Exodus 12:38
Parallel Verses
New International Version
Many other people went up with them, and also large droves of livestock, both flocks and herds.

New Living Translation
A rabble of non-Israelites went with them, along with great flocks and herds of livestock.

English Standard Version
A mixed multitude also went up with them, and very much livestock, both flocks and herds.

New American Standard Bible
A mixed multitude also went up with them, along with flocks and herds, a very large number of livestock.

King James Bible
And a mixed multitude went up also with them; and flocks, and herds, even very much cattle.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
An ethnically diverse crowd also went up with them, along with a huge number of livestock, both flocks and herds.

International Standard Version
A mixed multitude also went up with them, along with a very large number of livestock, including sheep and cattle.

NET Bible
A mixed multitude also went up with them, and flocks and herds--a very large number of cattle.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Many other people also went with them, along with large numbers of sheep, goats, and cattle.

Jubilee Bible 2000
And a mixed multitude went up also with them and many sheep and cows.

King James 2000 Bible
And a mixed multitude went up also with them; and flocks, and herds, even very many cattle.

American King James Version
And a mixed multitude went up also with them; and flocks, and herds, even very much cattle.

American Standard Version
And a mixed multitude went up also with them; and flocks, and herds, even very much cattle.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And a mixed multitude without number went up also with them, sheep and herds and beasts of divers kinds, exceeding many.

Darby Bible Translation
And a mixed multitude went up also with them; and flocks and herds -- very much cattle.

English Revised Version
And a mixed multitude went up also with them; and flocks, and herds, even very much cattle.

Webster's Bible Translation
And a mixed multitude went up also with them; and flocks, and herds, even very many cattle.

World English Bible
A mixed multitude went up also with them, with flocks, herds, and even very much livestock.

Young's Literal Translation
and a great rabble also hath gone up with them, and flock and herd -- very much cattle.
Parallel Commentaries
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary

12:37-42 The children of Israel set forward without delay. A mixed multitude went with them. Some, perhaps, willing to leave their country, laid waste by plagues; others, out of curiosity; perhaps a few out of love to them and their religion. But there were always those among the Israelites who were not Israelites. Thus there are still hypocrites in the church. This great event was 430 years from the promise made to Abraham: see Ga 3:17. So long the promise of a settlement was unfulfilled. But though God's promises are not performed quickly, they will be, in their season. This is that night of the Lord, that remarkable night, to be celebrated in all generations. The great things God does for his people, are to be not only a few days' wonder, but to be remembered throughout all ages; especially the work of our redemption by Christ. This first passover-night was a night of the Lord, much to be observed; but the last passover-night, in which Christ was betrayed and in which the first passover, with the rest of the Jewish ceremonies, was done away, was a night of the Lord, much more to be observed. Then a yoke, heavier than that of Egypt, was broken from off our necks, and a land, better than that of Canaan, set before us. It was a redemption to be celebrated in heaven, for ever and ever.

Pulpit Commentary

Verse 38. - A mixed multitude went up also with them. Kalisch supposes that these strangers were native Egyptians, anxious to escape the tyranny of the kings. Canon Cook suggests that they were "remains of the old Semitic population" of the Eastern provinces. Perhaps it is more probable that they consisted of fugitives from other subject races (as the Shartana) oppressed by the Pharaohs. We have again mention of this "mixed multitude" in Numbers 11:4, where we find that they were the first to regret the "flesh and the fish, the cucumbers, the melons, the leeks, the onions, and the garlick" which they had eaten in Egypt freely (ib. 5). They thus set a bad example, which the Israelites followed. And flocks, and herds, even very much cattle. Compare Exodus 10:26. It has been noticed that this is important, as lessening the difficulties connected with the sustentation of the Israelites in the wilderness. But it increases, on the other hand, the difficulties connected with the march, and with the possibility of finding pasture for such large flocks and herds in the Sinaitic peninsula.

Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

And a mixed multitude went up also with them,.... Some of these were Egyptians, and some of other nations that had resided in Egypt, and who, on various accounts, might choose to go along with the children of Israel; some through intermarriages with them, being loath to part with their relations, see Leviticus 20:10, others on account of religion, being proselytes of righteousness, and others through worldly interest, the land of Egypt being by the plagues a most desolate place; and such wonders being wrought for the children of Israel, they saw they were a people that were the favourites of heaven, and judged it safest and best and most for their interest to keep with them; the Targum of Jonathan computes the number of those to be two hundred and forty myriads:

and flocks and herds, even very much cattle; the greatest part of which must be supposed to belong to the children of Israel, whose cattle were not destroyed when those of the Egyptians were; and the rest might be the cattle of such who feared and regarded the word of God, and took their cattle into their houses at the time of the plague of hail, whereby they were preserved; and which might be an inducement to them to take their herds and their flocks, and go along with the children of Israel, see Exodus 9:20.

Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Bible Commentary

38. a mixed multitude went with them—literally, "a great rabble" (see also Nu 11:4; De 29:11); slaves, persons in the lowest grades of society, partly natives and partly foreigners, bound close to them as companions in misery, and gladly availing themselves of the opportunity to escape in the crowd. (Compare Zec 8:23).

Exodus 12:38 Additional Commentaries
Context
The Exodus Begins
37Now the sons of Israel journeyed from Rameses to Succoth, about six hundred thousand men on foot, aside from children. 38A mixed multitude also went up with them, along with flocks and herds, a very large number of livestock. 39They baked the dough which they had brought out of Egypt into cakes of unleavened bread. For it had not become leavened, since they were driven out of Egypt and could not delay, nor had they prepared any provisions for themselves.…
Cross References
Exodus 10:9
Moses answered, "We will go with our young and our old, with our sons and our daughters, and with our flocks and herds, because we are to celebrate a festival to the LORD."

Exodus 17:3
But the people were thirsty for water there, and they grumbled against Moses. They said, "Why did you bring us up out of Egypt to make us and our children and livestock die of thirst?"

Numbers 11:4
The rabble with them began to crave other food, and again the Israelites started wailing and said, "If only we had meat to eat!

Numbers 20:19
The Israelites replied: "We will go along the main road, and if we or our livestock drink any of your water, we will pay for it. We only want to pass through on foot--nothing else."

Numbers 32:1
The Reubenites and Gadites, who had very large herds and flocks, saw that the lands of Jazer and Gilead were suitable for livestock.

Deuteronomy 3:19
However, your wives, your children and your livestock (I know you have much livestock) may stay in the towns I have given you,

Joshua 8:35
There was not a word of all that Moses had commanded that Joshua did not read to the whole assembly of Israel, including the women and children, and the foreigners who lived among them.

Nehemiah 13:3
When the people heard this law, they excluded from Israel all who were of foreign descent.
Treasury of Scripture

And a mixed multitude went up also with them; and flocks, and herds, even very much cattle.

and a mixed multitude. Heb. a great mixture

Numbers 11:4 And the mixed multitude that was among them fell a lusting: and the …

Zechariah 8:23 Thus said the LORD of hosts; In those days it shall come to pass, …

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