Exodus 20:5
Parallel Verses
New International Version
You shall not bow down to them or worship them; for I, the LORD your God, am a jealous God, punishing the children for the sin of the parents to the third and fourth generation of those who hate me,

King James Bible
Thou shalt not bow down thyself to them, nor serve them: for I the LORD thy God am a jealous God, visiting the iniquity of the fathers upon the children unto the third and fourth generation of them that hate me;

Darby Bible Translation
thou shalt not bow down thyself to them, nor serve them; for I, Jehovah thy God, am a jealous God, visiting the iniquity of the fathers upon the sons to the third and to the fourth [generation] of them that hate me,

World English Bible
you shall not bow yourself down to them, nor serve them, for I, Yahweh your God, am a jealous God, visiting the iniquity of the fathers on the children, on the third and on the fourth generation of those who hate me,

Young's Literal Translation
Thou dost not bow thyself to them, nor serve them: for I, Jehovah thy God, am a zealous God, charging iniquity of fathers on sons, on the third generation, and on the fourth, of those hating Me,

Exodus 20:5 Parallel
Commentary
Clarke's Commentary on the Bible

Jealous God - This shows in a most expressive manner the love of God to this people. He felt for them as the most affectionate husband could do for his spouse; and was jealous for their fidelity, because he willed their invariable happiness.

Visiting the iniquity of the fathers upon the children - This necessarily implies - if the children walk in the steps of their fathers; for no man can be condemned by Divine justice for a crime of which he was never guilty; see Ezekiel 18. Idolatry is however particularly intended, and visiting sins of this kind refers principally to national judgments. By withdrawing the Divine protection the idolatrous Israelites were delivered up into the hands of their enemies, from whom the gods in whom they had trusted could not deliver them. This God did to the third and fourth generations, i.e., successively; as may be seen in every part of the Jewish history, and particularly in the book of Judges. And this, at last, became the grand and the only effectual and lasting means in his hand of their final deliverance from idolatry; for it is well known that after the Babylonish captivity the Israelites were so completely saved from idolatry, as never more to have disgraced themselves by it as they had formerly done. These national judgments, thus continued from generation to generation, appear to be what are designed by the words in the text, Visiting the sins of the fathers upon the children, etc.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

bow down

Exodus 23:24 You shall not bow down to their gods, nor serve them, nor do after their works: but you shall utterly overthrow them...

Leviticus 26:1 You shall make you no idols nor graven image, neither raise you up a standing image...

Joshua 23:7,16 That you come not among these nations, these that remain among you; neither make mention of the name of their gods...

Judges 2:19 And it came to pass, when the judge was dead, that they returned, and corrupted themselves more than their fathers...

2 Kings 17:35,41 With whom the LORD had made a covenant, and charged them, saying, You shall not fear other gods, nor bow yourselves to them...

2 Chronicles 25:14 Now it came to pass, after that Amaziah was come from the slaughter of the Edomites, that he brought the gods of the children of Seir...

Isaiah 44:15,19 Then shall it be for a man to burn: for he will take thereof, and warm himself; yes, he kindles it, and bakes bread; yes...

Matthew 4:9 And said to him, All these things will I give you, if you will fall down and worship me.

for I

Exodus 34:14 For you shall worship no other god: for the LORD, whose name is Jealous, is a jealous God:

Deuteronomy 4:24 For the LORD your God is a consuming fire, even a jealous God.

Deuteronomy 6:15 (For the LORD your God is a jealous God among you) lest the anger of the LORD your God be kindled against you...

Deuteronomy 32:21 They have moved me to jealousy with that which is not God; they have provoked me to anger with their vanities...

Joshua 24:19 And Joshua said to the people, You cannot serve the LORD: for he is an holy God; he is a jealous God...

Psalm 78:58 For they provoked him to anger with their high places, and moved him to jealousy with their graven images.

Proverbs 6:34,35 For jealousy is the rage of a man: therefore he will not spare in the day of vengeance...

Ezekiel 8:3 And he put forth the form of an hand, and took me by a lock of my head; and the spirit lifted me up between the earth and the heaven...

Daniel 1:2 And the Lord gave Jehoiakim king of Judah into his hand, with part of the vessels of the house of God...

Nahum 1:2 God is jealous, and the LORD revenges; the LORD revenges, and is furious; the LORD will take vengeance on his adversaries...

1 Corinthians 10:22 Do we provoke the Lord to jealousy? are we stronger than he?

visiting

Exodus 34:7 Keeping mercy for thousands, forgiving iniquity and transgression and sin, and that will by no means clear the guilty...

Leviticus 20:5 Then I will set my face against that man, and against his family, and will cut him off, and all that go a whoring after him...

Leviticus 26:29,39,40 And you shall eat the flesh of your sons, and the flesh of your daughters shall you eat...

Numbers 14:18,33 The LORD is long-suffering, and of great mercy, forgiving iniquity and transgression, and by no means clearing the guilty...

1 Samuel 15:2,3 Thus said the LORD of hosts, I remember that which Amalek did to Israel, how he laid wait for him in the way...

2 Samuel 21:1,6 Then there was a famine in the days of David three years, year after year; and David inquired of the LORD. And the LORD answered...

1 Kings 21:29 See you how Ahab humbles himself before me? because he humbles himself before me, I will not bring the evil in his days...

2 Kings 23:26 Notwithstanding the LORD turned not from the fierceness of his great wrath, with which his anger was kindled against Judah...

Job 5:4 His children are far from safety, and they are crushed in the gate, neither is there any to deliver them.

Job 21:19 God lays up his iniquity for his children: he rewards him, and he shall know it.

Psalm 79:8 O remember not against us former iniquities: let your tender mercies speedily prevent us: for we are brought very low.

Psalm 109:14 Let the iniquity of his fathers be remembered with the LORD; and let not the sin of his mother be blotted out.

Isaiah 14:20,21 You shall not be joined with them in burial, because you have destroyed your land, and slain your people...

Isaiah 65:6,7 Behold, it is written before me: I will not keep silence, but will recompense, even recompense into their bosom...

Jeremiah 2:9 Why I will yet plead with you, said the LORD, and with your children's children will I plead.

Jeremiah 32:18 You show loving kindness to thousands, and recompense the iniquity of the fathers into the bosom of their children after them: the Great...

Matthew 23:34-36 Why, behold, I send to you prophets, and wise men, and scribes: and some of them you shall kill and crucify...

of them

Deuteronomy 7:10 And repays them that hate him to their face, to destroy them: he will not be slack to him that hates him...

Deuteronomy 32:41 If I whet my glittering sword, and my hand take hold on judgment; I will render vengeance to my enemies...

Psalm 81:15 The haters of the LORD should have submitted themselves to him: but their time should have endured for ever.

Proverbs 8:36 But he that sins against me wrongs his own soul: all they that hate me love death.

John 7:7 The world cannot hate you; but me it hates, because I testify of it, that the works thereof are evil.

John 15:18,23,24 If the world hate you, you know that it hated me before it hated you...

Romans 1:30 Backbiters, haters of God, despiteful, proud, boasters, inventors of evil things, disobedient to parents,

Romans 8:7 Because the carnal mind is enmity against God: for it is not subject to the law of God, neither indeed can be.

James 4:4 You adulterers and adulteresses, know you not that the friendship of the world is enmity with God?...

Library
The Decalogue: I --Man and God
'And God spake all these words, saying, 2. I am the Lord thy God, which have brought thee out of the land of Egypt, out of the house of bondage. 3. Thou shalt have no other gods before me. 4. Thou shalt not make unto thee any graven image, or any likeness of any thing that is in the heaven above, or that is in the earth beneath, or that is in the water under the earth: 5. Thou shalt not bow down thyself to them, nor serve them: for I the Lord thy God am a jealous God, visiting the iniquity of the
Alexander Maclaren—Expositions of Holy Scripture

The Mediator --The Interpreter
To us, that day at Horeb is a type of the action of the law in our nature: thus doth the law deal with our consciences and hearts. If you have ever felt the law spoken home to you by the Spirit of God, you have heard great thunderings within. You have been forced to cry with Habakkuk, "When I heard, my belly trembled; my lips quivered at the voice: rottenness entered into my bones." And God intended it to be so, that you might look to the flames which Moses saw, and abandon forever all hope of acceptance
Charles Haddon Spurgeon—Spurgeon's Sermons Volume 35: 1889

Thus Has the Question Been on Both Sides Considered and Treated...
12. Thus has the question been on both sides considered and treated; and still it is not easy to pass sentence: but we must further lend diligent hearing to those who say, that no deed is so evil, but that in avoidance of a worse it ought to be done; moreover that the deeds of men include not only what they do, but whatever they consent to be done unto them. Wherefore, if cause have arisen that a Christian man should choose to burn incense to idols, that he might not consent to bodily defilement
St. Augustine—On Lying

The Old Testament Canon from Its Beginning to Its Close.
The first important part of the Old Testament put together as a whole was the Pentateuch, or rather, the five books of Moses and Joshua. This was preceded by smaller documents, which one or more redactors embodied in it. The earliest things committed to writing were probably the ten words proceeding from Moses himself, afterwards enlarged into the ten commandments which exist at present in two recensions (Exod. xx., Deut. v.) It is true that we have the oldest form of the decalogue from the Jehovist
Samuel Davidson—The Canon of the Bible

Cross References
John 9:2
His disciples asked him, "Rabbi, who sinned, this man or his parents, that he was born blind?"

Exodus 23:24
Do not bow down before their gods or worship them or follow their practices. You must demolish them and break their sacred stones to pieces.

Exodus 34:6
And he passed in front of Moses, proclaiming, "The LORD, the LORD, the compassionate and gracious God, slow to anger, abounding in love and faithfulness,

Exodus 34:7
maintaining love to thousands, and forgiving wickedness, rebellion and sin. Yet he does not leave the guilty unpunished; he punishes the children and their children for the sin of the parents to the third and fourth generation."

Exodus 34:14
Do not worship any other god, for the LORD, whose name is Jealous, is a jealous God.

Deuteronomy 4:24
For the LORD your God is a consuming fire, a jealous God.

Deuteronomy 5:9
You shall not bow down to them or worship them; for I, the LORD your God, am a jealous God, punishing the children for the sin of the parents to the third and fourth generation of those who hate me,

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