1 Samuel 16:20
Verse (Click for Chapter)
New International Version
So Jesse took a donkey loaded with bread, a skin of wine and a young goat and sent them with his son David to Saul.

New Living Translation
Jesse responded by sending David to Saul, along with a young goat, a donkey loaded with bread, and a wineskin full of wine.

English Standard Version
And Jesse took a donkey laden with bread and a skin of wine and a young goat and sent them by David his son to Saul.

New American Standard Bible
Jesse took a donkey loaded with bread and a jug of wine and a young goat, and sent them to Saul by David his son.

King James Bible
And Jesse took an ass laden with bread, and a bottle of wine, and a kid, and sent them by David his son unto Saul.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
So Jesse took a donkey loaded with bread, a skin of wine, and one young goat and sent them by his son David to Saul.

International Standard Version
Jesse took a donkey loaded with bread, a container of wine, and one kid, and sent them to Saul along with his son David.

NET Bible
So Jesse took a donkey loaded with bread, a container of wine, and a young goat and sent them to Saul with his son David.

New Heart English Bible
And Jesse took a donkey and loaded it with an omer of bread, and a skin of wine, and a young goat, and sent them by David his son to Saul.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Jesse took six bushels of bread, a full wineskin, and a young goat and sent them with his son David to Saul.

JPS Tanakh 1917
And Jesse took an ass laden with bread, and a bottle of wine, and a kid, and sent them by David his son unto Saul.

New American Standard 1977
And Jesse took a donkey loaded with bread and a jug of wine and a young goat, and sent them to Saul by David his son.

Jubilee Bible 2000
And Jesse took an ass laden with bread and a bottle of wine and a kid and sent them by David, his son, unto Saul.

King James 2000 Bible
And Jesse took a donkey laden with bread, and a skin of wine, and a kid, and sent them by David his son unto Saul.

American King James Version
And Jesse took an ass laden with bread, and a bottle of wine, and a kid, and sent them by David his son to Saul.

American Standard Version
And Jesse took an ass laden with bread, and a bottle of wine, and a kid, and sent them by David his son unto Saul.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And Isai took an ass laden with bread, and a bottle of wine, and a kid of the flock, and sent them by the hand of David his son to Saul.

Darby Bible Translation
And Jesse took an ass with bread, and a flask of wine, and a kid, and sent [them] by David his son to Saul.

English Revised Version
And Jesse took an ass laden with bread, and a bottle of wine, and a kid, and sent them by David his son unto Saul.

Webster's Bible Translation
And Jesse took an ass laden with bread, and a bottle of wine, and a kid, and sent them by David his son to Saul.

World English Bible
Jesse took a donkey loaded with bread, and a bottle of wine, and a young goat, and sent them by David his son to Saul.

Young's Literal Translation
And Jesse taketh an ass, with bread, and a bottle of wine, and one kid of the goats, and sendeth by the hand of David his son unto Saul.
Study Bible
David Serves Saul
19So Saul sent messengers to Jesse and said, "Send me your son David who is with the flock." 20Jesse took a donkey loaded with bread and a jug of wine and a young goat, and sent them to Saul by David his son. 21Then David came to Saul and attended him; and Saul loved him greatly, and he became his armor bearer.…
Cross References
1 Samuel 10:4
and they will greet you and give you two loaves of bread, which you will accept from their hand.

1 Samuel 10:27
But certain worthless men said, "How can this one deliver us?" And they despised him and did not bring him any present. But he kept silent.

1 Samuel 16:19
So Saul sent messengers to Jesse and said, "Send me your son David who is with the flock."

1 Samuel 17:18
"Bring also these ten cuts of cheese to the commander of their thousand, and look into the welfare of your brothers, and bring back news of them.

Proverbs 18:16
A man's gift makes room for him And brings him before great men.
Treasury of Scripture

And Jesse took an ass laden with bread, and a bottle of wine, and a kid, and sent them by David his son to Saul.

an ass laden. Chamor lechem, literally, `an ass of bread,' rendered by the LXX. (), a gomor of bread; meaning, probably, not an animal, but a vessel containing a certain measure of bread.

1 Samuel 10:27 But the children of Belial said, How shall this man save us? And …

1 Samuel 17:18 And carry these ten cheeses to the captain of their thousand, and …

1 Samuel 25:18 Then Abigail made haste, and took two hundred loaves, and two bottles …

Genesis 43:11 And their father Israel said to them, If it must be so now, do this; …

2 Samuel 16:1,2 And when David was a little past the top of the hill, behold, Ziba …

Proverbs 18:16 A man's gift makes room for him, and brings him before great men.

(20) And Jesse took an ass.--It was and is ever customary in the East to acknowledge obedience and subjection with a present. Jesse, the sheik of Bethlehem, would thus be expected on sending his son to the court of Saul to acknowledge his sovereign by some token of homage.

The nature of Jesse's gifts shows how simple and primitive were the customs of the Hebrew people at that time.

And Jesse took an ass laden with bread,.... Laden with a load of bread, as the Targum; with as much as it could carry, or was used to carry; the Septuagint version is, an omer of bread, which was as much as a man could eat in one day; and, according to Kimchi and Ben Melech, it may be interpreted an heap of bread, agreeably to the use of the word in Judges 15:16, and a bottle of wine; or a skin of wine, a leather bag or sack, which held more than our bottles; the Targum is, a flagon of wine:

and a kid; of the goats, as the same Targum:

and sent them by David his son unto Saul; some think that Jesse suspected that Saul had known the secret of David's being anointed, and was fearful that he had a design upon his life, and therefore sent this present by his son to pacify him, and ingratiate him unto him; but rather he sent it as a token of respect and subjection to his sovereign, and according to the custom of those times, when men used to carry presents when they waited upon princes, and indeed in their common visits; and do in the eastern countries to this day; See Gill on 1 Samuel 9:7. 20. Jesse took an ass laden with bread, and a bottle of wine, and a kid, and sent them … unto Saul—as a token of homage and respect.16:14-23 Saul is made a terror to himself. The Spirit of the Lord departed from him. If God and his grace do not rule us, sin and Satan will have possession of us. The devil, by the Divine permission, troubled and terrified Saul, by the corrupt humours of his body, and passions of his mind. He grew fretful, peevish, and discontented, and at times a madman. It is a pity that music, which may be serviceable to the good temper of the mind, should ever be abused, to support vanity and luxury, and made an occasion of drawing the heart from God and serious things. That is driving away the good Spirit, not the evil spirit. Music, diversions, company, or business, have for a time often been employed to quiet the wounded conscience; but nothing can effect a real cure but the blood of Christ, applied in faith, and the sanctifying Spirit sealing the pardon, by his holy comforts. All other plans to dispel religious melancholy are sure to add to distress, either in this world or the next.
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