Exodus 20:5
Parallel Verses
New International Version
You shall not bow down to them or worship them; for I, the LORD your God, am a jealous God, punishing the children for the sin of the parents to the third and fourth generation of those who hate me,

New Living Translation
You must not bow down to them or worship them, for I, the LORD your God, am a jealous God who will not tolerate your affection for any other gods. I lay the sins of the parents upon their children; the entire family is affected--even children in the third and fourth generations of those who reject me.

English Standard Version
You shall not bow down to them or serve them, for I the LORD your God am a jealous God, visiting the iniquity of the fathers on the children to the third and the fourth generation of those who hate me,

New American Standard Bible
"You shall not worship them or serve them; for I, the LORD your God, am a jealous God, visiting the iniquity of the fathers on the children, on the third and the fourth generations of those who hate Me,

King James Bible
Thou shalt not bow down thyself to them, nor serve them: for I the LORD thy God am a jealous God, visiting the iniquity of the fathers upon the children unto the third and fourth generation of them that hate me;

Holman Christian Standard Bible
You must not bow down to them or worship them; for I, the LORD your God, am a jealous God, punishing the children for the fathers' sin, to the third and fourth generations of those who hate Me,

International Standard Version
You are not to bow down to them in worship or serve them, because I, the LORD your God, am a jealous God, punishing the children for the iniquity of the parents to the third and fourth generations of those who hate me,

NET Bible
You shall not bow down to them or serve them, for I, the LORD, your God, am a jealous God, responding to the transgression of fathers by dealing with children to the third and fourth generations of those who reject me,

New Heart English Bible
you must not bow yourself down to them, nor serve them, for I, the LORD your God, am a jealous God, visiting the iniquity of the fathers on the children, on the third and on the fourth [generation] of those who hate me,

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Never worship them or serve them, because I, the LORD your God, am a God who does not tolerate rivals. I punish children for their parents' sins to the third and fourth generation of those who hate me.

JPS Tanakh 1917
thou shalt not bow down unto them, nor serve them; for I the LORD thy God am a jealous God, visiting the iniquity of the fathers upon the children unto the third and fourth generation of them that hate Me;

New American Standard 1977
“You shall not worship them or serve them; for I, the LORD your God, am a jealous God, visiting the iniquity of the fathers on the children, on the third and the fourth generations of those who hate Me,

Jubilee Bible 2000
Thou shalt not bow down to them nor serve them; for I the LORD thy God am a jealous God, visiting the iniquity of the fathers upon the sons unto the third and fourth generation of those that hate me

King James 2000 Bible
You shall not bow down yourself to them, nor serve them: for I the LORD your God am a jealous God, visiting the iniquity of the fathers upon the children unto the third and fourth generation of them that hate me;

American King James Version
You shall not bow down yourself to them, nor serve them: for I the LORD your God am a jealous God, visiting the iniquity of the fathers on the children to the third and fourth generation of them that hate me;

American Standard Version
Thou shalt not bow down thyself unto them, nor serve them, for I Jehovah thy God am a jealous God, visiting the iniquity of the fathers upon the children, upon the third and upon the fourth generation of them that hate me,

Douay-Rheims Bible
Thou shalt not adore them, nor serve them: I am the Lord thy God, mighty, jealous, visiting the iniquity of the fathers upon the children, unto the third and fourth generation of them that hate me:

Darby Bible Translation
thou shalt not bow down thyself to them, nor serve them; for I, Jehovah thy God, am a jealous God, visiting the iniquity of the fathers upon the sons to the third and to the fourth [generation] of them that hate me,

English Revised Version
thou shalt not bow down thyself unto them, nor serve them: for I the LORD thy God am a jealous God, visiting the iniquity of the fathers upon the children, upon the third and upon the fourth generation of them that hate me;

Webster's Bible Translation
Thou shalt not bow down thyself to them, nor serve them: for I the LORD thy God am a jealous God, visiting the iniquity of the fathers upon the children to the third and fourth generation of them that hate me;

World English Bible
you shall not bow yourself down to them, nor serve them, for I, Yahweh your God, am a jealous God, visiting the iniquity of the fathers on the children, on the third and on the fourth generation of those who hate me,

Young's Literal Translation
Thou dost not bow thyself to them, nor serve them: for I, Jehovah thy God, am a zealous God, charging iniquity of fathers on sons, on the third generation, and on the fourth, of those hating Me,
Commentary
Matthew Henry Commentary
20:3-11 The first four of the ten commandments, commonly called the FIRST table, tell our duty to God. It was fit that those should be put first, because man had a Maker to love, before he had a neighbour to love. It cannot be expected that he should be true to his brother, who is false to his God. The first commandment concerns the object of worship, JEHOVAH, and him only. The worship of creatures is here forbidden. Whatever comes short of perfect love, gratitude, reverence, or worship, breaks this commandment. Whatsoever ye do, do all the glory of God. The second commandment refers to the worship we are to render to the Lord our God. It is forbidden to make any image or picture of the Deity, in any form, or for any purpose; or to worship any creature, image, or picture. But the spiritual import of this command extends much further. All kinds of superstition are here forbidden, and the using of mere human inventions in the worship of God. The third commandment concerns the manner of worship, that it be with all possible reverence and seriousness. All false oaths are forbidden. All light appealing to God, all profane cursing, is a horrid breach of this command. It matters not whether the word of God, or sacred things, all such-like things break this commandment, and there is no profit, honour, or pleasure in them. The Lord will not hold him guiltless that taketh his name in vain. The form of the fourth commandment, Remember, shows that it was not now first given, but was known by the people before. One day in seven is to be kept holy. Six days are allotted to worldly business, but not so as to neglect the service of God, and the care of our souls. On those days we must do all our work, and leave none to be done on the sabbath day. Christ allowed works of necessity, charity, and piety; for the sabbath was made for man, and not man for the sabbath, Mr 2:27; but all works of luxury, vanity, or self-indulgence in any form, are forbidden. Trading, paying wages, settling accounts, writing letters of business, worldly studies, trifling visits, journeys, or light conversation, are not keeping this day holy to the Lord. Sloth and indolence may be a carnal, but not a holy rest. The sabbath of the Lord should be a day of rest from worldly labour, and a rest in the service of God. The advantages from the due keeping of this holy day, were it only to the health and happiness of mankind, with the time it affords for taking care of the soul, show the excellency of this commandment. The day is blessed; men are blessed by it, and in it. The blessing and direction to keep holy are not limited to the seventh day, but are spoken of the sabbath day.
Study Bible
The Ten Commandments
4"You shall not make for yourself an idol, or any likeness of what is in heaven above or on the earth beneath or in the water under the earth. 5"You shall not worship them or serve them; for I, the LORD your God, am a jealous God, visiting the iniquity of the fathers on the children, on the third and the fourth generations of those who hate Me, 6but showing lovingkindness to thousands, to those who love Me and keep My commandments.…
Cross References
John 9:2
His disciples asked Him, "Rabbi, who sinned, this man or his parents, that he was born blind?"

Exodus 23:24
"You shall not worship their gods, nor serve them, nor do according to their deeds; but you shall utterly overthrow them and break their sacred pillars in pieces.

Exodus 34:6
Then the LORD passed by in front of him and proclaimed, "The LORD, the LORD God, compassionate and gracious, slow to anger, and abounding in lovingkindness and truth;

Exodus 34:7
who keeps lovingkindness for thousands, who forgives iniquity, transgression and sin; yet He will by no means leave the guilty unpunished, visiting the iniquity of fathers on the children and on the grandchildren to the third and fourth generations."

Exodus 34:14
-- for you shall not worship any other god, for the LORD, whose name is Jealous, is a jealous God--

Deuteronomy 4:24
"For the LORD your God is a consuming fire, a jealous God.

Deuteronomy 5:9
You shall not worship them or serve them; for I, the LORD your God, am a jealous God, visiting the iniquity of the fathers on the children, and on the third and the fourth generations of those who hate Me,

Deuteronomy 5:10
but showing lovingkindness to thousands, to those who love Me and keep My commandments.

Joshua 23:7
so that you will not associate with these nations, these which remain among you, or mention the name of their gods, or make anyone swear by them, or serve them, or bow down to them.

Joshua 24:19
Then Joshua said to the people, "You will not be able to serve the LORD, for He is a holy God. He is a jealous God; He will not forgive your transgression or your sins.
Treasury of Scripture

You shall not bow down yourself to them, nor serve them: for I the LORD your God am a jealous God, visiting the iniquity of the fathers on the children to the third and fourth generation of them that hate me;

bow down

Exodus 23:24 You shall not bow down to their gods, nor serve them, nor do after …

Leviticus 26:1 You shall make you no idols nor graven image, neither raise you up …

Joshua 23:7,16 That you come not among these nations, these that remain among you; …

Judges 2:19 And it came to pass, when the judge was dead, that they returned, …

2 Kings 17:35,41 With whom the LORD had made a covenant, and charged them, saying, …

2 Chronicles 25:14 Now it came to pass, after that Amaziah was come from the slaughter …

Isaiah 44:15,19 Then shall it be for a man to burn: for he will take thereof, and …

Matthew 4:9 And said to him, All these things will I give you, if you will fall …

for I

Exodus 34:14 For you shall worship no other god: for the LORD, whose name is Jealous, …

Deuteronomy 4:24 For the LORD your God is a consuming fire, even a jealous God.

Deuteronomy 6:15 (For the LORD your God is a jealous God among you) lest the anger …

Deuteronomy 32:21 They have moved me to jealousy with that which is not God; they have …

Joshua 24:19 And Joshua said to the people, You cannot serve the LORD: for he …

Psalm 78:58 For they provoked him to anger with their high places, and moved …

Proverbs 6:34,35 For jealousy is the rage of a man: therefore he will not spare in …

Ezekiel 8:3 And he put forth the form of an hand, and took me by a lock of my …

Daniel 1:2 And the Lord gave Jehoiakim king of Judah into his hand, with part …

Nahum 1:2 God is jealous, and the LORD revenges; the LORD revenges, and is …

1 Corinthians 10:22 Do we provoke the Lord to jealousy? are we stronger than he?

visiting

Exodus 34:7 Keeping mercy for thousands, forgiving iniquity and transgression …

Leviticus 20:5 Then I will set my face against that man, and against his family, …

Leviticus 26:29,39,40 And you shall eat the flesh of your sons, and the flesh of your daughters …

Numbers 14:18,33 The LORD is long-suffering, and of great mercy, forgiving iniquity …

1 Samuel 15:2,3 Thus said the LORD of hosts, I remember that which Amalek did to …

2 Samuel 21:1,6 Then there was a famine in the days of David three years, year after …

1 Kings 21:29 See you how Ahab humbles himself before me? because he humbles himself …

2 Kings 23:26 Notwithstanding the LORD turned not from the fierceness of his great …

Job 5:4 His children are far from safety, and they are crushed in the gate, …

Job 21:19 God lays up his iniquity for his children: he rewards him, and he shall know it.

Psalm 79:8 O remember not against us former iniquities: let your tender mercies …

Psalm 109:14 Let the iniquity of his fathers be remembered with the LORD; and …

Isaiah 14:20,21 You shall not be joined with them in burial, because you have destroyed …

Isaiah 65:6,7 Behold, it is written before me: I will not keep silence, but will …

Jeremiah 2:9 Why I will yet plead with you, said the LORD, and with your children's …

Jeremiah 32:18 You show loving kindness to thousands, and recompense the iniquity …

Matthew 23:34-36 Why, behold, I send to you prophets, and wise men, and scribes: and …

of them

Deuteronomy 7:10 And repays them that hate him to their face, to destroy them: he …

Deuteronomy 32:41 If I whet my glittering sword, and my hand take hold on judgment; …

Psalm 81:15 The haters of the LORD should have submitted themselves to him: but …

Proverbs 8:36 But he that sins against me wrongs his own soul: all they that hate …

John 7:7 The world cannot hate you; but me it hates, because I testify of …

John 15:18,23,24 If the world hate you, you know that it hated me before it hated you…

Romans 1:30 Backbiters, haters of God, despiteful, proud, boasters, inventors …

Romans 8:7 Because the carnal mind is enmity against God: for it is not subject …

James 4:4 You adulterers and adulteresses, know you not that the friendship …

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