Deuteronomy 17:3
Verse (Click for Chapter)
New International Version
and contrary to my command has worshiped other gods, bowing down to them or to the sun or the moon or the stars in the sky,

New Living Translation
For instance, they might serve other gods or worship the sun, the moon, or any of the stars--the forces of heaven--which I have strictly forbidden.

English Standard Version
and has gone and served other gods and worshiped them, or the sun or the moon or any of the host of heaven, which I have forbidden,

New American Standard Bible
and has gone and served other gods and worshiped them, or the sun or the moon or any of the heavenly host, which I have not commanded,

King James Bible
And hath gone and served other gods, and worshipped them, either the sun, or moon, or any of the host of heaven, which I have not commanded;

Holman Christian Standard Bible
and has gone to worship other gods by bowing down to the sun, moon, or all the stars in the sky--which I have forbidden--

International Standard Version
He may be following and serving other gods by bowing down to them—that is, to the sun, the moon, or to any of the heavenly host (something I did not command).

NET Bible
by serving other gods and worshiping them--the sun, moon, or any other heavenly bodies which I have not permitted you to worship.

New Heart English Bible
and has gone and served other gods, and worshiped them, or the sun, or the moon, or any of the host of heaven, which I have not commanded;

GOD'S WORD® Translation
by worshiping and bowing down to other gods, the sun, the moon, or the whole army of heaven. I have forbidden this.

JPS Tanakh 1917
and hath gone and served other gods, and worshipped them, or the sun, or the moon, or any of the host of heaven, which I have commanded not;

New American Standard 1977
and has gone and served other gods and worshiped them, or the sun or the moon or any of the heavenly host, which I have not commanded,

Jubilee Bible 2000
and has gone and served other gods and worshipped them or the sun or the moon or any of the host of heaven, which I have not commanded,

King James 2000 Bible
And has gone and served other gods, and worshiped them, either the sun, or moon, or any of the host of heaven, which I have not commanded;

American King James Version
And has gone and served other gods, and worshipped them, either the sun, or moon, or any of the host of heaven, which I have not commanded;

American Standard Version
and hath gone and served other gods, and worshipped them, or the sun, or the moon, or any of the host of heaven, which I have not commanded;

Douay-Rheims Bible
So as to go and serve strange gods, and adore them, the sun and the moon. and all the host of heaven, which I have not commanded:

Darby Bible Translation
and goeth and serveth other gods, and boweth down to them, either to the sun or to the moon, or to the whole host of heaven, which I have not commanded;

English Revised Version
and hath gone and served other gods, and worshipped them, or the sun, or the moon, or any of the host of heaven, which I have not commanded;

Webster's Bible Translation
And hath gone and served other gods, and worshiped them, either the sun, or moon, or any of the host of heaven, which I have not commanded;

World English Bible
and has gone and served other gods, and worshiped them, or the sun, or the moon, or any of the army of the sky, which I have not commanded;

Young's Literal Translation
and he doth go and serve other gods, and doth bow himself to them, and to the sun, or to the moon, or to any of the host of the heavens, which I have not commanded --
Study Bible
Purge the Idolater
2"If there is found in your midst, in any of your towns, which the LORD your God is giving you, a man or a woman who does what is evil in the sight of the LORD your God, by transgressing His covenant, 3and has gone and served other gods and worshiped them, or the sun or the moon or any of the heavenly host, which I have not commanded, 4and if it is told you and you have heard of it, then you shall inquire thoroughly. Behold, if it is true and the thing certain that this detestable thing has been done in Israel,…
Cross References
Genesis 2:1
Thus the heavens and the earth were completed, and all their hosts.

Exodus 22:20
"He who sacrifices to any god, other than to the LORD alone, shall be utterly destroyed.

Deuteronomy 4:19
"And beware not to lift up your eyes to heaven and see the sun and the moon and the stars, all the host of heaven, and be drawn away and worship them and serve them, those which the LORD your God has allotted to all the peoples under the whole heaven.

Deuteronomy 17:4
and if it is told you and you have heard of it, then you shall inquire thoroughly. Behold, if it is true and the thing certain that this detestable thing has been done in Israel,

Job 31:26
If I have looked at the sun when it shone Or the moon going in splendor,

Jeremiah 7:22
"For I did not speak to your fathers, or command them in the day that I brought them out of the land of Egypt, concerning burnt offerings and sacrifices.

Jeremiah 7:31
"They have built the high places of Topheth, which is in the valley of the son of Hinnom, to burn their sons and their daughters in the fire, which I did not command, and it did not come into My mind.

Ezekiel 8:16
Then He brought me into the inner court of the LORD'S house. And behold, at the entrance to the temple of the LORD, between the porch and the altar, were about twenty-five men with their backs to the temple of the LORD and their faces toward the east; and they were prostrating themselves eastward toward the sun.
Treasury of Scripture

And has gone and served other gods, and worshipped them, either the sun, or moon, or any of the host of heaven, which I have not commanded;

the sun

Deuteronomy 4:19 And lest you lift up your eyes to heaven, and when you see the sun, …

2 Kings 21:3 For he built up again the high places which Hezekiah his father had …

Job 31:26,27 If I beheld the sun when it shined, or the moon walking in brightness…

Jeremiah 8:2 And they shall spread them before the sun, and the moon, and all …

Ezekiel 8:16 And he brought me into the inner court of the LORD's house, and, …

which

Jeremiah 7:22,23,31 For I spoke not to your fathers, nor commanded them in the day that …

Jeremiah 19:5 They have built also the high places of Baal, to burn their sons …

Jeremiah 32:35 And they built the high places of Baal, which are in the valley of …

Verse 3. - (Cf. Deuteronomy 4:19.) Which I have not commanded; i.e. have forbidden, a meiosis, as in Jeremiah 7:31. And hath gone,.... The Targum of Jonathan adds, after the evil imagination or concupiscence, lusting after other lovers, and forsaking the true God, and departing from his worship:

and served other gods; strange gods, the idols of the people, other gods besides the true God; the creature besides the Creator:

and worshipped them; by bowing down before them, praying to them, or ascribing their mercies and blessings to them, and giving them the glory of them:

either the sun, or moon, or any of the host of heaven: the two great luminaries, and the planets, constellations, and stars, any of them; which kind of idolatry very early obtained, and was in use at this time among the Heathens, and was an iniquity to be punished by the judge, Job 31:26, which sin, though so strictly forbidden, the people of Israel sometimes fell into, 2 Kings 21:3.

which I have not commanded: and which is a sufficient reason, in matters of worship, to avoid and abstain from anything, that God has not commanded it; for in things of that nature nothing should be done but what he has ordered, who is a jealous God, and will not suffer any to take upon them to direct what should be done as a religious service and duty; and if any are so presumptuous, they must expect it will be resented; see Isaiah 1:12 and especially with respect to the object of worship, as here, and which relate to things if not forbid expressly, yet tacitly, to do which was an abomination to the Lord. 17:1-7 No creature which had any blemish was to be offered in sacrifice to God. We are thus called to remember the perfect, pure, and spotless sacrifice of Christ, and reminded to serve God with the best of our abilities, time, and possession, or our pretended obedience will be hateful to him. So great a punishment as death, so remarkable a death as stoning, must be inflicted on the Jewish idolater. Let all who in our day set up idols in their hearts, remember how God punished this crime in Israel.
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