Titus 1:16
Parallel Verses
New International Version
They claim to know God, but by their actions they deny him. They are detestable, disobedient and unfit for doing anything good.

New Living Translation
Such people claim they know God, but they deny him by the way they live. They are detestable and disobedient, worthless for doing anything good.

English Standard Version
They profess to know God, but they deny him by their works. They are detestable, disobedient, unfit for any good work.

New American Standard Bible
They profess to know God, but by their deeds they deny Him, being detestable and disobedient and worthless for any good deed.

King James Bible
They profess that they know God; but in works they deny him, being abominable, and disobedient, and unto every good work reprobate.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
They profess to know God, but they deny Him by their works. They are detestable, disobedient, and disqualified for any good work.

International Standard Version
They claim to know God, but they deny him by their actions. They are detestable, disobedient, and disqualified to do anything good.

NET Bible
They profess to know God but with their deeds they deny him, since they are detestable, disobedient, and unfit for any good deed.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
And they profess that they know God, but by their works they reject him; they are enemies, disobedient and worthless concerning every good work.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
They claim to know God, but they deny him by what they do. They are detestable, disobedient, and unfit to do anything good.

Jubilee Bible 2000
They profess that they know God, but in works they deny him, being abominable and rebellious and reprobate unto every good work.

King James 2000 Bible
They profess that they know God; but in works they deny him, being abominable, and disobedient, and unto every good work reprobate.

American King James Version
They profess that they know God; but in works they deny him, being abominable, and disobedient, and to every good work reprobate.

American Standard Version
They profess that they know God; but by their works they deny him, being abominable, and disobedient, and unto every good work reprobate.

Douay-Rheims Bible
They profess that they know God: but in their works they deny him; being abominable, and incredulous, and to every good work reprobate.

Darby Bible Translation
They profess to know God, but in works deny [him], being abominable, and disobedient, and found worthless as to every good work.

English Revised Version
They profess that they know God; but by their works they deny him, being abominable, and disobedient, and unto every good work reprobate.

Webster's Bible Translation
They profess that they know God; but in works they deny him, being abominable, and disobedient, and to every good work reprobate.

Weymouth New Testament
They profess to know God; but in their actions they disown Him, and are detestable and disobedient men, and for any good work are utterly useless.

World English Bible
They profess that they know God, but by their works they deny him, being abominable, disobedient, and unfit for any good work.

Young's Literal Translation
God they profess to know, and in the works they deny Him, being abominable, and disobedient, and unto every good work disapproved.
Parallel Commentaries
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary

1:10-16 False teachers are described. Faithful ministers must oppose such in good time, that their folly being made manifest, they may go no further They had a base end in what they did; serving a worldly interest under pretence of religion: for the love of money is the root of all evil. Such should be resisted, and put to shame, by sound doctrine from the Scriptures. Shameful actions, the reproach of heathens, should be far from Christians; falsehood and lying, envious craft and cruelty, brutal and sensual practices, and idleness and sloth, are sins condemned even by the light of nature. But Christian meekness is as far from cowardly passing over sin and error, as from anger and impatience. And though there may be national differences of character, yet the heart of man in every age and place is deceitful and desperately wicked. But the sharpest reproofs must aim at the good of the reproved; and soundness in the faith is most desirable and necessary. To those who are defiled and unbelieving, nothing is pure; they abuse, and turn things lawful and good into sin. Many profess to know God, yet in their lives deny and reject him. See the miserable state of hypocrites, such as have a form of godliness, but are without the power; yet let us not be so ready to fix this charge on others, as careful that it does not apply to ourselves.

Pulpit Commentary

Verse 16. - By their for in, A.V. They profess that they know God (comp. Romans 2:17-20). The arrogant claim to be God's people and to superior holiness, while all the while they were denying God by their evil deeds, and bringing dishonor upon his Name among the Gentiles, was a marked feature of the Jews in St. Paul's time (comp. 2 Timothy 3:5). Abominable (βδελυκτοὶ); objects or causes of disgust; only here in the New Testament, but found in the LXX. But βδέλυγμα and βδελύσσομαι are not uncommon. Reprobate (ἀδόκιμοι); as 2 Timothy 3:8 (where see note). This picture of the circumcision is indeed sad (comp. 1 Thessalonians 2:15, 16; Acts 28:25-28).





Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

They profess that they know God,.... That there is a God; that there is but one, only, true, and living God, the God of Israel, as professed by the Jews; and that this God is Father, Son, and Spirit, as believed by the Christians: for the persons the apostle speaks of were judaizing Christians. Yet this knowledge was but notional; it lay in theory and profession only; they had not a spiritual experimental knowledge of God in Christ, which only has eternal life connected with it:

but in works they deny him. The Syriac, Arabic, and Ethiopic versions read, "in their own works"; they were not professed, but practical atheists; they owned there was a God, and boasted of their knowledge of him; but their lives and conversations showed that they had no true knowledge of him, and that the fear of him was not before their eyes; these gave the lie to their profession; they practically denied that faith they professed to hold, and the power of godliness, of which they had the form.

Being abominable; in the sight of God, however esteemed by men; and notwithstanding the vizor and mask of sanctity and religion they put on, which could not screen them from the omniscience of God, who will one day declare he knows them not, and will bid them depart from him, being workers of iniquity.

And disobedient; to God; to his law, and Gospel; to his ministers and churches; and even to parents and civil magistrates; for of this cast were the false teachers, and their followers, as maybe learned from many passages.

And unto every good work reprobate: or "unaccustomed", unused to them, as the Arabic version renders it; or rather "without judgment", and understanding, concerning them; there was no good in them, nor was it in them to do good; to do good they had no knowledge, nor any inclination; they were unfit for it, and had not a capacity to perform it; they were not good themselves, and therefore could not do good; the tree must first be made good, ere its fruit will be good; they were without Christ, and without his Spirit, and grace, without which no man can do anything that is spiritually good; they had no true faith, and therefore what they did was sinful; they had neither right principles, from which, nor right ends to which they acted, and therefore were not qualified for the performance of good works; which require that men should be good men, created in Christ Jesus, be believers in him, and have principles of truth and love, and views to the glory of God.

Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Bible Commentary

16. They profess—that is, make a profession acknowledging God. He does not deny their theoretical knowledge of God, but that they practically know Him.

deny him—the opposite of the previous "profess" or "confess" Him (1Ti 5:8; 2Ti 2:12; 3:5).

abominable—themselves, though laying so much stress on the contracting of abomination from outward things (compare Le 11:10-13; Ro 2:22).

disobedient—to God (Tit 3:3; Eph 2:2; 5:6).

reprobate—rejected as worthless when tested (see on [2525]Ro 1:28; [2526]1Co 9:27; [2527]2Ti 3:8).

Titus 1:16 Additional Commentaries
Context
Correcting False Teachers
15To the pure, all things are pure; but to those who are defiled and unbelieving, nothing is pure, but both their mind and their conscience are defiled. 16They profess to know God, but by their deeds they deny Him, being detestable and disobedient and worthless for any good deed.
Cross References
Proverbs 30:12
those who are pure in their own eyes and yet are not cleansed of their filth;

Isaiah 58:2
For day after day they seek me out; they seem eager to know my ways, as if they were a nation that does what is right and has not forsaken the commands of its God. They ask me for just decisions and seem eager for God to come near them.

Isaiah 59:13
rebellion and treachery against the LORD, turning our backs on our God, inciting revolt and oppression, uttering lies our hearts have conceived.

Jeremiah 5:2
Although they say, 'As surely as the LORD lives,' still they are swearing falsely."

Jeremiah 12:2
You have planted them, and they have taken root; they grow and bear fruit. You are always on their lips but far from their hearts.

Hosea 8:2
Israel cries out to me, 'Our God, we acknowledge you!'

1 Timothy 5:8
Anyone who does not provide for their relatives, and especially for their own household, has denied the faith and is worse than an unbeliever.

2 Timothy 3:8
Just as Jannes and Jambres opposed Moses, so also these teachers oppose the truth. They are men of depraved minds, who, as far as the faith is concerned, are rejected.

2 Timothy 3:17
so that the servant of God may be thoroughly equipped for every good work.

Titus 3:1
Remind the people to be subject to rulers and authorities, to be obedient, to be ready to do whatever is good,

Titus 3:3
At one time we too were foolish, disobedient, deceived and enslaved by all kinds of passions and pleasures. We lived in malice and envy, being hated and hating one another.

1 John 2:4
Whoever says, "I know him," but does not do what he commands is a liar, and the truth is not in that person.

Jude 1:4
For certain individuals whose condemnation was written about long ago have secretly slipped in among you. They are ungodly people, who pervert the grace of our God into a license for immorality and deny Jesus Christ our only Sovereign and Lord.

Revelation 21:8
But the cowardly, the unbelieving, the vile, the murderers, the sexually immoral, those who practice magic arts, the idolaters and all liars--they will be consigned to the fiery lake of burning sulfur. This is the second death."
Treasury of Scripture

They profess that they know God; but in works they deny him, being abominable, and disobedient, and to every good work reprobate.

profess.

Numbers 24:16 He has said, which heard the words of God, and knew the knowledge …

Isaiah 29:13 Why the Lord said, For as much as this people draw near me with their …

Isaiah 48:1 Hear you this, O house of Jacob, which are called by the name of …

Isaiah 58:2 Yet they seek me daily, and delight to know my ways, as a nation …

Ezekiel 33:31 And they come to you as the people comes, and they sit before you …

Hosea 8:2,3 Israel shall cry to me, My God, we know you…

Romans 2:18-24 And know his will, and approve the things that are more excellent, …

2 Timothy 3:5-8 Having a form of godliness, but denying the power thereof: from such …

Jude 1:4 For there are certain men crept in unawares, who were before of old …

being.

Job 15:16 How much more abominable and filthy is man, which drinks iniquity like water?

Revelation 21:8,27 But the fearful, and unbelieving, and the abominable, and murderers, …

and disobedient.

1 Samuel 15:22,24 And Samuel said, Has the LORD as great delight in burnt offerings …

Ephesians 5:6 Let no man deceive you with vain words: for because of these things …

1 Timothy 1:9 Knowing this, that the law is not made for a righteous man, but for …

unto.

Jeremiah 6:30 Reprobate silver shall men call them, because the LORD has rejected them.

Romans 1:28 And even as they did not like to retain God in their knowledge, God …

2 Timothy 3:8 Now as Jannes and Jambres withstood Moses, so do these also resist …

reprobate. or, void of judgment.

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