Psalm 15:4
Parallel Verses
New International Version
who despises a vile person but honors those who fear the LORD; who keeps an oath even when it hurts, and does not change their mind;

New Living Translation
Those who despise flagrant sinners, and honor the faithful followers of the LORD, and keep their promises even when it hurts.

English Standard Version
in whose eyes a vile person is despised, but who honors those who fear the LORD; who swears to his own hurt and does not change;

New American Standard Bible
In whose eyes a reprobate is despised, But who honors those who fear the LORD; He swears to his own hurt and does not change;

King James Bible
In whose eyes a vile person is contemned; but he honoureth them that fear the LORD. He that sweareth to his own hurt, and changeth not.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
who despises the one rejected by the LORD but honors those who fear the LORD, who keeps his word whatever the cost,

International Standard Version
The one who despises those who are utterly wicked, but who honors the one who fears the LORD, who keeps his word even when it hurts and does not change,

NET Bible
He despises a reprobate, but honors the LORD's loyal followers. He makes firm commitments and does not renege on his promise.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
And the quarrelsome are despised in his eyes and he honors the worshipers of Lord Jehovah; he swears to his neighbor and does not lie.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
The one who despises those rejected by God but honors those who fear the LORD. The one who makes a promise and does not break it, even though he is hurt by it.

Jubilee Bible 2000
In whose eyes the vile person is not esteemed; but he honours those that fear the LORD. He that swears to his own hurt and does not change.

King James 2000 Bible
In whose eyes a vile person is despised; but he honors them that fear the LORD. He that swears to his own hurt, and changes not.

American King James Version
In whose eyes a vile person is contemned; but he honors them that fear the LORD. He that swears to his own hurt, and changes not.

American Standard Version
In whose eyes a reprobate is despised, But who honoreth them that fear Jehovah; He that sweareth to his own hurt, and changeth not;

Douay-Rheims Bible
In his sight the malignant is brought to nothing: but he glorifieth them that fear the Lord. He that sweareth to his neighbour, and deceiveth not;

Darby Bible Translation
In whose eyes the depraved person is contemned, and who honoureth them that fear Jehovah; who, if he have sworn to his own hurt, changeth it not;

English Revised Version
In whose eyes a reprobate is despised; but he honoureth them that fear the LORD. He that sweareth to his own hurt, and changeth not.

Webster's Bible Translation
In whose eyes a vile person is contemned; but he honoreth them that fear the LORD. He that sweareth to his own hurt, and changeth not.

World English Bible
In whose eyes a vile man is despised, but who honors those who fear Yahweh; he who keeps an oath even when it hurts, and doesn't change;

Young's Literal Translation
Despised in his eyes is a rejected one, And those fearing Jehovah he doth honour. He hath sworn to suffer evil, and changeth not;
Parallel Commentaries
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary

15:1-5 The way to heaven, if we would be happy, we must be holy. We are encouraged to walk in that way. - Here is a very serious question concerning the character of a citizen of Zion. It is the happiness of glorified saints, that they dwell in the holy hill; they are at home there, they shall be for ever there. It concerns us to make it sure to ourselves that we have a place among them. A very plain and particular answer is here given. Those who desire to know their duty, will find the Scripture a very faithful director, and conscience a faithful monitor. A citizen of Zion is sincere in his religion. He is really what he professes to be, and endeavours to stand complete in all the will of God. He is just both to God and man; and, in speaking to both, speaks the truth in his heart. He scorns and abhors wrong and fraud; he cannot reckon that a good bargain, nor a saving one, which is made with a lie; and knows that he who wrongs his neighbour will prove, in the end, to have most injured himself. He is very careful to do hurt to no man. He speaks evil of no man, makes not others' faults the matter of his common talk; he makes the best of every body, and the worst of nobody. If an ill-natured story be told him, he will disprove it if he can; if not, it goes no further. He values men by their virtue and piety. Wicked people are vile people, worthless, and good for nothing; so the word signifies. He thinks the worse of no man's piety for his poverty and mean condition. He reckons that serious piety puts honour upon a man, more than wealth, or a great name. He honours such, desires their conversation and an interest in their prayers, is glad to show them respect, or do them a kindness. By this we may judge of ourselves in some measure. Even wise and good men may swear to their own hurt: but see how strong the obligation is, a man must rather suffer loss to himself and his family, than wrong his neighbour. He will not increase his estate by extortion, or by bribery. He will not, for any gain, or hope of it to himself, do any thing to hurt a righteous cause. Every true living member of the church, like the church itself, is built upon a Rock. He that doeth these things shall not be moved for ever. The grace of God shall always be sufficient for him. The union of these tempers and this conduct, can only spring from repentance for sin, faith in the Saviour, and love to him. In these respects let us examine and prove our own selves.

Pulpit Commentary

Verse 4. - In whose eyes a vile person is contemned. So the LXX., the Vulgate, Ewald, Hupfeld, Hengstenberg, and the Revised Version. Others prefer to translate, "He is despised in his own eyes, [and] worthless" (Abort Ezra, Hitzig, Delitzsch, Kay, 'Speaker's Commentary'). Either rendering furnishes a good sense; but the law of parallelism is very decidedly in favour of the former. As the righteous man honors those who fear God, so he contemns those who are vile or worthless. He is no respecter of persons. Men's outward circumstances are nothing to him. He awards honour or contempt according to men's moral qualities. But he honoreth them that fear the Lord. "It is no common virtue," says Calvin, "to honour pious and godly men, since in the opinion of the world they are often as the offscouring of all things (1 Corinthans 4:13)? He that sweareth to his own hurt, and changeth not. The righteous man, if he happens to have sworn to do something which it turns out will be to his own hurt, nevertheless keeps his engagement (comp Leviticus 5:4, where לְהָרַע is used in the same sense).

Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

In whose eyes a vile person is contemned,.... A "vile" man is a very wicked, profligate, and abandoned creature, one that is to every good work reprobate; and such sometimes are in high places, Psalm 12:8; and are greatly caressed and esteemed by the men of the world; but then, as they are an abomination to God, they should be despised by his people, let them be what they will as to their riches, honours, and wisdom among men; as Haman was by Mordecai, Esther 3:2; and Ahab by Elisha, 2 Kings 3:14; and such who keep company with, and express a delight and pleasure in such sort of persons, ought by no means to have a place in the house of God. Some understand this of a good man being "despised in his own eyes", as it may be rendered (f); on account of his vileness, and the imperfection of his obedience, and as expressive of his great humility, esteeming others better than himself; and who renounces himself, and is rejected by himself, having a very mean opinion of himself; which is the sense of the Targum, Aben Ezra, and Kimchi; and which is no bad sense, though the former is countenanced by what follows;

but he honoureth them that fear the Lord; who have the covenant grace of fear wrought in their hearts, and serve the Lord with reverence and godly fear; that is, who are truly religious and godly persons; these such who are fit members of the church of Christ love heartily, esteem of highly, and honour them by thinking and speaking well of them, and behaving with great respect and decency to them; see Romans 12:10;

he that sweareth to his own hurt, and changeth not; having taken a solemn oath, so sacred is it with him, and such a regard has he to the name of God, by whom he swears, that though it is to his civil loss and detriment, yet he will not break it and depart from it, but punctually observe it: some render it, "he that swears to his neighbour, and changeth not" (g); he that is just to his word, faithful to his promises, that exactly fulfils all the obligations he lays himself under unto others; he that is honest and upright in all his dealings. The Jewish writers interpret this clause of a man's vowing and swearing to afflict himself by fasting, which, though it is to the emaciating of his body, yet he strictly observes his vow or oath; but this is foreign from the scope of the place: it might be rendered, "he that swears to do evil, and does not recompense or perform" (h), it being better to break through such an oath than to keep it; see Leviticus 5:4.

(f) "qui despicit se in oculis suis", so some in Vatablus; "ille est despectus in propriis oculis, reprobatus", Gussetius, p. 453. (g) , Sept. "proximo suo", V. L. Sic. Syr. Ar. Aethiop. (h) So Ainsworth.

Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Bible Commentary

4. Love and hate are regulated by a regard to God.

sweareth … hurt—or what so results (compare Le 5:4).

Psalm 15:4 Additional Commentaries
Context
Who Shall Dwell on Your Holy Hill?
3He does not slander with his tongue, Nor does evil to his neighbor, Nor takes up a reproach against his friend; 4In whose eyes a reprobate is despised, But who honors those who fear the LORD; He swears to his own hurt and does not change; 5He does not put out his money at interest, Nor does he take a bribe against the innocent. He who does these things will never be shaken.
Cross References
Acts 28:10
They honored us in many ways; and when we were ready to sail, they furnished us with the supplies we needed.

Judges 11:35
When he saw her, he tore his clothes and cried, "Oh no, my daughter! You have brought me down and I am devastated. I have made a vow to the LORD that I cannot break."

Psalm 24:4
The one who has clean hands and a pure heart, who does not trust in an idol or swear by a false god.
Treasury of Scripture

In whose eyes a vile person is contemned; but he honors them that fear the LORD. He that swears to his own hurt, and changes not.

a vile

Psalm 101:4 A fraudulent heart shall depart from me: I will not know a wicked person.

2 Kings 3:13,14 And Elisha said to the king of Israel, What have I to do with you? …

Esther 3:2 And all the king's servants, that were in the king's gate, bowed, …

Job 32:21,22 Let me not, I pray you, accept any man's person, neither let me give …

Isaiah 32:5,6 The vile person shall be no more called liberal, nor the churl said …

Daniel 5:17 Then Daniel answered and said before the king, Let your gifts be …

Acts 24:2,3,25 And when he was called forth, Tertullus began to accuse him, saying, …

James 2:1-9 My brothers, have not the faith of our Lord Jesus Christ, the Lord …

but

Psalm 16:3 But to the saints that are in the earth, and to the excellent, in …

Psalm 101:6 My eyes shall be on the faithful of the land, that they may dwell …

Psalm 119:63 I am a companion of all them that fear you, and of them that keep your precepts.

Matthew 12:49,50 And he stretched forth his hand toward his disciples, and said, Behold …

1 John 3:14 We know that we have passed from death to life, because we love the …

sweareth

Joshua 9:18-20 And the children of Israel smote them not, because the princes of …

Judges 11:35 And it came to pass, when he saw her, that he rent his clothes, and …

2 Samuel 21:1,2 Then there was a famine in the days of David three years, year after …

Matthew 5:33 Again, you have heard that it has been said by them of old time, …

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