2 Thessalonians 1:6
Parallel Verses
New International Version
God is just: He will pay back trouble to those who trouble you

New Living Translation
In his justice he will pay back those who persecute you.

English Standard Version
since indeed God considers it just to repay with affliction those who afflict you,

New American Standard Bible
For after all it is only just for God to repay with affliction those who afflict you,

King James Bible
Seeing it is a righteous thing with God to recompense tribulation to them that trouble you;

Holman Christian Standard Bible
since it is righteous for God to repay with affliction those who afflict you

International Standard Version
Certainly it is right for God to pay back those who afflict you with affliction,

NET Bible
For it is right for God to repay with affliction those who afflict you,

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
And truly it is just before God to reward suffering to your tormentors,

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Certainly, it is right for God to give suffering to those who cause you to suffer.

Jubilee Bible 2000
seeing it is a just thing with God to recompense tribulation to those that trouble you

King James 2000 Bible
Seeing it is a righteous thing with God to recompense tribulation to them that trouble you;

American King James Version
Seeing it is a righteous thing with God to recompense tribulation to them that trouble you;

American Standard Version
if so be that it is righteous thing with God to recompense affliction to them that afflict you,

Douay-Rheims Bible
Seeing it is a just thing with God to repay tribulation to them that trouble you:

Darby Bible Translation
if at least [it is a] righteous thing with God to render tribulation to those that trouble you,

English Revised Version
if so be that it is a righteous thing with God to recompense affliction to them that afflict you,

Webster's Bible Translation
Seeing it is a righteous thing with God to recompense tribulation to them that trouble you;

Weymouth New Testament
A plain token of God's righteous judgement, I say, since it is a righteous thing for Him to requite with affliction those who are now afflicting you;

World English Bible
Since it is a righteous thing with God to repay affliction to those who afflict you,

Young's Literal Translation
since it is a righteous thing with God to give back to those troubling you -- trouble,
Parallel Commentaries
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary

1:5-10 Religion, if worth anything, is worth every thing; and those have no religion, or none worth having, or know not how to value it, cannot find their hearts to suffer for it. We cannot by all our sufferings, any more than by our services, merit heaven; but by our patience under sufferings, we are prepared for the promised joy. Nothing more strongly marks a man for eternal ruin, than a spirit of persecution and enmity to the name and people of God. God will trouble those that trouble his people. And there is a rest for the people of God; a rest from sin and sorrow. The certainty of future recompence is proved by the righteousness of God. The thoughts of this should be terrible to wicked men, and support the righteous. Faith, looking to the great day, is enabled partly to understand the book of providence, which appears confused to unbelievers. The Lord Jesus will in that day appear from heaven. He will come in the glory and power of the upper world. His light will be piercing, and his power consuming, to all who in that day shall be found as chaff. This appearance will be terrible to those that know not God, especially to those who rebel against revelation, and obey not the gospel of our Lord Jesus Christ. This is the great crime of multitudes, the gospel is revealed, and they will not believe it; or if they pretend to believe, they will not obey it. Believing the truths of the gospel, is in order to our obeying the precepts of the gospel. Though sinners may be long spared, they will be punished at last. They did sin's work, and must receive sin's wages. Here God punishes sinners by creatures as instruments; but then, it will be destruction from the Almighty; and who knows the power of his anger? It will be a joyful day to some, to the saints, to those who believe and obey the gospel. In that bright and blessed day, Christ Jesus will be glorified and admired by his saints. And Christ will be glorified and admired in them. His grace and power will be shown, when it shall appear what he has purchased for, and wrought in, and bestowed upon those who believe in him. Lord, if the glory put upon thy saints shall be thus admired, how much more shalt thou be admired, as the Bestower of that glory! The glory of thy justice in the damnation of the wicked will be admired, but not as the glory of thy mercy in the salvation of believers. How will this strike the adoring angels with holy admiration, and transport thy admiring saints with eternal rapture! The meanest believer shall enjoy more than the most enlarged heart can imagine while we are here; Christ will be admired in all those that believe, the meanest believer not excepted.

Pulpit Commentary

Verse 6. - Seeing it is; or rather, if indeed it is; if so be that it is (R.V.). A hypothetical sentence, not, however, introducing an uncertain or conditional fact, but an emphatic assertion - what is felt by all to be true. A righteous thing with God. Not only will the justice of God be displayed in the rewards of the righteous, in counting them worthy of the kingdom of God for which they suffer, but it will also be displayed in the punishments to be inflicted on their persecutors. To recompense tribulation to them that trouble you. We have here an example of one of the most common defects of our English Version in rendering cognate words by different terms, and thus creating needless perplexities and giving rise to erroneous interpretations; the words "tribulation" and "trouble" are cognate, and hence the verse ought to be rendered as in the R.V., "If so be that it is a righteous thing with God to recompense affliction to them that afflict you."

Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

Seeing it is a righteous thing with God,.... That which is righteous in itself, is righteous in the sight of God, but it is not always so with men; men may think it a righteous thing that they should be rewarded for persecuting the followers of Christ, supposing they hereby do God good service; but on the contrary, with God, and in his sight and account, it is a righteous thing, or a point of justice,

to recompence tribulation to them that trouble you: persecution is an affliction, or a trouble to the saints; persecutors trouble them in their minds and bodies, in their persons and property; they trouble their minds by casting reflections and reproaches upon them, by severe revilings, and cruel mockings, which all are not alike able to bear; and they trouble and afflict their bodies by imprisonment and bonds, by scourging and beating, and various cruel and torturing deaths; and they disturb them in the possession of their estates, by spoiling their goods, and confiscating them to their own use; and it is but according to "lex talionis", the law of retaliation, to render tribulation to such troublers of God's Israel; and to them it is recompensed, either in this world, or in the world to come: sometimes in this world persecutors are manifest instances of God's judgments and wrath upon them, as Herod, who stretched out his hands to vex certain of the church, killed James the brother of John, and imprisoned Peter, and was smitten by the angel of the Lord, and was eaten of worms; and the Jews, who were now the only and the implacable persecutors of the saints, in a short time had the wrath of God come upon them to the uttermost, even upon their nation, city, and temple, upon their persons and property. And if not in this life, it is a certain thing that hereafter such shall have indignation and wrath, tribulation and anguish; they shall be cast into outward darkness, into the lake of fire; and the hottest place in hell will be their portion, even devouring flames, and everlasting burnings; and are what is designed by tribulations here.

Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Bible Commentary

6. seeing it is a righteous thing—This justifies the assertion above of there being a "righteous judgment" (2Th 1:5), namely, "seeing that it is (literally, 'if at least,' 'if at all events it is') a righteous thing with (that is, in the estimation of) God" (which, as we all feel, it certainly is). Our own innate feeling of what is just, in this confirms what is revealed.

recompense—requite in kind, namely, tribulation to them that trouble you (affliction to those that afflict you); and to you who are troubled, rest from trouble.

2 Thessalonians 1:6 Additional Commentaries
Context
Christ's Coming
5This is a plain indication of God's righteous judgment so that you will be considered worthy of the kingdom of God, for which indeed you are suffering. 6For after all it is only just for God to repay with affliction those who afflict you, 7and to give relief to you who are afflicted and to us as well when the Lord Jesus will be revealed from heaven with His mighty angels in flaming fire,…
Cross References
Exodus 23:22
If you listen carefully to what he says and do all that I say, I will be an enemy to your enemies and will oppose those who oppose you.

Ecclesiastes 3:17
I said to myself, "God will bring into judgment both the righteous and the wicked, for there will be a time for every activity, a time to judge every deed."

Jeremiah 50:29
"Summon archers against Babylon, all those who draw the bow. Encamp all around her; let no one escape. Repay her for her deeds; do to her as she has done. For she has defied the LORD, the Holy One of Israel.

Colossians 3:25
Anyone who does wrong will be repaid for their wrongs, and there is no favoritism.

Hebrews 6:10
God is not unjust; he will not forget your work and the love you have shown him as you have helped his people and continue to help them.
Treasury of Scripture

Seeing it is a righteous thing with God to recompense tribulation to them that trouble you;

Deuteronomy 32:41-43 If I whet my glittering sword, and my hand take hold on judgment; …

Psalm 74:22,23 Arise, O God, plead your own cause: remember how the foolish man …

Psalm 79:10-12 Why should the heathen say, Where is their God…

Psalm 94:20-23 Shall the throne of iniquity have fellowship with you, which frames …

Isaiah 49:26 And I will feed them that oppress you with their own flesh; and they …

Zechariah 2:8 For thus said the LORD of hosts; After the glory has he sent me to …

Revelation 6:10 And they cried with a loud voice, saying, How long, O Lord, holy and true…

Revelation 11:18 And the nations were angry, and your wrath is come, and the time …

Revelation 15:4 Who shall not fear you, O Lord, and glorify your name? for you only …

Revelation 16:5,6 And I heard the angel of the waters say, You are righteous, O Lord, …

Revelation 18:20,24 Rejoice over her, you heaven, and you holy apostles and prophets; …

Revelation 19:2 For true and righteous are his judgments: for he has judged the great …

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