Titus 2:5
Verse (Click for Chapter)
New International Version
to be self-controlled and pure, to be busy at home, to be kind, and to be subject to their husbands, so that no one will malign the word of God.

New Living Translation
to live wisely and be pure, to work in their homes, to do good, and to be submissive to their husbands. Then they will not bring shame on the word of God.

English Standard Version
to be self-controlled, pure, working at home, kind, and submissive to their own husbands, that the word of God may not be reviled.

Berean Study Bible
to be self-controlled, pure, managers of their households, kind, and subject to their own husbands, so that the word of God will not be discredited.

Berean Literal Bible
self-controlled, pure, keepers at home, kind, being subject to the own husbands, so that the word of God should not be maligned.

New American Standard Bible
to be sensible, pure, workers at home, kind, being subject to their own husbands, so that the word of God will not be dishonored.

King James Bible
To be discreet, chaste, keepers at home, good, obedient to their own husbands, that the word of God be not blasphemed.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
to be self-controlled, pure, homemakers, kind, and submissive to their husbands, so that God's message will not be slandered.

International Standard Version
to be sensible and pure, to manage their households, to be kind, and to submit themselves to their husbands. Otherwise, the word of God may be discredited.

NET Bible
to be self-controlled, pure, fulfilling their duties at home, kind, being subject to their own husbands, so that the message of God may not be discredited.

New Heart English Bible
to be sober minded, chaste, workers at home, kind, being in subjection to their own husbands, that God's word may not be blasphemed.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
And to be chaste and holy, taking good care of their households and obeying their husbands, lest anyone blaspheme the word of God.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
to use good judgment, and to be morally pure. Also, tell them to teach young women to be homemakers, to be kind, and to place themselves under their husbands' authority. Then no one can speak evil of God's word.

New American Standard 1977
to be sensible, pure, workers at home, kind, being subject to their own husbands, that the word of God may not be dishonored.

Jubilee Bible 2000
to be temperate, chaste, good housekeepers, subject to their own husbands, that the word of God not be blasphemed.

King James 2000 Bible
To be discreet, chaste, keepers at home, good, obedient to their own husbands, that the word of God be not blasphemed.

American King James Version
To be discreet, chaste, keepers at home, good, obedient to their own husbands, that the word of God be not blasphemed.

American Standard Version
to be'sober-minded, chaste, workers at home, kind, being in subjection to their own husbands, that the word of God be not blasphemed:

Douay-Rheims Bible
To be discreet, chaste, sober, having a care of the house, gentle, obedient to their husbands, that the word of God be not blasphemed.

Darby Bible Translation
discreet, chaste, diligent in home work, good, subject to their own husbands, that the word of God may not be evil spoken of.

English Revised Version
to be soberminded, chaste, workers at home, kind, being in subjection to their own husbands, that the word of God be not blasphemed:

Webster's Bible Translation
To be discreet, chaste, keepers at home, good, obedient to their own husbands, that the word of God be not blasphemed.

Weymouth New Testament
industrious in their homes, kind, submissive to their husbands, so that the Christian teaching may not be exposed to reproach.

World English Bible
to be sober minded, chaste, workers at home, kind, being in subjection to their own husbands, that God's word may not be blasphemed.

Young's Literal Translation
sober, pure, keepers of their own houses, good, subject to their own husbands, that the word of God may not be evil spoken of.
Study Bible
Teaching Sound Doctrine
4In this way they can train the young women to love their husbands and children, 5to be self-controlled, pure, managers of their households, kind, and subject to their own husbands, so that the word of God will not be discredited. 6In the same way, urge the younger men to be self-controlled.…
Cross References
Proverbs 7:11
She is boisterous and rebellious, Her feet do not remain at home;

Romans 14:16
Do not allow what you consider good, then, to be spoken of as evil.

Ephesians 5:22
Wives, submit to your husbands as to the Lord.

1 Timothy 2:11
A woman must learn in quietness and full submissiveness.

1 Timothy 2:12
I do not permit a woman to teach or exercise authority over a man; she is to remain quiet.

1 Timothy 5:14
So I advise the younger widows to marry, have children, and manage their households, so they will not give the adversary an occasion for slander.

1 Timothy 6:1
All who are under the yoke of slavery should regard their masters as fully worthy of honor, so that God's name and our teaching will not be discredited.

Titus 2:4
In this way they can train the young women to love their husbands and children,
Treasury of Scripture

To be discreet, chaste, keepers at home, good, obedient to their own husbands, that the word of God be not blasphemed.

discreet. See on

Titus 2:2 That the aged men be sober, grave, temperate, sound in faith, in …

keepers.

Genesis 16:8,9 And he said, Hagar, Sarai's maid, from where came you? and where …

Genesis 18:9 And they said to him, Where is Sarah your wife? And he said, Behold, …

Proverbs 7:11 (She is loud and stubborn; her feet abide not in her house:

Proverbs 31:10-31 Who can find a virtuous woman? for her price is far above rubies…

1 Timothy 5:13 And with they learn to be idle, wandering about from house to house; …

good.

Acts 9:36,39 Now there was at Joppa a certain disciple named Tabitha, which by …

1 Timothy 5:10 Well reported of for good works; if she have brought up children, …

obedient.

Genesis 3:16 To the woman he said, I will greatly multiply your sorrow and your …

1 Corinthians 11:3 But I would have you know, that the head of every man is Christ; …

1 Corinthians 14:34 Let your women keep silence in the churches: for it is not permitted …

Ephesians 5:22-24,33 Wives, submit yourselves to your own husbands, as to the Lord…

Colossians 3:18 Wives, submit yourselves to your own husbands, as it is fit in the Lord.

1 Timothy 2:11,12 Let the woman learn in silence with all subjection…

1 Peter 3:1-5 Likewise, you wives, be in subjection to your own husbands; that, …

that.

2 Samuel 12:14 However,, because by this deed you have given great occasion to the …

Psalm 74:10 O God, how long shall the adversary reproach? shall the enemy blaspheme …

Romans 2:24 For the name of God is blasphemed among the Gentiles through you, …

1 Timothy 5:14 I will therefore that the younger women marry, bear children, guide the house…

1 Timothy 6:1 Let as many servants as are under the yoke count their own masters …

(5) To be discreet.--See Note in Titus 2:2 of this chapter.

Chaste.--Not only in act, but also in look, in speech, in thought, even in dress.

Keepers at home.--The older authorities here, instead of "keepers at home" (domum custodientes, domus curam habentes), read workers at home; the Greek word is not found elsewhere. The sense of the passage is, however, little changed by the alteration. The meaning is clear, "Domi mansit lanam fecit." Home duties, cares, pleasures, sacrifices of self--these God-appointed duties ought to fill the mind and the heart of the young wife. There should be no desire, no attempt, to go round to the other houses, and so contracting idle, gossiping habits. Hofmann thus sums up these directions to the young Christian women of Crete, "Gute Hausfrauen will der Apostel haben."

Good.--Gracious, kind, thoughtful to others, especially to inferiors.

Obedient to their own husbands.--More accurately, submitting themselves to their own husbands. Women who really love their Master Christ should take care that, as far as in them lay, the law of subordination in the family to its rightful head should be strictly carried out. In a Church like that of Crete, made out of divided houses often, where the Christian wife was married to a Pagan husband, such a charge as this was especially needful.

That the word of God be not blasphemed.--These words refer to all the exhortations from Titus 2:2 onwards, but more particularly to those clauses enforcing home duties immediately preceding. There was, of course, the fear that wives, carried away by religious fervour, might neglect the plainer every-day duties for the seemingly loftier and more self-denying occupations included under the head of religious works. Such failure in every-day tasks would, of course, be bitterly charged on the religion of Christ, and the gospel would run the danger of being evil-spoken of, even in other than purely Pagan circles. But the reference extends over a broader area than that occupied by Christian mistresses of households. All, of every rank and age, who think they love the Lord Jesus should remember that the "enemy" is ever watching their words and works; never should they who wear the colours of the great King forget the charge of the King's son, "Let your light so shine before men that they may see your good works, and glorify your Father which is in heaven."

Verse 5. - Sober-minded for discreet, A.V.; workers for keepers, A.V. and T.R.; kind for good, A.V.; being in subjection for obedient, A.V. Sober-minded (σώφρονας); as in ver. 2 and Titus 1:8; 1 Timothy 3:2. "Discreet" is nearer the sense than "sober-minded." Perhaps the French sage is nearer still. Workers at home (οἰκουργούς, for the T.R. οἰκουρούς). Neither word occurs elsewhere in the New Testament or in the LXX., nor does οἰκουργός in classical Greek. But οἰκουρός, which is probably the true reading (Huther), is common in good classical Greek for "stayers at home." It is derived from οῖκος and οῦρος, a "keeper." Kind (ἀγαθάς). The idea of kindness or good nature seems to be the side of goodness here intended; as we say, "He was very good to me" (so Matthew 20:15 and 1 Peter 2:18). Kindness is the leading idea in ἀγαθός. Obedient (ὑποτασσόμενας). These identical words occur in 1 Peter 3:1 (see too Ephesians 5:22; Colossians 3:18). That the Word of God be not blasphemed (see 1 Timothy 6:1). St. Paul complains that the Name of God was blasphemed among the Gentiles on account of the evil deeds of the Jews (Romans 2:24; see Ezekiel 36:20-23). Our Lord, on the other hand, exhorts that Christians, by their good works, should lead men to glorify their Father which is in heaven. The passage before us shows how much the honor of Christianity is bound up with the faithful discharge by Christians of the simple domestic duties of life. In truth, the family is the chief seat, and often the main test, of Christian virtue, as it is the distinctive feature of humanity as ordained by God. To be discreet,.... Or temperate in eating and drinking, so the word is rendered in Titus 2:2 or to be sober both in body and mind; or to be wise and prudent in the whole of their conduct, both at home and abroad:

chaste; in body, in affection, words and actions, having their love pure and single to their own husbands, keeping their marriage bed undefiled.

Keepers at home: minding their own family affairs, not gadding abroad; and inspecting into, and busying themselves about other people's matters. This is said in opposition to what women are prone unto. It is reckoned among the properties of women, by the Jews, that they are "gadders abroad" (x): they have some rules about women's keeping at home; they say (y),

"a woman may go to her father's house to visit him, and to the house of mourning, and to the house of feasting, to return a kindness to her friends, or to her near relations--but it is a reproach to a woman to go out daily; now she is without, now she is in the streets; and a husband ought to restrain his wife from it, and not suffer her to go abroad but about once a month, or twice a month, upon necessity; for there is nothing more beautiful for a woman, than to abide in the corner of her house; for so it is written, Psalm 45:13 "the king's daughter is all glorious within".''

And this they say (z) is what is meant by the woman's being an helpmeet for man, that while he is abroad about his business, she is , "sitting at home", and keeping his house; and this they observe is the glory and honour of the woman. The passage in Isaiah 44:13 concerning an image being made "after the figure of a man, according to the beauty of a man, that it may remain in the house" is by the Targum thus paraphrased:

"according to the likeness of a man, according to the praise of a woman, to abide in the house.''

Upon which Kimchi, has this note.

"it is the glory of a woman to continue at home, and not go abroad.''

The tortoise, which carries its house upon its back, and very rarely shows its head, or looks out of it, was, with the ancients, an emblem of a good housewife. These also should be instructed to be "good" or "kind" to their servants, and beneficent to the poor, and to strangers, towards whom, very often, women are apt to be strait handed, and not so generous and liberal as they should be:

obedient to their own husbands; See Gill on Ephesians 5:22, Ephesians 5:24.

that the word of God be not blasphemed; by unbelieving husbands, who, by the ill conduct of their wives, would be provoked to speak ill of the Gospel, as if that taught disaffection and disobedience to them.

(x) Bereshit Rabba, sect. 45. fol. 40. 3.((y) Maimon. Hilchot Ishot, c. 13. sect. 11. (z) Tzeror Hammor, fol. 5. 4. 5. keepers at home—as "guardians of the house," as the Greek expresses. The oldest manuscripts read, "Workers at home": active in household duties (Pr 7:11; 1Ti 5:13).

good—kind, beneficent (Mt 20:15; Ro 5:7; 1Pe 2:18). Not churlish and niggardly, but thrifty as housewives.

obedient—rather "submissive," as the Greek is translated; (see on [2530]Eph 5:21, 22; [2531]Eph 5:24).

their own—marking the duty of subjection which they owe them, as being their own husbands (Eph 5:22; Col 3:18).

blasphemed—"evil spoken of." That no reproach may be cast on the Gospel, through the inconsistencies of its professors (Tit 2:8, 10; Ro 2:24; 1Ti 5:14; 6:1). "Unless we are virtuous, blasphemy will come through us to the faith" [Theophylact].2:1-8 Old disciples of Christ must behave in every thing agreeably to the Christian doctrine. That the aged men be sober; not thinking that the decays of nature will justify any excess; but seeking comfort from nearer communion with God, not from any undue indulgence. Faith works by, and must be seen in love, of God for himself, and of men for God's sake. Aged persons are apt to be peevish and fretful; therefore need to be on their guard. Though there is not express Scripture for every word, or look, yet there are general rules, according to which all must be ordered. Young women must be sober and discreet; for many expose themselves to fatal temptations by what at first might be only want of discretion. The reason is added, that the word of God may not be blasphemed. Failures in duties greatly reproach Christianity. Young men are apt to be eager and thoughtless, therefore must be earnestly called upon to be sober-minded: there are more young people ruined by pride than by any other sin. Every godly man's endeavour must be to stop the mouths of adversaries. Let thine own conscience answer for thine uprightness. What a glory is it for a Christian, when that mouth which would fain open itself against him, cannot find any evil in him to speak of!
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