Ezekiel 27:15
Verse (Click for Chapter)
New International Version
"'The men of Rhodes traded with you, and many coastlands were your customers; they paid you with ivory tusks and ebony.

New Living Translation
Merchants came to you from Dedan. Numerous coastlands were your captive markets; they brought payment in ivory tusks and ebony wood.

English Standard Version
The men of Dedan traded with you. Many coastlands were your own special markets; they brought you in payment ivory tusks and ebony.

New American Standard Bible
"The sons of Dedan were your traders. Many coastlands were your market; ivory tusks and ebony they brought as your payment.

King James Bible
The men of Dedan were thy merchants; many isles were the merchandise of thine hand: they brought thee for a present horns of ivory and ebony.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Men of Dedan were also your merchants; many coasts and islands were your regular markets. They brought back ivory tusks and ebony as your payment.

International Standard Version
Men from the low country south of Edom and many of the coastlands were your markets for ivory tusks and ebony that they brought to trade with you.

NET Bible
The Dedanites were your clients. Many coastlands were your customers; they paid you with ivory tusks and ebony.

New Heart English Bible
The men of Dedan were your traffickers; many islands were the market of your hand: they brought you in exchange horns of ivory and ebony.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
People from Dedan traded goods with you. You traded with many people on the coasts, and they brought you ivory and ebony as payment.

JPS Tanakh 1917
The men of Dedan were thy traffickers; many isles were the mart of thy hand; they brought thee as tribute horns of ivory and ebony.

New American Standard 1977
“The sons of Dedan were your traders. Many coastlands were your market; ivory tusks and ebony they brought as your payment.

Jubilee Bible 2000
The sons of Dedan were thy merchants; many isles took merchandise from thy hand: they brought thee for a present horns of ivory and peacocks.

King James 2000 Bible
The men of Dedan were your merchants; many coastlands were the markets of your hand: they brought you for a present tusks of ivory and ebony.

American King James Version
The men of Dedan were your merchants; many isles were the merchandise of your hand: they brought you for a present horns of ivory and ebony.

American Standard Version
The men of Dedan were thy traffickers; many isles were the mart of thy hand: they brought thee in exchange horns of ivory and ebony.

Douay-Rheims Bible
The men of Dedan were thy merchants: many islands were the traffic of thy hand, they exchanged for thy price teeth of ivory and ebony.

Darby Bible Translation
The children of Dedan were thy traffickers; many isles were the mart of thy hand: they rendered in payment horns of ivory, and ebony.

English Revised Version
The men of Dedan were thy traffickers: many isles were the mart of thine hand: they brought thee in exchange horns of ivory and ebony.

Webster's Bible Translation
The men of Dedan were thy merchants; many isles were the merchandise of thy hand: they brought thee for a present horns of ivory and ebony.

World English Bible
The men of Dedan were your traffickers; many islands were the market of your hand: they brought you in exchange horns of ivory and ebony.

Young's Literal Translation
Sons of Dedan are thy merchants, Many isles are the mart of thy hand, Horns of ivory and ebony they sent back thy reward.
Study Bible
A Lament for Tyre
14"Those from Beth-togarmah gave horses and war horses and mules for your wares. 15"The sons of Dedan were your traders. Many coastlands were your market; ivory tusks and ebony they brought as your payment. 16"Aram was your customer because of the abundance of your goods; they paid for your wares with emeralds, purple, embroidered work, fine linen, coral and rubies.…
Cross References
Revelation 18:12
cargo of gold, silver, precious stones, and pearls; of fine linen, purple, silk, and scarlet; of all kinds of citron wood and every article of ivory and precious wood, of bronze, iron, and marble;

Genesis 10:7
The sons of Cush were Seba and Havilah and Sabtah and Raamah and Sabteca; and the sons of Raamah were Sheba and Dedan.

1 Kings 10:22
For the king had at sea the ships of Tarshish with the ships of Hiram; once every three years the ships of Tarshish came bringing gold and silver, ivory and apes and peacocks.

Isaiah 21:13
The oracle about Arabia. In the thickets of Arabia you must spend the night, O caravans of Dedanites.

Jeremiah 25:23
and Dedan, Tema, Buz and all who cut the corners of their hair;

Ezekiel 25:13
therefore thus says the Lord GOD, "I will also stretch out My hand against Edom and cut off man and beast from it. And I will lay it waste; from Teman even to Dedan they will fall by the sword.

Ezekiel 27:20
"Dedan traded with you in saddlecloths for riding.

Ezekiel 38:13
"Sheba and Dedan and the merchants of Tarshish with all its villages will say to you, 'Have you come to capture spoil? Have you assembled your company to seize plunder, to carry away silver and gold, to take away cattle and goods, to capture great spoil?'"'
Treasury of Scripture

The men of Dedan were your merchants; many isles were the merchandise of your hand: they brought you for a present horns of ivory and ebony.

Dedan

Ezekiel 27:20 Dedan was your merchant in precious clothes for chariots.

Genesis 10:7 And the sons of Cush; Seba, and Havilah, and Sabtah, and Raamah, …

Genesis 25:3 And Jokshan begat Sheba, and Dedan. And the sons of Dedan were Asshurim, …

1 Chronicles 1:9,32 And the sons of Cush; Seba, and Havilah, and Sabta, and Raamah, and …

Jeremiah 25:23 Dedan, and Tema, and Buz, and all that are in the utmost corners,

Jeremiah 49:8 Flee you, turn back, dwell deep, O inhabitants of Dedan; for I will …

of ivory

1 Kings 10:22 For the king had at sea a navy of Tharshish with the navy of Hiram: …

Revelation 18:12 The merchandise of gold, and silver, and precious stones, and of …

(15) Dedan.--This Dedan is a descendant of Ham through Cush (Genesis 10:7). The tribe was located in Arabia, probably upon the shores of the Persian Gulf (Isaiah 21:13). The Dedan of Ezekiel 27:20, on the other hand, is a Semitic tribe, spoken of also in Ezekiel 25:13; Jeremiah 49:8. The "many isles" of this Dedan were the islands in the Persian Gulf, on the Arabian coast, and they were "merchandise" in the sense of supplying material for the commerce of Tyre. "Brought thee for a present" might seem to imply tribute, but the original rather conveys the idea of return payment. "Horns of ivory" is, literally, horns of teeth; the name "horn" being simply a commercial term derived from the shape of the elephant's tusk. "Ebony" is a word used only here. It was brought both from India and Ethiopia, the wood from the latter being preferred.

Verse 15. - The men of Dedan. The name occurs again in Ver. 20, and has already met us in Ezekiel 25:13 (where see note). Here the words probably refer to the many isles of the Persian Gulf or the Red Sea. So the ships of Solomon and Hiram - ships of Tarshish (name used generically for merchant-vessels) - brought ivory among their other imports, starting from Ezion-Geber (1 Kings 9:26; 1 Kings 10:22). Ebony came from Ethiopia and India. Virgil, indeed, names the latter country as the only region which produced it ('Georg.,' 2:115). Ceylon is at present one of the chief sources of supply. The LXX. curiously enough gives Rhodians, the Hebrew letters for d and r being easily mistaken by copyists. The men of Dedan were thy merchants,.... Not Dedan in Idumea or Edom, but in Arabia, from Dedan the son of Raamah, Genesis 10:7,

many isles were the merchandise of thine hands; that is, many isles took off their manufactures from them, in lieu of what they brought them, which were as follow:

they brought thee for a present; that they might have the liberty of trading in their fairs and markets; or rather for a reward, or as a price, for the goods they had of them:

horns of ivory and ebony; Kimchi reads them as separate things; and which the Targum confirms, "horns, ivory, and ebony"; elks' horns, or horns of goats, as the Targum; and "ivory", or the teeth of elephants; and "ebony", which is a wood of a very black colour, hard and heavy, and of which many things are made. The Targum takes it for the name of a fowl, and renders it peacocks; so Jarchi; see 2 Chronicles 9:21, but Ben Melech much better interprets it of a tree, called in Arabia "ebenus". Solinus makes it peculiar to India (d); and so Virgil (e).

(d) Polyhistor. c. 65. (e) "----Sola India nigrum fert ebenum.----" Virgil. Georgic. 1. 2. 15. Dedan—near the Persian Sea: thus an avenue to the commerce of India. Not the Dedan in Arabia (Eze 27:20), as the names in the context here prove, but the Dedan sprung from Cush [Bochart], (Ge 10:7).

merchandise of thine hand—that is, were dependent on thee for trade [Fairbairn]; came to buy the produce of thy hands [Grotius].

a present—literally, "a reward in return"; a price paid for merchandise.

horns of ivory—Ivory is so termed from its resemblance to horns. The Hebrew word for "ivory" means "tooth"; so that they cannot have mistaken ivory as if coming from the horns of certain animals, instead of from the tusks of the elephant.27:1-25 Those who live at ease are to be lamented, if they are not prepared for trouble. Let none reckon themselves beautified, any further than they are sanctified. The account of the trade of Tyre intimates, that God's eye is upon men when employed in worldly business. Not only when at church, praying and hearing, but when in markets and fairs, buying and selling. In all our dealings we should keep a conscience void of offence. God, as the common Father of mankind, makes one country abound in one commodity, and another in another, serviceable to the necessity or to the comfort and ornament of human life. See what a blessing trade and merchandise are to mankind, when followed in the fear of God. Besides necessaries, an abundance of things are made valuable only by custom; yet God allows us to use them. But when riches increase, men are apt to set their hearts upon them, and forget the Lord, who gives power to get wealth.
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