Romans 1:31
Parallel Verses
New International Version
they have no understanding, no fidelity, no love, no mercy.

New Living Translation
They refuse to understand, break their promises, are heartless, and have no mercy.

English Standard Version
foolish, faithless, heartless, ruthless.

New American Standard Bible
without understanding, untrustworthy, unloving, unmerciful;

King James Bible
Without understanding, covenantbreakers, without natural affection, implacable, unmerciful:

Holman Christian Standard Bible
undiscerning, untrustworthy, unloving, and unmerciful.

International Standard Version
foolish, faithless, heartless, and ruthless.

NET Bible
senseless, covenant-breakers, heartless, ruthless.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
Because they have no stability, neither love, nor peace, nor compassion in them,

GOD'S WORD® Translation
don't have any sense, don't keep promises, and don't show love to their own families or mercy to others.

Jubilee Bible 2000
without understanding, covenant breakers, without natural affection, implacable, without mercy.

King James 2000 Bible
Without understanding, covenant breakers, without natural affection, implacable, unmerciful:

American King James Version
Without understanding, covenant breakers, without natural affection, implacable, unmerciful:

American Standard Version
without understanding, covenant-breakers, without natural affection, unmerciful:

Douay-Rheims Bible
Foolish, dissolute, without affection, without fidelity, without mercy.

Darby Bible Translation
void of understanding, faithless, without natural affection, unmerciful;

English Revised Version
without understanding, covenant-breakers, without natural affection, unmerciful:

Webster's Bible Translation
Without understanding, covenant-breakers, without natural affection, implacable, unmerciful:

Weymouth New Testament
faithless to their promises, without natural affection, without human pity.

World English Bible
without understanding, covenant breakers, without natural affection, unforgiving, unmerciful;

Young's Literal Translation
unintelligent, faithless, without natural affection, implacable, unmerciful;
Parallel Commentaries
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary

1:26-32 In the horrid depravity of the heathen, the truth of our Lord's words was shown: Light was come into the world, but men loved darkness rather than light, because their deeds were evil; for he that doeth evil hateth the light. The truth was not to their taste. And we all know how soon a man will contrive, against the strongest evidence, to reason himself out of the belief of what he dislikes. But a man cannot be brought to greater slavery than to be given up to his own lusts. As the Gentiles did not like to keep God in their knowledge, they committed crimes wholly against reason and their own welfare. The nature of man, whether pagan or Christian, is still the same; and the charges of the apostle apply more or less to the state and character of men at all times, till they are brought to full submission to the faith of Christ, and renewed by Divine power. There never yet was a man, who had not reason to lament his strong corruptions, and his secret dislike to the will of God. Therefore this chapter is a call to self-examination, the end of which should be, a deep conviction of sin, and of the necessity of deliverance from a state of condemnation.

Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

Without understanding,.... Of God, of his nature and worship, of things divine and even moral, being given up to a reprobate mind:

covenant breakers; had no regard to private or public contracts:

without natural affection; to their parents, children, relations and friends:

implacable; when once offended there was no reconciling of them:

unmerciful; had no pity and compassion to persons in distress.



Romans 1:31 Additional Commentaries
Context
God's Wrath against Sin
30slanderers, haters of God, insolent, arrogant, boastful, inventors of evil, disobedient to parents, 31without understanding, untrustworthy, unloving, unmerciful; 32and although they know the ordinance of God, that those who practice such things are worthy of death, they not only do the same, but also give hearty approval to those who practice them.
Cross References
Mark 7:18
"Are you so dull?" he asked. "Don't you see that nothing that enters a person from the outside can defile them?

2 Timothy 3:3
without love, unforgiving, slanderous, without self-control, brutal, not lovers of the good,
Treasury of Scripture

Without understanding, covenant breakers, without natural affection, implacable, unmerciful:

Without understanding.

Romans 1:20,21 For the invisible things of him from the creation of the world are …

Romans 3:11 There is none that understands, there is none that seeks after God.

Proverbs 18:2 A fool has no delight in understanding, but that his heart may discover itself.

Isaiah 27:11 When the boughs thereof are withered, they shall be broken off: the …

Jeremiah 4:22 For my people is foolish, they have not known me; they are silly …

Matthew 15:16 And Jesus said, Are you also yet without understanding?

covenant-breakers.

2 Kings 18:14 And Hezekiah king of Judah sent to the king of Assyria to Lachish, …

Isaiah 33:8 The highways lie waste, the wayfaring man ceases: he has broken the …

2 Timothy 3:3 Without natural affection, truce breakers, false accusers, incontinent, …

without natural affection. or, unsociable.

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