Genesis 10:5
Parallel Verses
New International Version
(From these the maritime peoples spread out into their territories by their clans within their nations, each with its own language.)

New Living Translation
Their descendants became the seafaring peoples that spread out to various lands, each identified by its own language, clan, and national identity.

English Standard Version
From these the coastland peoples spread in their lands, each with his own language, by their clans, in their nations.

New American Standard Bible
From these the coastlands of the nations were separated into their lands, every one according to his language, according to their families, into their nations.

King James Bible
By these were the isles of the Gentiles divided in their lands; every one after his tongue, after their families, in their nations.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
The coastland peoples spread out into their lands. These are Japheth's sons by their clans, in their nations. Each group had its own language.

International Standard Version
from whom the coastal peoples spread into their own lands and nations, each with their own language and family groups.

NET Bible
From these the coastlands of the nations were separated into their lands, every one according to its language, according to their families, by their nations.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
From these descendants the people of the coastlands spread into their own countries. Each nation had its own language and families.

Jubilee Bible 2000
By these were the isles of the Gentiles divided in their lands, each one after his tongue, after their families, in their nations.

King James 2000 Bible
By these were the coastlands of the nations divided in their lands; everyone after his tongue, after their families, in their nations.

American King James Version
By these were the isles of the Gentiles divided in their lands; every one after his tongue, after their families, in their nations.

American Standard Version
Of these were the isles of the nations divided in their lands, every one after his tongue, after their families, in their nations.

Douay-Rheims Bible
By these were divided the islands of the Gentiles in their lands, every one according to his tongue and their families in their nations.

Darby Bible Translation
From these came the distribution of the isles of the nations, according to their lands, every one after his tongue, after their families, in their nations.

English Revised Version
Of these were the isles of the nations divided in their lands, every one after his tongue; after their families, in their nations.

Webster's Bible Translation
By these were the isles of the Gentiles divided in their lands; every one after his tongue, after their families, in their nations.

World English Bible
Of these were the islands of the nations divided in their lands, everyone after his language, after their families, in their nations.

Young's Literal Translation
By these have the isles of the nations been parted in their lands, each by his tongue, by their families, in their nations.
Parallel Commentaries
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary

10:1-7 This chapter shows concerning the three sons of Noah, that of them was the whole earth overspread. No nation but that of the Jews can be sure from which of these seventy it has come. The lists of names of fathers and sons were preserved of the Jews alone, for the sake of the Messiah. Many learned men, however, have, with some probability, shown which of the nations of the earth descended from each of the sons of Noah To the posterity of Japheth were allotted the isles of the gentiles; probably, the island of Britain among the rest. All places beyond the sea from Judea are called isles, Jer 25:22. That promise, Isa 42:4, The isles shall wait for his law, speaks of the conversion of the gentiles to the faith of Christ.

Pulpit Commentary

Verse 5. - By these were the isles of the Gentiles. Sea-washed coasts as well as islands proper (cf. Isaiah 42:4 with Matthew 12:21). Isaiah (Genesis 20:6) styles Canaan an isle (cf. Peloponnesus). The expression signifies maritime countries. Divided in their lands; every one after his tongue. Indicating a time posterior to the building of Babel (Genesis 11:1). After their families Ἐν ταῖς φυλαῖς αὐτῶν (LXX.); in their tribes or clans, a lesser subdivision than the next. In their nations. The division here exhibited is fourfold:

(1) geographical,

(2) dialectical,

(3) tribal, and

(4) national

The first defines the territory occupied, and the second the language spoken by the Japhethites; the third their immediate descent, and the rough the national group to which they severally belonged.

Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

By these were the isles of the Gentiles divided in their lands,.... That is, by those sons of Japheth before mentioned; and by "isles" are meant, not countries surrounded with water, for the isles in this sense would not have been sufficient for the posterity of Japheth; nor can it be thought they would leave the continent, where there was room enough for them, and go into islands; and besides must have found it difficult to get there, when shipping and navigation were little known: but it is usual with the Hebrews, of whom Moses, the writer of this history, was, to call all places beyond the Mediterranean sea, or whatsoever they went to by sea, or that were upon the sea coasts, islands, as Greece, Italy, &c. Moreover, the word sometimes signifies countries, as it does in Job 22:30 and so should be rendered here, as it is by some (y), "the countries of the Gentiles"; so called, because in the times of Moses, and at the writing of this history, those countries were inhabited by Heathens and idolaters, strangers to the true religion: and this division was not made at random, and at the pleasure of a rude company of men, but in an orderly regular manner, with the consent, and by the advice and direction of the principal men of those times; and especially it was directed by the wise providence of the most High, who divided to the nations their inheritance, and set the bounds of the people, Deuteronomy 32:8.

everyone after his tongue, after their families, in their nations; this shows, that what is said concerning the division of countries to the sons of Japheth is by way of anticipation; and that, though thus related, was not done till after the confusion of languages, since the partition was made according to the different languages of men; those that were of the same language went and dwelt together, the several nations of them, and the several families in those nations; by which it appears that this was done by consultation, with great care and wisdom, ranging the people according to their tongues; of which nations were formed, and with them were taken the several families they consisted of.

(y) "regiones gentium", Junius & Tremellius, Piscator, Patrick.

Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Bible Commentary

5. the isles of the Gentiles—a phrase by which the Hebrews described all countries which were accessible by sea (Isa 11:11; 20:6; Jer 25:22). Such in relation to them were the countries of Europe, the peninsula of Lesser Asia, and the region lying on the east of the Euxine. Accordingly, it was in these quarters the early descendants of Japheth had their settlements.

Genesis 10:5 Additional Commentaries
Context
The Japhethites
4The sons of Javan were Elishah and Tarshish, Kittim and Dodanim. 5From these the coastlands of the nations were separated into their lands, every one according to his language, according to their families, into their nations.
Cross References
Genesis 10:4
The sons of Javan: Elishah, Tarshish, the Kittites and the Rodanites.

Genesis 10:6
The sons of Ham: Cush, Egypt, Put and Canaan.

Ezekiel 26:15
"This is what the Sovereign LORD says to Tyre: Will not the coastlands tremble at the sound of your fall, when the wounded groan and the slaughter takes place in you?

Ezekiel 26:18
Now the coastlands tremble on the day of your fall; the islands in the sea are terrified at your collapse.'

Daniel 11:18
Then he will turn his attention to the coastlands and will take many of them, but a commander will put an end to his insolence and will turn his insolence back on him.
Treasury of Scripture

By these were the isles of the Gentiles divided in their lands; every one after his tongue, after their families, in their nations.

A.M.

Genesis 10:25 And to Eber were born two sons: the name of one was Peleg; for in …

Psalm 72:10 The kings of Tarshish and of the isles shall bring presents: the …

Isaiah 24:15 Why glorify you the LORD in the fires, even the name of the LORD …

Isaiah 40:15 Behold, the nations are as a drop of a bucket, and are counted as …

Isaiah 41:5 The isles saw it, and feared; the ends of the earth were afraid, …

Isaiah 42:4,10 He shall not fail nor be discouraged, till he have set judgment in …

Isaiah 49:1 Listen, O isles, to me; and listen, you people, from far; The LORD …

Isaiah 51:5 My righteousness is near; my salvation is gone forth, and my arms …

Isaiah 59:18 According to their deeds, accordingly he will repay, fury to his …

Isaiah 60:9 Surely the isles shall wait for me, and the ships of Tarshish first, …

Jeremiah 2:10 For pass over the isles of Chittim, and see; and send to Kedar, and …

Jeremiah 25:22 And all the kings of Tyrus, and all the kings of Zidon, and the kings …

Zephaniah 2:11 The LORD will be terrible to them: for he will famish all the gods …

after his.

Genesis 10:20 These are the sons of Ham, after their families, after their tongues, …

Genesis 11:1-9 And the whole earth was of one language, and of one speech…

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