1 Samuel 17:18
Parallel Verses
New International Version
Take along these ten cheeses to the commander of their unit. See how your brothers are and bring back some assurance from them.

New Living Translation
And give these ten cuts of cheese to their captain. See how your brothers are getting along, and bring back a report on how they are doing."

English Standard Version
Also take these ten cheeses to the commander of their thousand. See if your brothers are well, and bring some token from them.”

New American Standard Bible
"Bring also these ten cuts of cheese to the commander of their thousand, and look into the welfare of your brothers, and bring back news of them.

King James Bible
And carry these ten cheeses unto the captain of their thousand, and look how thy brethren fare, and take their pledge.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Also take these 10 portions of cheese to the field commander. Check on the welfare of your brothers and bring a confirmation from them.

International Standard Version
Take these ten pieces of cheese to the commander of the unit, check on the well-being of your brothers, and bring something back from them.

NET Bible
Also take these ten portions of cheese to their commanding officer. Find out how your brothers are doing and bring back their pledge that they received the goods.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
And take these ten cheeses to the captain of the regiment. See how your brothers are doing, and bring back some news about them.

Jubilee Bible 2000
and carry these ten cheeses unto the captain of their thousand and look how thy brethren fare and take their pledge.

King James 2000 Bible
And carry these ten cheeses unto the captain of their thousand, and look how your brethren fare, and bring back a token.

American King James Version
And carry these ten cheeses to the captain of their thousand, and look how your brothers fare, and take their pledge.

American Standard Version
and bring these ten cheeses unto the captain of their thousand, and look how thy brethren fare, and take their pledge.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And carry these ten little cheeses to the tribune: and go see thy brethren, if they are well: and learn with whom they are placed.

Darby Bible Translation
and carry these ten cheeses to the captain of the thousand, and visit thy brethren to see how they are, and take a pledge of them.

English Revised Version
and bring these ten cheeses unto the captain of their thousand, and look how thy brethren fare, and take their pledge.

Webster's Bible Translation
And carry these ten cheeses to the captain of their thousand, and see how thy brethren fare, and take their pledge.

World English Bible
and bring these ten cheeses to the captain of their thousand, and see how your brothers are doing, and bring back news."

Young's Literal Translation
and these ten cuttings of the cheese thou dost take in to the head of the thousand, and thy brethren thou dost inspect for welfare, and their pledge dost receive.'
Parallel Commentaries
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary

17:12-30 Jesse little thought of sending his son to the army at that critical juncture; but the wise God orders actions and affairs, so as to serve his designs. In times of general formality and lukewarmness, every degree of zeal which implies readiness to go further, or to venture more in the cause of God than others, will be blamed as pride and ambition, and by none more than by near relations, like Eliab, or negligent superiors. It was a trial of David's meekness, patience, and constancy. He had right and reason on his side, and did not render railing for railing; with a soft answer he turned away his brother's wrath. This conquest of his own passion was more honourable than that of Goliath. Those who undertake great and public services, must not think it strange if they are spoken ill of, and opposed by those from whom they expect support and assistance. They must humbly go on with their work, in the face not only of enemies' threats, but of friends' slights and suspicions.

Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

And carry these ten cheeses unto the captain of their thousand,.... Their chiliarch or colonel, who had the command of 1000 men, and under whom Jesse's sons fought; Jarchi thinks this was Jonathan, who had 1000 men with him at Gibeah, and so now, 1 Samuel 13:2, these cheeses were sent by Jesse to the captain, to be distributed among his men, or a present to himself, that he might use his sons well who were under his command:

and look how thy brethren fare; whether in good health, in good spirits, and in safety:

and take their pledge; that is, if they had been obliged for want of money to pawn any of their clothes, or what they had with them to buy food with, that he would redeem and take up the pledge, by paying the money for which they were pawned; for it is thought that soldiers at this time were not maintained at the expense of the king and government, but at their own, and the families to which they belonged: though some are of opinion that this was some token which they had sent by a messenger to their father, by which he might know he came from them, so Ben Gersom; and which David was now to take with him, and return it; or a token that he was to bring from them, whereby he might be assured of their welfare; and so the Targum, "and bring their goodness", a token of their being in good health. The Jews (z) understand it of bills of divorce to be given to their wives, that if they should die in battle, or be taken captive, that their wives might marry after three years.

(z) Hieron. Trad. Heb. in lib. Reg. fol. 76. D.

Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Bible Commentary

18. carry these ten cheeses to the captain—to enlist his kind attention. Oriental cheeses are very small; and although they are frequently made of so soft a consistence as to resemble curds, those which David carried seem to have been fully formed, pressed, and sufficiently dried to admit of their being carried.

take their pledge—Tokens of the soldiers' health and safety were sent home in the convenient form of a lock of their hair, or piece of their nail, or such like.

1 Samuel 17:18 Additional Commentaries
Context
Jesse Sends David
17Then Jesse said to David his son, "Take now for your brothers an ephah of this roasted grain and these ten loaves and run to the camp to your brothers. 18"Bring also these ten cuts of cheese to the commander of their thousand, and look into the welfare of your brothers, and bring back news of them. 19"For Saul and they and all the men of Israel are in the valley of Elah, fighting with the Philistines."
Cross References
Genesis 37:13
and Israel said to Joseph, "As you know, your brothers are grazing the flocks near Shechem. Come, I am going to send you to them." "Very well," he replied.

Genesis 37:14
So he said to him, "Go and see if all is well with your brothers and with the flocks, and bring word back to me." Then he sent him off from the Valley of Hebron. When Joseph arrived at Shechem,

1 Samuel 16:20
So Jesse took a donkey loaded with bread, a skin of wine and a young goat and sent them with his son David to Saul.

1 Samuel 17:19
They are with Saul and all the men of Israel in the Valley of Elah, fighting against the Philistines."
Treasury of Scripture

And carry these ten cheeses to the captain of their thousand, and look how your brothers fare, and take their pledge.

carry

1 Samuel 16:20 And Jesse took an donkey laden with bread, and a bottle of wine, …

cheeses [heb] cheeses of milk

2 Samuel 17:29 And honey, and butter, and sheep, and cheese of cows, for David, …

Job 10:10 Have you not poured me out as milk, and curdled me like cheese?

their thousand [heb] a thousand
look

Genesis 37:14 And he said to him, Go, I pray you, see whether it be well with your …

Acts 15:36 And some days after Paul said to Barnabas…

1 Thessalonians 3:5,6 For this cause, when I could no longer forbear, I sent to know your …

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