Ezekiel 27:13
Verse (Click for Chapter)
New International Version
"'Greece, Tubal and Meshek did business with you; they traded human beings and articles of bronze for your wares.

New Living Translation
Merchants from Greece, Tubal, and Meshech brought slaves and articles of bronze to trade with you.

English Standard Version
Javan, Tubal, and Meshech traded with you; they exchanged human beings and vessels of bronze for your merchandise.

New American Standard Bible
"Javan, Tubal and Meshech, they were your traders; with the lives of men and vessels of bronze they paid for your merchandise.

King James Bible
Javan, Tubal, and Meshech, they were thy merchants: they traded the persons of men and vessels of brass in thy market.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Javan, Tubal, and Meshech were your merchants. They exchanged slaves and bronze utensils for your goods.

International Standard Version
Greece, Tubal, and Meshech bartered with you, exchanging slaves and bronze vessels for your wares.

NET Bible
Javan, Tubal, and Meshech were your clients; they exchanged slaves and bronze items for your merchandise.

New Heart English Bible
Javan, Tubal, and Meshech, they were your traffickers; they traded the persons of men and vessels of bronze for your merchandise.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
People from Greece, Tubal, and Meshech traded with you. They exchanged slaves and bronze items for your goods.

JPS Tanakh 1917
Javan, Tubal, and Meshech, they were thy traffickers; they traded the persons of men and vessels of brass for thy merchandise.

New American Standard 1977
“Javan, Tubal, and Meshech, they were your traders; with the lives of men and vessels of bronze they paid for your merchandise.

Jubilee Bible 2000
Greece, Tubal, and Meshech, thy merchants, with the soul of men and with vessels of brass; they traded in thy fairs.

King James 2000 Bible
Javan, Tubal, and Meshech, they were your merchants: they traded the persons of men and vessels of bronze in your market.

American King James Version
Javan, Tubal, and Meshech, they were your merchants: they traded the persons of men and vessels of brass in your market.

American Standard Version
Javan, Tubal, and Meshech, they were thy traffickers; they traded the persons of men and vessels of brass for thy merchandise.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Greece, Thubal, and Mosoch, they were thy merchants: they brought to thy people slaves and vessels of brass.

Darby Bible Translation
Javan, Tubal, and Meshech, they were thy traffickers: they bartered with thee the persons of men, and vessels of bronze.

English Revised Version
Javan, Tubal, and Meshech, they were thy traffickers: they traded the persons of men and vessels of brass for thy merchandise.

Webster's Bible Translation
Javan, Tubal, and Meshech, they were thy merchants: they traded in the persons of men and vessels of brass in thy market.

World English Bible
Javan, Tubal, and Meshech, they were your traffickers; they traded the persons of men and vessels of brass for your merchandise.

Young's Literal Translation
Javan, Tubal, and Meshech -- they are thy merchants, For persons of men, and vessels of brass, They have given out thy merchandise.
Study Bible
A Lament for Tyre
12"Tarshish was your customer because of the abundance of all kinds of wealth; with silver, iron, tin and lead they paid for your wares. 13"Javan, Tubal and Meshech, they were your traders; with the lives of men and vessels of bronze they paid for your merchandise. 14"Those from Beth-togarmah gave horses and war horses and mules for your wares.…
Cross References
Revelation 18:13
of cinnamon, spice, incense, myrrh, and frankincense; of wine, olive oil, fine flour, and wheat; of cattle, sheep, horses, and chariots; of slaves and souls of men.

Genesis 10:2
The sons of Japheth were Gomer and Magog and Madai and Javan and Tubal and Meshech and Tiras.

Psalm 120:5
Woe is me, for I sojourn in Meshech, For I dwell among the tents of Kedar!

Isaiah 66:19
"I will set a sign among them and will send survivors from them to the nations: Tarshish, Put, Lud, Meshech, Rosh, Tubal and Javan, to the distant coastlands that have neither heard My fame nor seen My glory. And they will declare My glory among the nations.

Ezekiel 27:12
"Tarshish was your customer because of the abundance of all kinds of wealth; with silver, iron, tin and lead they paid for your wares.

Ezekiel 27:19
"Vedan and Javan paid for your wares from Uzal; wrought iron, cassia and sweet cane were among your merchandise.

Ezekiel 32:26
"Meshech, Tubal and all their hordes are there; their graves surround them. All of them were slain by the sword uncircumcised, though they instilled their terror in the land of the living.

Ezekiel 38:2
"Son of man, set your face toward Gog of the land of Magog, the prince of Rosh, Meshech and Tubal, and prophesy against him

Ezekiel 39:1
"And you, son of man, prophesy against Gog and say, 'Thus says the Lord GOD, "Behold, I am against you, O Gog, prince of Rosh, Meshech and Tubal;

Joel 3:3
"They have also cast lots for My people, Traded a boy for a harlot And sold a girl for wine that they may drink.
Treasury of Scripture

Javan, Tubal, and Meshech, they were your merchants: they traded the persons of men and vessels of brass in your market.

Javan

Genesis 10:2,4 The sons of Japheth; Gomer, and Magog, and Madai, and Javan, and …

1 Chronicles 1:5,7 The sons of Japheth; Gomer, and Magog, and Madai, and Javan, and …

Isaiah 66:19 And I will set a sign among them, and I will send those that escape …

Daniel 8:21 And the rough goat is the king of Grecia: and the great horn that …

Daniel 10:20 Then said he, Know you why I come to you? and now will I return to …

Daniel 11:2 And now will I show you the truth. Behold, there shall stand up yet …

Tubal

Ezekiel 32:26 There is Meshech, Tubal, and all her multitude: her graves are round …

Ezekiel 38:2,3 Son of man, set your face against Gog, the land of Magog, the chief …

Ezekiel 39:1 Therefore, you son of man, prophesy against Gog, and say, Thus said …

Genesis 10:2 The sons of Japheth; Gomer, and Magog, and Madai, and Javan, and …

1 Chronicles 1:5 The sons of Japheth; Gomer, and Magog, and Madai, and Javan, and …

the persons

Joel 3:3 And they have cast lots for my people; and have given a boy for an …

Revelation 18:13 And cinnamon, and odors, and ointments, and frankincense, and wine, …

market. or, merchandise

(13) Javan, Tubal, and Meshech.--Javan is strictly Ionia, more generally Greece. Tubal and Meshech are the classic Tibareni and Moschi, between the Black and Caspian Seas. They were famous for dealing in slaves and in brass, or rather copper, of which their mountains still contain abundant supplies.

Verse 13. - Javan (father of Elishah, Tarshish, Kittim, and Dodanim, and son of Japheth, Genesis 10:2, 4) stands generically for Greece, and probably represents Ionia. Tubal and Meshech are sons of Japheth in Genesis 10:2, and are always grouped together, except in Psalm 120:5, where Meshech appears alone, and in Isaiah 66:19, where Tubal is named, but not Meshech. In Ezekiel 32:26 they are associated with Elam and Asshur (Assyria); in Ezekiel 38:2, 3 and Ezekiel 39:1 with Gog. The two names probably represented the tribes on the southeast coast of the Black Sea. Here the chief traffic was in slaves, the Tyrian traders probably buying them in exchange for their manufactured goods, and selling them to the cities of Greece as well as Phoenicia. In Greek history the names appear as Tibaroni and Moschi (Herod., 3:94; Xenophon, 'Anab.,' 5:5. 2, etal.). In Joel 4:6 Tyriaus are represented as selling Israelites as slaves in Greek cities (Hebrew "sons of Javan"). Thrace and Scythia were at all times the chief countries from which Greece imported her slaves. Vessels of brass. Here, as throughout the Old Testament, we should read "copper," the mixed metal which we know as "brass" not Being known to ancient metallurgy. Copper-mines were found near the Caucasus, and Euboea was also famous for them. The region was also noted for its iron. Javan designs Greece, as the Septuagint and Vulgate Latin versions render it; especially that part of it called Ionia, from Javan the son of Japheth, Genesis 10:2 and Tubal, and Meshech, were also sons of Japheth; the former are the Iberi and Albanians, as Jerom and others, among whom were a city called Thabilaca, by Ptolemy (w); and the latter the Cappadocians, with whom is a city called Mazaca (x).

They traded the persons of men and vessels of brass in thy markets; or, "the souls of men" (y); they bought up men and women in the several countries to which they belonged, or where they traded, and brought them to Tyre, and sold them for slaves; and the Ionian and Grecian slaves were had in great esteem: and the best brass, of which vessels were made, was had from Corinth, Delus, and Aeginetus; according to Pliny (z), Cappadocia was famous for it also: in the first of these merchandises Tyrus was remarkably a type of antichrist, who is said to deal in such wares, the souls of men, Revelation 18:13. The word here rendered "markets", Gussetius (a) also observes, does not design the place of commerce, but the act of negotiation or trade; and so it is rendered by many (b).

(w) Geograph. l. 5. c. 12. (x) Joseph. Antiqu. l. 1. c. 6. sect. 1.((y) "animabus hominum", Pagninus, Vatablus, Cocceius, Starckius. (z) Nat. Hist. l. 34. c. 2.((a) Ebr. Comment. p. 642. (b) , Sept.; "negotiationem tuam", Tigurine version; "in commercio tuo", Junius & Tremellius, Piscator, Polanus; "mercaturam tuam", Cocceius. 13. Javan—the Ionians or Greeks: for the Ionians of Asia Minor were the first Greeks with whom the Asiatics came in contact.

Tubal … Meshech—the Tibareni and Moschi, in the mountain region between the Black and Caspian Seas.

persons of men—that is, as slaves. So the Turkish harems are supplied with female slaves from Circassia and Georgia.

vessels—all kinds of articles. Superior weapons are still manufactured in the Caucasus region.27:1-25 Those who live at ease are to be lamented, if they are not prepared for trouble. Let none reckon themselves beautified, any further than they are sanctified. The account of the trade of Tyre intimates, that God's eye is upon men when employed in worldly business. Not only when at church, praying and hearing, but when in markets and fairs, buying and selling. In all our dealings we should keep a conscience void of offence. God, as the common Father of mankind, makes one country abound in one commodity, and another in another, serviceable to the necessity or to the comfort and ornament of human life. See what a blessing trade and merchandise are to mankind, when followed in the fear of God. Besides necessaries, an abundance of things are made valuable only by custom; yet God allows us to use them. But when riches increase, men are apt to set their hearts upon them, and forget the Lord, who gives power to get wealth.
Jump to Previous
Articles Brass Bronze Exchanged Greece Javan Market Merchandise Merchants Meshech Paid Persons Slaves Traded Traders Traffickers Tubal Vessels Wares
Jump to Next
Articles Brass Bronze Exchanged Greece Javan Market Merchandise Merchants Meshech Paid Persons Slaves Traded Traders Traffickers Tubal Vessels Wares
Links
Ezekiel 27:13 NIV
Ezekiel 27:13 NLT
Ezekiel 27:13 ESV
Ezekiel 27:13 NASB
Ezekiel 27:13 KJV

Ezekiel 27:13 Biblia Paralela
Ezekiel 27:13 Chinese Bible
Ezekiel 27:13 French Bible
Ezekiel 27:13 German Bible

Alphabetical: and articles bronze exchanged for Greece Javan lives men merchandise Meshech of paid slaves the they traded traders Tubal vessels wares were with you your

OT Prophets: Ezekiel 27:13 Javan Tubal and Meshech they were your (Ezek. Eze Ezk) Christian Bible Study Resources, Dictionary, Concordance and Search Tools
Ezekiel 27:12
Top of Page
Top of Page