Deuteronomy 17:20
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New International Version
and not consider himself better than his fellow Israelites and turn from the law to the right or to the left. Then he and his descendants will reign a long time over his kingdom in Israel.

New Living Translation
This regular reading will prevent him from becoming proud and acting as if he is above his fellow citizens. It will also prevent him from turning away from these commands in the smallest way. And it will ensure that he and his descendants will reign for many generations in Israel.

English Standard Version
that his heart may not be lifted up above his brothers, and that he may not turn aside from the commandment, either to the right hand or to the left, so that he may continue long in his kingdom, he and his children, in Israel.

New American Standard Bible
that his heart may not be lifted up above his countrymen and that he may not turn aside from the commandment, to the right or the left, so that he and his sons may continue long in his kingdom in the midst of Israel.

King James Bible
That his heart be not lifted up above his brethren, and that he turn not aside from the commandment, to the right hand, or to the left: to the end that he may prolong his days in his kingdom, he, and his children, in the midst of Israel.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Then his heart will not be exalted above his countrymen, he will not turn from this command to the right or the left, and he and his sons will continue ruling many years over Israel."

International Standard Version
He is not to exalt himself over his relatives, nor turn aside from the commandment—neither to the right nor to the left—so that he and his sons may reign long in Israel."

NET Bible
Then he will not exalt himself above his fellow citizens or turn from the commandments to the right or left, and he and his descendants will enjoy many years ruling over his kingdom in Israel.

New Heart English Bible
that his heart not be lifted up above his brothers, and that he not turn aside from the commandment, to the right hand, or to the left: to the end that he may prolong his days in his kingdom, he and his children, in the midst of Israel.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Then he won't think he's better than the rest of his people, and he won't disobey these commands in any way. So he and his sons will rule for a long time in Israel.

JPS Tanakh 1917
that his heart be not lifted up above his brethren, and that he turn not aside from the commandment, to the right hand, or to the left; to the end that he may prolong his days in his kingdom, he and his children, in the midst of Israel.

New American Standard 1977
that his heart may not be lifted up above his countrymen and that he may not turn aside from the commandment, to the right or the left; in order that he and his sons may continue long in his kingdom in the midst of Israel.

Jubilee Bible 2000
that his heart be not lifted up above his brethren and that he turn not aside from the commandment, to the right hand or to the left, to the end that he may prolong his days in his kingdom, he and his sons, in the midst of Israel.

King James 2000 Bible
That his heart be not lifted up above his brethren, and that he turn not aside from the commandment, to the right hand, or to the left: to the end that he may prolong his days in his kingdom, he, and his children, in the midst of Israel.

American King James Version
That his heart be not lifted up above his brothers, and that he turn not aside from the commandment, to the right hand, or to the left: to the end that he may prolong his days in his kingdom, he, and his children, in the middle of Israel.

American Standard Version
that his heart be not lifted up above his brethren, and that he turn not aside from the commandment, to the right hand, or to the left: to the end that he may prolong his days in his kingdom, he and his children, in the midst of Israel.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And that his heart be not lifted up with pride over his brethren, nor decline to the right or to the left, that he and his sons may reign a long time over Israel.

Darby Bible Translation
that his heart be not lifted up above his brethren, and that he turn not aside from the commandment, to the right hand, or to the left; that he may prolong his days in his kingdom, he, and his sons, in the midst of Israel.

English Revised Version
that his heart be not lifted up above his brethren, and that he turn not aside from the commandment, to the right hand, or to the left: to the end that he may prolong his days in his kingdom, he and his children, in the midst of Israel.

Webster's Bible Translation
That his heart may not be lifted above his brethren, and that he may not turn aside from the commandment to the right hand or to the left: to the end that he may prolong his days in his kingdom, he, and his children, in the midst of Israel.

World English Bible
that his heart not be lifted up above his brothers, and that he not turn aside from the commandment, to the right hand, or to the left: to the end that he may prolong his days in his kingdom, he and his children, in the midst of Israel.

Young's Literal Translation
so that his heart is not high above his brethren, and so as not to turn aside from the command, right or left, so that he prolongeth days over his kingdom, he and his sons, in the midst of Israel.
Study Bible
Election and Duties of Kings
19"It shall be with him and he shall read it all the days of his life, that he may learn to fear the LORD his God, by carefully observing all the words of this law and these statutes, 20that his heart may not be lifted up above his countrymen and that he may not turn aside from the commandment, to the right or the left, so that he and his sons may continue long in his kingdom in the midst of Israel.
Cross References
Deuteronomy 5:32
"So you shall observe to do just as the LORD your God has commanded you; you shall not turn aside to the right or to the left.

1 Kings 15:5
because David did what was right in the sight of the LORD, and had not turned aside from anything that He commanded him all the days of his life, except in the case of Uriah the Hittite.

Psalm 119:102
I have not turned aside from Your ordinances, For You Yourself have taught me.
Treasury of Scripture

That his heart be not lifted up above his brothers, and that he turn not aside from the commandment, to the right hand, or to the left: to the end that he may prolong his days in his kingdom, he, and his children, in the middle of Israel.

his heart

Deuteronomy 8:2,13,14 And you shall remember all the way which the LORD your God led you …

2 Kings 14:10 You have indeed smitten Edom, and your heart has lifted you up: glory …

2 Chronicles 25:19 You say, See, you have smitten the Edomites; and your heart lifts …

2 Chronicles 26:16 But when he was strong, his heart was lifted up to his destruction: …

2 Chronicles 32:25,26 But Hezekiah rendered not again according to the benefit done to …

2 Chronicles 33:12,19 And when he was in affliction, he sought the LORD his God, and humbled …

2 Chronicles 34:27 Because your heart was tender, and you did humble yourself before …

Psalm 131:1,2 Lord, my heart is not haughty, nor my eyes lofty: neither do I exercise …

Isaiah 2:12 For the day of the LORD of hosts shall be on every one that is proud …

Daniel 5:20-23 But when his heart was lifted up, and his mind hardened in pride, …

Habakkuk 2:4 Behold, his soul which is lifted up is not upright in him: but the …

2 Corinthians 12:7 And lest I should be exalted above measure through the abundance …

1 Peter 5:5 Likewise, you younger, submit yourselves to the elder. Yes, all of …

he turn

Deuteronomy 4:2 You shall not add to the word which I command you, neither shall …

Deuteronomy 5:32 You shall observe to do therefore as the LORD your God has commanded …

Deuteronomy 12:25,28,32 You shall not eat it; that it may go well with you, and with your …

1 Kings 15:5 Because David did that which was right in the eyes of the LORD…

right hand

Deuteronomy 17:11 According to the sentence of the law which they shall teach you, …

1 Samuel 13:13,14 And Samuel said to Saul, You have done foolishly: you have not kept …

1 Samuel 15:23 For rebellion is as the sin of witchcraft, and stubbornness is as …

1 Kings 11:12,13,34,36 Notwithstanding in your days I will not do it for David your father's …

2 Kings 10:30 And the LORD said to Jehu, Because you have done well in executing …

Psalm 19:11 Moreover by them is your servant warned: and in keeping of them there …

Psalm 132:12 If your children will keep my covenant and my testimony that I shall …

Proverbs 27:24 For riches are not for ever: and does the crown endure to every generation?

Ecclesiastes 8:13 But it shall not be well with the wicked, neither shall he prolong …

that he

Proverbs 10:27 The fear of the LORD prolongs days: but the years of the wicked shall …

(20) To the end that he may prolong his days in his kingdom, he, and his children.--Shows that the kingdom in Israel would be hereditary only so far as Jehovah willed it to be so. Again we may say that the striking fact that no dynasty except that of David ever continued for more than five generations, and only two dynasties for more than two generations, while David's dynasty was perpetual by promise, could hardly have escaped notice, if known to the writer of this book.

Verse 20. - That his heart be not lifted up above his brethren. "Not imagining himself to be above all laws, nor slighting his subjects, as unworthy of his notice, but taking a due care to promote their happiness" (Patrick). He, and his children; properly, his sons (בָנָיו). The legislator anticipated not an elective monarchy, but one hereditary in the same family (cf. Michaelis, 'Laws of Moses,' pt. 1. § 54).



That his heart be not lifted up above his brethren,.... On account of his office, the dignity of it, considering that he was subject to the law of God, and accountable to the Lord for all his actions:

and that he turn not aside from the commandment, to the right hand or to the left; not in the least deviate from the law of God in the whole of his conduct, and particularly in the exercise of his kingly office:

to the end that he may prolong his days in his kingdom; ruling well according to the laws of God being the way to rule long:

he and his children in the midst of Israel; this shows, as Jarchi observes, that if his son was fit for the kingdom, he was to be preferred to any other man; for though it was elective, yet to be continued in the same family, provided they walked in the ways of the Lord, and observed his laws. 20. that he may prolong his days in his kingdom, he and his children—From this it appears that the crown in Israel was to be hereditary, unless forfeited by personal crime. 17:14-20 God himself was in a particular manner Israel's King; and if they set another over them, it was necessary that he should choose the person. Accordingly, when the people desired a king, they applied to Samuel, a prophet of the Lord. In all cases, God's choice, if we can but know it, should direct, determine, and overrule ours. Laws are given for the prince that should be elected. He must carefully avoid every thing that would turn him from God and religion. Riches, honours, and pleasures, are three great hinderances of godliness, (the lusts of the flesh, the lusts of the eye, and the pride of life,) especially to those in high stations; against these the king is here warned. The king must carefully study the law of God, and make that his rule; and having a copy of the Scriptures of his own writing, must read therein all the days of his life. It is not enough to have Bibles, but we must use them, use them daily, as long as we live. Christ's scholars never learn above their Bibles, but will have constant occasion for them, till they come to that world where knowledge and love will be made perfect. The king's writing and reading were as nothing, if he did not practise what he wrote and read. And those who fear God and keep his commandments, will fare the better for it even in this world.
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