Exodus 21:16
Verse (Click for Chapter)
New International Version
"Anyone who kidnaps someone is to be put to death, whether the victim has been sold or is still in the kidnapper's possession.

New Living Translation
"Kidnappers must be put to death, whether they are caught in possession of their victims or have already sold them as slaves.

English Standard Version
“Whoever steals a man and sells him, and anyone found in possession of him, shall be put to death.

New American Standard Bible
"He who kidnaps a man, whether he sells him or he is found in his possession, shall surely be put to death.

King James Bible
And he that stealeth a man, and selleth him, or if he be found in his hand, he shall surely be put to death.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Whoever kidnaps a person must be put to death, whether he sells him or the person is found in his possession."

International Standard Version
"Whoever kidnaps a person, whether he has sold him or whether the victim is still in his possession, is certainly to be put to death.

NET Bible
"Whoever kidnaps someone and sells him, or is caught still holding him, must surely be put to death.

New Heart English Bible
"Anyone who kidnaps someone and sells him, or if he is found in his possession, he shall surely be put to death.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
"Whoever kidnaps another person must be put to death, whether he has sold the kidnapped person or still has him.

JPS Tanakh 1917
And he that stealeth a man, and selleth him, or if he be found in his hand, he shall surely be put to death.

New American Standard 1977
“And he who kidnaps a man, whether he sells him or he is found in his possession, shall surely be put to death.

Jubilee Bible 2000
Likewise he that steals a man and sells him, or if he is found in his hand, he shall surely be put to death.

King James 2000 Bible
And he that steals a man, and sells him, or if he is found in his hand, he shall surely be put to death.

American King James Version
And he that steals a man, and sells him, or if he be found in his hand, he shall surely be put to death.

American Standard Version
And he that stealeth a man, and selleth him, or if he be found in his hand, he shall surely be put to death.

Douay-Rheims Bible
He that shall steal a man, and sell him, being convicted of guilt, shall be put to death.

Darby Bible Translation
And he that stealeth a man, and selleth him, or if he be found in his hand, he shall certainly be put to death.

English Revised Version
And he that stealeth a man, and selleth him, or if he be found in his hand, he shall surely be put to death.

Webster's Bible Translation
And he that stealeth a man, and selleth him, or if he shall be found in his hand, he shall surely be put to death.

World English Bible
"Anyone who kidnaps someone and sells him, or if he is found in his hand, he shall surely be put to death.

Young's Literal Translation
'And he who stealeth a man, and hath sold him, and he hath been found in his hand, is certainly put to death.
Study Bible
Personal Injury Laws
15"He who strikes his father or his mother shall surely be put to death. 16"He who kidnaps a man, whether he sells him or he is found in his possession, shall surely be put to death. 17"He who curses his father or his mother shall surely be put to death.…
Cross References
1 Timothy 1:10
for the sexually immoral, for homosexuals, for slave traders and liars and perjurers, and for anyone else who is averse to sound teaching

Exodus 20:15
"You shall not steal.

Exodus 21:15
"He who strikes his father or his mother shall surely be put to death.

Deuteronomy 24:7
"If a man is caught kidnapping any of his countrymen of the sons of Israel, and he deals with him violently or sells him, then that thief shall die; so you shall purge the evil from among you.
Treasury of Scripture

And he that steals a man, and sells him, or if he be found in his hand, he shall surely be put to death.

stealeth

Genesis 40:15 For indeed I was stolen away out of the land of the Hebrews: and …

Deuteronomy 24:7 If a man be found stealing any of his brothers of the children of …

1 Timothy 1:10 For fornicators, for them that defile themselves with mankind, for …

Revelation 18:12 The merchandise of gold, and silver, and precious stones, and of …

selleth him

Genesis 37:28 Then there passed by Midianites merchants; and they drew and lifted …

found in

Exodus 22:4 If the theft be certainly found in his hand alive, whether it be …

Verse 16. - He that stealeth a man. Kidnapping, or stealing men to make them slaves, was a very early and very wide-spread crime. Joseph' s brothers must be regarded as having committed it (Genesis 37:28); and there are many traces of it in the remains of antiquity. (See Herod. 4:183; Strab. 7. p. 467; Sueton. Octav. § 32; etc.) Most kidnapping was of foreigners; and this was a practice of which the laws of states took no cognizance, though a certain disrepute may have attached to it. But the kidnapping of a fellow-country-man was generally punished with severity. At Athens it was a capital offence. At Rome it made a man infamous. We may gather from Deuteronomy 24:7, that the Mosaic law was especially levelled against this lena of the crime, though the words of the present passage are general, and forbid the crime altogether. Man-stealing, in the general sense, is now regarded as an offence by the chief civilised states of Europe and America, and is punished by confiscation of the stolen goods, and sometimes by imprisonment of the man-stealers. And he that stealeth a man, and selleth him,.... One of the children of Israel, as the Targums of Onkelos and Jonathan, and so the Septuagint version: but though this law was given to the Israelites primarily, yet was made for men stealers in general, as the apostle observes, who plainly has reference to it, 1 Timothy 1:9,

or if he be found in his hand; before the selling of him, as Jarchi notes, since he stole him in order to sell him, he was guilty of death, as follows:

he shall surely be put to death; with strangling, as the same Jewish writer remarks, as on the preceding verse; and Jarchi sets it down as a rule, that all death in the law, simply expressed, is strangling. 21:12-21 God, who by his providence gives and maintains life, by his law protects it. A wilful murderer shall be taken even from God's altar. But God provided cities of refuge to protect those whose unhappiness it was, and not their fault, to cause the death of another; for such as by accident, when a man is doing a lawful act, without intent of hurt, happens to kill another. Let children hear the sentence of God's word upon the ungrateful and disobedient; and remember that God will certainly requite it, if they have ever cursed their parents, even in their hearts, or have lifted up their hands against them, except they repent, and flee for refuge to the Saviour. And let parents hence learn to be very careful in training up their children, setting them a good example, especially in the government of their passions, and in praying for them; taking heed not to provoke them to wrath. Through poverty the Israelites sometimes sold themselves or their children; magistrates sold some persons for their crimes, and creditors were in some cases allowed to sell their debtors who could not pay. But man-stealing, the object of which is to force another into slavery, is ranked in the New Testament with the greatest crimes. Care is here taken, that satisfaction be made for hurt done to a person, though death do not follow. The gospel teaches masters to forbear, and to moderate threatenings, Eph 6:9, considering with Job, What shall I do, when God riseth up? Job 31:13,14.
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