Leviticus 10:10
Verse (Click for Chapter)
New International Version
so that you can distinguish between the holy and the common, between the unclean and the clean,

New Living Translation
You must distinguish between what is sacred and what is common, between what is ceremonially unclean and what is clean.

English Standard Version
You are to distinguish between the holy and the common, and between the unclean and the clean,

Berean Study Bible
You must distinguish between the holy and the common, between the clean and the unclean,

New American Standard Bible
and so as to make a distinction between the holy and the profane, and between the unclean and the clean,

King James Bible
And that ye may put difference between holy and unholy, and between unclean and clean;

Christian Standard Bible
You must distinguish between the holy and the common, and the clean and the unclean,

Contemporary English Version
You must learn the difference between what is holy and what isn't holy and between the clean and the unclean.

Good News Translation
You must distinguish between what belongs to God and what is for general use, between what is ritually clean and what is unclean.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
You must distinguish between the holy and the common, and the clean and the unclean,

International Standard Version
You are to differentiate between what's sacred and common and between what's unclean and clean.

NET Bible
as well as to distinguish between the holy and the common, and between the unclean and the clean,

New Heart English Bible
and that you are to make a distinction between the holy and the common, and between the unclean and the clean;

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Teach them the difference between what is holy and what is unholy, what is clean and what is unclean.

JPS Tanakh 1917
And that ye may put difference between the holy and the common, and between the unclean and the clean;

New American Standard 1977
and so as to make a distinction between the holy and the profane, and between the unclean and the clean,

Jubilee Bible 2000
and this is that ye may discern between the holy and the profane and between the unclean and the clean

King James 2000 Bible
And that you may put difference between holy and unholy, and between unclean and clean;

American King James Version
And that you may put difference between holy and unholy, and between unclean and clean;

American Standard Version
and that ye may make a distinction between the holy and the common, and between the unclean and the clean;

Douay-Rheims Bible
And that you may have knowledge to discern between holy and unholy, between unclean and clean:

Darby Bible Translation
that ye may put difference between the holy and the unholy, and between unclean and clean,

English Revised Version
and that ye may put difference between the holy and the common, and between the unclean and the clean;

Webster's Bible Translation
And that ye may make a difference between holy and unholy, and between unclean and clean;

World English Bible
and that you are to make a distinction between the holy and the common, and between the unclean and the clean;

Young's Literal Translation
so as to make a separation between the holy and the common, and between the unclean and the pure;
Study Bible
Restrictions for Priests
9“You and your sons are not to drink wine or strong drink when you enter the Tent of Meeting, or else you will die; this is a perpetual statute for the generations to come. 10You must distinguish between the holy and the common, between the clean and the unclean, 11so that you may teach the Israelites all the statutes that the LORD has given them through Moses.”…
Cross References
Leviticus 11:47
You must distinguish between the unclean and the clean, between animals that may be eaten and those that may not."

Leviticus 13:43
The priest is to examine him, and if the swelling of the infection on his bald head or forehead is reddish-white like a skin disease,

Leviticus 20:25
You are therefore to distinguish between clean and unclean animals and birds. Do not become contaminated by any animal or bird, or by anything that crawls on the ground; I have set these apart as unclean for you.

Ezekiel 22:26
Her priests do violence to My law and profane My holy things. They make no distinction between the holy and the common, and they fail to distinguish between the clean and the unclean. They disregard My Sabbaths, so that I am profaned among them.

Ezekiel 44:23
They are to teach My people the difference between the holy and the common, and show them how to discern between the clean and the unclean.

Treasury of Scripture

And that you may put difference between holy and unholy, and between unclean and clean;

Deuteronomy 24:8 Take heed in the plague of leprosy, that you observe diligently, …

Deuteronomy 33:10 They shall teach Jacob your judgments, and Israel your law: they …

2 Chronicles 17:9 And they taught in Judah, and had the book of the law of the LORD …

2 Chronicles 30:22 And Hezekiah spoke comfortably to all the Levites that taught the …

Nehemiah 8:2,8 And Ezra the priest brought the law before the congregation both …

Nehemiah 9:13,14 You came down also on mount Sinai, and spoke with them from heaven, …

Jeremiah 2:8 The priests said not, Where is the LORD? and they that handle the …

Jeremiah 18:18 Then said they, Come and let us devise devices against Jeremiah; …

Malachi 2:7 For the priest's lips should keep knowledge, and they should seek …

Matthew 28:20 Teaching them to observe all things whatever I have commanded you: …

Acts 20:27 For I have not shunned to declare to you all the counsel of God.

1 Thessalonians 4:2 For you know what commandments we gave you by the Lord Jesus.

(10) And that ye may put difference.--The motive here assigned for their abstinence from intoxicating liquor is, that by keeping sober they might be able to discriminate between the legal and illegal points in the prescribed observances, which required the greatest care. Thus, for instance, the rules as to which places and days and sundry portions of the offerings were holy or common, or as to holy fire and common fire, which Nadab and Abihu violated; or about ceremonially clean and unclean men, women, animals, and utensils. (See Ezekiel 44:23.)

Verse 10. - Wine and other intoxicating liquors (שֵׁכר, whence the Greek word σίκερα, Luke 1:13, was made from dates, or barley, or honey) are forbidden to the priests during their ministrations, that they may pat a difference between holy and unholy; that is, that their minds may not be confused, but be capable of distinguishing between right and wrong, what ought and what ought not to be done. Nadab and Abihu, on the contrary, had not distinguished between the sacred and profane fire, or between God's commands and their own unregulated impulses. If they had partaken too freely of the wine provided for the drink offerings, their sin would be similar to that of the Corinthians in their abuse of the Lord's Supper. As to the use of wine by the minister of God under the New Testament, see 1 Timothy 3:2, 8; 1 Timothy 5:23. The spiritual emotion, which, in the service of God, shows itself in pouring out the feelings in "psalms and hymns and spiritual songs," is contrasted, in Ephesians 5:18, 19, with the physical excitement caused by wine, the former being commended and the latter forbidden. And that ye may put difference between holy and unholy,.... That being sober they might be able to distinguish between the one and the other; which a drunken man, having his mind and senses disturbed, is not capable of; as between holy and unholy persons, and between holy and unholy things; particularly, as Aben Ezra interprets it, between a sacred place and one that is common, and between a holy day and a common week day; the knowledge and memory of which may be lost through intemperance; and so that may be done in a place and on a day which ought not to be done, or that omitted on a day and in a place which ought to be done:

and between unclean and clean; between unclean men and women, beasts and fowls, and clean ones; and between unclean things in a ceremonial sense, and those that are clean, which a man in liquor may be no judge of: hence, as the above writer observes, after this section follow laws concerning fowls clean and unclean, the purification of a woman after childbirth, the leprosy in men, garments and houses, and concerning profluvious and menstruous persons; all which the priests were to be judges of, and therefore ought to be sober. 10:8-11 Do not drink wine or strong drink. During the time they ministered, the priests were forbidden it. It is required of gospel ministers, that they be not given to wine, 1Ti 3:3. It is, Lest ye die; die when ye are in drink. The danger of death, to which we are continually exposed, should engage all to be sober.
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