Leviticus 10:1
Parallel Verses
New International Version
Aaron's sons Nadab and Abihu took their censers, put fire in them and added incense; and they offered unauthorized fire before the LORD, contrary to his command.

New Living Translation
Aaron's sons Nadab and Abihu put coals of fire in their incense burners and sprinkled incense over them. In this way, they disobeyed the LORD by burning before him the wrong kind of fire, different than he had commanded.

English Standard Version
Now Nadab and Abihu, the sons of Aaron, each took his censer and put fire in it and laid incense on it and offered unauthorized fire before the LORD, which he had not commanded them.

New American Standard Bible
Now Nadab and Abihu, the sons of Aaron, took their respective firepans, and after putting fire in them, placed incense on it and offered strange fire before the LORD, which He had not commanded them.

King James Bible
And Nadab and Abihu, the sons of Aaron, took either of them his censer, and put fire therein, and put incense thereon, and offered strange fire before the LORD, which he commanded them not.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Aaron's sons Nadab and Abihu each took his own firepan, put fire in it, placed incense on it, and presented unauthorized fire before the LORD, which He had not commanded them to do.

International Standard Version
Aaron's sons Nadab and Abihu each took his own censer, placed fire in it, covered it with incense, and brought it into the LORD's presence as unauthorized fire that he had never prescribed for them.

NET Bible
Then Aaron's sons, Nadab and Abihu, each took his fire pan and put fire in it, set incense on it, and presented strange fire before the LORD, which he had not commanded them to do.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Aaron's sons Nadab and Abihu each took an incense burner and put burning coals and incense in it. Then in the LORD's presence they offered this unauthorized fire.

Jubilee Bible 2000
And Nadab and Abihu, the sons of Aaron, took each of them his censer and put fire therein and put incense thereon and offered strange fire before the LORD, which he had never commanded them.

King James 2000 Bible
And Nadab and Abihu, the sons of Aaron, took each of them his censer, and put fire in it, and put incense thereon, and offered unholy fire before the LORD, which he commanded them not.

American King James Version
And Nadab and Abihu, the sons of Aaron, took either of them his censer, and put fire therein, and put incense thereon, and offered strange fire before the LORD, which he commanded them not.

American Standard Version
And Nadab and Abihu, the sons of Aaron, took each of them his censer, and put fire therein, and laid incense thereon, and offered strange fire before Jehovah, which he had not commanded them.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And Nadab and Abiu, the sons of Aaron, taking their censers, put fire therein, and incense on it, offering before the Lord strange fire: which was not commanded them.

Darby Bible Translation
And the sons of Aaron, Nadab and Abihu, took each of them his censer, and put fire in it, and put incense on it, and presented strange fire before Jehovah, which he had not commanded them.

English Revised Version
And Nadab and Abihu, the sons of Aaron, took each of them his censer, and put fire therein, and laid incense thereon, and offered strange fire before the LORD, which he had not commanded them.

Webster's Bible Translation
And Nadab and Abihu, the sons of Aaron, took each of them his censer, and put fire in it, and put incense on it, and offered strange fire before the LORD, which he commanded them not.

World English Bible
Nadab and Abihu, the sons of Aaron, each took his censer, and put fire in it, and laid incense on it, and offered strange fire before Yahweh, which he had not commanded them.

Young's Literal Translation
And the sons of Aaron, Nadab and Abihu, take each his censer, and put in them fire, and put on it perfume, and bring near before Jehovah strange fire, which He hath not commanded them;
Parallel Commentaries
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary

10:1,2 Next to Moses and Aaron, none were more likely to be honourable in Israel than Nadab and Abihu. There is reason to think that they were puffed up with pride, and that they were heated with wine. While the people were prostrate before the Lord, adoring his presence and glory, they rushed into the tabernacle to burn incense, though not at the appointed time; both together, instead of one alone, and with fire not taken from the altar. If it had been done through ignorance, they had been allowed to bring a sin-offering. But the soul that doeth presumptuously, and in contempt of God's majesty and justice, that soul shall be cut off. The wages of sin is death. They died in the very act of their sin. The sin and punishment of these priests showed the imperfection of that priesthood from the very beginning, and that it could not shelter any from the fire of God's wrath, otherwise than as it was typical of Christ's priesthood.

Pulpit Commentary

Verse 1. - Nadab and Ahibu are said to have each taken his censer. This is the first time that the word used in the original is translated "censer." It means any vessel or pan that will hold embers or tinder (see Exodus 25:38; Exodus 37:23; Exodus 38:3). They put fire therein, and put incense thereon. No doubt they used the incense ordered in Exodus 30:34. They are not found fault with for the incense, but for the fire that they used. They offered strange fire, that is, fire not taken from the altar of burnt offering, which they might have feared to approach after the miracle that had occurred. In chapter Leviticus 16:12 it is ordered that, on the Day of Atonement, the incense fire should be taken from the brazen altar, and this was no doubt the rule on all occasions, though the law has not been recorded.

Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

And Nadab and Abihu, the sons of Aaron,.... His two eldest sons, as seems from Exodus 6:23,

took either of them his censer; a vessel in which coals of fire were put, and incense upon them, and burnt it, and so it follows:

and put fire therein, and put incense thereon; which, as Aben Ezra says, was on the eighth day, that is, of their consecration, the day after their consecration was completely finished, and the same day that Aaron had offered the offerings for himself and for the people, see Leviticus 9:1,

and offered strange fire before the Lord; upon the golden altar of incense, which stood in the holy place right against the vail, within which were the ark, mercy seat, and cherubim, the symbol and seat of the divine Majesty: this fire was not that which came down from heaven, and consumed the sacrifice, as related at the end of the preceding chapter Leviticus 9:24, but common fire, and therefore called strange; it was not taken off of the altar of burnt offering, as it ought to have been, but, as the Targum of Jonathan, from under the trivets, skillets, or pots, such as the flesh of peace offerings were boiled in, in the tabernacle:

which he commanded not; yea, forbid, by sending fire from heaven, and ordering coals of fire for the incense to be taken off of the altar of burnt offering; and this, as Aben Ezra observes, they did of their own mind, and not by order. It does not appear that they had any command to offer incense at all at present, this belonged to Aaron, and not to them as yet; but without any instruction and direction they rushed into the holy place with their censers, and offered incense, even both of them, when only one priest was to offer at a time, when it was to be offered, and this they also did with strange fire. This may be an emblem of dissembled love, when a man performs religious duties, prays to God, or praises him without any cordial affection to him, or obeys commands not from love, but selfish views; or of an ignorant, false, and misguided zeal, a zeal not according to knowledge, superstitious and hypocritical; or of false and strange doctrines, such as are not of God, nor agree with the voice of Christ, and are foreign to the Scriptures; or of human ordinances, and the inventions of men, and of everything that man brings of his own, in order to obtain eternal life and salvation.

Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Bible Commentary

CHAPTER 10

Le 10:1-20. Nadab and Abihu Burnt.

1. the sons of Aaron, &c.—If this incident occurred at the solemn period of the consecrating and dedicating the altar, these young men assumed an office which had been committed to Moses; or if it were some time after, it was an encroachment on duties which devolved on their father alone as the high priest. But the offense was of a far more aggravated nature than such a mere informality would imply. It consisted not only in their venturing unauthorized to perform the incense service—the highest and most solemn of the priestly offices—not only in their engaging together in a work which was the duty only of one, but in their presuming to intrude into the holy of holies, to which access was denied to all but the high priest alone. In this respect, "they offered strange fire before the Lord"; they were guilty of a presumptuous and unwarranted intrusion into a sacred office which did not belong to them. But their offense was more aggravated still; for instead of taking the fire which was put into their censers from the brazen altar, they seem to have been content with common fire and thus perpetrated an act which, considering the descent of the miraculous fire they had so recently witnessed and the solemn obligation under which they were laid to make use of that which was specially appropriated to the service of the altars, they betrayed a carelessness, an irreverence, a want of faith, most surprising and lamentable. A precedent of such evil tendency was dangerous, and it was imperatively necessary, therefore, as well for the priests themselves as for the sacred things, that a marked expression of the divine displeasure should be given for doing that which "God commanded them not."

Leviticus 10:1 Additional Commentaries
Context
The Sin of Nadab and Abihu
1Now Nadab and Abihu, the sons of Aaron, took their respective firepans, and after putting fire in them, placed incense on it and offered strange fire before the LORD, which He had not commanded them. 2And fire came out from the presence of the LORD and consumed them, and they died before the LORD.…
Cross References
Exodus 6:23
Aaron married Elisheba, daughter of Amminadab and sister of Nahshon, and she bore him Nadab and Abihu, Eleazar and Ithamar.

Exodus 24:1
Then the LORD said to Moses, "Come up to the LORD, you and Aaron, Nadab and Abihu, and seventy of the elders of Israel. You are to worship at a distance,

Exodus 24:9
Moses and Aaron, Nadab and Abihu, and the seventy elders of Israel went up

Leviticus 16:1
The LORD spoke to Moses after the death of the two sons of Aaron who died when they approached the LORD.

Leviticus 16:12
He is to take a censer full of burning coals from the altar before the LORD and two handfuls of finely ground fragrant incense and take them behind the curtain.

Numbers 3:2
The names of the sons of Aaron were Nadab the firstborn and Abihu, Eleazar and Ithamar.

Numbers 3:4
Nadab and Abihu, however, died before the LORD when they made an offering with unauthorized fire before him in the Desert of Sinai. They had no sons, so Eleazar and Ithamar served as priests during the lifetime of their father Aaron.

Numbers 26:61
But Nadab and Abihu died when they made an offering before the LORD with unauthorized fire.)

1 Kings 18:38
Then the fire of the LORD fell and burned up the sacrifice, the wood, the stones and the soil, and also licked up the water in the trench.
Treasury of Scripture

And Nadab and Abihu, the sons of Aaron, took either of them his censer, and put fire therein, and put incense thereon, and offered strange fire before the LORD, which he commanded them not.

Nadab

Leviticus 16:1 And the LORD spoke to Moses after the death of the two sons of Aaron, …

Leviticus 22:9 They shall therefore keep my ordinance, lest they bear sin for it, …

Exodus 6:23 And Aaron took him Elisheba, daughter of Amminadab, sister of Naashon, …

Exodus 24:1,9 And he said to Moses, Come up to the LORD, you, and Aaron, Nadab, …

Exodus 28:1 And take you to you Aaron your brother, and his sons with him, from …

Numbers 3:3,4 These are the names of the sons of Aaron, the priests which were …

Numbers 26:61 And Nadab and Abihu died, when they offered strange fire before the LORD.

censer

Leviticus 16:12 And he shall take a censer full of burning coals of fire from off …

Exodus 27:3 And you shall make his pans to receive his ashes, and his shovels, …

Exodus 38:3 And he made all the vessels of the altar, the pots, and the shovels, …

Numbers 16:6,7,17,46 This do; Take you censers, Korah, and all his company…

Hebrews 9:4 Which had the golden censer, and the ark of the covenant overlaid …

put incense

Exodus 30:1-9,34-36 And you shall make an altar to burn incense on: of shittim wood shall …

Exodus 31:11 And the anointing oil, and sweet incense for the holy place: according …

Exodus 37:29 And he made the holy anointing oil, and the pure incense of sweet …

Exodus 40:27 And he burnt sweet incense thereon; as the LORD commanded Moses.

1 Kings 13:1,2 And, behold, there came a man of God out of Judah by the word of …

2 Chronicles 26:16-20 But when he was strong, his heart was lifted up to his destruction: …

Psalm 141:2 Let my prayer be set forth before you as incense; and the lifting …

Jeremiah 44:8,15,19-21 In that you provoke me to wrath with the works of your hands, burning …

Luke 1:9-11 According to the custom of the priest's office, his lot was to burn …

Revelation 8:3-5 And another angel came and stood at the altar, having a golden censer; …

strange

Leviticus 9:24 And there came a fire out from before the LORD, and consumed on the …

Leviticus 16:12 And he shall take a censer full of burning coals of fire from off …

Numbers 16:18,46 And they took every man his censer, and put fire in them, and laid …

which

Exodus 30:9 You shall offer no strange incense thereon, nor burnt sacrifice, …

Deuteronomy 4:2 You shall not add to the word which I command you, neither shall …

Deuteronomy 12:32 What thing soever I command you, observe to do it: you shall not …

Deuteronomy 17:3 And has gone and served other gods, and worshipped them, either the …

Jeremiah 7:31 And they have built the high places of Tophet, which is in the valley …

Jeremiah 10:5 They are upright as the palm tree, but speak not: they must needs …

Jeremiah 32:35 And they built the high places of Baal, which are in the valley of …

Bp. Hall says, `It is a dangerous thing, in the service of God, to decline from his institutions; we have to do with a God, who is wise to prescribe his own worship--just to require what he has prescribed--and powerful to avenge what he has not prescribed.'

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