged God’s truth for a lie and worshipped and served the creation rather than the Creator, who is blessed forever. Amen.
26For this reason, God delivered them to degrading passions as their females exchanged their natural sexual function for one that is unnatural. 27In the same way, their males also abandoned their natural sexual function toward females and burned with lust toward one another. Males committed indecent acts with males, and received within themselves the appropriate penalty for their perversion.t
28Furthermore, because they did not think it worthwhile to keep knowing God fully, God delivered them to degraded minds to perform acts that should not be done. 29They have become filled with every kind of wickedness, evil, greed, and depravity. They are full of envy, murder, quarreling, deceit, and viciousness. They are gossips, 30slanderers, God-haters, haughty, arrogant, boastful, inventors of evil, disobedient to their parents, 31foolish, faithless, heartless, and ruthless. 32Although they know God’s just requirement—that those who practice such things deserve to die—they not only do these things but even applaud others who practice them.
a 1:1 The Gk. lacks From
b 1:1 Or Christ; other mss. read of the Messiah Jesus
c 1:3 Lit. About
d 1:4 Or Spirit
e 1:4 Or Christ
f 1:6 Or Christ
g 1:7 Other mss. lack in Rome
h 1:7 Or saints
i 1:7 Or Christ
j 1:8 Or Christ
k 1:14 i.e. uncultured people
l 1:15 Other mss. lack who live in Rome
m 1:16 Other mss. read gospel of the Messiah
n 1:17 Lit. in it
o 1:17 Cf. Hab 2:4
p 1:20 Lit. his
q 1:20 Lit. they
r 1:21 Lit. they became worthless in their thoughts
s 1:24 Lit. to impurity in the lusts
t 1:27 Or deviation