Hebrews 4:13
Parallel Verses
New International Version
Nothing in all creation is hidden from God's sight. Everything is uncovered and laid bare before the eyes of him to whom we must give account.

New Living Translation
Nothing in all creation is hidden from God. Everything is naked and exposed before his eyes, and he is the one to whom we are accountable.

English Standard Version
And no creature is hidden from his sight, but all are naked and exposed to the eyes of him to whom we must give account.

New American Standard Bible
And there is no creature hidden from His sight, but all things are open and laid bare to the eyes of Him with whom we have to do.

King James Bible
Neither is there any creature that is not manifest in his sight: but all things are naked and opened unto the eyes of him with whom we have to do.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
No creature is hidden from Him, but all things are naked and exposed to the eyes of Him to whom we must give an account.

International Standard Version
No creature can hide from him, but everyone is exposed and helpless before the eyes of the one to whom we must give a word of explanation.

NET Bible
And no creature is hidden from God, but everything is naked and exposed to the eyes of him to whom we must render an account.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
And there is no created thing hidden from before him, but everything is naked and open before the eyes of him to whom we give an account.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
No creature can hide from God. Everything is uncovered and exposed for him to see. We must answer to him.

Jubilee Bible 2000
Neither is there any created thing that is not manifested in his presence, but all things are naked and opened unto the eyes of him of whom we speak.

King James 2000 Bible
Neither is there any creature that is not manifest in his sight: but all things are naked and opened unto the eyes of him with whom we have to do.

American King James Version
Neither is there any creature that is not manifest in his sight: but all things are naked and opened to the eyes of him with whom we have to do.

American Standard Version
And there is no creature that is not manifest in his sight: but all things are naked and laid open before the eyes of him with whom we have to do.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Neither is there any creature invisible in his sight: but all things are naked and open to his eyes, to whom our speech is.

Darby Bible Translation
And there is not a creature unapparent before him; but all things [are] naked and laid bare to his eyes, with whom we have to do.

English Revised Version
And there is no creature that is not manifest in his sight: but all things are naked and laid open before the eyes of him with whom we have to do.

Webster's Bible Translation
Neither is there any creature that is not manifest in his sight: but all things are naked and opened to the eyes of him with whom we have to do.

Weymouth New Testament
And no created thing is able to escape its scrutiny; but everything lies bare and completely exposed before the eyes of Him with whom we have to do.

World English Bible
There is no creature that is hidden from his sight, but all things are naked and laid open before the eyes of him with whom we have to do.

Young's Literal Translation
and there is not a created thing not manifest before Him, but all things are naked and open to His eyes -- with whom is our reckoning.
Parallel Commentaries
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary

4:11-16 Observe the end proposed: rest spiritual and eternal; the rest of grace here, and glory hereafter; in Christ on earth, with Christ in heaven. After due and diligent labour, sweet and satisfying rest shall follow; and labour now, will make that rest more pleasant when it comes. Let us labour, and quicken each other to be diligent in duty. The Holy Scriptures are the word of God. When God sets it home by his Spirit, it convinces powerfully, converts powerfully, and comforts powerfully. It makes a soul that has long been proud, to be humble; and a perverse spirit, to be meek and obedient. Sinful habits, that are become as it were natural to the soul, and rooted deeply in it, are separated and cut off by this sword. It will discover to men their thoughts and purposes, the vileness of many, the bad principles they are moved by, the sinful ends they act to. The word will show the sinner all that is in his heart. Let us hold fast the doctrines of Christian faith in our heads, its enlivening principles in our hearts, the open profession of it in our lips, and be subject to it in our lives. Christ executed one part of his priesthood on earth, in dying for us; the other he executes in heaven, pleading the cause, and presenting the offerings of his people. In the sight of Infinite Wisdom, it was needful that the Saviour of men should be one who has the fellow-feeling which no being but a fellow-creature could possibly have; and therefore it was necessary he should actual experience of all the effects of sin that could be separated from its actual guilt. God sent his own Son in the likeness of sinful flesh, Ro 8:3; but the more holy and pure he was, the more he must have been unwilling in his nature to sin, and must have had deeper impression of its evil; consequently the more must he be concerned to deliver his people from its guilt and power. We should encourage ourselves by the excellence of our High Priest, to come boldly to the throne of grace. Mercy and grace are the things we want; mercy to pardon all our sins, and grace to purify our souls. Besides our daily dependence upon God for present supplies, there are seasons for which we should provide in our prayers; times of temptation, either by adversity or prosperity, and especially our dying time. We are to come with reverence and godly fear, yet not as if dragged to the seat of justice, but as kindly invited to the mercy-seat, where grace reigns. We have boldness to enter into the holiest only by the blood of Jesus; he is our Advocate, and has purchased all our souls want or can desire.

Pulpit Commentary

Verse 13. - Neither is there any creature that is not manifest in his sight; but all things are naked and laid open unto the eyes of him with whom we have to do. The main difficulty in this verse is as to the meaning of the word τετραχηλισμένα (translated "laid open"). The verb τραχηλίζω (which occurs nowhere else in the New Testament or LXX., but is, with its compound ἐκτραχηλίζω, not uncommon in Philo and Josephus) has in classical Greek the sense of "seizing by the throat," or "bending back the neck," as in wrestling. And this, with the further idea of "overthrowing" or "laying prostrate," is the prevailing sense in Philo, from whom Wetstein quotes many passages in illustration. Taking, then, with most modern commentators, the sense of bending back the neck as the primary one, we have only to consider what secondary meaning is here to be attached to it. Some take the idea to be that of being thrown on the ground supine, so as to be thoroughly exposed to view. So Bengel: "Τραχηλίζω, resupino, Graece et Latine dicitur pro patefacio. Corpora quae prona jacent vix nuda censentur; nam se ipsa tegunt: resupinata, secundum partes nobilissimas quasque et distinctissimas visui patent." Many (Eisner, Wolf, Baumgarten, Kuinoel, Bretschneider, Block, De Wette, etc., following Perizonius, on AElian, 'Vat. Hist.,' 12:58) see an allusion to the Roman custom of exposing criminals "reducto capite," "retortis cervieibus," so that all might see their faces (see Suetonius, Vitel.,' 17; Pliny, 'Panegyr.,' 34. 3). There is, however, no other known instance of the Greek verb being used with this reference, which there seems to be no necessity for assuming. The idea may be simply the general one thus expressed by Delitzsch, "that whatever shamefaced creature bows its head, and would fain withdraw and cloak itself from the eyes of God, has indeed the throat, as it were, bent back before those eyes, with no possibility of escape, exposed and naked to their view." Many of the ancients (Chrysostom, Theodoret, Ecumenius, Theophylact) saw in τετραχηλισμένα a reference to the treatment of sacrificial victims, as being smitten on the neck or hung by the neck for the purpose of being flayed from the neck downwards, or cut open thence, so as to expose the entrails to view. But no instance is known of such use of the word τραχηλίζω, the idea of which may have been suggested to commentators by the figure of the sword in the verse preceding; which figure, however, there is no reason to suppose continued in ver. 13, the idea of which is simply complete exposure, introduced by οὐκ ἀφανὴς. The ancients take the concluding expression, πρὸς ο}ν ἡμῖν ὁ λόγος, as meaning "to whom our account must be given," i.e. "to whom we are responsible as our judge" - in the sense of λόγον διδόναι. The A.V. seems better to give the general idea of relation by the apt phrase, "with whom we have to do." Of course, λόγας here has no reference to the Word of God, the recurrence of the word, in a subordinate sense, being merely accidental.

Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

Neither is there any creature that is not manifest in his sight,.... Christ is the Lord God omniscient; there is no creature, in general, rational, or irrational, animate or inanimate, but what are known to him, and seen by him; for all creatures are made, and upheld by him, and he is omnipresent; and in particular, there is no man but is manifest to him; so "creature", is often used by the Rabbins for "man"; all men, openly profane men, who are enemies to Christ, and his people, are under his eye and notice; he knows their persons, he sees their actions, even those that are most secretly devised and performed against him, and his saints; and he takes such notice of them, as to bring them into judgment for them; he knows formal professors of religion, and upon what foot they have taken up their profession, and how they keep their lusts with their profession; he can distinguish between profession and grace; and he knows and observes the springs and progress of their apostasy: and as for true believers, he knows their persons, and knows them to be his; he sees their sins and their weaknesses; he takes notice of their graces, and observes their wants; and there is nothing in them, or belongs to them, but what is before him, even the secret desires of their souls. So Philo the Jew says (q) the divine Word reaches to, and comprehends all things, nothing escapes him: and this phrase is very commonly used of the divine Being by the Jews, , "all things are manifest before him" (r); and this being used of Christ, is no inconsiderable proof of his proper deity:

but all things are naked and opened unto the eyes of him with whom we have to do. The words are an allusion to wrestlers, who exercised naked, and took each other by their necks and collars; and when one was thrown upon his back, as the word rendered "opened" is by some translated, he was publicly exposed and known: or to the putting of a creature in such a posture when sacrificed; or rather to the cutting of it up, and laying open its entrails: and especially to the manner of doing it among the Jews, with which these persons, the apostle writes to, were acquainted: and it was this; when the lamb for the daily sacrifice was slain, the priest hung it up by the foot, and skinned it; and when he came to the breast, he cut off the head; and having finished the skinning of it, he divided the heart, and took out the blood; then he cut off the shoulders; and when he came to the right leg, he cut it off, and then cut it down through the chine bone, and , "all of it was manifest before him" (s). The very phrase before used. The word here used seems to answer to which, with the Arabians, signifies, "to know", or make known; and with the Rabbins; is used for a companion, a familiar one that is well known; the theme in the Hebrew, is, the "neck". The last clause, "with whom we have to do", manifestly points at the person here spoken of, Jesus Christ: saints have a concern with him now, as their way to the Father, as their Saviour and Redeemer; they have to do with his blood for pardon and cleansing, and with his righteousness for justification, and with his fulness for every supply of grace; and with him as their King to rule over them, protect and defend them, and as their prophet to teach them, and their high priest to intercede for them. Moreover, the words may be rendered, "to whom we must give an account"; and so the Syriac version renders them, "to whom they give an account"; as all men must at the great day: and all this that is said of the Word of God should engage to care, watchfulness, and circumspection in the course of a profession of religion.

(q) De Sacrif. Abel, p. 140. (r) Tzeror Hammor, fol. 122. 2. Vid. Seder Tephillot, fol. 281. 1. Ed. Basil. (s) Misna Tamid, c. 4. sect. 2.

Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Bible Commentary

13. creature—visible or invisible.

in his sight—in God's sight (Heb 4:12). "God's wisdom, simply manifold, and uniformly multiform, with incomprehensible comprehension, comprehends all things incomprehensible."

opened—literally, "thrown on the back so as to have the neck laid bare," as a victim with neck exposed for sacrifice. The Greek perfect tense implies that this is our continuous state in relation to God. "Show, O man, shame and fear towards thy God, for no veil, no twisting, bending, coloring, or disguise, can cover unbelief" (Greek, 'disobedience,' Heb 4:11). Let us, therefore, earnestly labor to enter the rest lest any fall through practical unbelief (Heb 4:11).

Hebrews 4:13 Additional Commentaries
Context
God's Word is Living and Active
12For the word of God is living and active and sharper than any two-edged sword, and piercing as far as the division of soul and spirit, of both joints and marrow, and able to judge the thoughts and intentions of the heart. 13And there is no creature hidden from His sight, but all things are open and laid bare to the eyes of Him with whom we have to do.
Cross References
2 Chronicles 16:9
For the eyes of the LORD range throughout the earth to strengthen those whose hearts are fully committed to him. You have done a foolish thing, and from now on you will be at war."

Job 26:6
The realm of the dead is naked before God; Destruction lies uncovered.

Psalm 33:13
From heaven the LORD looks down and sees all mankind;

Psalm 139:4
Before a word is on my tongue you, LORD, know it completely.

Proverbs 5:21
For your ways are in full view of the LORD, and he examines all your paths.

Proverbs 15:3
The eyes of the LORD are everywhere, keeping watch on the wicked and the good.

Jeremiah 16:17
My eyes are on all their ways; they are not hidden from me, nor is their sin concealed from my eyes.

Jeremiah 23:24
Who can hide in secret places so that I cannot see them?" declares the LORD. "Do not I fill heaven and earth?" declares the LORD.

Jeremiah 29:23
For they have done outrageous things in Israel; they have committed adultery with their neighbors' wives, and in my name they have uttered lies--which I did not authorize. I know it and am a witness to it," declares the LORD.

Daniel 2:22
He reveals deep and hidden things; he knows what lies in darkness, and light dwells with him.

Matthew 6:4
so that your giving may be in secret. Then your Father, who sees what is done in secret, will reward you.
Treasury of Scripture

Neither is there any creature that is not manifest in his sight: but all things are naked and opened to the eyes of him with whom we have to do.

is there.

1 Samuel 16:7 But the LORD said to Samuel, Look not on his countenance, or on the …

1 Chronicles 28:9 And you, Solomon my son, know you the God of your father, and serve …

2 Chronicles 6:30 Then hear you from heaven your dwelling place, and forgive, and render …

Psalm 7:9 Oh let the wickedness of the wicked come to an end; but establish …

Psalm 33:13-15 The LORD looks from heaven; he beholds all the sons of men…

Psalm 44:21 Shall not God search this out? for he knows the secrets of the heart.

Psalm 90:8 You have set our iniquities before you, our secret sins in the light …

Psalm 139:11 If I say, Surely the darkness shall cover me; even the night shall …

Psalm 139:12 Yes, the darkness hides not from you; but the night shines as the …

Proverbs 15:3,11 The eyes of the LORD are in every place, beholding the evil and the good…

Jeremiah 17:10,23,24 I the LORD search the heart, I try the reins, even to give every …

John 2:24 But Jesus did not commit himself to them, because he knew all men,

John 21:17 He said to him the third time, Simon, son of Jonas, love you me? …

1 Corinthians 4:5 Therefore judge nothing before the time, until the Lord come, who …

Revelation 2:23 And I will kill her children with death; and all the churches shall …

naked.

Job 26:6 Hell is naked before him, and destruction has no covering.

Job 34:21 For his eyes are on the ways of man, and he sees all his goings.

Job 38:17 Have the gates of death been opened to you? or have you seen the …

with.

Ecclesiastes 12:14 For God shall bring every work into judgment, with every secret thing, …

Matthew 7:21,22 Not every one that said to me, Lord, Lord, shall enter into the kingdom …

Matthew 25:31,32 When the Son of man shall come in his glory, and all the holy angels …

John 5:22-29 For the Father judges no man, but has committed all judgment to the Son…

Acts 17:31 Because he has appointed a day, in the which he will judge the world …

Romans 2:16 In the day when God shall judge the secrets of men by Jesus Christ …

Romans 14:9-12 For to this end Christ both died, and rose, and revived, that he …

2 Corinthians 5:10 For we must all appear before the judgment seat of Christ; that every …

Revelation 20:11-15 And I saw a great white throne, and him that sat on it, from whose …

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