Deuteronomy 29:11
Verse (Click for Chapter)
New International Version
together with your children and your wives, and the foreigners living in your camps who chop your wood and carry your water.

New Living Translation
Your little ones and your wives are with you, as well as the foreigners living among you who chop your wood and carry your water.

English Standard Version
your little ones, your wives, and the sojourner who is in your camp, from the one who chops your wood to the one who draws your water,

New American Standard Bible
your little ones, your wives, and the alien who is within your camps, from the one who chops your wood to the one who draws your water,

King James Bible
Your little ones, your wives, and thy stranger that is in thy camp, from the hewer of thy wood unto the drawer of thy water:

Holman Christian Standard Bible
your children, your wives, and the foreigners in your camps who cut your wood and draw your water--

International Standard Version
along with your children, your wives, even the foreigner in your camp, including the woodchopper and the water drawer—

NET Bible
your infants, your wives, and the foreigners living in your encampment, those who chop wood and those who carry water--

New Heart English Bible
your little ones, your wives, and your foreigner who is in the midst of your camps, from the one who cuts your wood to the one who draws your water;

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Your children, your wives, and the foreigners who cut wood and carry water in your camp are also here.

JPS Tanakh 1917
your little ones, your wives, and thy stranger that is in the midst of thy camp, from the hewer of thy wood unto the drawer of thy water;

New American Standard 1977
your little ones, your wives, and the alien who is within your camps, from the one who chops your wood to the one who draws your water,

Jubilee Bible 2000
your little ones, your wives, and thy strangers that dwell within thy camp, from the hewer of thy wood unto the drawer of thy water,

King James 2000 Bible
Your little ones, your wives, and your stranger that is in your camp, from the hewer of your wood unto the drawer of your water:

American King James Version
Your little ones, your wives, and your stranger that is in your camp, from the hewer of your wood to the drawer of your water:

American Standard Version
your little ones, your wives, and thy sojourner that is in the midst of thy camps, from the hewer of thy wood unto the drawer of thy water;

Douay-Rheims Bible
11Your children and your wives, and the stranger that abideth with thee in the camp, besides the hewers of wood, and them that bring water:

Darby Bible Translation
your little ones, your wives, and thy stranger that is in thy camp, as well the hewer of thy wood as the drawer of thy water;

English Revised Version
your little ones, your wives, and thy stranger that is in the midst of thy camps, from the hewer of thy wood unto the drawer of thy water:

Webster's Bible Translation
Your little ones, your wives, and thy stranger that is in thy camp, from the hewer of thy wood to the drawer of thy water:

World English Bible
your little ones, your wives, and your foreigner who is in the midst of your camps, from the one who cuts your wood to the one who draws your water;

Young's Literal Translation
your infants, your wives, and thy sojourner who is in the midst of thy camps, from the hewer of thy wood unto the drawer of thy water --
Study Bible
The Covenant in Moab
10"You stand today, all of you, before the LORD your God: your chiefs, your tribes, your elders and your officers, even all the men of Israel, 11your little ones, your wives, and the alien who is within your camps, from the one who chops your wood to the one who draws your water, 12that you may enter into the covenant with the LORD your God, and into His oath which the LORD your God is making with you today,…
Cross References
Deuteronomy 29:10
"You stand today, all of you, before the LORD your God: your chiefs, your tribes, your elders and your officers, even all the men of Israel,

Deuteronomy 29:12
that you may enter into the covenant with the LORD your God, and into His oath which the LORD your God is making with you today,

Joshua 9:21
The leaders said to them, "Let them live." So they became hewers of wood and drawers of water for the whole congregation, just as the leaders had spoken to them.

Joshua 9:23
"Now therefore, you are cursed, and you shall never cease being slaves, both hewers of wood and drawers of water for the house of my God."

Ezekiel 16:20
"Moreover, you took your sons and daughters whom you had borne to Me and sacrificed them to idols to be devoured. Were your harlotries so small a matter?
Treasury of Scripture

Your little ones, your wives, and your stranger that is in your camp, from the hewer of your wood to the drawer of your water:

stranger

Deuteronomy 5:14 But the seventh day is the sabbath of the LORD your God: in it you …

Exodus 12:38,48,49 And a mixed multitude went up also with them; and flocks, and herds, …

Numbers 11:4 And the mixed multitude that was among them fell a lusting: and the …

the hewer

Joshua 9:21-27 And the princes said to them, Let them live; but let them be hewers …

Galatians 3:28 There is neither Jew nor Greek, there is neither bond nor free, there …

Colossians 3:11 Where there is neither Greek nor Jew, circumcision nor uncircumcision, …

(11) Your little ones.--Compare St. Peter's words on the day of Pentecost: "The promise is unto you and to your children" (Acts 2:39). The covenant with Abraham was that the Almighty would be a God to him and to his seed (Genesis 17:7), including the child of eight days old (Deuteronomy 29:12), and the slave (Deuteronomy 29:13), who were to receive the sign of His covenant in their flesh for an everlasting covenant.

From the hewer of thy wood unto the drawer of thy water.--From this Rashi infers that "there were Canaanites who became proselytes in the time of Moses, in the same way as the Gibeonites in the days of Joshua." It may have been so. And we know that there were many female captives of the Midianites who became slaves. (See Numbers 31)

Verses 11-14. - The covenant was a national engagement, and as such included not only the adults and existing generation, but the little ones, the strangers resident in Israel, the lowest menial servants, that is, all the elements of which the nation was composed, as well as their posterity in coming, generations. That thou shouldest enter into covenant. The expression in the Hebrew is a strong one, indicating not a mere formal engagement, but a going thoroughly into the covenant; the phrase is used of the sword going through the land (Leviticus 26:6), and of one going into the pit (Job 33:28). Into his oath. Covenants were confirmed by oath (Genesis 26:28; Hebrews 6:17); hence in Scripture the covenant of God is sometimes called his oath (ver. 14; 1 Chronicles 16:16; Hebrews 7:28). (On ver. 13, cf. Deuteronomy 28:9; Deuteronomy 27:9; Exodus 19:5, 6.) Your little ones, your wives,.... Who are scarce ever mentioned in any special law or solemn transaction:

and thy stranger that is in thy camp; not only the proselyte of righteousness, who embraced the Jewish religion entirely, but the proselyte of the gate, who was admitted to dwell among them, having renounced idolatry. These standing with the Israelites, when this covenant was made, has respect to the Gentiles, who as well as the Jews have an interest in the covenant of grace made with Christ; in whom there is, neither Jew nor Gentile, any difference between them:

from the hewer of thy wood to the drawer of thy water; that hewed wood for firing and other uses, and drew water for the camp; who were generally mean persons, and perhaps some that came out of Egypt with them are here intended; however, mean and abject persons are meant, and signifies that none should be excluded from a concern in this solemn affair on account of their meanness. 29:10-21 The national covenant made with Israel, not only typified the covenant of grace made with true believers, but also represented the outward dispensation of the gospel. Those who have been enabled to consent to the Lord's new covenant of mercy and grace in Jesus Christ, and to give up themselves to be his people, should embrace every opportunity of renewing their open profession of relation to him, and their obligation to him, as the God of salvation, walking according thereto. The sinner is described as one whose heart turns away from his God; there the mischief begins, in the evil heart of unbelief, which inclines men to depart from the living God to dead idols. Even to this sin men are now tempted, when drawn aside by their own lusts and fancies. Such men are roots that bear gall and wormwood. They are weeds which, if let alone, overspread the whole field. Satan may for a time disguise this bitter morsel, so that thou shalt not have the natural taste of it, but at the last day, if not before, the true taste shall be discerned. Notice the sinner's security in sin. Though he hears the words of the curse, yet even then he thinks himself safe from the wrath of God. There is scarcely a threatening in all the book of God more dreadful than this. Oh that presumptuous sinners would read it, and tremble! for it is a real declaration of the wrath of God, against ungodliness and unrighteousness of man.
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