Exodus 21:13
Verse (Click for Chapter)
New International Version
However, if it is not done intentionally, but God lets it happen, they are to flee to a place I will designate.

New Living Translation
But if it was simply an accident permitted by God, I will appoint a place of refuge where the slayer can run for safety.

English Standard Version
But if he did not lie in wait for him, but God let him fall into his hand, then I will appoint for you a place to which he may flee.

New American Standard Bible
"But if he did not lie in wait for him, but God let him fall into his hand, then I will appoint you a place to which he may flee.

King James Bible
And if a man lie not in wait, but God deliver him into his hand; then I will appoint thee a place whither he shall flee.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
But if he didn't intend any harm, and yet God caused it to happen by his hand, I will appoint a place for you where he may flee.

International Standard Version
If he didn't lie in wait, but God let him fall into his reach, then I'll appoint for you a place to which he may flee.

NET Bible
But if he does not do it with premeditation, but it happens by accident, then I will appoint for you a place where he may flee.

New Heart English Bible
but not if it is unintentional, but God allows it to happen: then I will appoint you a place where he shall flee.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
If it wasn't done intentionally, but God let it happen, the killer should flee to a place I will set aside for you.

JPS Tanakh 1917
And if a man lie not in wait, but God cause it to come to hand; then I will appoint thee a place whither he may flee.

New American Standard 1977
“But if he did not lie in wait for him, but God let him fall into his hand, then I will appoint you a place to which he may flee.

Jubilee Bible 2000
And if a man did not lie in wait but God delivered him into his hand, then I will appoint thee a place where he shall flee.

King James 2000 Bible
And if a man lie not in wait, but God delivers him into his hand; then I will appoint you a place where he shall flee.

American King James Version
And if a man lie not in wait, but God deliver him into his hand; then I will appoint you a place where he shall flee.

American Standard Version
And if a man lie not in wait, but God deliver him into his hand; then I will appoint thee a place whither he shall flee.

Douay-Rheims Bible
But he that did not lie in wait for him, but God delivered him into his hands: I will appoint thee a place to which he must flee.

Darby Bible Translation
But if he have not lain in wait, and God have delivered [him] into his hand, I will appoint thee a place to which he shall flee.

English Revised Version
And if a man lie not in wait, but God deliver him into his hand; then I will appoint thee a place whither he shall flee.

Webster's Bible Translation
And if a man shall not lie in wait, but God shall deliver him into his hand; then I will appoint thee a place whither he shall flee.

World English Bible
but not if it is unintentional, but God allows it to happen: then I will appoint you a place where he shall flee.

Young's Literal Translation
as to him who hath not laid wait, and God hath brought to his hand, I have even set for thee a place whither he doth flee.
Study Bible
Personal Injury Laws
12"He who strikes a man so that he dies shall surely be put to death. 13"But if he did not lie in wait for him, but God let him fall into his hand, then I will appoint you a place to which he may flee. 14"If, however, a man acts presumptuously toward his neighbor, so as to kill him craftily, you are to take him even from My altar, that he may die.…
Cross References
Numbers 35:10
"Speak to the sons of Israel and say to them, 'When you cross the Jordan into the land of Canaan,

Numbers 35:11
then you shall select for yourselves cities to be your cities of refuge, that the manslayer who has killed any person unintentionally may flee there.

Deuteronomy 19:1
"When the LORD your God cuts off the nations, whose land the LORD your God gives you, and you dispossess them and settle in their cities and in their houses,

Joshua 20:1
Then the LORD spoke to Joshua, saying,

1 Samuel 24:4
The men of David said to him, "Behold, this is the day of which the LORD said to you, 'Behold; I am about to give your enemy into your hand, and you shall do to him as it seems good to you.'" Then David arose and cut off the edge of Saul's robe secretly.

1 Samuel 24:10
"Behold, this day your eyes have seen that the LORD had given you today into my hand in the cave, and some said to kill you, but my eye had pity on you; and I said, 'I will not stretch out my hand against my lord, for he is the LORD'S anointed.'
Treasury of Scripture

And if a man lie not in wait, but God deliver him into his hand; then I will appoint you a place where he shall flee.

lie not

Numbers 35:11,22 Then you shall appoint you cities to be cities of refuge for you; …

Deuteronomy 19:4-6,11 And this is the case of the slayer, which shall flee thither, that …

Micah 7:2 The good man is perished out of the earth: and there is none upright …

God

1 Samuel 24:4,10,18 And the men of David said to him, Behold the day of which the LORD …

2 Samuel 16:10 And the king said, What have I to do with you, you sons of Zeruiah? …

Isaiah 10:7 However, he means not so, neither does his heart think so; but it …

I will appoint

Numbers 35:11 Then you shall appoint you cities to be cities of refuge for you; …

Deuteronomy 4:41-43 Then Moses severed three cities on this side Jordan toward the sun rise…

Deuteronomy 19:1-3,9 When the LORD your God has cut off the nations, whose land the LORD …

Joshua 20:2-9 Speak to the children of Israel, saying, Appoint out for you cities …

(13) If a man lie not in wait, but God deliver him into his hand.--If, that is, without malice aforethought, a man happen upon his enemy, God's providence bringing the two into contact without man's contrivance, and the result is that one slay the other, then the law of the refuge or asylum shall come in. A place is to be provided whither the man-slayer may flee, and where he may be safe, at any rate until the cause is inquired into. Hitherto, throughout the East, it had been regarded as the duty of the next of kin to avenge homicide of whatever kind, and blood had been exacted for blood, however sudden, however provoked, however excusable had been the homicide. No right of asylum, so far as we know, had ever been established before. The Sinaitic legislation for the first time interposed the "city of refuge," between the "avenger of blood" and his victim. It was for the elders of the city to see that the privilege was not abused. Where the case was doubtful, the man-slayer had to be remitted for trial to the elders of his own town (Numbers 35:22-25); where the elders considered his claim made out, he was entitled to protection.

Verse 13. - God deliver him into his hand. This does not seem to mean more than, "if he chance upon him without seeking him." God' s providence does in fact bring about the meetings which men call accidental. I will appoint thee a place. When we first hear of the actual appointment, the number of the places was six - three on either side of Jordan. (See Joshua 20:7, 8; and compare Numbers 35:10-15, and Deuteronomy 19:2.) Thus there was always a city of refuge at a reasonable distance. And if a man lie not in wait,.... For the life of another to take it away; or does not do it willingly, as the Septuagint version, does not seek after it, nor design it:

but God delivers him into his hand; it being suffered and ordered by the providence of God, without whose knowledge and will nothing comes to pass, even what may seem to be a contingent thing, or matter of chance, to us; or it is so brought about in providence, that one man falls into the hands of another, and his life is taken away by him, though not purposely and maliciously; because, as Aben Ezra expresses it, for another sin which he has committed, and for which he must die in this way, though not intended by the person the more immediate cause of his death:

then I will appoint thee a place whither he shall flee; and there be safe both from the avenger of blood, and the civil magistrate; which place, while Israel were in the wilderness, was the camp of the Levites, according to Jarchi, or the altar, as follows; but when they were come to Canaan's land, there were cities of refuge appointed for such persons, that killed a man unawares, to flee to, and where they were safe from private vengeance, and falling a sacrifice to public justice. 21:12-21 God, who by his providence gives and maintains life, by his law protects it. A wilful murderer shall be taken even from God's altar. But God provided cities of refuge to protect those whose unhappiness it was, and not their fault, to cause the death of another; for such as by accident, when a man is doing a lawful act, without intent of hurt, happens to kill another. Let children hear the sentence of God's word upon the ungrateful and disobedient; and remember that God will certainly requite it, if they have ever cursed their parents, even in their hearts, or have lifted up their hands against them, except they repent, and flee for refuge to the Saviour. And let parents hence learn to be very careful in training up their children, setting them a good example, especially in the government of their passions, and in praying for them; taking heed not to provoke them to wrath. Through poverty the Israelites sometimes sold themselves or their children; magistrates sold some persons for their crimes, and creditors were in some cases allowed to sell their debtors who could not pay. But man-stealing, the object of which is to force another into slavery, is ranked in the New Testament with the greatest crimes. Care is here taken, that satisfaction be made for hurt done to a person, though death do not follow. The gospel teaches masters to forbear, and to moderate threatenings, Eph 6:9, considering with Job, What shall I do, when God riseth up? Job 31:13,14.
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