Deuteronomy 22:1
Verse (Click for Chapter)
New International Version
If you see your fellow Israelite's ox or sheep straying, do not ignore it but be sure to take it back to its owner.

New Living Translation
"If you see your neighbor's ox or sheep or goat wandering away, don't ignore your responsibility. Take it back to its owner.

English Standard Version
“You shall not see your brother’s ox or his sheep going astray and ignore them. You shall take them back to your brother.

New American Standard Bible
"You shall not see your countryman's ox or his sheep straying away, and pay no attention to them; you shall certainly bring them back to your countryman.

King James Bible
Thou shalt not see thy brother's ox or his sheep go astray, and hide thyself from them: thou shalt in any case bring them again unto thy brother.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
If you see your brother's ox or sheep straying, you must not ignore it; make sure you return it to your brother.

International Standard Version
"When you see the ox or sheep of your fellow countryman straying, don't go away and leave them. Instead, be sure to return them to him.

NET Bible
When you see your neighbor's ox or sheep going astray, do not ignore it; you must return it without fail to your neighbor.

New Heart English Bible
You shall not see your brother's ox or his sheep go astray, and hide yourself from them: you shall surely bring them again to your brother.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
If you see another Israelite's ox or sheep out where it doesn't belong, don't pretend that you don't see it. Make sure you take it back.

JPS Tanakh 1917
Thou shalt not see thy brother's ox or his sheep driven away, and hide thyself from them; thou shalt surely bring them back unto thy brother.

New American Standard 1977
“You shall not see your countryman’s ox or his sheep straying away, and pay no attention to them; you shall certainly bring them back to your countryman.

Jubilee Bible 2000
Thou shalt not see thy brother's ox or his sheep go astray and hide thyself from them; thou shalt in any case bring them again unto thy brother.

King James 2000 Bible
You shall not see your brother's ox or his sheep go astray, and withhold your help from them: you shall certainly bring them again unto your brother.

American King James Version
You shall not see your brother's ox or his sheep go astray, and hide yourself from them: you shall in any case bring them again to your brother.

American Standard Version
Thou shalt not see thy brother's ox or his sheep go astray, and hide thyself from them: thou shalt surely bring them again unto thy brother.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Thou shalt not pass by if thou seest thy brother's ox, or his sheep go astray: but thou shalt bring them back to thy brother.

Darby Bible Translation
Thou shalt not see thy brother's ox or his sheep go astray, and hide thyself from them: thou shalt in any case bring them back unto thy brother.

English Revised Version
Thou shalt not see thy brother's ox or his sheep go astray, and hide thyself from them: thou shalt surely bring them again unto thy brother.

Webster's Bible Translation
Thou shalt not see thy brother's ox or his sheep go astray, and hide thyself from them: thou shalt in any case bring them again to thy brother.

World English Bible
You shall not see your brother's ox or his sheep go astray, and hide yourself from them: you shall surely bring them again to your brother.

Young's Literal Translation
'Thou dost not see the ox of thy brother or his sheep driven away, and hast hidden thyself from them, thou dost certainly turn them back to thy brother;
Study Bible
Various Laws
1"You shall not see your countryman's ox or his sheep straying away, and pay no attention to them; you shall certainly bring them back to your countryman. 2"If your countryman is not near you, or if you do not know him, then you shall bring it home to your house, and it shall remain with you until your countryman looks for it; then you shall restore it to him.…
Cross References
1 Corinthians 9:9
For it is written in the Law of Moses: "Do not muzzle an ox while it is treading out the grain." Is it about oxen that God is concerned?

Exodus 23:4
"If you meet your enemy's ox or his donkey wandering away, you shall surely return it to him.

Exodus 23:5
"If you see the donkey of one who hates you lying helpless under its load, you shall refrain from leaving it to him, you shall surely release it with him.

Leviticus 6:3
or has found what was lost and lied about it and sworn falsely, so that he sins in regard to any one of the things a man may do;

Deuteronomy 22:2
"If your countryman is not near you, or if you do not know him, then you shall bring it home to your house, and it shall remain with you until your countryman looks for it; then you shall restore it to him.

Proverbs 27:10
Do not forsake your own friend or your father's friend, And do not go to your brother's house in the day of your calamity; Better is a neighbor who is near than a brother far away.

Isaiah 58:7
"Is it not to divide your bread with the hungry And bring the homeless poor into the house; When you see the naked, to cover him; And not to hide yourself from your own flesh?

Zechariah 7:9
"Thus has the LORD of hosts said, 'Dispense true justice and practice kindness and compassion each to his brother;
Treasury of Scripture

You shall not see your brother's ox or his sheep go astray, and hide yourself from them: you shall in any case bring them again to your brother.

Thou shalt

Exodus 23:4 If you meet your enemy's ox or his donkey going astray, you shall …

Ezekiel 34:4,16 The diseased have you not strengthened, neither have you healed that …

Matthew 10:6 But go rather to the lost sheep of the house of Israel.

Matthew 15:24 But he answered and said, I am not sent but to the lost sheep of …

Matthew 18:12,13 How think you? if a man have an hundred sheep, and one of them be …

Luke 15:4-6 What man of you, having an hundred sheep, if he lose one of them, …

James 5:19,20 Brothers, if any of you do err from the truth, and one convert him…

1 Peter 2:25 For you were as sheep going astray; but are now returned to the Shepherd …

hide thyself

Deuteronomy 22:3,4 In like manner shall you do with his donkey; and so shall you do …

Leviticus 20:4 And if the people of the land do any ways hide their eyes from the …

Proverbs 24:11 If you forbear to deliver them that are drawn to death, and those …

Proverbs 28:27 He that gives to the poor shall not lack: but he that hides his eyes …

Isaiah 8:17 And I will wait on the LORD, that hides his face from the house of …

Isaiah 58:7 Is it not to deal your bread to the hungry, and that you bring the …

Luke 10:31,32 And by chance there came down a certain priest that way: and when …

XXII.

Deuteronomy 22:1-4. LOST PROPERTY.

(1) Go astray.--Literally, being driven away, as by wild beasts (Jeremiah 1:17), or by robbers. It is not simply straying. "I will seek that which was lost and bring again that which was driven away" (Ezekiel 34:16), and so in many other passages.

Thou shalt not . . . hide thyself from them.--Comp. Proverbs 24:12. "If thou sayest, Behold we knew it not . . . doth not He know it?" And Isaiah 58:7, "that thou hide not thyself from thine own flesh."

(3) In like manner . . . with all lost thing of thy brother's.--This is only a particular case of the second great commandment. "Thou shalt love thy neighbour as thyself."

(4) Thou shalt not see thy brother's ass or his ox fall down . . . and hide thyself.--In Exodus 23:4-5, this is put even more strongly. "If thou meet thine enemy's ox or his ass going astray, thou shalt surely bring it back to him again. If thou see the ass of him that hateth thee lying under his burden . . . thou shalt surely help with him."

Verse 1. - Go astray; wandering at large. The Hebrew verb means primarily to seduce, draw aside, or entice (cf. Deuteronomy 13:6); and in the passive conveys the idea of wandering through being drawn away by some enticement. Hide thyself from them; i.e. withdraw thyself from them, avoid noticing them or having to do with them. In any case; certainly, without fail. Thou shall not see thy brother's ox or his sheep go astray,.... Or "driven away" (r); frightened and starved away from the herd or from the flock by a wolf or dog; and the ox and sheep are put for every other creature a man has, as camels, asses, &c. which last sort is after mentioned; and a brother means not one in the natural relation of kindred only, for it is supposed, in the next verse, that he might not only be at a distance, but unknown; nor by religion only, or one of the commonwealth or church of the Jews, for what is enjoined is a piece of humanity the law of nature requires and directs unto, and is even to be done to enemies, Exodus 23:4 and hide thyself from them; make as if he did not see them, and so be entirely negligent of them, and takes no care and show no concern about them, but let them go on wandering from the herd and flock from whence they were driven, and to which they cannot find the way of themselves:

thou shalt in any case bring them again to thy brother: to his herd or flock, or to his house, and deliver them into his own hands, or to the care of his servants.

(r) "expulsos", Montanus; "impulsos", Munster; "depulsos", Piscator. CHAPTER 22

De 22:1-4. Of Humanity toward Brethren.

1. Thou shalt not see thy brother's ox or his sheep go astray, and hide thyself from them, etc.—"Brother" is a term of extensive application, comprehending persons of every description; not a relative, neighbor, or fellow countryman only, but any human being, known or unknown, a foreigner, and even an enemy (Ex 23:4). The duty inculcated is an act of common justice and charity, which, while it was taught by the law of nature, was more clearly and forcibly enjoined in the law delivered by God to His people. Indifference or dissimulation in the circumstances supposed would not only be cruelty to the dumb animals, but a violation of the common rights of humanity; and therefore the dictates of natural feeling, and still more the authority of the divine law, enjoined that the lost or missing property of another should be taken care of by the finder, till a proper opportunity occurred of restoring it to the owner.22:1-4 If we duly regard the golden rule of doing to others as we would they should do unto us, many particular precepts might be omitted. We can have no property in any thing that we find. Religion teaches us to be neighbourly, and to be ready to do all good offices to all men. We know not how soon we may have occasion for help.
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