1 Samuel 17:38
Parallel Verses
New International Version
Then Saul dressed David in his own tunic. He put a coat of armor on him and a bronze helmet on his head.

New Living Translation
Then Saul gave David his own armor--a bronze helmet and a coat of mail.

English Standard Version
Then Saul clothed David with his armor. He put a helmet of bronze on his head and clothed him with a coat of mail,

New American Standard Bible
Then Saul clothed David with his garments and put a bronze helmet on his head, and he clothed him with armor.

King James Bible
And Saul armed David with his armour, and he put an helmet of brass upon his head; also he armed him with a coat of mail.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Then Saul had his own military clothes put on David. He put a bronze helmet on David's head and had him put on armor.

International Standard Version
Saul put his garments on David, set a bronze helmet on his head, and put armor on him.

NET Bible
Then Saul clothed David with his own fighting attire and put a bronze helmet on his head. He also put body armor on him.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Saul put his battle tunic on David; he put a bronze helmet on David's head and dressed him in armor.

Jubilee Bible 2000
And Saul clothed David with his clothing, and he put a helmet of brass upon his head; he also armed him with a coat of mail.

King James 2000 Bible
And Saul armed David with his armor, and he put a helmet of bronze upon his head; also he armed him with a coat of mail.

American King James Version
And Saul armed David with his armor, and he put an helmet of brass on his head; also he armed him with a coat of mail.

American Standard Version
And Saul clad David with his apparel, and he put a helmet of brass upon his head, and he clad him with a coat of mail.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And Saul clothed David with his garments, and put a helmet of brass upon his head, and armed him with a coat of mail.

Darby Bible Translation
And Saul clothed David with his dress, and put a helmet of bronze upon his head, and clothed him with a corselet.

English Revised Version
And Saul clad David with his apparel, and he put an helmet of brass upon his head, and he clad him with a coat of mail.

Webster's Bible Translation
And Saul armed David with his armor, and he put a helmet of brass upon his head; also he armed him with a coat of mail.

World English Bible
Saul dressed David with his clothing. He put a helmet of brass on his head, and he clad him with a coat of mail.

Young's Literal Translation
And Saul clotheth David with his long robe, and hath put a helmet of brass on his head, and doth clothe him with a coat of mail.
Parallel Commentaries
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary

17:31-39 A shepherd lad, come the same morning from keeping sheep, had more courage than all the mighty men of Israel. Thus God often sends good words to his Israel, and does great things for them, by the weak and foolish things of the world. As he had answered his brother's passion with meekness, so David answered Saul's fear with faith. When David kept sheep, he proved himself very careful and tender of his flock. This reminds us of Christ, the good Shepherd, who not only ventured, but laid down his life for the sheep. Our experience ought to encourage us to trust in God, and be bold in the way of duty. He that has delivered, does and will continue to do so. David gained leave to fight the Philistine. Not being used to such armour as Saul put upon him, he was not satisfied to go in that manner; this was from the Lord, that it might more plainly appear he fought and conquered in faith, and that the victory was from Him who works by the feeblest and most despised means and instruments. It is not to be inquired how excellent any thing is, but how proper. Let Saul's coat be ever so rich, and his armour ever so strong, what is David the better if they fit him not? But faith, prayer, truth, and righteousness; the whole armour of God, and the mind that was in Christ; are equally needful for all the servants of the Lord, whatever may be their work.

Pulpit Commentary

Verses 38-40. - Saul armed David with his armour. Rather, "Saul clad David in his war dress." The word does not mean arms, either offensive or defensive; for in 1 Samuel 4:12, where it is rendered "clothes," we read of its being rent. It occurs again in 1 Samuel 18:4, and is there rendered "garments." Strictly it was the soldier's coat, worn under his armour, and girt close to the body by the sword belt. It does not follow that David was as tall as Saul because he thus put on his military coat; for it would be adjusted to the body by the belt, and its length was not a matter of much consequence. When, then, it is said that David girded his sword upon his armour, it means upon this coat, though the corselet of mail would also be worn over it. He assayed to go. I.e. he made an attempt at going, took a short walk thus arrayed, making trial all the while of his equipments; and he found them so cumbrous that he felt that he would have no chance against the Philistine except as a light-armed soldier. The agility of his movements would then make him a match for one so heavily overweighted as Goliath. Wearing, therefore, only his shepherd's dress, armed only with a sling, David descended into the ravine which separated the two armies, chose there five pebbles, and, clambering up the other side, advanced towards the Philistine. For brook the Hebrew has "torrent bed." Condor speaks of a torrent flowing through the ravine (see on ver. 2). COMBAT OF DAVID AND GOLIATH (vers. 41-54).

Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

And Saul armed David with his armour,.... Not with what he wore himself; for it cannot be thought he would strip himself of his armour in the field of battle, and when just going to it; and besides what suited the one would not be fit for the other, their bulk and stature being different i but this was some armour Saul had brought with him, besides what he himself wore, to furnish any with that might want it:

and he put an helmet of brass upon his head; such an one, though not so large as Goliath had, these being usually made of brass; See Gill on 1 Samuel 17:5,

also he armed him with a coat of mail; which probably was of brass also, and like that of Goliath's too, only lesser, 1 Samuel 17:5.

Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Bible Commentary

38, 39. Saul armed David with his armour—The ancient Hebrews were particularly attentive to the personal safety of their warriors, and hence Saul equipped the youthful champion with his own defensive accoutrements, which would be of the best style. It is probable that Saul's coat of mail, or corslet, was a loose shirt, otherwise it could not have fitted both a stripling and a man of the colossal stature of the king.

1 Samuel 17:38 Additional Commentaries
Context
David Slays Goliath
37And David said, "The LORD who delivered me from the paw of the lion and from the paw of the bear, He will deliver me from the hand of this Philistine." And Saul said to David, "Go, and may the LORD be with you." 38Then Saul clothed David with his garments and put a bronze helmet on his head, and he clothed him with armor. 39David girded his sword over his armor and tried to walk, for he had not tested them. So David said to Saul, "I cannot go with these, for I have not tested them." And David took them off.…
Cross References
1 Samuel 17:37
The LORD who rescued me from the paw of the lion and the paw of the bear will rescue me from the hand of this Philistine." Saul said to David, "Go, and the LORD be with you."

1 Samuel 17:39
David fastened on his sword over the tunic and tried walking around, because he was not used to them. "I cannot go in these," he said to Saul, "because I am not used to them." So he took them off.

1 Samuel 18:4
Jonathan took off the robe he was wearing and gave it to David, along with his tunic, and even his sword, his bow and his belt.

Jeremiah 46:4
Harness the horses, mount the steeds! Take your positions with helmets on! Polish your spears, put on your armor!
Treasury of Scripture

And Saul armed David with his armor, and he put an helmet of brass on his head; also he armed him with a coat of mail.

armed David with his armour [heb] clothed David with his clothes

1 Samuel 17:5 And he had an helmet of brass on his head, and he was armed with …

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Apparel Armed Armor Brass Bronze Clad Clothed Clotheth Clothing Coat Corselet David Dress Dressed Head Head-Dress Helmet Mail Metal Robe Saul Tunic War
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