Exodus 21:18
Verse (Click for Chapter)
New International Version
"If people quarrel and one person hits another with a stone or with their fist and the victim does not die but is confined to bed,

New Living Translation
"Now suppose two men quarrel, and one hits the other with a stone or fist, and the injured person does not die but is confined to bed.

English Standard Version
“When men quarrel and one strikes the other with a stone or with his fist and the man does not die but takes to his bed,

New American Standard Bible
"If men have a quarrel and one strikes the other with a stone or with his fist, and he does not die but remains in bed,

King James Bible
And if men strive together, and one smite another with a stone, or with his fist, and he die not, but keepeth his bed:

Holman Christian Standard Bible
When men quarrel and one strikes the other with a stone or his fist, and the injured man does not die but is confined to bed,

International Standard Version
"If people quarrel and one strikes the other with a rock or his fist, and he does not die but ends up in bed,

NET Bible
"If men fight, and one strikes his neighbor with a stone or with his fist and he does not die, but must remain in bed,

New Heart English Bible
"If men quarrel and one strikes the other with a stone, or with his fist, and he doesn't die, but is confined to bed;

GOD'S WORD® Translation
"This is what you must do whenever men quarrel and one hits the other with a rock or with his fist and injures him so that he has to stay in bed.

JPS Tanakh 1917
And if men contend, and one smite the other with a stone, or with his fist, and he die not, but keep his bed;

New American Standard 1977
“And if men have a quarrel and one strikes the other with a stone or with his fist, and he does not die but remains in bed;

Jubilee Bible 2000
And if men strive together and one smites another with a stone or with his fist and he dies not, but keeps his bed,

King James 2000 Bible
And if men strive together, and one strikes another with a stone, or with his fist, and he dies not, but keeps his bed:

American King James Version
And if men strive together, and one smite another with a stone, or with his fist, and he die not, but keeps his bed:

American Standard Version
And if men contend, and one smite the other with a stone, or with his fist, and he die not, but keep his bed;

Douay-Rheims Bible
If men quarrel, and the one strike his neighbour with a stone or with his fist, and he die not, but keepeth his bed:

Darby Bible Translation
And if men dispute, and one strike the other with a stone, or with the fist, and he die not, but take to [his] bed,

English Revised Version
And if men contend, and one smiteth the other with a stone, or with his fist, and he die not, but keep his bed:

Webster's Bible Translation
And if men contend together, and one shall smite another with a stone, or with his fist, and he shall not die, but keep his bed:

World English Bible
"If men quarrel and one strikes the other with a stone, or with his fist, and he doesn't die, but is confined to bed;

Young's Literal Translation
'And when men contend, and a man hath smitten his neighbour with a stone, or with the fist, and he die not, but hath fallen on the bed;
Study Bible
Personal Injury Laws
17"He who curses his father or his mother shall surely be put to death. 18"If men have a quarrel and one strikes the other with a stone or with his fist, and he does not die but remains in bed, 19if he gets up and walks around outside on his staff, then he who struck him shall go unpunished; he shall only pay for his loss of time, and shall take care of him until he is completely healed.…
Cross References
Exodus 21:17
"He who curses his father or his mother shall surely be put to death.

Exodus 21:19
if he gets up and walks around outside on his staff, then he who struck him shall go unpunished; he shall only pay for his loss of time, and shall take care of him until he is completely healed.
Treasury of Scripture

And if men strive together, and one smite another with a stone, or with his fist, and he die not, but keeps his bed:

men

Exodus 21:22 If men strive, and hurt a woman with child, so that her fruit depart …

Exodus 2:13 And when he went out the second day, behold, two men of the Hebrews …

Deuteronomy 25:11 When men strive together one with another…

2 Samuel 14:6 And your handmaid had two sons, and they two strove together in the …

another or his neighbour. a stone

Exodus 21:20 And if a man smite his servant, or his maid, with a rod, and he die …

Numbers 35:16-24 And if he smite him with an instrument of iron, so that he die, he …

(18, 19) Severe assault, endangering life, but not actually taking it, is placed under the same head with homicide, as approaching to it, but is not to be punished in the same way. If death ensues in such a case, the crime is, of course, murder or manslaughter, according to the attendant circumstances; but if death does not ensue, it is aggravated assault only. In such cases punishment could not be inflicted by retaliation--the usual penalty under the Mosaic Law (Exodus 21:24-25)--without a risk of killing the man, which would have been an excessive punishment. The law therefore imposed a fine, which was to be fixed at such an amount as would at once compensate the sufferer for the loss of his time (Exodus 21:19), and defray the cost of his cure.

(18) With a stone, or with his fist.--Comp. The difference made under the English law between wounding with a sharp or a blunt instrument.

Verses 18, 19 - Severe assault. Assault was punishable by the law in two ways. Ordinarily, the rule was that of strict retaliation' ' Eye for eye, tooth for tooth, hand for hand, foot for foot, burning for burning, wound for wound, stripe for stripe" (vers. 24, 25; compare Leviticus 24:20, and Deuteronomy 19:21). But where the assault was severe, causing a man to take to his bed, and call in the physician' s aid, something more was needed. The Rabbinical commentators tell us that in this case he was arrested, and sent to prison until it was ascertained whether the person hurt would die or no. If he died, the man was tried for murder; if he recovered, a fine was imposed. This was axed at such a sum as would at once compensate the injured man for his loss of time and defray the expense of his cure. A similar principle is adopted under our own law in many cases of civil action. Verse 18. - If men strive together. If there is a quarrel and a personal encounter. In our own law this would reduce this offence, if death ensued, to manslaughter. With a stone, or with his fist. The use of either would show absence of premeditation, and of any design to kill. A weapon would have to be prepared beforehand: a stone might be readily caught up. And if men strive together,.... Quarrel and fight, and wrestle with and box one another:

and one smite another with a stone; which lying near him he might take up, and in his passion throw it at his antagonist:

or with his fist; with his double fist, as we express it, with his hand closed, that it might come with the greater force, and give the greater blow:

and he die not, but keepeth his bed; does not die with the blow of the stone or fist, yet receives so much damage by it that he is obliged to take to his bed; or, as the Targum of Jerusalem paraphrases it, is cast on the bed sick; or, as the Targum of Jonathan, falls into a disease, as a fever, or the like, through the force of the blow, so that he is confined to his room and to his bed. 21:12-21 God, who by his providence gives and maintains life, by his law protects it. A wilful murderer shall be taken even from God's altar. But God provided cities of refuge to protect those whose unhappiness it was, and not their fault, to cause the death of another; for such as by accident, when a man is doing a lawful act, without intent of hurt, happens to kill another. Let children hear the sentence of God's word upon the ungrateful and disobedient; and remember that God will certainly requite it, if they have ever cursed their parents, even in their hearts, or have lifted up their hands against them, except they repent, and flee for refuge to the Saviour. And let parents hence learn to be very careful in training up their children, setting them a good example, especially in the government of their passions, and in praying for them; taking heed not to provoke them to wrath. Through poverty the Israelites sometimes sold themselves or their children; magistrates sold some persons for their crimes, and creditors were in some cases allowed to sell their debtors who could not pay. But man-stealing, the object of which is to force another into slavery, is ranked in the New Testament with the greatest crimes. Care is here taken, that satisfaction be made for hurt done to a person, though death do not follow. The gospel teaches masters to forbear, and to moderate threatenings, Eph 6:9, considering with Job, What shall I do, when God riseth up? Job 31:13,14.
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