Hebrews 11:28
Parallel Verses
New International Version
By faith he kept the Passover and the application of blood, so that the destroyer of the firstborn would not touch the firstborn of Israel.

New Living Translation
It was by faith that Moses commanded the people of Israel to keep the Passover and to sprinkle blood on the doorposts so that the angel of death would not kill their firstborn sons.

English Standard Version
By faith he kept the Passover and sprinkled the blood, so that the Destroyer of the firstborn might not touch them.

New American Standard Bible
By faith he kept the Passover and the sprinkling of the blood, so that he who destroyed the firstborn would not touch them.

King James Bible
Through faith he kept the passover, and the sprinkling of blood, lest he that destroyed the firstborn should touch them.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
By faith he instituted the Passover and the sprinkling of the blood, so that the destroyer of the firstborn might not touch the Israelites.

International Standard Version
By faith he established the Passover and the sprinkling of blood to keep the destroyer of the firstborn from touching the people.

NET Bible
By faith he kept the Passover and the sprinkling of the blood, so that the one who destroyed the firstborn would not touch them.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
By faith he observed Passover and sprinkled the blood, lest he who was destroying the firstborn should touch them.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Faith led Moses to establish the Passover and spread the blood [on the doorposts] so that the destroying angel would not kill the firstborn sons.

Jubilee Bible 2000
By faith he kept the passover and the sprinkling of the blood lest he that destroyed the firstborn should touch them.

King James 2000 Bible
Through faith he kept the passover, and the sprinkling of blood, lest he that destroyed the firstborn should touch them.

American King James Version
Through faith he kept the passover, and the sprinkling of blood, lest he that destroyed the firstborn should touch them.

American Standard Version
By faith he kept the passover, and the sprinkling of the blood, that the destroyer of the firstborn should not touch them.

Douay-Rheims Bible
By faith he celebrated the pasch, and the shedding of the blood; that he, who destroyed the firstborn, might not touch them.

Darby Bible Translation
By faith he celebrated the passover and the sprinkling of the blood, that the destroyer of the firstborn might not touch them.

English Revised Version
By faith he kept the passover, and the sprinkling of the blood, that the destroyer of the firstborn should not touch them.

Webster's Bible Translation
Through faith he kept the passover, and the sprinkling of blood, lest he that destroyed the first-born should touch them.

Weymouth New Testament
Through faith he instituted the Passover, and the sprinkling with blood so that the destroyer of the firstborn might not touch the Israelites.

World English Bible
By faith, he kept the Passover, and the sprinkling of the blood, that the destroyer of the firstborn should not touch them.

Young's Literal Translation
by faith he kept the passover, and the sprinkling of the blood, that He who is destroying the first-born might not touch them.
Parallel Commentaries
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary

11:20-31 Isaac blessed Jacob and Esau, concerning things to come. Things present are not the best things; no man knoweth love or hatred by having them or wanting them. Jacob lived by faith, and he died by faith, and in faith. Though the grace of faith is of use always through our whole lives, it is especially so when we come to die. Faith has a great work to do at last, to help the believer to die to the Lord, so as to honour him, by patience, hope, and joy. Joseph was tried by temptations to sin, by persecution for keeping his integrity; and he was tried by honours and power in the court of Pharaoh, yet his faith carried him through. It is a great mercy to be free from wicked laws and edicts; but when we are not so, we must use all lawful means for our security. In this faith of Moses' parents there was a mixture of unbelief, but God was pleased to overlook it. Faith gives strength against the sinful, slavish fear of men; it sets God before the soul, shows the vanity of the creature, and that all must give way to the will and power of God. The pleasures of sin are, and will be, but short; they must end either in speedy repentance or in speedy ruin. The pleasures of this world are for the most part the pleasures of sin; they are always so when we cannot enjoy them without deserting God and his people. Suffering is to be chosen rather than sin; there being more evil in the least sin, than there can be in the greatest suffering. God's people are, and always have been, a reproached people. Christ accounts himself reproached in their reproaches; and thus they become greater riches than the treasures of the richest empire in the world. Moses made his choice when ripe for judgment and enjoyment, able to know what he did, and why he did it. It is needful for persons to be seriously religious; to despise the world, when most capable of relishing and enjoying it. Believers may and ought to have respect to the recompence of reward. By faith we may be fully sure of God's providence, and of his gracious and powerful presence with us. Such a sight of God will enable believers to keep on to the end, whatever they may meet in the way. It is not owing to our own righteousness, or best performances, that we are saved from the wrath of God; but to the blood of Christ, and his imputed righteousness. True faith makes sin bitter to the soul, even while it receives the pardon and atonement. All our spiritual privileges on earth, should quicken us in our way to heaven. The Lord will make even Babylon fall before the faith of his people, and when he has some great thing to do for them, he raises up great and strong faith in them. A true believer is desirous, not only to be in covenant with God, but in communion with the people of God; and is willing to fare as they fare. By her works Rahab declared herself to be just. That she was not justified by her works appears plainly; because the work she did was faulty in the manner, and not perfectly good, therefore it could not be answerable to the perfect justice or righteousness of God.

Pulpit Commentary

Verses 28, 29. - By faith he kept (literally, hath kept, πεποίηκεν, the perfect being used rather than the historical aorist, as denoting an accomplished act, with continuing effect and significance (cf. προσενήνοχεν, ver. 17). But πεποίηκεν does not mean, as some suppose, "hath instituted," ποιεῖν τὸ Πάσχα being the usual expression for the celebration) the Passover, and the sprinkling of blood, lest he that destroyed the firstborn should touch them. By faith they passed through the Red Sea, as by dry land; which the Egyptians assaying to do were drowned. The faith of Moses himself is still mainly intended here, though the conjunction of πίστει with διέβησαν seems to imply faith in the people too. Nor is this inconsistent with the narrative; for, though they are represented as having cried out in their sore fear, and even reproached their leader for bringing them out of Egypt to die in the wilderness, yet on his exhortation, "Fear ye not, stand still, and see the salvation of the LORD," they may be supposed to have trusted him, and caught something of the inspiration of his faith. Moses, indeed, stands out as a prominent example (and this is one point in the moral teaching of his history) of the strong faith of one great man, not only availing in behalf of others, but also in some degree infecting a whole community, little disposed at first to make heroic ventures.

Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

Through faith he kept the passover,.... Which Moses made, or appointed by divine direction; he kept it, with all its rites and ceremonies, and caused the people of Israel to observe it; and which he did, in faith of the speedy deliverance of the children of Israel, from the house of bondage; and in the faith of the Messiah, of whom the passover was a type; See Gill on 1 Corinthians 5:7. The Syriac version reads, "through faith they kept the passover"; that is, the Israelites:

and the sprinkling of blood; of the paschal lamb; which was received into a basin, and was sprinkled upon the lintel, and two side posts of the doors of the houses, in which the Israelites dwelt; which was done with a bunch of hyssop dipped into it:

lest he that destroyed the firstborn should touch them; for the Lord, seeing the blood sprinkled, as above, when he smote the firstborn of Egypt, passed by the houses of the Israelites, so distinguished; and they were all safe within, and not one of them touched: this was typical of the blood of Christ being sprinkled upon the hearts and consciences of his people; whereby they are purified through faith; which blood is looked upon by Jehovah, so that justice passes by them; and they are all safe and secure, and will be, when others are destroyed; nor can they be hurt by the second death.

Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Bible Commentary

28. kept—Greek, "hath kept," the Passover being, in Paul's day, still observed. His faith here was his belief in the invisible God's promise that the destroying angel should pass over, and not touch the inmates of the blood-sprinkled houses (Ex 12:23). "He acquiesced in the bare word of God where the thing itself was not apparent" [Calvin].

the first-born—Greek neuter; both of man and beast.

Hebrews 11:28 Additional Commentaries
Context
The Faith of Moses
27By faith he left Egypt, not fearing the wrath of the king; for he endured, as seeing Him who is unseen. 28By faith he kept the Passover and the sprinkling of the blood, so that he who destroyed the firstborn would not touch them. 29By faith they passed through the Red Sea as though they were passing through dry land; and the Egyptians, when they attempted it, were drowned.…
Cross References
Exodus 12:13
The blood will be a sign for you on the houses where you are, and when I see the blood, I will pass over you. No destructive plague will touch you when I strike Egypt.

Exodus 12:21
Then Moses summoned all the elders of Israel and said to them, "Go at once and select the animals for your families and slaughter the Passover lamb.

Exodus 12:23
When the LORD goes through the land to strike down the Egyptians, he will see the blood on the top and sides of the doorframe and will pass over that doorway, and he will not permit the destroyer to enter your houses and strike you down.

Exodus 12:29
At midnight the LORD struck down all the firstborn in Egypt, from the firstborn of Pharaoh, who sat on the throne, to the firstborn of the prisoner, who was in the dungeon, and the firstborn of all the livestock as well.

1 Corinthians 10:10
And do not grumble, as some of them did--and were killed by the destroying angel.
Treasury of Scripture

Through faith he kept the passover, and the sprinkling of blood, lest he that destroyed the firstborn should touch them.

he kept.

Exodus 12:3-14,21-30 Speak you to all the congregation of Israel, saying, In the tenth …

the sprinkling.

Hebrews 9:19 For when Moses had spoken every precept to all the people according …

Hebrews 12:24 And to Jesus the mediator of the new covenant, and to the blood of …

Exodus 12:7,13,23 And they shall take of the blood, and strike it on the two side posts …

1 Peter 1:2 Elect according to the foreknowledge of God the Father, through sanctification …

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