6635. tsaba
Strong's Concordance
tsaba: army, war, warfare
Original Word: צָבָא
Part of Speech: Noun Masculine
Transliteration: tsaba
Phonetic Spelling: (tsaw-baw')
Short Definition: hosts
NAS Exhaustive Concordance
Word Origin
from tsaba
Definition
army, war, warfare
NASB Translation
armies (23), army (79), army* (1), battle (1), combat (1), conflict (1), forced to labor (1), hardship (1), host (30), hosts (292), hosts is the army (1), most (1), service (10), struggle (1), trained (1), war (35), warfare (1).

Brown-Driver-Briggs
צָבָא :485 noun masculine2Chronicles 28:9 (possibly feminine Isaiah 10:2; Isaiah 40:2; Daniel 8:12, but see AlbrZAW xv (1895), 319; BevDn) army, war, warfare; — absolute ׳צ Numbers 1:3 + (מִצָּבָה Zechariah 9:8); construct צְבָא Numbers 10:15 +; suffix צְבָאִי Job 14:14; צְבָאֲךָ Judges 8:9; Judges 9:29; צְבָיָו Psalm 103:21; Psalm 148:2 (Kt צבאו; so read probably in both), etc.; plural צְבָאוֺת Numbers 20:9 278t.; construct צִבְאוֺת Exodus 12:41 2t.; suffix צִבְאֹתַי Exodus 7:4; צִבְאֹתָם Exodus 6:26 +, etc.; —

1 army, host:

a. organized for war Judges 8:6; Judges 9:29 (J) Isaiah 34:2; Jeremiah 51:3; 2Chronicles 28:9; צְבָאוֺ his host Numbers 2:4,6 10t. 2 (P), לְצִבְאֹתָם Numbers 1:3,52; Numbers 2:3,9 11t. Numbers 2:10; Numbers 33:1 (P); ׳אַלְפֵי הצ Numbers 31:48 (P); ישׂראל ׳צ2Chronicles 25:7; ׳חֵיל (ה)צ 1 Chronicles 20:1; 2Chronicles 26:13; ׳גְּדוּדֵי צ 1 Chronicles 7:4; כלהֿצבא 2 Samuel 3:23; 2 Samuel 10:7; 1 Chronicles 19:8; 2Chronicles 26:14; ׳(ה)צ שַׂר captain of (the) host Genesis 21:22,32 (E) Genesis 26:26 (J) Judges 4:2,7; 1 Samuel 12:9 21t.; (ה)צבא שָׂרֵי 1 Kings 1:25 (but read שַׂר), 1 Chronicles 25:1; 1 Chronicles 26:26; 2Chronicles 33:11; ׳שָׂרִים בצ 1 Chronicles 12:22; (ה)צבאות שָׂרֵי Deuteronomy 20:9; 1 Kings 2:5; 1 Chronicles 27:3; ׳רָאשֵׁי הצ 1 Chronicles 12:14; מַלְכֵי צבאות Psalm 68:13; ׳(ה)צ עַל over the host (as captain) Numbers 10:14,15 10t. Numbers 10 (P), 2 Samuel 8:16 = 1 Chronicles 18:15; 2 Samuel 17:25; 1 Kings 2:35; 1 Kings 4:4; אלֿ ׳כל הצ 2 Samuel 20:23 (אל for על); עַלצִֿבְאֹתָם Exodus 6:26; Exodus 12:51 (P); הוציא צבאות lead out armies Exodus 7:4; Exodus 12:17 (P); ׳יצא צ army goes forth (to war) Exodus 12:41; 1 Chronicles 7:11; לֹא תֵצֵא בְּצִבְאוֺתֵינוּ Psalm 44:10, of ׳י going with our armies = Psalm 60:12 = Psalm 108:12; figurative of great number, צבא רב Psalm 68:12. — On חֲלִיפוֺת וְצָבָא Job 10:17 see Di; Bu proposes תַּחֲלֵף צְבָאֲ(ךָׅ i.e. thou dost renew (thine) army against me.

b. host (organized body) of angels (compare Luke 2:13), צבא השׁמים (כל) all the host of heaven 1 Kings 22:19 2Chronicles 18:18; Nehemiah 9:6; כל צבאיו Psalm 103:21; Psalm 148:2; צבא הַמָּרוֺם Isaiah 24:21 host of the high (angle-princes; "" earthly monarchs); צבא השׁמים Daniel 8:10, הצבא Daniel 8:10 (al. vb figurative of Israel); ׳י ׳שׂר צ captain of the host of ׳י Joshua 5:14,15 (theophanic angel); שׂר הצבא Daniel 8:11 (angel-prince of Israel, others, God).

c. of sun, moon and stars, כלצבא השׁמים Deuteronomy 4:19; Deuteronomy 17:3; 2 Kings 17:16; 2 Kings 21:3,5 2Chronicles 33:3,5; 2 Kings 23:4,5; Jeremiah 8:2; Jeremiah 19:13 (all as objects of worship), Isaiah 34:4; השׁמים ׳צ Jeremiah 33:22; Zephaniah 1:5; כל צבאם Nehemiah 9:6; Psalm 33:6; Isaiah 34:4; Isaiah 45:12; צבאם Isaiah 40:26. — Jeremiah 3:19 see I. צְבִי.

d. of the entire creation, כל צבאם Genesis 2:1.

2 war, warfare, service: יָצָא צָבָא go out to war Numbers 1:3,20 12t. Numbers 1; Numbers 26:2 (P) 1 Chronicles 5:18; 1 Chronicles 7:11; 1 Chronicles 12:33; 1 Chronicles 12:36; 2Chronicles 25:5; 26:11; ׳יצא בצ Numbers 31:36 (P) Deuteronomy 24:5; ׳יצא לצ Numbers 31:27,28 (P); ׳עלה לצ go up to war Joshua 22:12,33 (P); ׳בא מצ come from war Numbers 31:14; 2Chronicles 28:12; ׳קבץ לצ 1 Samuel 28:1; ׳שׁלח לצ Numbers 31:4,6 (twice in verse) (P) התיחשׂם ׳בּצ 1 Chronicles 7:40; תִנָּתֵן ׳צ Daniel 8:12; ׳אַנְשֵׁי (ה)צ men of war Numbers 31:21,53 (P) 1 Chronicles 12:8, compare ׳עַם הצ Numbers 31:32(P); see also II. חלץ; ׳גִבּוֺרֵי חַיִל לצ 1 Chronicles 12:25; ׳כְּלֵי צ 1 Chronicles 12:37 instruments of war.

3 service:

a. of Levites in sacred places Numbers 4:3,23,30,35,39,43; Numbers 8:24,25; קֹדֶשׁ וְצָבָא Daniel 8:13 (al. as Daniel 8:11, 1b).

b. of hard service of troubled life Job 7:1; Job 14:14; Isaiah 40:2; Daniel 10:1.

4 צְבָאוֺת, in name of ׳י as God of war, probably first in time of warlike David (some connect with sacred ark, but ark older), explained יהוה צבאות אֱלֹחֵי מערכות ישׂראל 1 Samuel 17:45 ׳י Sebaoth God of the battle array of Israel (the thought of angels and stars as army of God is later);

a. earliest form with article: אֱלֹהֵי הַצְּבָאוֺת ׳י Amos 3:13; Amos 6:14; Amos 9:5 (אֱלֹהֵי omitted by error, compare We), Hosea 12:6.

b. without article, definite by usage, אֱלֹהֵי צְבָאוֺת ׳י 2 Samuel 5:10; Amos 5:14,15,16; Amos 6:8; 1 Kings 19:10,14; Jeremiah 5:14; Jeremiah 15:16; Psalm 89:9; אֱלֹהֵי צְבָאֹת אֱלֹהֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל ׳י Jeremiah 35:17; Jeremiah 38:17; Jeremiah 44:7; 1 Samuel 7:27 = 1 Chronicles 17:24; Isaiah 21:10; Isaiah 37:16; Isaiah 1st אֱלֹהֵי omitted Jeremiah 7:3,21 30t. Jeremiah; Zephaniah 2:9; אלהי ישׂראל ׳אלהים צ ׳י Psalm 59:6 (אלהים variant of ׳י); שְׁמוֺ ׳צ ׳א ׳י, ׳י God of hosts his name Amos 4:13; Amos 5:27, later reduced to ׳צ ׳י שְׁמוֺ Isaiah 47:4; Isaiah 48:2; Isaiah 51:15; Isaiah 54:5; Jeremiah 10:16; Jeremiah 31:35 6t. Jeremiah

c. as proper name Sebaoth: צבאות ׳י, ׳י Sebaoth (Lord of hosts, Vrss, owing to Qr אֲדֹנָי, but this never construct אֲדֹנֵי; al. ׳י of hosts, but < names in apposition, since ׳י is proper name; ׳צ for earlier ׳אלהי צ; compare Σαβαωθ James 5:4; Romans 9:29): 1 Samuel 1:3,11; 1 Samuel 4:4; 1 Samuel 15:2; 1 Samuel 17:45; 2 Samuel 6:2,18; 2 Samuel 7:8,26; 1 Kings 18:15; 2 Kings 3:14; 2 Kings 19:31; 1 Chronicles 11:9; 1 Chronicles 17:7; Psalm 24:10 6t. Psalms; Micah 4:4; Nahum 2:14; Nahum 3:5; Habakkuk 2:13; Zephaniah 2:10; Isaiah 1:9; Isaiah 2:12; Isaiah 5:7,9,16,24 35t. Isaiah 6-39; Isa2, only Isaiah 44:6; Isaiah 45:13; Jeremiah 6:6,9; Jeremiah 8:3; Jeremiah 9:6; Jeremiah 9:16 26t. Jeremiah; Haggai 1:2,5 12t. Haggai; Zechariah 1:3 (3 t. in verse); Zechariah 1:4 40t. Zechariah 1-8; Zechariah 9:15 8t. Zechariah 10-14; Malachi 1:4,6,8 21t. Malachi; ׳צ ׳האדון י Isaiah 1:24 4t. Isaiah (including Isaiah 10:16 Baer Gi > van d. H. אֲדֹנָי for ׳י); ׳צ ׳אֲדֹנָי י Isaiah 3:15 + (on these phrase see אָדוֺן 1, 6); ׳אלהים צ (׳א later Qr for original ׳י) Psalm 80:8; Psalm 80:15; ׳אלהים צ ׳י (earlier ׳י + later [inserted] ׳א) Psalm 80:5; Psalm 80:20; Psalm 84:9. — compare DrHastings DB (1900), LORD OF HOSTS and references, LöhrAmos (Beiheftezur ZAW iv (1900), 38-67).

צְבָאוֺת, צִבְאוֺת, צְבָאִים see further I, II. צְבִי.

צְבֹאִים see צְבֹיִים.

I. צבב (√ of following; compare Assyrian ƒumbu (=*ƒubbu), cart; ᵑ7 צִיבָּא low, covered wagon).

Strong's Exhaustive Concordance
appointed time, army, battle, company, host, service, soldiers, waiting upon,

Or (feminine) tsbadah {tseb-aw-aw'}; from tsaba'; a mass of persons (or figuratively, things), especially reg. Organized for war (an army); by implication, a campaign, literally or figuratively (specifically, hardship, worship) -- appointed time, (+) army, (+) battle, company, host, service, soldiers, waiting upon, war(-fare).

see HEBREW tsaba'

Forms and Transliterations
בְּצִבְאֹתֵֽינוּ׃ בְּצִבְאוֹתֵֽינוּ׃ בַּצָּבָ֑א בַּצָּבָ֔א בַּצָּבָֽא׃ בַּצָּבָא֙ בצבא בצבא׃ בצבאותינו׃ בצבאתינו׃ הַצְּבָא֑וֹת הַצְּבָא֖וֹת הַצְּבָא֗וֹת הַצְּבָאֽוֹת׃ הַצָּבָ֑א הַצָּבָ֔א הַצָּבָ֖א הַצָּבָ֗א הַצָּבָ֜א הַצָּבָ֤א הַצָּבָ֥א הַצָּבָֽא׃ הַצָּבָא֙ הצבא הצבא׃ הצבאות הצבאות׃ וְצָבָ֖א וְצָבָ֛א וְצָבָ֣א וּצְבָ֥א וּצְבָא֖וֹ וצבא וצבאו לְצִבְאֹתָ֑ם לְצִבְאֹתָ֔ם לְצִבְאֹתָ֖ם לְצִבְאֹתָֽם׃ לִֽצְבָאֲךָ֖ לִצְבָ֣א לַצָּבָ֑א לַצָּבָ֔א לַצָּבָֽא׃ לצבא לצבא׃ לצבאך לצבאתם לצבאתם׃ מִצְּבָ֣א מִצְּבָ֥א מצבא צְ֭בָאוֹת צְבָ֔א צְבָ֖א צְבָ֖אֹות צְבָ֣א צְבָ֤א צְבָ֥א צְבָ֨א צְבָ֫א֥וֹת צְבָֽא־ צְבָא֑וֹ צְבָא֑וֹת צְבָא֔וֹ צְבָא֔וֹת צְבָא֖וֹת צְבָא֗וֹת צְבָא֛וֹ צְבָא֛וֹת צְבָא֜וֹת צְבָא֡וֹת צְבָא֣וֹת צְבָא֤וֹת צְבָאֲךָ֖ צְבָאִ֣י צְבָאָ֑יו צְבָאָ֑ם צְבָאָ֔הּ צְבָאָ֖ם צְבָאָ֗ם צְבָאָ֣ם צְבָאָֽהּ׃ צְבָאָֽיו׃ צְבָאָֽם׃ צְבָאֽוֹ׃ צְבָאֽוֹת׃ צְבָאוֹ֙ צְבָאוֹת֒ צְבָאוֹת֙ צְבָאוֹת֩ צְבָאוֹת֮ צִבְא֣וֹת צִבְא֥וֹת צִבְאֹתַ֜י צִבְאֹתָֽם׃ צִבְאוֹתֵיכֶ֖ם צָבָ֔א צָבָ֖א צָבָ֗א צָבָ֛א צָבָ֜א צָבָ֞א צָבָ֣א צָבָ֥א צָבָ֧א צָבָֽא׃ צָבָא֙ צבא צבא־ צבא׃ צבאה צבאה׃ צבאו צבאו׃ צבאות צבאות׃ צבאותיכם צבאי צבאיו צבאיו׃ צבאך צבאם צבאם׃ צבאתי צבאתם׃ baṣ·ṣā·ḇā baṣṣāḇā batztzaVa bə·ṣiḇ·’ō·ṯê·nū bə·ṣiḇ·’ō·w·ṯê·nū bəṣiḇ’ōṯênū bəṣiḇ’ōwṯênū betzivoTeinu haṣ·ṣā·ḇā haṣ·ṣə·ḇā·’ō·wṯ haṣṣāḇā haṣṣəḇā’ōwṯ hatztzaVa hatztzevaot laṣ·ṣā·ḇā laṣṣāḇā latztzaVa lə·ṣiḇ·’ō·ṯām ləṣiḇ’ōṯām letzivoTam liṣ·ḇā liṣ·ḇā·’ă·ḵā liṣḇā liṣḇā’ăḵā litzVa litzvaaCha miṣ·ṣə·ḇā miṣṣəḇā mitztzeVa ṣā·ḇā ṣāḇā ṣə·ḇā ṣə·ḇā- ṣə·ḇā·’ă·ḵā ṣə·ḇā·’āh ṣə·ḇā·’ām ṣə·ḇā·’āw ṣə·ḇā·’î ṣə·ḇā·’ō·wṯ ṣə·ḇā·’ōw ṣəḇā ṣəḇā- ṣəḇā’āh ṣəḇā’ăḵā ṣəḇā’ām ṣəḇā’āw ṣəḇā’î ṣəḇā’ōw ṣəḇā’ōwṯ ṣiḇ’ōṯām ṣiḇ’ōṯay ṣiḇ’ōwṯ ṣiḇ’ōwṯêḵem ṣiḇ·’ō·ṯām ṣiḇ·’ō·ṯay ṣiḇ·’ō·w·ṯê·ḵem ṣiḇ·’ō·wṯ tzaVa tzeVa tzevaaCha tzevaAh tzevaAm tzevaAv tzevaI tzevaO tzevaot tzivot tzivoTai tzivoTam tzivoteiChem ū·ṣə·ḇā ū·ṣə·ḇā·’ōw ūṣəḇā ūṣəḇā’ōw utzeVa utzevaO vetzaVa wə·ṣā·ḇā wəṣāḇā
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Strong's Hebrew 6635
486 Occurrences


baṣ·ṣā·ḇā — 4 Occ.
bə·ṣiḇ·’ō·w·ṯê·nū — 3 Occ.
haṣ·ṣā·ḇā — 33 Occ.
haṣ·ṣə·ḇā·’ō·wṯ — 5 Occ.
laṣ·ṣā·ḇā — 16 Occ.
lə·ṣiḇ·’ō·ṯām — 16 Occ.
liṣ·ḇā — 1 Occ.
liṣ·ḇā·’ă·ḵā — 1 Occ.
miṣ·ṣə·ḇā — 2 Occ.
ṣā·ḇā — 36 Occ.
ṣə·ḇā — 38 Occ.
ṣə·ḇā·’ă·ḵā — 1 Occ.
ṣə·ḇā·’āh — 2 Occ.
ṣə·ḇā·’ām — 7 Occ.
ṣə·ḇā·’āw — 2 Occ.
ṣə·ḇā·’î — 1 Occ.
ṣə·ḇā·’ōw — 11 Occ.
ṣə·ḇā·’ō·wṯ — 283 Occ.
ṣiḇ·’ō·wṯ — 3 Occ.
ṣiḇ·’ō·ṯay — 1 Occ.
ṣiḇ·’ō·ṯām — 2 Occ.
ṣiḇ·’ō·w·ṯê·ḵem — 1 Occ.
ū·ṣə·ḇā — 1 Occ.
ū·ṣə·ḇā·’ōw — 12 Occ.
wə·ṣā·ḇā — 4 Occ.

Genesis 2:1
HEB: וְהָאָ֖רֶץ וְכָל־ צְבָאָֽם׃
NAS: were completed, and all their hosts.
KJV: were finished, and all the host of them.
INT: and the earth and all their hosts

Genesis 21:22
HEB: וּפִיכֹל֙ שַׂר־ צְבָא֔וֹ אֶל־ אַבְרָהָ֖ם
NAS: the commander of his army, spoke
KJV: the chief captain of his host spake
INT: and Phicol the commander of his army to Abraham

Genesis 21:32
HEB: וּפִיכֹל֙ שַׂר־ צְבָא֔וֹ וַיָּשֻׁ֖בוּ אֶל־
NAS: the commander of his army, arose
KJV: the chief captain of his host, and they returned
INT: and Phicol the commander of his army and returned to

Genesis 26:26
HEB: וּפִיכֹ֖ל שַׂר־ צְבָאֽוֹ׃
NAS: and Phicol the commander of his army.
KJV: the chief captain of his army.
INT: and Phicol the commander of his army

Exodus 6:26
HEB: מִצְרַ֖יִם עַל־ צִבְאֹתָֽם׃
NAS: of Egypt according to their hosts.
KJV: of Egypt according to their armies.
INT: of Egypt according to their hosts

Exodus 7:4
HEB: וְהוֹצֵאתִ֨י אֶת־ צִבְאֹתַ֜י אֶת־ עַמִּ֤י
NAS: and bring out My hosts, My people
KJV: and bring forth mine armies, [and] my people
INT: Egypt and bring my hosts my people the sons

Exodus 12:17
HEB: הוֹצֵ֥אתִי אֶת־ צִבְאוֹתֵיכֶ֖ם מֵאֶ֣רֶץ מִצְרָ֑יִם
NAS: I brought your hosts out of the land
KJV: have I brought your armies out of the land
INT: this brought your hosts of the land of Egypt

Exodus 12:41
HEB: יָֽצְא֛וּ כָּל־ צִבְא֥וֹת יְהוָ֖ה מֵאֶ֥רֶץ
NAS: day, all the hosts of the LORD went
KJV: day it came to pass, that all the hosts of the LORD
INT: went all the hosts of the LORD the land

Exodus 12:51
HEB: מִצְרַ֖יִם עַל־ צִבְאֹתָֽם׃ פ
NAS: of Egypt by their hosts.
KJV: of Egypt by their armies.
INT: of Egypt by their hosts

Numbers 1:3
HEB: כָּל־ יֹצֵ֥א צָבָ֖א בְּיִשְׂרָאֵ֑ל תִּפְקְד֥וּ
NAS: [is able to] go out to war in Israel,
KJV: all that are able to go forth to war in Israel:
INT: whoever go to war Israel shall number

Numbers 1:3
HEB: תִּפְקְד֥וּ אֹתָ֛ם לְצִבְאֹתָ֖ם אַתָּ֥ה וְאַהֲרֹֽן׃
NAS: shall number them by their armies.
KJV: shall number them by their armies.
INT: Israel shall number their armies you and Aaron

Numbers 1:20
HEB: כֹּ֖ל יֹצֵ֥א צָבָֽא׃
NAS: whoever [was able to] go out to war,
KJV: all that were able to go forth to war;
INT: whoever go to war

Numbers 1:22
HEB: כֹּ֖ל יֹצֵ֥א צָבָֽא׃
NAS: whoever [was able to] go out to war,
KJV: all that were able to go forth to war;
INT: whoever go to war

Numbers 1:24
HEB: כֹּ֖ל יֹצֵ֥א צָבָֽא׃
NAS: whoever [was able to] go out to war,
KJV: all that were able to go forth to war;
INT: whoever go to war

Numbers 1:26
HEB: כֹּ֖ל יֹצֵ֥א צָבָֽא׃
NAS: whoever [was able to] go out to war,
KJV: all that were able to go forth to war;
INT: whoever go to war

Numbers 1:28
HEB: כֹּ֖ל יֹצֵ֥א צָבָֽא׃
NAS: whoever [was able to] go out to war,
KJV: all that were able to go forth to war;
INT: whoever go to war

Numbers 1:30
HEB: כֹּ֖ל יֹצֵ֥א צָבָֽא׃
NAS: whoever [was able to] go out to war,
KJV: all that were able to go forth to war;
INT: whoever go to war

Numbers 1:32
HEB: כֹּ֖ל יֹצֵ֥א צָבָֽא׃
NAS: whoever [was able to] go out to war,
KJV: all that were able to go forth to war;
INT: whoever go to war

Numbers 1:34
HEB: כֹּ֖ל יֹצֵ֥א צָבָֽא׃
NAS: whoever [was able to] go out to war,
KJV: all that were able to go forth to war;
INT: whoever go to war

Numbers 1:36
HEB: כֹּ֖ל יֹצֵ֥א צָבָֽא׃
NAS: whoever [was able to] go out to war,
KJV: all that were able to go forth to war;
INT: whoever go to war

Numbers 1:38
HEB: כֹּ֖ל יֹצֵ֥א צָבָֽא׃
NAS: whoever [was able to] go out to war,
KJV: all that were able to go forth to war;
INT: whoever go to war

Numbers 1:40
HEB: כֹּ֖ל יֹצֵ֥א צָבָֽא׃
NAS: whoever [was able to] go out to war,
KJV: all that were able to go forth to war;
INT: whoever go to war

Numbers 1:42
HEB: כֹּ֖ל יֹצֵ֥א צָבָֽא׃
NAS: whoever [was able to] go out to war,
KJV: all that were able to go forth to war;
INT: whoever go to war

Numbers 1:45
HEB: כָּל־ יֹצֵ֥א צָבָ֖א בְּיִשְׂרָאֵֽל׃
NAS: [was able to] go out to war in Israel,
KJV: all that were able to go forth to war in Israel;
INT: whoever go to war Israel

Numbers 1:52
HEB: עַל־ דִּגְל֖וֹ לְצִבְאֹתָֽם׃
NAS: by his own standard, according to their armies.
KJV: by his own standard, throughout their hosts.
INT: his own standard to their armies

486 Occurrences

6634
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