Deuteronomy 18:4
Parallel Verses
New International Version
You are to give them the firstfruits of your grain, new wine and olive oil, and the first wool from the shearing of your sheep,

New Living Translation
You must also give to the priests the first share of the grain, the new wine, the olive oil, and the wool at shearing time.

English Standard Version
The firstfruits of your grain, of your wine and of your oil, and the first fleece of your sheep, you shall give him.

New American Standard Bible
"You shall give him the first fruits of your grain, your new wine, and your oil, and the first shearing of your sheep.

King James Bible
The firstfruit also of thy corn, of thy wine, and of thine oil, and the first of the fleece of thy sheep, shalt thou give him.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
You are to give him the firstfruits of your grain, new wine, and oil, and the first sheared wool of your flock.

International Standard Version
Give them the first gatherings of your grain, wine, oil, and wool from the shearing of your flock.

NET Bible
You must give them the best of your grain, new wine, and olive oil, as well as the best of your wool when you shear your flocks.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Also, give them the first produce harvested: grain, new wine, olive oil, and the first wool you shear from your sheep.

Jubilee Bible 2000
The firstfruits also of thy grain, of thy wine, and of thine oil, and the firstfruits of the fleece of thy sheep, shalt thou give him;

King James 2000 Bible
The firstfruit also of your grain, of your wine, and of your oil, and the first of the fleece of your sheep, shall you give him.

American King James Version
The first fruit also of your corn, of your wine, and of your oil, and the first of the fleece of your sheep, shall you give him.

American Standard Version
The first-fruits of thy grain, of thy new wine, and of thine oil, and the first of the fleece of thy sheep, shalt thou give him.

Douay-Rheims Bible
The firstfruits also of corn, of wine, and of oil, and a part of the wool from the shearing of their sheep.

Darby Bible Translation
The firstfruits [also] of thy corn, of thy new wine, and of thine oil, and the firstfruits of the shearing of thy sheep, shalt thou give him;

English Revised Version
The firstfruits of thy corn, of thy wine, and of thine oil, and the first of the fleece of thy sheep, shalt thou give him.

Webster's Bible Translation
The first-fruit also of thy corn, of thy wine, and of thy oil, and the first of the fleece of thy sheep, shalt thou give him.

World English Bible
The first fruits of your grain, of your new wine, and of your oil, and the first of the fleece of your sheep, you shall give him.

Young's Literal Translation
the first of thy corn, of thy new wine, and of thine oil, and the first of the fleece of thy flock, thou dost give to him;
Parallel Commentaries
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary

18:1-8 Care is taken that the priests entangle not themselves with the affairs of this life, nor enrich themselves with the wealth of this world; they have better things to mind. Care is likewise taken that they want not the comforts and conveniences of this life. The people must provide for them. He that has the benefit of solemn religious assemblies, ought to give help for the comfortable support of those that minister in such assemblies.

Pulpit Commentary

Verse 4. - In addition to the firstfruits already prescribed by the Law to be given to the priests (Numbers 18:12, 13), Moses here enacts that the first fleece of the sheep shall be given. All these, though legally prescribed, were free gifts on the part of the people; the neglect of the prescription incurred only moral blame, not judicial penalty.

Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

The firstfruit also of thy corn, and of thy wine, and of thy oil,.... This is the "terumah", or heave offering, the offering of the firstfruits; what the measure or quantity was is not declared, but is fixed by the Jews; See Gill on Exodus 22:29,

and the first of the fleece of thy sheep shall thou give him: concerning which in the Misnah (r) it is said, the first of the fleece is used in the land and without the land, of which they give the weight of five shekels in Judea, which are ten shekels in Galilee; and they give white wool, and not defiled, enough to make of it a little garment. He that buys a fleece of the sheep of a Gentile, he is free from the first of the fleece; but if he buys it of his neighbour, if he leaves any of it, the seller is bound, if none the buyer is bound; if there are two sorts, russet and white, and he sells the russet but not the white, the males but not the females, everyone gives for himself. It may be observed in this account, that as much wool was to be given as would make a small garment; enough, says one of the commentators (s), to make a little garment to minister in; and the least garment fit for a priest to minister in is a girdle. Jarchi's paraphrase of it is,"when thou shearest thy flock every year, give the first of it to the priest; it does not determine the quantity, but our Rabbins fix it to the sixtieth part;''with which agrees the observation of another writer (t), that there is no quantity fixed for the first of the fleece from the law, but from the words of the Scribes it must not be less than the sixtieth part. There is no obligation to the first of the fleece until five sheep are shorn, and the fleece of everyone of the five must not be less than twelve shekels' weight; but if there is one fleece of them less than twelve shekels, though the five fleeces are more than sixty shekels, lo, this is free; so that, as Maimonides (u) says, the first of the fleece is not less than the weight of a shekel.

(r) Cholin, c. 11. sect. 1, 2.((s) Bartenora in ib. (t) Ibid. (u) In Misn. ib.



Deuteronomy 18:4 Additional Commentaries
Context
Provision for Priests and Levites
3"Now this shall be the priests' due from the people, from those who offer a sacrifice, either an ox or a sheep, of which they shall give to the priest the shoulder and the two cheeks and the stomach. 4"You shall give him the first fruits of your grain, your new wine, and your oil, and the first shearing of your sheep. 5"For the LORD your God has chosen him and his sons from all your tribes, to stand and serve in the name of the LORD forever.…
Cross References
Romans 8:23
Not only so, but we ourselves, who have the firstfruits of the Spirit, groan inwardly as we wait eagerly for our adoption to sonship, the redemption of our bodies.

Numbers 18:12
"I give you all the finest olive oil and all the finest new wine and grain they give the LORD as the firstfruits of their harvest.
Treasury of Scripture

The first fruit also of your corn, of your wine, and of your oil, and the first of the fleece of your sheep, shall you give him.

first-fruit

Deuteronomy 26:9,10 And he has brought us into this place, and has given us this land, …

Exodus 22:29 You shall not delay to offer the first of your ripe fruits, and of …

Exodus 23:19 The first of the first fruits of your land you shall bring into the …

Leviticus 23:10,17 Speak to the children of Israel, and say to them, When you be come …

Numbers 18:12-24 All the best of the oil, and all the best of the wine, and of the …

Nehemiah 12:44-47 And at that time were some appointed over the chambers for the treasures, …

the fleece

Job 21:20 His eyes shall see his destruction, and he shall drink of the wrath …

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