Hebrews 10:31
Parallel Verses
New International Version
It is a dreadful thing to fall into the hands of the living God.

New Living Translation
It is a terrible thing to fall into the hands of the living God.

English Standard Version
It is a fearful thing to fall into the hands of the living God.

New American Standard Bible
It is a terrifying thing to fall into the hands of the living God.

King James Bible
It is a fearful thing to fall into the hands of the living God.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
It is a terrifying thing to fall into the hands of the living God!

International Standard Version
It is a terrifying thing to fall into the hands of the living God!

NET Bible
It is a terrifying thing to fall into the hands of the living God.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
It is very terrible to fall into the hands of THE LIVING GOD.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Falling into the hands of the living God is a terrifying thing.

Jubilee Bible 2000
It is a fearful thing to fall into the hands of the living God.

King James 2000 Bible
It is a fearful thing to fall into the hands of the living God.

American King James Version
It is a fearful thing to fall into the hands of the living God.

American Standard Version
It is a fearful thing to fall into the hands of the living God.

Douay-Rheims Bible
It is a fearful thing to fall into the hands of the living God.

Darby Bible Translation
[It is] a fearful thing falling into [the] hands of [the] living God.

English Revised Version
It is a fearful thing to fall into the hands of the living God.

Webster's Bible Translation
It is a fearful thing to fall into the hands of the living God.

Weymouth New Testament
It is an awful thing to fall into the hands of the ever-living God.

World English Bible
It is a fearful thing to fall into the hands of the living God.

Young's Literal Translation
fearful is the falling into the hands of a living God.
Parallel Commentaries
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary

10:26-31 The exhortations against apostacy and to perseverance, are urged by many strong reasons. The sin here mentioned is a total and final falling away, when men, with a full and fixed will and resolution, despise and reject Christ, the only Saviour; despise and resist the Spirit, the only Sanctifier; and despise and renounce the gospel, the only way of salvation, and the words of eternal life. Of this destruction God gives some notorious sinners, while on earth, a fearful foreboding in their consciences, with despair of being able to endure or to escape it. But what punishment can be sorer than to die without mercy? We answer, to die by mercy, by the mercy and grace which they have despised. How dreadful is the case, when not only the justice of God, but his abused grace and mercy call for vengeance! All this does not in the least mean that any souls who sorrow for sin will be shut out from mercy, or that any will be refused the benefit of Christ's sacrifice, who are willing to accept these blessings. Him that cometh unto Christ, he will in no wise cast out.

Pulpit Commentary

Verse 31. - It is a fearful thing to fall into the hands of the living God. David, when the option was given him, preferred falling into the hand of the LORD to falling into the hand of man (2 Samuel 24:14), trusting in the greatness of his mercies. But the case contemplated here is that of its being "too late to cry for mercy, when it is the time of justice." Fearful (the writer would say) is the thought of being exposed, without possibility of escape or of atonement, to the wrath of the Eternal Righteousness. The inspired author of this Epistle had evidently an awful sense of the Divine wrath against sin, and of man's liability to it without atonement. He felt deeply the contradiction between humanity as it is and its ideal of perfection; and hence the wrath attributed to God in Holy Writ would appear to him as inseparable from a just conception of Divine holiness. For the more ardent the love in the human heart of moral good, by so much the keener is the indignation against moral evil, and the sense of the righteousness of retribution. The existence of such evil at all in the good God's universe is indeed a mystery; but, as long as it is there, we cannot but conceive the face of the holy God as set utterly against it; and so any revelation to us of the Divine nature would be imperfect did it not include the idea which is humanly expressed by such terms as "zeal," "jealousy," "wrath," "vengeance." Hence came the long-felt need of some atonement, to reconcile sinful man to the eternal holiness. This need was expressed of old by the institution of sacrifice, which, however - as is so clearly perceived in this Epistle - could never itself be really efficacious in the spiritual sphere of things. In the atonement of Christ (if rightly apprehended) is found at last a true satisfaction of this spiritual need. But, man's concurrence being still required, the idea of Divine wrath remains notwithstanding, as operative against such as, in deliberate perversity of free-will, after full knowledge, refuse to be thus reconciled. Hence the awful anticipations of future judgment on some, contained in this Epistle. The nature and duration of the doom to come, on such as remain subject to it, are in these passages left in obscurity. They speak only of φοβερά τις ἐκδοχὴ, an undefined expectation of something terrible. It may be observed, however, that, whatever be the force of other Scriptures in which the fire of that day is described as eternal and unquenchable, here at least the figure of a zeal of fire to devour the adversaries seems in itself to suggest rather utter destruction than perpetual pain.

Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

It is a fearful thing to fall into the hands of the living God. For this is to be understood not in a good sense; so in general all mankind may be said to fall into, or be in the hands of God, as they are the work of his hands, the care of his providence, and are subject to his sovereignty; and in especial manner, believers, whose times and persons are in God's hand, which bespeaks his great affection for them, their nearness to him, the support they have by him, and protection from him; and they choose to fall into the hands of him as a chastising Father, rather than into the hands of men, and at death commend themselves into his hands: but here it is taken in a bad sense, and signifies to be arrested by justice as a criminal, and be brought to the bar of God, and receive the sentence of condemnation; when such will feel the weight of his hand, and the fierceness of his wrath; and this is "a fearful thing": it is a dreadful thing to fall into the hands of men, injured and affronted, and that have power, and will show no mercy; it is very tremendous to fall into the hands of God, in the way of his judgments in this world; the apprehensions of a future judgment are terrible before hand; and the apparatus of the judgment, when it comes, will be very striking and surprising; but to stand before the Judge, charged with sin, naked, and without righteousness, speechless, and no one to speak in favour of them; to hear the dreadful sentence pronounced, and feel the wrath of God to the uttermost, how horrible must this be! the aggravations of this are, that it is into the hands "of God" that such fall, and not into the hands of men, or mere creatures; but of God, who is omniscient, and sees through all pretences; omnipotent, and none can rescue out of his hands by force; omnipresent, and so no escaping from him; just and faithful, and not to bribed, inexorable, immutable, and unalterable: and that he is "the living God"; in opposition to the lifeless deities of the Gentiles, and to mortal men; and is expressive of his eternity, and so of the duration of the sinner's punishment, that falls into his hands.

Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Bible Commentary

31. fearful … to fall into the hands—It is good like David to fall into the hands of God, rather than man, when one does so with filial faith in his father's love, though God chastises him. "It is fearful" to fall into His hands as a reprobate and presumptuous sinner doomed to His just vengeance as Judge (Heb 10:27).

living God—therefore able to punish for ever (Mt 10:28).

Hebrews 10:31 Additional Commentaries
Context
A Call to Persevere
30For we know Him who said, "VENGEANCE IS MINE, I WILL REPAY." And again, "THE LORD WILL JUDGE HIS PEOPLE." 31It is a terrifying thing to fall into the hands of the living God. 32But remember the former days, when, after being enlightened, you endured a great conflict of sufferings,…
Cross References
Isaiah 19:16
In that day the Egyptians will become weaklings. They will shudder with fear at the uplifted hand that the LORD Almighty raises against them.

Matthew 10:28
Do not be afraid of those who kill the body but cannot kill the soul. Rather, be afraid of the One who can destroy both soul and body in hell.

Matthew 16:16
Simon Peter answered, "You are the Messiah, the Son of the living God."

Luke 12:5
But I will show you whom you should fear: Fear him who, after your body has been killed, has authority to throw you into hell. Yes, I tell you, fear him.

Acts 13:11
Now the hand of the Lord is against you. You are going to be blind for a time, not even able to see the light of the sun." Immediately mist and darkness came over him, and he groped about, seeking someone to lead him by the hand.

2 Corinthians 5:11
Since, then, we know what it is to fear the Lord, we try to persuade others. What we are is plain to God, and I hope it is also plain to your conscience.

Hebrews 3:12
See to it, brothers and sisters, that none of you has a sinful, unbelieving heart that turns away from the living God.

Hebrews 12:29
for our "God is a consuming fire."
Treasury of Scripture

It is a fearful thing to fall into the hands of the living God.

a fearful.

Hebrews 10:27 But a certain fearful looking for of judgment and fiery indignation, …

Isaiah 33:14 The sinners in Zion are afraid; fearfulness has surprised the hypocrites. …

Luke 21:11 And great earthquakes shall be in divers places, and famines, and pestilences…

to fall.

Hebrews 12:29 For our God is a consuming fire.

Psalm 50:22 Now consider this, you that forget God, lest I tear you in pieces, …

Psalm 76:7 You, even you, are to be feared: and who may stand in your sight …

Psalm 90:11 Who knows the power of your anger? even according to your fear, so …

Matthew 10:28 And fear not them which kill the body, but are not able to kill the soul…

Luke 12:5 But I will forewarn you whom you shall fear: Fear him, which after …

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