John 8:17
Verse (Click for Chapter)
New International Version
In your own Law it is written that the testimony of two witnesses is true.

New Living Translation
Your own law says that if two people agree about something, their witness is accepted as fact.

English Standard Version
In your Law it is written that the testimony of two people is true.

Berean Study Bible
Even in your own Law it is written that the testimony of two men is valid.

Berean Literal Bible
But also in your Law it has been written that the testimony of two men is true.

New American Standard Bible
"Even in your law it has been written that the testimony of two men is true.

King James Bible
It is also written in your law, that the testimony of two men is true.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Even in your law it is written that the witness of two men is valid.

International Standard Version
In your own Law it is written that the testimony of two people is valid.

NET Bible
It is written in your law that the testimony of two men is true.

New Heart English Bible
It's also written in your Law that the testimony of two people is valid.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
“And in your Written Law it is written: 'The testimony of two men is true.' “

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Your own teachings say that the testimony of two people is true.

New American Standard 1977
“Even in your law it has been written, that the testimony of two men is true.

Jubilee Bible 2000
It is also written in your law that the testimony of two men is true.

King James 2000 Bible
It is also written in your law, that the testimony of two men is true.

American King James Version
It is also written in your law, that the testimony of two men is true.

American Standard Version
Yea and in your law it is written, that the witness of two men is true.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And in your law it is written, that the testimony of two men is true.

Darby Bible Translation
And in your law too it is written that the testimony of two men is true:

English Revised Version
Yea and in your law it is written, that the witness of two men is true.

Webster's Bible Translation
It is also written in your law, that the testimony of two men is true.

Weymouth New Testament
In your own Law, too, it is written that the testimony of two men is true.

World English Bible
It's also written in your law that the testimony of two people is valid.

Young's Literal Translation
and also in your law it hath been written, that the testimony of two men are true;
Study Bible
Jesus the Light of the World
16But even if I do judge, My judgment is true, because I am not alone when I judge; I am with the Father, who sent Me. 17Even in your own Law it is written that the testimony of two men is valid. 18I am One who testifies about Myself, and the Father who sent Me also testifies about Me.”…
Cross References
Numbers 35:30
'If anyone kills a person, the murderer shall be put to death at the evidence of witnesses, but no person shall be put to death on the testimony of one witness.

Deuteronomy 17:6
"On the evidence of two witnesses or three witnesses, he who is to die shall be put to death; he shall not be put to death on the evidence of one witness.

Deuteronomy 19:15
"A single witness shall not rise up against a man on account of any iniquity or any sin which he has committed; on the evidence of two or three witnesses a matter shall be confirmed.

Matthew 18:16
But if he will not listen, take one or two others along, so that 'every matter may be established by the testimony of two or three witnesses.'

John 10:34
Jesus replied, "Is it not written in your Law: 'I have said you are gods' ?
Treasury of Scripture

It is also written in your law, that the testimony of two men is true.

also.

John 10:34 Jesus answered them, Is it not written in your law, I said, You are gods?

John 15:25 But this comes to pass, that the word might be fulfilled that is …

Galatians 3:24 Why the law was our schoolmaster to bring us to Christ, that we might …

Galatians 4:21 Tell me, you that desire to be under the law, do you not hear the law?

that.

Deuteronomy 17:6 At the mouth of two witnesses, or three witnesses, shall he that …

Deuteronomy 19:15 One witness shall not rise up against a man for any iniquity, or …

1 Kings 21:10 And set two men, sons of Belial, before him, to bear witness against …

Matthew 18:16 But if he will not hear you, then take with you one or two more…

2 Corinthians 13:1 This is the third time I am coming to you. In the mouth of two or …

Hebrews 10:28 He that despised Moses' law died without mercy under two or three witnesses:

1 John 5:9 If we receive the witness of men, the witness of God is greater: …

Revelation 11:3 And I will give power to my two witnesses, and they shall prophesy …

(17) It is also written in your law.--He now proceeds to show again that the technical requirement of the Law was satisfied by His witness. The term "your law" is material, as addressed to those who were professed expounders of it and accused Him of being a transgressor of it. (Comp. the parallel reference to the Law in John 10:34; John 15:25.) To assert that Jesus placed Himself in a position of antagonism to the Mosaic law, is to forget the teaching of the Sermon on the Mount (Matthew 5:17); and to assert that the Jesus of the Fourth Gospel differs in this respect from the character as portrayed by the earlier Evangelists, is to forget the teaching of the last verse of John 5, and, indeed, to miss the whole force of these very passages. He does not, indeed, say "our law," as it was for them what it could not be for Him; but He mentions it to show in each case that He fulfilled it.

That the testimony of two men is true.--See Deuteronomy 17:6; Deuteronomy 19:15, and comp. Notes on Matthew 18:16 and Mark 14:55-56. The words are here quoted freely, and "two men" is substituted for "two or three witnesses," which we find in both the passages in Deuteronomy. This prepares the way for the full thought of the "witness," in the next verse. The requirement of the Law would be satisfied with the evidence of two men: He has the witness of two Persons, but each is divine.

Verse 17. - Having laid down the principle on which he was justified in maintaining the truthfulness of the assumption which the Pharisees impugned, he proceeded to vindicate, for these Jewish legalists, its agreement with the very letter of the Law. He adopted here the identical ground which was taken by him when first of all he claimed this fellowship with the Father. Yea, and in your Law it has been written, that the witness of two men is true. Many have said that here Jesus puts himself on one side as in hostility to the Law; Baur and some others plead, from the very phrase "your Law," that Jesus could not have used such an expression, and that John could not have recorded it; and Reuss urges that this expression agrees with the "standpoint of the gospel,which aims at lowering and degrading the old dispensation." Nothing could be less in harmony with the facts (see Introduction, § VII. 2). Even Meyer says, "The words are anti-Judaic... though not antinomian." Surely our Lord was simply appealing to his bitter enemies to recognize the application of the principle found in their own Law, of which they were continually making a proud boast. He simply goes to common ground of argument, and is ready to show that even the letter of the Law sustains his claim for the sufficient reason that he is not alone, but the Father is manifestly with him. Just as he never said "our Father" when addressing his disciples, but either "my Father" or "your Father" (John 20:17), because God is not the Father of men in the full sense in which he was Father to the only begotten Son; so he could not say "our Law" or "Moses gave us the Law" without derogating from the unique relation he sustained to the Law (compare Paul's language, Romans 2:17, 21, 23). The quotation from Deuteronomy is not verbally exact; it even carries the statement of Scripture to a broader generalization, and is so worded that it applies to the case in point, by carrying the position to a legitimate consequence - "the witness of two men is true." By using the word "men," Christ suggests the contrast between two men on one side and the God-Man and the Father on the other. Lightfoot ('Horae Hebraicae') quotes 'Rosh-Shanah,' 1:2, 3, "that two persons well known must testify to the supreme court that they had seen the new moon! If these were unknown persons, they must bring proof that they were credible witnesses." Upon these common principles of jurisprudence the Lord was willing, in purely Jewish fashion, to rest his claim. It is also written in your law,.... The law of Moses, which was given unto them, and they boasted of; the passage referred to is in Deuteronomy 19:15; see also Deuteronomy 17:6; where though what follows is not to be found in so many words, yet the sense is there expressed:

that the testimony of two men is true: concerning which the Jewish writers say (y),

"they used not to determine any judiciary matter by the mouth of one witness, neither pecuniary causes, nor causes of life and death, as it is said, Deuteronomy 17:6. It is asked (z) in their oral law, if the testimony of two men stand, why does the Scripture particularly mention three? (for no other reason) but to compare or equal three with two, that as three convict two of a falsehood, two may also convict three.''

On which one of their commentators (a) has this observation, taking notice of Deuteronomy 19:18, which speaks of a single witness;

"Mar (a doctor) says, wherever it is said a "witness", it is to be understood of two, unless the Scripture particularly specifies one.''

In the case of a wife suspected of adultery, and in the business of striking off the neck of the heifer in case of murder, they admitted of one witness (b).

(y) Maimon. Hilchot Eduth. c. 5. sect. 1.((z) Misn. Maccot. c. 1. sect. 7. (a) Bartenora in ib. (b) Maimon. Hilchot Eduth, ib. sect. 2.8:17-20 If we knew Christ better, we should know the Father better. Those become vain in their imaginations concerning God, who will not learn of Christ. Those who know not his glory and grace, know not the Father that sent him. The time of our departure out of the world, depends upon God. Our enemies cannot hasten it any sooner, nor can our friends delay it any longer, than the time appointed of the Father. Every true believer can look up and say with pleasure, My times are in thy hand, and better there than in my own. To all God's purposes there is a time.
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