Hebrews 2:2
Verse (Click for Chapter)
New International Version
For since the message spoken through angels was binding, and every violation and disobedience received its just punishment,

New Living Translation
For the message God delivered through angels has always stood firm, and every violation of the law and every act of disobedience was punished.

English Standard Version
For since the message declared by angels proved to be reliable, and every transgression or disobedience received a just retribution,

Berean Study Bible
For if the message spoken by angels was binding, and every transgression and disobedience received its just punishment,

Berean Literal Bible
For if the word having been spoken by angels was unalterable, and every transgression and disobedience received a just recompense,

New American Standard Bible
For if the word spoken through angels proved unalterable, and every transgression and disobedience received a just penalty,

King James Bible
For if the word spoken by angels was stedfast, and every transgression and disobedience received a just recompence of reward;

Holman Christian Standard Bible
For if the message spoken through angels was legally binding and every transgression and disobedience received a just punishment,

International Standard Version
because if the message spoken by angels was reliable, and every violation and act of disobedience received its just punishment,

NET Bible
For if the message spoken through angels proved to be so firm that every violation or disobedience received its just penalty,

New Heart English Bible
For if the word spoken through angels proved steadfast, and every transgression and disobedience received a just recompense;

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
For if a word spoken by Angels was established and everyone who heard it and violated it received a reward by justice,

GOD'S WORD® Translation
After all, the message that the angels brought was reliable, and every violation and act of disobedience was properly punished.

New American Standard 1977
For if the word spoken through angels proved unalterable, and every transgression and disobedience received a just recompense,

Jubilee Bible 2000
For if the word spoken by the ministry of angels was steadfast and every rebellion and disobedience received a just recompense of reward,

King James 2000 Bible
For if the word spoken by angels was steadfast, and every transgression and disobedience received a just recompense of reward;

American King James Version
For if the word spoken by angels was steadfast, and every transgression and disobedience received a just recompense of reward;

American Standard Version
For if the word spoken through angels proved stedfast, and every transgression and disobedience received a just recompense of reward;

Douay-Rheims Bible
For if the word, spoken by angels, became steadfast, and every transgression and disobedience received a just recompense of reward:

Darby Bible Translation
For if the word which was spoken by angels was firm, and every transgression and disobedience received just retribution,

English Revised Version
For if the word spoken through angels proved stedfast, and every transgression and disobedience received a just recompense of reward;

Webster's Bible Translation
For if the word spoken by angels was steadfast, and every transgression and disobedience received a just recompense of reward;

Weymouth New Testament
For if the message delivered through angels proved to be true, and every transgression and act of disobedience met with just retribution,

World English Bible
For if the word spoken through angels proved steadfast, and every transgression and disobedience received a just recompense;

Young's Literal Translation
for if the word being spoken through messengers did become stedfast, and every transgression and disobedience did receive a just recompense,
Study Bible
Salvation Confirmed
1We must pay closer attention, therefore, to what we have heard, so that we do not drift away. 2For if the message spoken by angels was binding, and every transgression and disobedience received its just punishment, 3how shall we escape if we neglect such a great salvation? This salvation was first announced by the Lord, was confirmed to us by those who heard Him,…
Cross References
Acts 7:53
you who have received the Law ordained by angels, yet have not kept it."

Hebrews 1:1
On many past occasions and in many different ways, God spoke to our fathers through the prophets.

Hebrews 10:28
Anyone who rejected the Law of Moses died without mercy on the testimony of two or three witnesses.

Hebrews 10:35
So do not throw away your confidence; it holds a great reward.

Hebrews 11:26
He valued disgrace for Christ above the treasures of Egypt, for he was looking ahead to his reward.

Hebrews 12:25
See to it that you do not refuse Him who speaks. For if the people did not escape when they refused Him who warned them on earth, how much less will we escape if we reject Him who warns us from heaven?

2 Peter 1:19
We also have the message of the prophets, which has been confirmed beyond doubt. And you will do well to pay attention to this message, as to a lamp shining in a dark place, until the day dawns and the morning star rises in your hearts.
Treasury of Scripture

For if the word spoken by angels was steadfast, and every transgression and disobedience received a just recompense of reward;

spoken.

Deuteronomy 32:2 My doctrine shall drop as the rain, my speech shall distil as the …

Psalm 68:17 The chariots of God are twenty thousand, even thousands of angels: …

Acts 7:53 Who have received the law by the disposition of angels, and have not kept it.

Galatians 3:19 Why then serves the law? It was added because of transgressions, …

every.

Hebrews 10:28 He that despised Moses' law died without mercy under two or three witnesses:

Exodus 32:27,28 And he said to them, Thus said the LORD God of Israel, Put every …

Leviticus 10:1,2 And Nadab and Abihu, the sons of Aaron, took either of them his censer, …

Leviticus 24:14-16 Bring forth him that has cursed without the camp; and let all that …

Numbers 11:33 And while the flesh was yet between their teeth, ere it was chewed, …

Numbers 14:28-37 Say to them, As truly as I live, said the LORD, as you have spoken …

Numbers 15:30-36 But the soul that does ought presumptuously, whether he be born in …

Numbers 16:31-35,49 And it came to pass, as he had made an end of speaking all these …

Numbers 20:11,12 And Moses lifted up his hand, and with his rod he smote the rock …

Numbers 21:6 And the LORD sent fiery serpents among the people, and they bit the …

Numbers 25:9 And those that died in the plague were twenty and four thousand.

Deuteronomy 4:3,4 Your eyes have seen what the LORD did because of Baalpeor: for all …

Deuteronomy 17:2,5,12 If there be found among you, within any of your gates which the LORD …

Deuteronomy 27:26 Cursed be he that confirms not all the words of this law to do them. …

1 Corinthians 10:5-12 But with many of them God was not well pleased: for they were overthrown …

Jude 1:5 I will therefore put you in remembrance, though you once knew this, …

recompense.

Hebrews 10:35 Cast not away therefore your confidence, which has great recompense of reward.

Hebrews 11:6,26 But without faith it is impossible to please him: for he that comes …

(2) The word spoken by angels.--Or rather, through angels (comp. Hebrews 1:2): the word was God's, but angels were the medium through which it was given to men. In accordance with the tone of the whole passage (in which the thought is not the reward of obedience, but the peril of neglect of duty), "the word" must denote divine commands delivered by angels, and--as the close parallel presented by Hebrews 10:28-29, seems to prove--especially the commands of the Mosaic law. Hence this verse must be joined to the other passages (Acts 7:53; Galatians 3:19; comp. also Acts 7:38) which bring into relief the ministration of angels in the giving of the Law; and the nature of the argument of this Epistle gives special importance to the subject here. The only passage in the Pentateuch which can be quoted in illustration is Deuteronomy 33:2 : "The Lord came from Sinai. . . . He came from amid myriads of holy ones." The Greek version (introducing a double rendering of the Hebrew) adds, "at His right hand were angels with Him;" and two of the Targums likewise speak of the "myriads of holy angels." Psalm 68:17 is difficult and obscure, but very possibly agrees with the passage just quoted in referring to angels as the attendants of Jehovah on the mount. Nowhere in the Old Testament is the thought carried beyond this point; but there are a few passages in Jewish writers which clearly show that such a ministration of angels as is here spoken of was a tenet of Jewish belief in the apostolic age. Philo, after saying that the angels have their name from reporting the commands of the Father to His children, and the wants of the children to the Father, adds: "We are unable to contain His exceeding and unalloyed benefits, if He Himself proffers them to us without employing others as His ministers." Much more important are the words of Josephus (Ant. xv. 5, 3), who introduces Herod as reminding the Jews that the noblest of the ordinances and the holiest of the things contained in the laws had been learnt by them from God through angels. Jewish writers quoted by Wetstein speak of the "angels of service" whom Moses had known from the time of the giving of the law; and, moreover, of the angel who, when Moses had through terror forgotten all that he had been taught during the forty days, delivered the law to him again. Such speculations are of interest as showing the place which this tenet held in Jewish doctrine and belief. Here and in Galatians 3:19 (see Note there) this mediation of angels is adduced as a mark of the inferiority of the law; in Acts 7:53, where no such comparison is made, the contrast implied is between angels and men as givers of a law.

Was stedfast.--Rather, proved steadfast or sure; evidence of this was given by the punishment which overtook the transgressor, whether inflicted by the direct visitation of God or by human hands faithfully executing the divine will. Of the two words well rendered transgression and disobedience, the one points especially to the infraction of a positive precept, the other is more general: the former relates more commonly to "thou shalt not;" the latter rather to "thou shalt." The two words are here united, that every violation of the command may be included. The use of reward in a neutral or unfavourable sense (2Peter 2:13; Psalm 94:2, et al.) is not uncommon in our older writers. (Comp. "the reward of a villain," in Shakespeare.)

Verses 2, 3. - For if the word that was spoken through angels (i.e. the Law) was made (or, proved) steadfast (i.e. as explained in the next clause, ratified by just visitation of every transgression and disobedience), how shall we (Christians) escape, if we neglect so great salvation? The danger of neglect must be in proportion to the dignity of the revelation. The readers are now further reminded of the manner in which the gospel had been made known to them, and been ratified in their own experience, by way of enhancing the danger of disregarding it. Which (not the simple relative pronoun η}, but ἥτις, which denotes always, when so used, some general idea in the antecedent, equivalent to "being such as"), having at the first begun to be spoken through the Lord (opposed to "the word spoken through angels" in the preceding verse. Its beginning was through the Lord himself, i.e. Christ the SON, not through intermediate agency. Ὁ Κύριος is a special designation of Christ in the New Testament; and, though not in itself proving belief in his divinity, is significant as being constantly used also as a designation of God, and substituted in the LXX. for יהוה. It has a special emphasis here as expressing the majesty of Christ), was confirmed (ἐβεβαιώθη, answering to ἐγένετο βέβαῖος in the former verse) unto us by them that heard (i.e. by the apostles and others who knew Christ in the flesh). Here the writer ranks himself among those who had not heard Christ himself; his doing which has been considered to afford a presumption against St. Paul having been the writer. For, though not an eyewitness of Christ's ministry, he is in the habit elsewhere of insisting strongly on his having received his "knowledge of the mystery," not from men or through men, but by direct revelation from the ascended Savior (cf. Galatians 1:1, 12). Still, he does not deny elsewhere that for the facts of Christ's history he was indebted to the testimony of others (cf. 1 Corinthians 15:3, etc.). It was rather the meaning of the mystery that he had learnt from heaven. For if the word spoken by angels was steadfast,.... This is a description of the law, from whence the apostle argues to a stricter regard to the Gospel, as from the lesser to the greater: this is called "the word", and a terrible one it was; it was a voice of words, which they that heard entreated they might hear no more; it was the word "spoken" with an articulate voice, and was heard by the Israelites, and it was spoken "by angels". Jehovah the Father's voice was never heard; when he came to give the law, ten thousand angels came along with him; and the ministry of these he used in the delivery of the law; by them he spoke it; they formed in the air the voices heard; it was ordained by them, and given by the disposition of them; see Acts 7:53. To which agree those words of Herod, spoken to the Jews, recorded by Josephus (b); that we learn of God, , "by angels", the best of doctrines, and the most holy things in the law. And this was "steadfast"; firm, and sure, being the word of God, which cannot pass away, until it be fulfilled: it was confirmed by terrible signs attending it, and by the people's assent unto it; the penalty of it is sure and certain, in case of disobedience; and as to the form and ministration of it, it remained until Christ, the end of it, came; and as to the matter of it, so far as of a moral nature, it still remains: the judicial and ceremonial parts of it are abrogated; and the whole of it is abolished, as in the hands of Moses, and as a covenant of works, and as to the curse and condemnation of it, and with respect to justification by it; but it still continues as a cursing law to all that are under it; and as a means of conviction to sinners in the hands of the Spirit; and as a rule of walk and conversation to saints, as in the hands of Christ:

and every transgression and disobedience received a just recompense of reward; every precept of the law had a penalty annexed to it; and every breach of it was punished as that penalty required; and that according to the strict justice of God, and the just demerit of sin; and none escaped, but suffered the punishment due to the violation of the precept either in themselves, or in their surety; so steadfast and immovable was this law.

(b) Antiqu. l. 15. c. 5. sect. 3.2. (Compare Heb 2:3.) Argument a fortiori.

spoken by angels—the Mosaic law spoken by the ministration of angels (De 33:2; Ps 68:17; Ac 7:53; Ga 3:19). When it is said, Ex 20:1, "God spake," it is meant He spake by angels as His mouthpiece, or at least angels repeating in unison with His voice the words of the Decalogue; whereas the Gospel was first spoken by the Lord alone.

was steadfast—Greek, "was made steadfast," or "confirmed": was enforced by penalties on those violating it.

transgression—by doing evil; literally, overstepping its bounds: a positive violation of it.

disobedience—by neglecting to do good: a negative violation of it.

recompense—(De 32:35).2:1-4 Christ being proved to be superior to the angels, this doctrine is applied. Our minds and memories are like a leaky vessel, they do not, without much care, retain what is poured into them. This proceeds from the corruption of our nature, temptations, worldly cares, and pleasures. Sinning against the gospel is neglect of this great salvation; it is a contempt of the saving grace of God in Christ, making light of it, not caring for it, not regarding either the worth of gospel grace, or the want of it, and our undone state without it. The Lord's judgments under the gospel dispensation are chiefly spiritual, but are on that account the more to be dreaded. Here is an appeal to the consciences of sinners. Even partial neglects will not escape rebukes; they often bring darkness on the souls they do not finally ruin. The setting forth the gospel was continued and confirmed by those who heard Christ, by the evangelists and apostles, who were witnesses of what Jesus Christ began both to do and to teach; and by the gifts of the Holy Ghost, qualified for the work to which they were called. And all this according to God's own will. It was the will of God that we should have sure ground for our faith, and a strong foundation for our hope in receiving the gospel. Let us mind this one thing needful, and attend to the Holy Scriptures, written by those who heard the words of our gracious Lord, and were inspired by his Spirit; then we shall be blessed with the good part that cannot be taken away.
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Alphabetical: a and angels binding by disobedience every For if its just message penalty proved punishment received spoken the through transgression unalterable violation was word

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