Ezekiel 44:23
Verse (Click for Chapter)
New International Version
They are to teach my people the difference between the holy and the common and show them how to distinguish between the unclean and the clean.

New Living Translation
They will teach my people the difference between what is holy and what is common, what is ceremonially clean and unclean.

English Standard Version
They shall teach my people the difference between the holy and the common, and show them how to distinguish between the unclean and the clean.

Berean Study Bible
They are to teach My people the difference between the holy and the common, and show them how to discern between the clean and the unclean.

New American Standard Bible
"Moreover, they shall teach My people the difference between the holy and the profane, and cause them to discern between the unclean and the clean.

King James Bible
And they shall teach my people the difference between the holy and profane, and cause them to discern between the unclean and the clean.

Christian Standard Bible
They are to teach my people the difference between the holy and the common, and explain to them the difference between the clean and the unclean.

Contemporary English Version
Priests must teach my people the difference between what is sacred and what is ordinary, and between what is clean and what is unclean.

Good News Translation
"The priests are to teach my people the difference between what is holy and what is not, and between what is ritually clean and what is not.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
They must teach My people the difference between the holy and the common, and explain to them the difference between the clean and the unclean."

International Standard Version
"They are to teach my people how to discern what is holy in contrast to what is common, showing them how to discern between what is unclean and clean.

NET Bible
Moreover, they will teach my people the difference between the holy and the common, and show them how to distinguish between the ceremonially unclean and the clean.

New Heart English Bible
They shall teach my people the difference between the holy and the common, and cause them to discern between the unclean and the clean.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
They must teach my people the difference between what is holy and what is unholy. They must show the people how to tell the difference between what is clean and what is unclean.

JPS Tanakh 1917
And they shall teach My people the difference between the holy and the common, and cause them to discern between the unclean and the clean.

New American Standard 1977
“Moreover, they shall teach My people the difference between the holy and the profane, and cause them to discern between the unclean and the clean.

Jubilee Bible 2000
And they shall teach my people the difference between the holy and profane and teach them to discern between the clean and the unclean.

King James 2000 Bible
And they shall teach my people the difference between the holy and the common, and cause them to discern between the unclean and the clean.

American King James Version
And they shall teach my people the difference between the holy and profane, and cause them to discern between the unclean and the clean.

American Standard Version
And they shall teach my people the difference between the holy and the common, and cause them to discern between the unclean and the clean.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And they shall teach my people the difference between holy and profane, and shew them how to discern between clean and unclean.

Darby Bible Translation
And they shall teach my people [the difference] between holy and profane, and cause them to discern between unclean and clean.

English Revised Version
And they shall teach my people the difference between the holy and the common, and cause them to discern between the unclean and the clean.

Webster's Bible Translation
And they shall teach my people the difference between the holy and profane, and cause them to discern between the unclean and the clean.

World English Bible
They shall teach my people the difference between the holy and the common, and cause them to discern between the unclean and the clean.

Young's Literal Translation
'And My people they direct between holy and common, and between unclean and clean they cause them to discern.
Study Bible
The Duties of the Priests
22And they shall not marry a widow or a divorced woman, but must marry a virgin of the descendants of the house of Israel, or a widow of a priest. 23They are to teach My people the difference between the holy and the common, and show them how to discern between the clean and the unclean. 24In any dispute, they shall officiate as judges and judge according to My ordinances. They must observe My laws and statutes regarding all My appointed feasts, and they must keep My Sabbaths holy.…
Cross References
Leviticus 10:10
You must distinguish between the holy and the common, between the clean and the unclean,

Leviticus 11:47
You must distinguish between the unclean and the clean, between animals that may be eaten and those that may not.”

Leviticus 13:50
And the priest is to examine the mildew and isolate the contaminated fabric for seven days.

Jeremiah 15:19
Therefore this is what the LORD says: “If you return, I will restore you; you will stand in My presence. And if you speak words that are noble instead of worthless, you will be My spokesman. It is they who must return to you, but you must not return to them.

Ezekiel 22:26
Her priests do violence to My law and profane My holy things. They make no distinction between the holy and the common, and they fail to distinguish between the clean and the unclean. They disregard My Sabbaths, so that I am profaned among them.

Ezekiel 42:20
So he measured the area on all four sides. It had a wall all around, five hundred cubits long and five hundred cubits wide, to separate the holy from the common.

Hosea 4:6
My people are destroyed for lack of knowledge. Because you have rejected knowledge, I will also reject you as My priests. Since you have forgotten the law of your God, I will also forget your children.

Micah 3:9
Now hear this, O leaders of the house of Jacob and rulers of the house of Israel, who despise justice and pervert all that is right,

Zephaniah 3:4
Her prophets are reckless, faithless men. Her priests profane the sanctuary; they do violence to the law.

Haggai 2:11
“This is what the LORD of Hosts says: ‘Ask the priests for a ruling.

Malachi 2:6
True instruction was in his mouth, and nothing false was found on his lips. He walked with Me in peace and uprightness, and he turned many from iniquity.

Treasury of Scripture

And they shall teach my people the difference between the holy and profane, and cause them to discern between the unclean and the clean.

Ezekiel 22:26 Her priests have violated my law, and have profaned my holy things: …

Leviticus 10:10,11 And that you may put difference between holy and unholy, and between …

Deuteronomy 33:10 They shall teach Jacob your judgments, and Israel your law: they …

Hosea 4:6 My people are destroyed for lack of knowledge: because you have rejected …

Micah 3:9-11 Hear this, I pray you, you heads of the house of Jacob, and princes …

Zephaniah 3:4 Her prophets are light and treacherous persons: her priests have …

Haggai 2:11-13 Thus said the LORD of hosts; Ask now the priests concerning the law, saying…

Malachi 2:6-9 The law of truth was in his mouth, and iniquity was not found in …

2 Timothy 2:24,25 And the servant of the Lord must not strive; but be gentle to all …

Titus 1:9-11 Holding fast the faithful word as he has been taught, that he may …







Verses 23, 24. - Among the priests' official duties four things are prescribed.

(1) The education of the people in the fundamental principles of their religion, viz. that a distinction existed between the "holy" and "profane," or "common," and in the practical application of that principle, the art of discerning between the "unclean" and the "clean." This duty had been laid upon the priests of Mosaism (Leviticus 10:10; Deuteronomy 24:8; Deuteronomy 33:10), but in the last years of the monarchy had been neglected (Ezekiel 26:26; comp. Malachi 2:7-9).

(2) The administration of justice in all disputes arising out of and connected with the practices of their religion. This office had pertained to the priests under the Law (Numbers 5:14-31; Deuteronomy 17:8-13; Deuteronomy 19:17; Deuteronomy 21:5), and was exercised in pre-exilic times (Hosea 4:6; Micah 3:11; Isaiah 28:7; Jeremiah 18:18), though not always in accord-ante with Jehovah s judgments. That the juridical authority of the priests was purely of a moral kind (Wellhausen, Smend), can be maintained only by rejecting 2 Chronicles 17:7-9 and 2 Chron 19:5-11 as unhistorical

(3) The regulation of all festal assemblies in accordance with the Divine statutes. For errors in the celebration of these festivals, the priests should be answerable, as they had always been; only under the new regime there should be no errors.

4. The hallowing of Jehovah's sabbaths. This they should do both by resting on the seventh day and by offering the sabbath sacrifices, the showbread, and the burnt offering; both of which things the priests under the Law had been commanded to do (see Exodus 20:8-11; Exodus 31:13-17: Leviticus 23:3; Leviticus 24:8; Numbers 28:9), but had not done (Ezekiel 20:12, 13, 20, 21; Ezekiel 22:8; Ezekiel 23:28). And they shall teach my people the difference between the holy and the profane,.... Persons and things; not in a ceremonial, nor merely in a moral, but in an evangelical sense, between truth and error; between the doctrine which is according to godliness, and that which is corrupt and unsound, and eats as cloth a canker; between holy worship, and superstition; between holy duties, and profane and Heathen rites and ceremonies; and between persons sanctified by the Spirit and grace of God, and unconverted ones:

and cause them to discern between the unclean and the clean; impure persons, doctrines, and manners, and those which are agreeable to the word of God; the sense is, that they shall take pains to instruct persons in the knowledge of divine things, and shall do it truly, faithfully, and sincerely. 44:1-31 This chapter contains ordinances relative to the true priests. The prince evidently means Christ, and the words in ver. 2, may remind us that no other can enter heaven, the true sanctuary, as Christ did; namely, by virtue of his own excellency, and his personal holiness, righteousness, and strength. He who is the Brightness of Jehovah's glory entered by his own holiness; but that way is shut to the whole human race, and we all must enter as sinners, by faith in his blood, and by the power of his grace.



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