Hebrews 12:21
Verse (Click for Chapter)
New International Version
The sight was so terrifying that Moses said, "I am trembling with fear."

New Living Translation
Moses himself was so frightened at the sight that he said, "I am terrified and trembling."

English Standard Version
Indeed, so terrifying was the sight that Moses said, “I tremble with fear.”

Berean Study Bible
The sight was so terrifying that even Moses said, "I am trembling with fear."

Berean Literal Bible
And the thing appearing was so fearful that Moses said, "I am greatly afraid and trembling."

New American Standard Bible
And so terrible was the sight, that Moses said, "I AM FULL OF FEAR and trembling."

King James Bible
And so terrible was the sight, that Moses said, I exceedingly fear and quake:)

Holman Christian Standard Bible
The appearance was so terrifying that Moses said, I am terrified and trembling.)

International Standard Version
Indeed, the sight was so terrifying that Moses said, "I am trembling with fear."

NET Bible
In fact, the scene was so terrifying that Moses said, "I shudder with fear."

New Heart English Bible
and so fearful was the appearance, that Moses said, "I am terrified and trembling."

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
And so terrible was the sight that Moses said, “I am afraid and fainthearted.”

GOD'S WORD® Translation
The sight was so terrifying that even Moses said he was trembling and afraid.

New American Standard 1977
And so terrible was the sight, that Moses said, “I AM FULL OF FEAR and trembling.”

Jubilee Bible 2000
and so terrible was the sight that Moses said, I exceedingly fear and quake);

King James 2000 Bible
And so terrible was the sight, that Moses said, I exceedingly fear and quake:)

American King James Version
And so terrible was the sight, that Moses said, I exceedingly fear and quake:)

American Standard Version
and so fearful was the appearance, that Moses said, I exceedingly fear and quake:

Douay-Rheims Bible
And so terrible was that which was seen, Moses said: I am frighted, and tremble.

Darby Bible Translation
and, so fearful was the sight, Moses said, I am exceedingly afraid and full of trembling;)

English Revised Version
and so fearful was the appearance, that Moses said, I exceedingly fear and quake:

Webster's Bible Translation
And so terrible was the sight, that Moses said, I exceedingly fear and tremble:)

Weymouth New Testament
and so terrible was the scene that Moses said, "I tremble with fear."

World English Bible
and so fearful was the appearance, that Moses said, "I am terrified and trembling."

Young's Literal Translation
and, (so terrible was the sight,) Moses said, 'I am fearful exceedingly, and trembling.'
Study Bible
An Unshakable Kingdom
20For they could not bear what was commanded: “If even an animal touches the mountain, it must be stoned.” 21The sight was so terrifying that even Moses said, “I am trembling with fear.” 22Instead, you have come to Mount Zion, to the city of the living God, the heavenly Jerusalem. You have come to myriads of angels…
Cross References
Deuteronomy 9:19
"For I was afraid of the anger and hot displeasure with which the LORD was wrathful against you in order to destroy you, but the LORD listened to me that time also.

Hebrews 10:27
but only a fearful expectation of judgment and raging fire that will consume all adversaries.
Treasury of Scripture

And so terrible was the sight, that Moses said, I exceedingly fear and quake:)

Moses.

Exodus 19:16,19 And it came to pass on the third day in the morning, that there were …

Psalm 119:120 My flesh trembles for fear of you; and I am afraid of your judgments.

Isaiah 6:3-5 And one cried to another, and said, Holy, holy, holy, is the LORD …

Daniel 10:8,17 Therefore I was left alone, and saw this great vision, and there …

Revelation 1:17 And when I saw him, I fell at his feet as dead. And he laid his right …

(21) And so terrible was the sight that. . . .--Better, And (so fearful was the appearance) Moses said, I exceedingly fear and tremble. Deuteronomy 9:19, as it stands in the Greek translation, contains these words in part ("I exceedingly fear"); there, however, they belong to a later time, when Moses was "afraid of the anger and hot displeasure" of the Lord against the worshippers of the golden calf (Exodus 32). Various Jewish traditions speak of the terror of Moses as upon Mount Sinai he beheld the wonders of the heavenly world (see Hebrews 2:2); but no saying that has been preserved throws additional light on the words before us.

And so terrible was the sight,.... Of the smoke, fire, and lightnings; or of God himself, who descended on the mount; with which agrees the Arabic version, which renders the words, "and so terrible was he who vouchsafed himself to be seen"; not in the bush burning with fire; at which time Moses was afraid to look upon God, Exodus 3:6 but on Mount Sinai, when the law was given:

that Moses said, I exceedingly fear and quake: perhaps he might say this, when he spake, and God answered him, Exodus 19:19. These words are nowhere recorded in Scripture; wherefore the apostle had them either by divine revelation, or from tradition, confirmed by the former: for the Jews have a notion that Moses did quake and tremble, and when upon the mount; and that he expressed his fear and dread. They have such a tradition as this (e);

"when Moses ascended on high, the ministering angels said before the holy blessed God, Lord of the world, what has this man, born of a woman, to do among us? he said unto them, to receive the law he is come; they replied before him, that desirable treasure, which is treasured up with thee, nine hundred, and seventy, and four generations, before the world was created, dost thou seek to give to flesh and blood? "What is man, that thou art mindful of him, and the son of man, that thou visitest him? who hast set thy glory above the heavens!" The holy blessed God said to Moses, return them an answer; he said, before him, Lord of the world, , "I am afraid", lest they should burn, (or consume) me, with the breath of their mouth.''

Compare this last clause with 2 Thessalonians 2:8 and elsewhere (f) those words being cited, he called unto Moses, Exodus 25:16 it is observed:

"this Scripture comes not, but "to terrify him"; that so the law might be given with fear, fervour, and trembling; as it is said, Psalm 2:11''

Once more (g),

"at the time that the holy blessed God said to Moses, "go, get thee down, for thy people have corrupted themselves", Exodus 32:7 , "Moses trembled"; and he could not speak, &c.''

And again, it is said (h), that when Moses was on Mount Sinai, supplicating for the people of Israel, five destroying angels appeared, and immediately , "Moses was afraid". Now this circumstance is mentioned by the apostle, to aggravate the terror of that dispensation; that Moses, a great and good man; and who had much familiarity with God; the general of the people of Israel; their leader and commander; a man of great courage and presence of mind; and was their mediator between God and them; and yet feared, and quaked: the best of men are not without sin; and the most holy man on earth cannot stand before a holy God, and his holy law, upon the foot of his own righteousness, without trembling: it is an awful thing to draw nigh to God; and there is no such thing as doing it without a Mediator; and that Mediator must be more than a creature: and it is our happiness that we have such a Mediator, who never feared, nor quaked; who failed not, nor was he discouraged.

(e) T. Bab. Sabbat, fol. 88. 2. Yalkut, 2. par. 2. fol. 92. (f) T. Bab. Yoma, fol. 4. 2.((g) Zohar in Exod. fol. 84. 4. (h) Midrash Kohelet, fol. 69. 4. 21. the sight—the vision of God's majesty.

quake—Greek, "I am in trembling"; "fear" affected his mind: "trembling," his body. Moses is not recorded in Exodus to have used these words. But Paul, by inspiration, supplies (compare Ac 20:35; 2Ti 3:8) this detail. We read in De 9:19, Septuagint, of similar words used by Moses after breaking the two tables, through fear of God's anger at the people's sin in making the golden calves. He doubtless similarly "feared" in hearing the ten commandments spoken by the voice of Jehovah.12:18-29 Mount Sinai, on which the Jewish church state was formed, was a mount such as might be touched, though forbidden to be so, a place that could be felt; so the Mosaic dispensation was much in outward and earthly things. The gospel state is kind and condescending, suited to our weak frame. Under the gospel all may come with boldness to God's presence. But the most holy must despair, if judged by the holy law given from Sinai, without a Saviour. The gospel church is called Mount Zion; there believers have clearer views of heaven, and more heavenly tempers of soul. All the children of God are heirs, and every one has the privileges of the first-born. Let a soul be supposed to join that glorious assembly and church above, that is yet unacquainted with God, still carnally-minded, loving this present world and state of things, looking back to it with a lingering eye, full of pride and guile, filled with lusts; such a soul would seem to have mistaken its way, place, state, and company. It would be uneasy to itself and all about it. Christ is the Mediator of this new covenant, between God and man, to bring them together in this covenant; to keep them together; to plead with God for us, and to plead with us for God; and at length to bring God and his people together in heaven. This covenant is made firm by the blood of Christ sprinkled upon our consciences, as the blood of the sacrifice was sprinkled upon the altar and the victim. This blood of Christ speaks in behalf of sinners; it pleads not for vengeance, but for mercy. See then that you refuse not his gracious call and offered salvation. See that you do not refuse Him who speaketh from heaven, with infinite tenderness and love; for how can those escape, who turn from God in unbelief or apostacy, while he so graciously beseeches them to be reconciled, and to receive his everlasting favour! God's dealing with men under the gospel, in a way of grace, assures us, that he will deal with the despisers of the gospel, in a way of judgment. We cannot worship God acceptably, unless we worship him with reverence and godly fear. Only the grace of God enables us to worship God aright. God is the same just and righteous God under the gospel as under the law. The inheritance of believers is secured to them; and all things pertaining to salvation are freely given in answer to prayer. Let us seek for grace, that we may serve God with reverence and godly fear.
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NT Letters: Hebrews 12:21 And so fearful was the appearance that (Heb. He. Hb) Christian Bible Study Resources, Dictionary, Concordance and Search Tools
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