Deuteronomy 19:1
Verse (Click for Chapter)
New International Version
When the LORD your God has destroyed the nations whose land he is giving you, and when you have driven them out and settled in their towns and houses,

New Living Translation
"When the LORD your God destroys the nations whose land he is giving you, you will take over their land and settle in their towns and homes.

English Standard Version
“When the LORD your God cuts off the nations whose land the LORD your God is giving you, and you dispossess them and dwell in their cities and in their houses,

New American Standard Bible
"When the LORD your God cuts off the nations, whose land the LORD your God gives you, and you dispossess them and settle in their cities and in their houses,

King James Bible
When the LORD thy God hath cut off the nations, whose land the LORD thy God giveth thee, and thou succeedest them, and dwellest in their cities, and in their houses;

Holman Christian Standard Bible
When the LORD your God annihilates the nations whose land He is giving you, so that you drive them out and live in their cities and houses,

International Standard Version
"When the LORD your God destroys those nations whose lands he is about to give you, you must dispossess them and live in their cities and houses.

NET Bible
When the LORD your God destroys the nations whose land he is about to give you and you dispossess them and settle in their cities and houses,

New Heart English Bible
When the LORD your God shall cut off the nations, whose land the LORD your God gives you, and you succeed them, and dwell in their cities, and in their houses;

GOD'S WORD® Translation
The LORD your God will destroy all the nations that are living in the land that he's giving you. You will force them out and live in their cities and houses.

JPS Tanakh 1917
When the LORD thy God shall cut off the nations, whose land the LORD thy God giveth thee, and thou dost succeed them, and dwell in their cities, and in their houses;

New American Standard 1977
“When the LORD your God cuts off the nations, whose land the LORD your God gives you, and you dispossess them and settle in their cities and in their houses,

Jubilee Bible 2000
When the LORD thy God has cut off the Gentiles whose land the LORD thy God gives thee, and thou hast inherited them and dost dwell in their cities and in their houses,

King James 2000 Bible
When the LORD your God has cut off the nations, whose land the LORD your God gives you, and you dispossess them, and dwell in their cities, and in their houses;

American King James Version
When the LORD your God has cut off the nations, whose land the LORD your God gives you, and you succeed them, and dwell in their cities, and in their houses;

American Standard Version
When Jehovah thy God shall cut off the nations, whose land Jehovah thy God giveth thee, and thou succeedest them, and dwellest in their cities, and in their houses;

Douay-Rheims Bible
When the Lord thy God hath destroyed the nations, whose land he will deliver to thee, and thou shalt possess it, and shalt dwell in the cities and houses thereof :

Darby Bible Translation
When Jehovah thy God hath cut off the nations whose land Jehovah thy God giveth thee, and thou hast dispossessed them, and dwellest in their cities and in their houses,

English Revised Version
When the LORD thy God shall cut off the nations, whose land the LORD thy God giveth thee, and thou succeedest them, and dwellest in their cities, and in their houses;

Webster's Bible Translation
When the LORD thy God hath cut off the nations, whose land the LORD thy God giveth thee, and thou succeedest them, and dwellest in their cities, and in their houses;

World English Bible
When Yahweh your God shall cut off the nations, whose land Yahweh your God gives you, and you succeed them, and dwell in their cities, and in their houses;

Young's Literal Translation
'When Jehovah thy God doth cut off the nations, whose land Jehovah thy God is giving to thee, and thou hast succeeded them, and dwelt in their cities, and in their houses,
Study Bible
Cities of Refuge
1"When the LORD your God cuts off the nations, whose land the LORD your God gives you, and you dispossess them and settle in their cities and in their houses, 2you shall set aside three cities for yourself in the midst of your land, which the LORD your God gives you to possess.…
Cross References
Exodus 21:13
"But if he did not lie in wait for him, but God let him fall into his hand, then I will appoint you a place to which he may flee.

Numbers 35:11
then you shall select for yourselves cities to be your cities of refuge, that the manslayer who has killed any person unintentionally may flee there.

Deuteronomy 6:10
"Then it shall come about when the LORD your God brings you into the land which He swore to your fathers, Abraham, Isaac and Jacob, to give you, great and splendid cities which you did not build,

Deuteronomy 6:11
and houses full of all good things which you did not fill, and hewn cisterns which you did not dig, vineyards and olive trees which you did not plant, and you eat and are satisfied,
Treasury of Scripture

When the LORD your God has cut off the nations, whose land the LORD your God gives you, and you succeed them, and dwell in their cities, and in their houses;

hath cut

Deuteronomy 6:10 And it shall be, when the LORD your God shall have brought you into …

Deuteronomy 7:1,2 When the LORD your God shall bring you into the land where you go …

Deuteronomy 12:1,29 These are the statutes and judgments, which you shall observe to …

Deuteronomy 17:14 When you are come to the land which the LORD your God gives you, …

succeedest [heb] inheritest, or possessest

Deuteronomy 12:29 When the LORD your God shall cut off the nations from before you, …

Deuteronomy 19:1-13. THE CITIES OF REFUGE.

(See for more on this subject, Numbers 35:9, &c.; Joshua 20)

(1) When the Lord thy God hath cut off the nations.--We find that the three cities of refuge on the west of Jordan were appointed by Joshua after the conquest (Joshua 20). The first three on the east of Jordan, namely, Bezer, Ramoth-Gilead, and Golan, had already been selected by Moses (Deuteronomy 4:41, &c), but Joshua assigned them to their Levitical possessors.

(3) Thou shalt prepare thee a way.--Upon this phrase Rashi remarks (from the Talmud) that "Miklot! Miklot ('Refuge! Refuge!') was written up at the parting of the ways."

Divide the coasts of thy land . . . into three parts.--So that no part of the country might be too far from any of the cities of refuge.

(5) As when a man goeth into the wood.--An obvious instance.

(6) The avenger of the blood.--Literally, the redeemer of the blood. The Hebrew, gool stands for all the three words, "redeemer," "avenger," "kinsman."

(8, 9) if the Lord thy God enlarge thy coast . . . thou shalt add three cities--i.e., thou shalt add three to the six, making nine in all. There is no trace of this ever having been done in the history of Israel. The comments of Jewish writers show that nothing is known of the fact in their literature. Some of them point out that only seven nations were assigned to thehost of Joshua, and that the land occupied by these seven could not have needed more than the six cities. They lay stress upon the words "If He give thee all the land which He promised to give thy fathers" (not merely the seven nations promised to thee). They refer to the Kenites and the Kenizzites and the Kadmonites in particular, as three nations promised to Abraham. It would have been more to the purpose if they had referred to the Hittites. The cities of this people, as recently discovered, from Kedesh on the Orontes to Carchemish, lie to the north of the known territory of Israel. If "all the laud of the Hittites" (Joshua 1:4) had been conquered, the three additional cities might have been required. But though this land seems to have been tributary to Solomon, it was not so occupied by Israel as to necessitate the appointment of three additional cities of refuge. And Solomon's empire lasted only for his own reign. But without going back to these details, they also take the promise as prophetical; holding that when the Lord has "circumcised their heart" (Deuteronomy 30:6), "to love the Lord," and given them "one heart and one way to fear Him for ever, and shall make an everlasting covenant with them, and put His fear in their hearts ( Jeremiah 32:39-40) that they shall not depart from Him," then the promises will be fulfilled. All the land will be given to them, and they will need these other cities. One writer adds, "Blessed is he that waiteth, and shall attain to it," from Daniel 12:12. Thus the Jews take the passage as prophetic of their ultimate restoration. Evidently it is no addition of later times, but the genuine language of Moses. What later writer would have thought of adding it?

(10) That innocent blood be not shed--i.e., the blood of the manslayer who can find no refuge, and yet is no murderer.

(11) But if any man hate his neighbour, and lie in wait for him.--Rashi's comment upon this is in the spirit of St. John: "By way of hatred he comes to lying in wait: and hence it has been said, when a man has transgressed a light commandment, that he will end by transgressing a greater. Therefore when he has broken the commandment, Thou shalt not hate, he will end by coming to bloodshed." What is this but "He that hateth his brother is a murderer"?

(12) Deliver him into the hand of the avenger of blood.--There is as yet no idea of a public trial and execution, which belongs to a more advanced stage of civilisation than this.

(13) Shalt put away.--Literally, consume, or, as it were, burn out.

Verses 1-13. - Moses had before this enunciated the law concerning cities of refuge for manslayers, and had already pointed out the cities on the east of the Jordan that were to be set apart for this (Numbers 35:11, etc.; Deuteronomy 4:41, etc.), he here repeats the law with special reference to the appointment of such cities "in the midst of the land," on the west of the Jordan, in Canaan itself; and he supplements the instructions formerly given with directions as to the maintenance of roads to the cities of refuge, and as to the division of the land, so that there should be a city of refuge in every third of the land. When the Lord thy God hath cut off the nations whose land the Lord thy God giveth thee,.... The seven nations of the land of Canaan, whose destruction was of the Lord for their sins, and whose land was a gift of him that had a right to dispose of it to the children of Israel; see Deuteronomy 12:29.

and thou succeedest them, and dwellest in their cities, and in their houses; should possess their land in their stead, by virtue of the gift of it to them by the Lord, and inhabit their cities and houses built by them. CHAPTER 19

De 19:1-13. Of the Cities of Refuge.19:1-13 Here is the law settled between the blood of the murdered, and the blood of the murderer; provision is made, that the cities of refuge should be a protection, so that a man should not die for that as a crime, which was not his willing act. In Christ, the Lord our Righteousness, refuge is provided for those who by faith flee unto him. But there is no refuge in Jesus Christ for presumptuous sinners, who go on still in their trespasses. Those who flee to Christ from their sins, shall be safe in him, but not those who expect to be sheltered by him in their sins.
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