James 4:12
Parallel Verses
New International Version
There is only one Lawgiver and Judge, the one who is able to save and destroy. But you--who are you to judge your neighbor?

New Living Translation
God alone, who gave the law, is the Judge. He alone has the power to save or to destroy. So what right do you have to judge your neighbor?

English Standard Version
There is only one lawgiver and judge, he who is able to save and to destroy. But who are you to judge your neighbor?

New American Standard Bible
There is only one Lawgiver and Judge, the One who is able to save and to destroy; but who are you who judge your neighbor?

King James Bible
There is one lawgiver, who is able to save and to destroy: who art thou that judgest another?

Holman Christian Standard Bible
There is one lawgiver and judge who is able to save and to destroy. But who are you to judge your neighbor?

International Standard Version
There is only one Lawgiver and Judge—the one who can save and destroy. So who are you to judge your neighbor?

NET Bible
But there is only one who is lawgiver and judge--the one who is able to save and destroy. On the other hand, who are you to judge your neighbor?

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
One is he who lays down The Written Law and judgment, who is able to give life and to destroy. Who are you who are judging your neighbor?

GOD'S WORD® Translation
There is only one teacher and judge. He is able to save or destroy you. So who are you to judge your neighbor?

Jubilee Bible 2000
There is one lawgiver, who is able to save and to destroy: who art thou to judge another?

King James 2000 Bible
There is one lawgiver, who is able to save and to destroy: who are you that judge another?

American King James Version
There is one lawgiver, who is able to save and to destroy: who are you that judge another?

American Standard Version
One only is the lawgiver and judge, even he who is able to save and to destroy: but who art thou that judgest thy neighbor?

Douay-Rheims Bible
There is one lawgiver, and judge, that is able to destroy and to deliver.

Darby Bible Translation
One is the lawgiver and judge, who is able to save and to destroy: but who art *thou* who judgest thy neighbour?

English Revised Version
One only is the lawgiver and judge, even he who is able to save and to destroy: but who art thou that judgest thy neighbour?

Webster's Bible Translation
There is one lawgiver, who is able to save, and to destroy: who art thou that judgest another?

Weymouth New Testament
The only real Lawgiver and Judge is He who is able to save or to destroy. Who are you to sit in judgement on your fellow man?

World English Bible
Only one is the lawgiver, who is able to save and to destroy. But who are you to judge another?

Young's Literal Translation
one is the lawgiver, who is able to save and to destroy; thou -- who art thou that dost judge the other?
Parallel Commentaries
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary

4:11-17 Our lips must be governed by the law of kindness, as well as truth and justice. Christians are brethren. And to break God's commands, is to speak evil of them, and to judge them, as if they laid too great a restraint upon us. We have the law of God, which is a rule to all; let us not presume to set up our own notions and opinions as a rule to those about us, and let us be careful that we be not condemned of the Lord. Go to now, is a call to any one to consider his conduct as being wrong. How apt worldly and contriving men are to leave God out of their plans! How vain it is to look for any thing good without God's blessing and guidance! The frailty, shortness, and uncertainty of life, ought to check the vanity and presumptuous confidence of all projects for futurity. We can fix the hour and minute of the sun's rising and setting to-morrow, but we cannot fix the certain time of a vapour being scattered. So short, unreal, and fading is human life, and all the prosperity or enjoyment that attends it; though bliss or woe for ever must be according to our conduct during this fleeting moment. We are always to depend on the will of God. Our times are not in our own hands, but at the disposal of God. Our heads may be filled with cares and contrivances for ourselves, or our families, or our friends; but Providence often throws our plans into confusion. All we design, and all we do, should be with submissive dependence on God. It is foolish, and it is hurtful, to boast of worldly things and aspiring projects; it will bring great disappointment, and will prove destruction in the end. Omissions are sins which will be brought into judgment, as well as commissions. He that does not the good he knows should be done, as well as he who does the evil he knows should not be done, will be condemned. Oh that we were as careful not to omit prayer, and not to neglect to meditate and examine our consciences, as we are not to commit gross outward vices against light!

Pulpit Commentary

Verse 12. - To play the part of a censor is to assume the office of a judge. But this is an office which belongs to God and not to man (cf. Romans 14:3, 4). The first words of the verse should be rendered as follows: "One only is the Lawgiver and Judge:" the last words, καὶ κριτής, omitted in the Received Text, being found in א, A, B, and most versions, the Latin, Syriac, and Coptic. In the last clause also the Received Text requires correction. Read, Σὺ δὲ τίς εῖ (insert δὲ, א, A, B, L, K, Latin, Syriac, Coptic) ὁ κρίνων τὸν πλήσιον (א, A, B).

Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

There is one lawgiver,.... The Alexandrian copy, and others, and the Syriac, Ethiopic, and Vulgate Latin versions, add, "and judge". Who is the one only Lord God, Isaiah 33:22. This is a character that may be applied to God the Father, who gave the law to the people of Israel, both the judicial and ceremonial law, and also the moral law; from his right hand went a fiery law, and to him belongs the giving of it; and also to the Son of God, the Lord Jesus who is King of saints, and lawgiver in his house; who has given out commandments to be observed, and laws of discipline for the right ordering of his house, and kingdom, to be regarded; and particularly the new commandment of love, which is eminently called the law of Christ; and which is most apparently broke, by detraction and speaking evil one of another: now there may be inferior and subordinate lawgivers, as Judah is said to be God's lawgiver, and Moses is said to command the Jews a law; yet there is but one supreme, universal, and perfect lawgiver, who is God; and though there may be many lawgivers in things political, whose legislative power is to be obeyed, both for the Lord's sake, and for conscience sake; yet in things religious, and relating to conscience, God is the only lawgiver, who is to be hearkened unto:

who is able to save, and to destroy; this is true of God the Father, who is able to save, and does save by his Son Jesus Christ, and even persons that have broken the law he has given, and are liable to the curse and condemnation of it; and he is able to save them according to that law, in perfect consistence with it, and with his justice and holiness, since Christ, by whom he saves, was made under it, and has fulfilled it; and that Christ is mighty to save, able to save to the uttermost, is certain from the Scripture, and all experience; and God, the lawgiver, is able to destroy both body and soul in hell, for the transgressions of his law; and even Christ the Lamb is also the lion of the tribe of Judah, who will break his enemies in pieces, as a potter's vessel, and punish the contemners of his Gospel with everlasting destruction, from his presence and glory: in a word, God, the lawgiver, is sovereign, and can destroy, or save, whom he pleases; he is able to save the brother that is spoken against, and to destroy him that speaks against him:

who art thou that judgest another? another man's servant, as in Romans 14:4 or "thy neighbour", as the Syriac and Ethiopic versions read; or "the neighbour", as the Alexandrian copy, and the Vulgate Latin version; that is, any brother, friend, or neighbour, in the manner as before observed in the preceding verse.

Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Bible Commentary

12. There is one lawgiver—The best authorities read in addition, "and judge." Translate, "There is One (alone) who is (at once) Lawgiver and Judge, (namely) He who is able to save and destroy." Implying, God alone is Lawgiver and therefore Judge, since it is He alone who can execute His judgments; our inability in this respect shows our presumption in trying to act as judges, as though we were God.

who art thou, &c.—The order in the Greek is emphatic, "But (inserted in oldest manuscripts) thou, who art thou that judgest another?" How rashly arrogant in judging thy fellows, and wresting from God the office which belongs to Him over thee and THEM alike!

another—The oldest authorities read, "thy neighbor."

James 4:12 Additional Commentaries
Context
Drawing Near to God
11Do not speak against one another, brethren. He who speaks against a brother or judges his brother, speaks against the law and judges the law; but if you judge the law, you are not a doer of the law but a judge of it. 12There is only one Lawgiver and Judge, the One who is able to save and to destroy; but who are you who judge your neighbor?
Cross References
Isaiah 33:22
For the LORD is our judge, the LORD is our lawgiver, the LORD is our king; it is he who will save us.

Matthew 10:28
Do not be afraid of those who kill the body but cannot kill the soul. Rather, be afraid of the One who can destroy both soul and body in hell.

Romans 14:4
Who are you to judge someone else's servant? To their own master, servants stand or fall. And they will stand, for the Lord is able to make them stand.

James 5:9
Don't grumble against one another, brothers and sisters, or you will be judged. The Judge is standing at the door!
Treasury of Scripture

There is one lawgiver, who is able to save and to destroy: who are you that judge another?

lawgiver.

Isaiah 33:22 For the LORD is our judge, the LORD is our lawgiver, the LORD is …

able.

Matthew 10:28 And fear not them which kill the body, but are not able to kill the soul…

Luke 12:5 But I will forewarn you whom you shall fear: Fear him, which after …

Hebrews 7:25 Why he is able also to save them to the uttermost that come to God …

who.

1 Samuel 25:10 And Nabal answered David's servants, and said, Who is David? and …

Job 38:2 Who is this that darkens counsel by words without knowledge?

Romans 2:1 Therefore you are inexcusable, O man, whoever you are that judge: …

Romans 9:20 No but, O man, who are you that reply against God? Shall the thing …

Romans 14:4,13 Who are you that judge another man's servant? to his own master he …

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