Isaiah 23:3
Verse (Click for Chapter)
New International Version
On the great waters came the grain of the Shihor; the harvest of the Nile was the revenue of Tyre, and she became the marketplace of the nations.

New Living Translation
sailing over deep waters. They brought you grain from Egypt and harvests from along the Nile. You were the marketplace of the world.

English Standard Version
And on many waters your revenue was the grain of Shihor, the harvest of the Nile; you were the merchant of the nations.

New American Standard Bible
And were on many waters. The grain of the Nile, the harvest of the River was her revenue; And she was the market of nations.

King James Bible
And by great waters the seed of Sihor, the harvest of the river, is her revenue; and she is a mart of nations.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
on many waters. Tyre's revenue was the grain from Shihor-- the harvest of the Nile. She was the merchant among the nations.

International Standard Version
and were on mighty waters. Her revenue was the grain of Shihor, the harvest of the Nile; and she became the marketplace of nations.

NET Bible
the deep waters! Grain from the Shihor region, crops grown near the Nile she receives; she is the trade center of the nations.

New Heart English Bible
On great waters, the seed of the Shihor, the harvest of the Nile, was her revenue. She was the market of nations.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
The grain of Shihor is on the Mediterranean. The harvest of the Nile River is brought to Tyre. Tyre became the marketplace for the nations.

JPS Tanakh 1917
And on great waters the seed of Shihor, The harvest of the Nile, was her revenue; And she was the mart of nations.

New American Standard 1977
And were on many waters.
            The grain of the Nile, the harvest of the River was her revenue;
            And she was the market of nations.

Jubilee Bible 2000
Her provision was from the plantings that grow with the many waters of the Nile, of the harvest of the river. She was also the mart of the Gentiles.

King James 2000 Bible
And by great waters the grain of Sihor, the harvest of the river, is her revenue; and she is a marketplace of nations.

American King James Version
And by great waters the seed of Sihor, the harvest of the river, is her revenue; and she is a mart of nations.

American Standard Version
And on great waters the seed of the Shihor, the harvest of the Nile, was her revenue; and she was the mart of nations.

Douay-Rheims Bible
The seed of the Nile in many waters, the harvest of the river is her revenue: and she is become the mart of the nations.

Darby Bible Translation
And on great waters, the seed of Shihor, the harvest of the Nile, was her revenue; and she was the market of the nations.

English Revised Version
And on great waters the seed of Shihor, the harvest of the Nile, was her revenue; and she was the mart of nations.

Webster's Bible Translation
And by great waters the seed of Sihor, the harvest of the river, is her revenue; and she is a mart of nations.

World English Bible
On great waters, the seed of the Shihor, the harvest of the Nile, was her revenue. She was the market of nations.

Young's Literal Translation
And in many waters is the seed of Sihor, The harvest of the brook is her increase, And she is a mart of nations.
Study Bible
The Fall of Tyre
2Be silent, you inhabitants of the coastland, You merchants of Sidon; Your messengers crossed the sea 3And were on many waters. The grain of the Nile, the harvest of the River was her revenue; And she was the market of nations. 4Be ashamed, O Sidon; For the sea speaks, the stronghold of the sea, saying, "I have neither travailed nor given birth, I have neither brought up young men nor reared virgins."…
Cross References
Joshua 13:3
from the Shihor which is east of Egypt, even as far as the border of Ekron to the north (it is counted as Canaanite); the five lords of the Philistines: the Gazite, the Ashdodite, the Ashkelonite, the Gittite, the Ekronite; and the Avvite

1 Chronicles 13:5
So David assembled all Israel together, from the Shihor of Egypt even to the entrance of Hamath, to bring the ark of God from Kiriath-jearim.

Isaiah 19:7
The bulrushes by the Nile, by the edge of the Nile And all the sown fields by the Nile Will become dry, be driven away, and be no more.

Jeremiah 2:18
"But now what are you doing on the road to Egypt, To drink the waters of the Nile? Or what are you doing on the road to Assyria, To drink the waters of the Euphrates?

Ezekiel 27:3
and say to Tyre, who dwells at the entrance to the sea, merchant of the peoples to many coastlands, 'Thus says the Lord GOD, "O Tyre, you have said, 'I am perfect in beauty.'
Treasury of Scripture

And by great waters the seed of Sihor, the harvest of the river, is her revenue; and she is a mart of nations.

Sihor

1 Chronicles 13:5 So David gathered all Israel together, from Shihor of Egypt even …

Jeremiah 2:18 And now what have you to do in the way of Egypt, to drink the waters …

the harvest

Isaiah 32:20 Blessed are you that sow beside all waters, that send forth thither …

Deuteronomy 11:10 For the land, where you go in to possess it, is not as the land of …

she is

Isaiah 23:8 Who has taken this counsel against Tyre, the crowning city, whose …

Ezekiel 27:33 When your wares went forth out of the seas, you filled many people…

Ezekiel 28:4 With your wisdom and with your understanding you have gotten you …

Joel 3:5 Because you have taken my silver and my gold, and have carried into …

Revelation 18:11-13 And the merchants of the earth shall weep and mourn over her; for …

(3) By great waters the seed of Sihor . . .--Sihor ("the dark river") is as in Jeremiah 2:18, a Hebrew name for the Nile. The corn-trade with Egypt (Ezekiel 27:7, adds the linen-trade) was naturally a chief branch of Tyrian commerce. Practically, indeed, as the Egyptians had no timber to build ships, and, for the most part, hated the sea, their navy consisted of Phnicians. Tyre practically reaped the harvest that sprang from the inundation of the Nile. For "mart," read gain. The "great waters" are those of the great sea, i.e., of the Mediterranean.

Verse 3. - By great waters; rather, on great waters; i.e. on the waters of the Mediterranean (cf. Psalm 107:23; Ezekiel 27:26). The Egyptian vessels conveyed the corn intended for exportation to the ports at the mouths of the Nile, where it was transhipped aboard Phoenician craft, which carried it on the open sea to the countries needing it. We never hear of the Egyptians disputing the trade of the Mediterranean with the Phoenicians and the Greeks, though they certainly had trading-vessels at times on the waters of the Red Sea. The seed of Sihor; i.e. the corn of the Nile valley. "Si-her," or rather "Shihor," is the only proper name by which the Nile is designated in the Hebrew Scriptures. It means "the dark," "the turbid," and may be compared with the modern "Bahr-el-azrak," used of the Eastern or Abyssinian Nile, and with the term" Nilus" itself, if that signifies "the dark blue stream." It occurs, as the name of the Nile, only in Joshua 13:3; 1 Chronicles 13:5; Jeremiah 2:18; and the present place. Is her revenue; i.e. "produces a portion of her annual income." And she is a man of nations (so Gesenius and Ewald). Delitzsch and Mr. Cheyne translate, "It is the gain of the nations," referring "it' to the corn which the Tyrians exported. And by great waters the seed of Sihor,.... Sihor is the river Nile in Egypt; it had its name from the black colour of its waters, as in Jeremiah 2:18 hence called by the Greeks Melas, and by the Latins Melo: the "seed" of it intends what was sown and grew upon the banks of it, or was nourished by the overflow of this river throughout the land, and includes corn, flax, paper, &c. with which Egypt abounded; and when this is said to be "by great waters", the meaning either is, that it grew by great waters, the waters of the Nile, and through the influence of them; or that it came by great waters to Tyre; that is, by the waters of the sea, the Mediterranean Sea:

the harvest of the river is her revenue; this clause is the same with the former, and serves to explain it; the river is the river Nile, the harvest is the seed that was sown and grew by it, and which at the proper season, when ripe, was gathered from it, and carried in ships to Tyre, with which that city was supplied and enriched, as if it had been its own produce:

and she is a mart of nations; Tyre was a city to which all nations traded, it was a mart for them all, and where they brought their wares to sell, and always found a market for them, here they had vent. The twenty seventh chapter of Ezekiel EZechariah 27:1 is a proper commentary on this clause. 3. great waters—the wide waters of the sea.

seed—"grain," or crop, as in 1Sa 8:15; Job 39:12.

Sihor—literally, "dark-colored"; applied to the Nile, as the Egyptian Jeor, and the Greek Melas, to express the "dark, turbid" colors given to its waters by the fertilizing soil which it deposits at its yearly overflow (Jer 2:18).

harvest of the river—the growth of the Delta; the produce due to the overflow of the Nile: Egypt was the great granary of corn in the ancient world (Ge 41:1-57; 42:1-38; 43:1-34).

her revenue—Tyrian vessels carried Egyptian produce obtained in exchange for wine, oil, glass, etc., into various lands, and so made large profits.

mart—(Eze 27:3). No city was more favorably situated for commerce.23:1-14 Tyre was the mart of the nations. She was noted for mirth and diversions; and this made her loth to consider the warnings God gave by his servants. Her merchants were princes, and lived like princes. Tyre being destroyed and laid waste, the merchants should abandon her. Flee to shift for thine own safety; but those that are uneasy in one place, will be so in another; for when God's judgments pursue sinners, they will overtake them. Whence shall all this trouble come? It is a destruction from the Almighty. God designed to convince men of the vanity and uncertainty of all earthly glory. Let the ruin of Tyre warn all places and persons to take heed of pride; for he who exalts himself shall be abased. God will do it, who has all power in his hand; but the Chaldeans shall be the instruments.
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