2 Timothy 3:3
Parallel Verses
New International Version
without love, unforgiving, slanderous, without self-control, brutal, not lovers of the good,

New Living Translation
They will be unloving and unforgiving; they will slander others and have no self-control. They will be cruel and hate what is good.

English Standard Version
heartless, unappeasable, slanderous, without self-control, brutal, not loving good,

New American Standard Bible
unloving, irreconcilable, malicious gossips, without self-control, brutal, haters of good,

King James Bible
Without natural affection, trucebreakers, false accusers, incontinent, fierce, despisers of those that are good,

Holman Christian Standard Bible
unloving, irreconcilable, slanderers, without self-control, brutal, without love for what is good,

International Standard Version
unfeeling, uncooperative, slanderous, degenerate, brutal, hateful of what is good,

NET Bible
unloving, irreconcilable, slanderers, without self-control, savage, opposed to what is good,

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
Slanderers, captives to desire, cruel, haters of the good,

GOD'S WORD® Translation
and lack normal affection for their families. They will refuse to make peace with anyone. They will be slanderous, lack self-control, be brutal, and have no love for what is good.

Jubilee Bible 2000
without natural affection, trucebreakers, false accusers, without temperance, without meekness, without goodness,

King James 2000 Bible
Without natural affection, truce breakers, false accusers, incontinent, fierce, despisers of those that are good,

American King James Version
Without natural affection, truce breakers, false accusers, incontinent, fierce, despisers of those that are good,

American Standard Version
without natural affection, implacable, slanderers, without self-control, fierce, no lovers of good,

Douay-Rheims Bible
Without affection, without peace, slanderers, incontinent, unmerciful, without kindness,

Darby Bible Translation
without natural affection, implacable, slanderers, of unsubdued passions, savage, having no love for what is good,

English Revised Version
without natural affection, implacable, slanderers, without self-control, fierce, no lovers of good,

Webster's Bible Translation
Without natural affection, truce-breakers, false accusers, incontinent, fierce, despisers of those that are good,

Weymouth New Testament
destitute of natural affection, unforgiving, slanderers. They will have no self-control, but will be brutal, opposed to goodness,

World English Bible
without natural affection, unforgiving, slanderers, without self-control, fierce, no lovers of good,

Young's Literal Translation
without natural affection, implacable, false accusers, incontinent, fierce, not lovers of those who are good,
Parallel Commentaries
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary

3:1-9 Even in gospel times there would be perilous times; on account of persecution from without, still more on account of corruptions within. Men love to gratify their own lusts, more than to please God and do their duty. When every man is eager for what he can get, and anxious to keep what he has, this makes men dangerous to one another. When men do not fear God, they will not regard man. When children are disobedient to their parents, that makes the times perilous. Men are unholy and without the fear of God, because unthankful for the mercies of God. We abuse God's gifts, if we make them the food and fuel of our lusts. Times are perilous also, when parents are without natural affection to children. And when men have no rule over their own spirits, but despise that which is good and to be honoured. God is to be loved above all; but a carnal mind, full of enmity against him, prefers any thing before him, especially carnal pleasure. A form of godliness is very different from the power; from such as are found to be hypocrites, real Christians must withdraw. Such persons have been found within the outward church, in every place, and at all times. There ever have been artful men, who, by pretences and flatteries, creep into the favour and confidence of those who are too easy of belief, ignorant, and fanciful. All must be ever learning to know the Lord; but these follow every new notion, yet never seek the truth as it is in Jesus. Like the Egyptian magicians, these were men of corrupt minds, prejudiced against the truth, and found to be quite without faith. Yet though the spirit of error may be let loose for a time, Satan can deceive the nations and the churches no further, and no longer, than God will permit.

Pulpit Commentary

Verse 3. - Implacable for truce breakers, A.V.; slanderers for false accusers, A.V.; without self-control for incontinent, A.V.; no lovers of good for despisers of those that are good, A.V. Without natural affection (ἄστοργοι); as in Romans 1:31, where in the T.R. it is coupled with ἄσπονδοι, as here. The verb στέργω is "to love," used primarily of the natural affection of parents to their children and children to their parents. And στοργή is that natural love. These persons were without this στοργή, of which Plato says, "A child loves his parents, and is loved by them;" and so, according to St. Paul's judgment in 1 Timothy 5:8, were "worse than infidels." Implacable (ἄσπονδοι); only here according to the R.T., not at all in the LXX., but frequent in classical Greek. Σπονδή was a solemn truce made over a libation to the gods. 'Ασπονδος at first merely expresses that anything was done, or any person was left, without such a truce. But, in a secondary sense, applied to a war, it meant an internecine war admitting of no truce; and thence, as here, applied to a person, it means "implacable," one who will make no truce or treaty with his enemy. The sense "truce breakers" is not justified by any example. Slanderers (διάβολοι); as 1 Timothy 3:11 and Titus 2:3. The arch-slanderer is ὁ διάβολος, the devil, "the accuser of the brethren (ὁ κατήγορυς τῶν ἀδελφῶν)" (Revelation 12:10; see John 6:70). Without self-control (ἀκρατεῖς); here only in the New Testament, not in the LXX. but frequent in classical Greek, in the sense of intemperate in the pursuit or use of anything, e.g., money, the tongue, pleasure, the appetite, etc., which are put in the genitive case. Used absolutely it means generally "without self-control, as here rendered in the R.V. The A.V. "incontinent" (comp. 1 Corinthians 7:5) expresses only one part of the meaning (see ἀκρασία, Matthew 23:25). Fierce (from ferns, wild, savage); ἀνήμεροι; only here in the New Testament, and not found in the LXX., but frequent in the Greek tragedians and others, of persons, countries, plants, etc.; e.g., "Beware of the Chalubes, for they are savage (ἀνήμεροι), and cannot be approached by strangers" (AEschylus, 'Prom. Vinct.,' 734, edit. Scholef.). It corresponds with ἀνελεήμονες, unmerciful (Romans 1:31). No lovers of good (ἀφιλάγαθοι); only here in the New Testament, and not at all in the LXX. or in classical Greek. But φιλάγαθος is found in Wisd. 7:22, and in Aristotle, in the sense of "lovers of that which is good;" and in Titus 1:8. The R.V. seems therefore to be right in rendering here "no lovers of good," rather than as the A.V. "despisers of those which are good," after the Vulgate and the new version of Sanctes Pagninus.

Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

Without natural affection,.... To parents, or children, or wife; parents thrusting their children into religious houses, cloisters, &c. against their wills; children leaving their parents without their knowledge or consent; married bishops and priests being obliged to quit their wives, and declare their children spurious; with many other such unnatural actions.

Trucebreakers; or covenant breakers; stirring up princes to break through their treaties and covenants with one another; dissolving the allegiance of subjects to their sovereigns, and moving them to rebellion against them; loosing the marriage bond between husband and wife; making void all oaths, contracts, and agreements, among men, which stand in the way of their designs; teaching that no faith is to be kept with heretics.

False accusers; or devils, being like Satan, the accuser of the brethren, charging all that depart from their communion with schism and heresy.

Incontinent; though they pretend to the gift of continency, yet give themselves up to all lasciviousness, and work all uncleanness with greediness; or "intemperate" in eating and drinking, indulging themselves in rioting and drunkenness: "she hath lived deliciously", Revelation 18:7.

Fierce; like beasts of prey; such was Rome Pagan, in the times of the ten persecutions; and such has been Rome Papal, exercising the greatest cruelties and barbarities on the saints, being drunk with their blood.

Despisers of those that are good; or without love to good; both to good works, to which they are reprobate, notwithstanding all their pretensions to them, and bluster about them; and to good men, whom they hate.

Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Bible Commentary

3. truce-breakers—rather as the Greek is translated in Ro 1:31, "implacable."

false accusers—slanderers (1Ti 3:11; Tit 2:3).

incontinent, fierce—at once both soft and hard: incontinently indulging themselves, and inhuman to others.

despisers, &c.—"no lovers of good" [Alford]; the opposite of "a lover of good" (Tit 1:8).

2 Timothy 3:3 Additional Commentaries
Context
Evil in the Last Days
2For men will be lovers of self, lovers of money, boastful, arrogant, revilers, disobedient to parents, ungrateful, unholy, 3unloving, irreconcilable, malicious gossips, without self-control, brutal, haters of good, 4treacherous, reckless, conceited, lovers of pleasure rather than lovers of God,…
Cross References
Romans 1:29
They have become filled with every kind of wickedness, evil, greed and depravity. They are full of envy, murder, strife, deceit and malice. They are gossips,

Romans 1:31
they have no understanding, no fidelity, no love, no mercy.

1 Timothy 3:11
In the same way, the women are to be worthy of respect, not malicious talkers but temperate and trustworthy in everything.

Titus 1:8
Rather, he must be hospitable, one who loves what is good, who is self-controlled, upright, holy and disciplined.
Treasury of Scripture

Without natural affection, truce breakers, false accusers, incontinent, fierce, despisers of those that are good,

natural.

Matthew 10:21 And the brother shall deliver up the brother to death, and the father …

Romans 1:31 Without understanding, covenant breakers, without natural affection, …

trucebreakers.

2 Samuel 21:1-3 Then there was a famine in the days of David three years, year after …

Psalm 15:4 In whose eyes a vile person is contemned; but he honors them that …

Ezekiel 17:15-19 But he rebelled against him in sending his ambassadors into Egypt, …

Romans 1:31 Without understanding, covenant breakers, without natural affection, …

false accusers. or, make-bates.

Matthew 4:1 Then was Jesus led up of the spirit into the wilderness to be tempted …

John 6:70 Jesus answered them, Have not I chosen you twelve, and one of you is a devil?

See on

1 Timothy 3:11 Even so must their wives be grave, not slanderers, sober, faithful …

Titus 2:3 The aged women likewise, that they be in behavior as becomes holiness, …

All in Gr. incontinent.

1 Corinthians 7:5,9 Defraud you not one the other, except it be with consent for a time, …

2 Peter 2:14,19 Having eyes full of adultery, and that cannot cease from sin; beguiling …

2 Peter 3:3 Knowing this first, that there shall come in the last days scoffers, …

Jude 1:16,18 These are murmurers, complainers, walking after their own lusts; …

fierce.

Genesis 49:7 Cursed be their anger, for it was fierce; and their wrath, for it …

Daniel 8:23 And in the latter time of their kingdom, when the transgressors are …

Revelation 13:15,17 And he had power to give life to the image of the beast, that the …

Revelation 16:6 For they have shed the blood of saints and prophets, and you have …

Revelation 17:6 And I saw the woman drunken with the blood of the saints, and with …

despisers.

Psalm 22:6 But I am a worm, and no man; a reproach of men, and despised of the people.

Isaiah 53:3 He is despised and rejected of men; a man of sorrows, and acquainted …

Isaiah 60:14 The sons also of them that afflicted you shall come bending to you…

Luke 10:16 He that hears you hears me; and he that despises you despises me; …

Luke 16:14 And the Pharisees also, who were covetous, heard all these things: …

1 Thessalonians 4:8 He therefore that despises, despises not man, but God, who has also …

James 2:6 But you have despised the poor. Do not rich men oppress you, and …

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Alphabetical: brutal good gossips haters irreconcilable love lovers malicious not of self-control slanderous the unforgiving unloving without

NT Letters: 2 Timothy 3:3 Without natural affection unforgiving slanderers without self-control (2 Tim. 2Ti iiTi ii Tim) Christian Bible Study Resources, Dictionary, Concordance and Search Tools

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