Hebrews 11:31
Parallel Verses
New International Version
By faith the prostitute Rahab, because she welcomed the spies, was not killed with those who were disobedient.

New Living Translation
It was by faith that Rahab the prostitute was not destroyed with the people in her city who refused to obey God. For she had given a friendly welcome to the spies.

English Standard Version
By faith Rahab the prostitute did not perish with those who were disobedient, because she had given a friendly welcome to the spies.

New American Standard Bible
By faith Rahab the harlot did not perish along with those who were disobedient, after she had welcomed the spies in peace.

King James Bible
By faith the harlot Rahab perished not with them that believed not, when she had received the spies with peace.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
By faith Rahab the prostitute received the spies in peace and didn't perish with those who disobeyed.

International Standard Version
By faith Rahab the prostitute did not die with those who were disobedient, because she had welcomed the spies with a greeting of peace.

NET Bible
By faith Rahab the prostitute escaped the destruction of the disobedient, because she welcomed the spies in peace.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
By faith, Rahab the harlot did not perish with those who disobeyed, for she received the spies in peace.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Faith led the prostitute Rahab to welcome the spies as friends. She was not killed with those who refused to obey God.

Jubilee Bible 2000
By faith the harlot Rahab did not perish together with the disobedient, having received the spies with peace.

King James 2000 Bible
By faith the harlot Rahab perished not with them that believed not, when she had received the spies with peace.

American King James Version
By faith the harlot Rahab perished not with them that believed not, when she had received the spies with peace.

American Standard Version
By faith Rahab the harlot perished not with them that were disobedient, having received the spies with peace.

Douay-Rheims Bible
By faith Rahab the harlot perished not with the unbelievers, receiving the spies with peace.

Darby Bible Translation
By faith Rahab the harlot did not perish along with the unbelieving, having received the spies in peace.

English Revised Version
By faith Rahab the harlot perished not with them that were disobedient, having received the spies with peace.

Webster's Bible Translation
By faith the harlot Rahab perished not with them that believed not, as she had received the spies with peace.

Weymouth New Testament
Through faith the notorious sinner Rahab did not perish along with the disobedient, for she had welcomed the spies and had sheltered them.

World English Bible
By faith, Rahab the prostitute, didn't perish with those who were disobedient, having received the spies in peace.

Young's Literal Translation
by faith Rahab the harlot did not perish with those who disbelieved, having received the spies with peace.
Parallel Commentaries
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary

11:20-31 Isaac blessed Jacob and Esau, concerning things to come. Things present are not the best things; no man knoweth love or hatred by having them or wanting them. Jacob lived by faith, and he died by faith, and in faith. Though the grace of faith is of use always through our whole lives, it is especially so when we come to die. Faith has a great work to do at last, to help the believer to die to the Lord, so as to honour him, by patience, hope, and joy. Joseph was tried by temptations to sin, by persecution for keeping his integrity; and he was tried by honours and power in the court of Pharaoh, yet his faith carried him through. It is a great mercy to be free from wicked laws and edicts; but when we are not so, we must use all lawful means for our security. In this faith of Moses' parents there was a mixture of unbelief, but God was pleased to overlook it. Faith gives strength against the sinful, slavish fear of men; it sets God before the soul, shows the vanity of the creature, and that all must give way to the will and power of God. The pleasures of sin are, and will be, but short; they must end either in speedy repentance or in speedy ruin. The pleasures of this world are for the most part the pleasures of sin; they are always so when we cannot enjoy them without deserting God and his people. Suffering is to be chosen rather than sin; there being more evil in the least sin, than there can be in the greatest suffering. God's people are, and always have been, a reproached people. Christ accounts himself reproached in their reproaches; and thus they become greater riches than the treasures of the richest empire in the world. Moses made his choice when ripe for judgment and enjoyment, able to know what he did, and why he did it. It is needful for persons to be seriously religious; to despise the world, when most capable of relishing and enjoying it. Believers may and ought to have respect to the recompence of reward. By faith we may be fully sure of God's providence, and of his gracious and powerful presence with us. Such a sight of God will enable believers to keep on to the end, whatever they may meet in the way. It is not owing to our own righteousness, or best performances, that we are saved from the wrath of God; but to the blood of Christ, and his imputed righteousness. True faith makes sin bitter to the soul, even while it receives the pardon and atonement. All our spiritual privileges on earth, should quicken us in our way to heaven. The Lord will make even Babylon fall before the faith of his people, and when he has some great thing to do for them, he raises up great and strong faith in them. A true believer is desirous, not only to be in covenant with God, but in communion with the people of God; and is willing to fare as they fare. By her works Rahab declared herself to be just. That she was not justified by her works appears plainly; because the work she did was faulty in the manner, and not perfectly good, therefore it could not be answerable to the perfect justice or righteousness of God.

Pulpit Commentary

Verse 31.- By faith Rahab the harlot perished not with them that were disobedient, when she had received the spies with peace. Rahab is instanced also by St. James (James 2:25) as having sh

Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

By faith the harlot Rahab,.... The Targum on Joshua 2:1 calls her , "a woman, that kept a victualling house": this paraphrase is taken notice of by Jarchi and Kimchi on the place, who interpret it, "a seller of food": and even the Hebrew word is so explained by a considerable Jewish writer (p); and this may rather seem to be the sense of the word, and to be her proper business, from the spies going to her house, as being an house of entertainment; and from Salmon's marrying her, which might be thought strange that a prince of Israel would, had she been a person of ill fame; to which may be added, the encomiums of her for her faith and works, both by our apostle, and by James: but yet, the constant use of the word, in this form, the testimonies of two apostles, and her making no mention of her husband and children, when she agreed with the spies, confirm the generally received character of her, that she was an harlot. Some Jewish writers say (q) that she was ten years of age when the Israelites came out of Egypt; and that all the forty years they were in the wilderness, "she played the harlot"; and was one and fifty years of age when she was proselyted. She is called an harlot; not with respect to her present, but past life. In the Greek text, she is here called Raab, as also in James 2:25 and so in the Septuagint in Joshua 2:1. Rachab, which exactly answers to the Hebrew word Joshua 2:1 and by Josephus (r) "Rachabe". This woman was a wonderful and singular instance of the free, sovereign, distinguishing, powerful, and efficacious grace of God; being one that sprung from Canaan, and was of the nations that were abhorred; but, being called by grace, became an eminent believer: she believed that the God of the Israelites was God in heaven and on earth; that he had given the land of Canaan to them; she received the spies, and hid them through that faith; she caused them to swear by the Lord, that they would show mercy to her, and her family; and gave credit to them; and observed their instructions: and so she

perished not with them that believed not; the inhabitants of Jericho, who were unbelievers, and disobedient, and all perished by the sword: but Rahab perished not, neither temporally, nor eternally; her temporal salvation was an emblem and type of her spiritual salvation; her receiving the spies was an emblem of a soul's receiving the Gospel, and the ministers of it; the scarlet thread, that was hung out, was an emblem of the blood of Christ, by which sins, though as scarlet, are made white as wool; and the saving of her whole family is an emblem of the complete salvation of all the elect, soul and body, by Christ:

when she had received the spies with peace; and had hid them, for some time, in her house, and then let them down by the wall; and who, at the taking of the city, saved her, and hers, according to their promise and oath: the number of these spies were two, according to Joshua 2:1. The Jews (s) say one of them was Phinehas, the son of Eleazar, the high priest; and others (t) of them say they were Phinehas and Caleb.

(p) R. Sol. Urbin. Ohel Moed, fol. 24. 1.((q) T. Bab. Zebachin. fol. 116. 2. Shalshalet Hakabala, fol. 7. 2.((r) Antiqu. l. 5. c. 1. sect. 2.((s) Laniado in Josh. ii. 1.((t) Tanchuma apud Masum in ib.

Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Bible Commentary

31. Rahab showed her "faith" in her confession, Jos 2:9, 11, "I know that Jehovah hath given you the land; Jehovah your God, is God in heaven above, and in earth beneath."

the harlot—Her former life adds to the marvel of her repentance, faith, and preservation (Mt 21:31, 32).

believed not—Greek, "were disobedient," namely, to the will of God manifested by the miracles wrought in behalf of Israel (Jos 2:8-11).

received—in her house (Jos 2:1, 4, 6).

with peace—peaceably; so that they had nothing to fear in her house. Thus Paul, quoting the same examples (Heb 11:17, 31) for the power of faith, as James (Jas 2:21, 25; see on [2589]Jas 2:21; [2590]Jas 2:25) does for justification by works evidentially, shows that in maintaining justification by faith alone, he means not a dead faith, but "faith which worketh by love" (Ga 5:6).

Hebrews 11:31 Additional Commentaries
Context
The Faith of Many
31By faith Rahab the harlot did not perish along with those who were disobedient, after she had welcomed the spies in peace. 32And what more shall I say? For time will fail me if I tell of Gideon, Barak, Samson, Jephthah, of David and Samuel and the prophets,…
Cross References
Joshua 2:1
Then Joshua son of Nun secretly sent two spies from Shittim. "Go, look over the land," he said, "especially Jericho." So they went and entered the house of a prostitute named Rahab and stayed there.

Joshua 2:9
and said to them, "I know that the LORD has given you this land and that a great fear of you has fallen on us, so that all who live in this country are melting in fear because of you.

Joshua 6:23
So the young men who had done the spying went in and brought out Rahab, her father and mother, her brothers and sisters and all who belonged to her. They brought out her entire family and put them in a place outside the camp of Israel.

Joshua 6:25
But Joshua spared Rahab the prostitute, with her family and all who belonged to her, because she hid the men Joshua had sent as spies to Jericho--and she lives among the Israelites to this day.

Acts 15:33
After spending some time there, they were sent off by the believers with the blessing of peace to return to those who had sent them.

James 2:25
In the same way, was not even Rahab the prostitute considered righteous for what she did when she gave lodging to the spies and sent them off in a different direction?
Treasury of Scripture

By faith the harlot Rahab perished not with them that believed not, when she had received the spies with peace.

the harlot.

Joshua 2:1-22 And Joshua the son of Nun sent out of Shittim two men to spy secretly, …

Joshua 6:22-25 But Joshua had said to the two men that had spied out the country, …

Matthew 1:1,5 The book of the generation of Jesus Christ, the son of David, the …

James 2:25 Likewise also was not Rahab the harlot justified by works, when she …

believed not. or, were disobedient.

Hebrews 3:18 And to whom swore he that they should not enter into his rest, but …

1 Peter 2:8 And a stone of stumbling, and a rock of offense, even to them which …

1 Peter 3:20 Which sometime were disobedient, when once the long-suffering of …

she had.

Joshua 1:1 Now after the death of Moses the servant of the LORD it came to pass, …

Joshua 2:4 And the woman took the two men, and hid them, and said thus, There …

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