Genesis 2:10
Parallel Verses
New International Version
A river watering the garden flowed from Eden; from there it was separated into four headwaters.

New Living Translation
A river flowed from the land of Eden, watering the garden and then dividing into four branches.

English Standard Version
A river flowed out of Eden to water the garden, and there it divided and became four rivers.

New American Standard Bible
Now a river flowed out of Eden to water the garden; and from there it divided and became four rivers.

King James Bible
And a river went out of Eden to water the garden; and from thence it was parted, and became into four heads.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
A river went out from Eden to water the garden. From there it divided and became the source of four rivers.

International Standard Version
A river flows from Eden to water the garden, and from there it divides, becoming four branches.

NET Bible
Now a river flows from Eden to water the orchard, and from there it divides into four headstreams.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
A river flowed from Eden to water the garden. Outside the garden it divided into four rivers.

Jubilee Bible 2000
And a river went out of Eden to water the garden, and from there it was divided into four heads.

King James 2000 Bible
And a river went out of Eden to water the garden; and from there it was parted, and became four heads.

American King James Version
And a river went out of Eden to water the garden; and from there it was parted, and became into four heads.

American Standard Version
And a river went out of Eden to water the garden; and from thence it was parted, and became four heads.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And a river went out the place of pleasure to water paradise, which from thence is divided into four heads.

Darby Bible Translation
And a river went out of Eden, to water the garden; and from thence it was parted, and became four main streams.

English Revised Version
And a river went out of Eden to water the garden; and from thence it was parted, and became four heads.

Webster's Bible Translation
And a river went out of Eden to water the garden: and from thence it was parted, and became into four heads.

World English Bible
A river went out of Eden to water the garden; and from there it was parted, and became four heads.

Young's Literal Translation
And a river is going out from Eden to water the garden, and from thence it is parted, and hath become four chief rivers;
Parallel Commentaries
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary

2:8-14 The place fixed upon for Adam to dwell in, was not a palace, but a garden. The better we take up with plain things, and the less we seek things to gratify pride and luxury, the nearer we approach to innocency. Nature is content with a little, and that which is most natural; grace with less; but lust craves every thing, and is content with nothing. No delights can be satisfying to the soul, but those which God himself has provided and appointed for it. Eden signifies delight and pleasure. Wherever it was, it had all desirable conveniences, without any inconvenience, though no other house or garden on earth ever was so. It was adorned with every tree pleasant to the sight, and enriched with every tree that yielded fruit grateful to the taste and good for food. God, as a tender Father, desired not only Adam's profit, but his pleasure; for there is pleasure with innocency, nay there is true pleasure only in innocency. When Providence puts us in a place of plenty and pleasure, we ought to serve God with gladness of heart in the good things he gives us. Eden had two trees peculiar to itself. 1. There was the tree of life in the midst of the garden. Of this man might eat and live. Christ is now to us the Tree of life, Re 2:7; 22:2; and the Bread of life, Joh 6:48,51. 2. There was the tree of the knowledge of good and evil, so called because there was a positive revelation of the will of God about this tree, so that by it man might know moral good and evil. What is good? It is good not to eat of this tree. What is evil? It is evil to eat of this tree. In these two trees God set before Adam good and evil, the blessing and the curse.

Pulpit Commentary

Verse 10. - The precise locality of Eden is indicated by its relation to the great watercourses of the region. And a river (literally, a flowing water, applicable to large oceanic floods - Job 22:16; Psalm 24:2; Psalm 46:5; Jonah 2:4 - as well as to narrow streams) went out (literally, going out) of Eden to water the garden. To conclude from this that the river had its source within the limits of the garden is to infer more than the premises will warrant. Nothing more is implied in the language than that a great watercourse proceeded through the district of Eden, and served to irrigate the soil. Probably it intersected the garden, thus occasioning its remarkable fecundity and beauty. And from thence (i.e. either on emerging from which, or, taking מן in its secondary sense, outside of, or at a distance from which) it was parted (literally, divided itself), and became into four heads. Roshim, from rosh, that which is highest; either principal waters, arms or branches (Taylor Lewis, Alford), or beginnings of rivers, indicating the sources of the streams (Gesenius, Keil, Macdonald, Murphy). If the second of these interpretations be adopted, Eden must be looked for in a spot where some great flowing water is subdivided into four separate streams; if the former be regarded as the proper exegesis, then any great river which is first formed by the junction of two streams, and afterwards disperses its waters in two different directions, will meet the requirements of the case.

Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

And a river went out of Eden to water the garden,.... Before man was created, as Aben Ezra observes, this river went out of Eden and watered it on every side; but what river is here meant, is hard to say. It is more generally thought to be the river Euphrates, when that and the Tigris met, and became one stream or river, and as such entered and passed through Eden; and as it was parted into four rivers afterwards, in two of which they retained their names: the learned Reland (k) thinks, this river is now lost; but the learned writer before referred to thinks, as has been observed, that it is the river Jordan; see note on Gen 2:8 and which, as Pliny (l) says, was a very pleasant river:

and from thence it was parted, and became into four heads; after it had passed through Eden, and the garden in it, watering it, it divided into four parts or heads of water, or four chief principal rivers, hereafter mentioned; and which circumstance the above writer thinks makes it the more probable to be the river Jordan, which and with the four rivers are spoken of together by the son of Sirach, in the Apocrypha:"25 He filleth all things with his wisdom, as Phison and as Tigris in the time of the new fruits. 26 He maketh the understanding to abound like Euphrates, and as Jordan in the time of the harvest. 27 He maketh the doctrine of knowledge appear as the light, and as Geon in the time of vintage.'' (Sirach 24)of which in the following verses. This river may be an emblem of the everlasting love of God, that pure river of water of life, which springs from the throne of God, and of the Lamb, from divine sovereignty, and not from the faith, love, and obedience of man; that river, the streams whereof make glad the city of God, and which water the garden, the church, revive its plants, and make it fruitful and delightful; the four heads or branches of which are eternal election of God, particular redemption by Christ, regeneration and sanctification by the Spirit, and eternal life and happiness, as the free gift of God through Christ; see Psalm 46:4.

(k) Dissert. de Paradiso, p. 53. (l) Nat. Hist. l. 5. c. 15.



Genesis 2:10 Additional Commentaries
Context
The Planting of the Garden
9Out of the ground the LORD God caused to grow every tree that is pleasing to the sight and good for food; the tree of life also in the midst of the garden, and the tree of the knowledge of good and evil. 10Now a river flowed out of Eden to water the garden; and from there it divided and became four rivers. 11The name of the first is Pishon; it flows around the whole land of Havilah, where there is gold.…
Cross References
Genesis 13:10
Lot looked around and saw that the whole plain of the Jordan toward Zoar was well watered, like the garden of the LORD, like the land of Egypt. (This was before the LORD destroyed Sodom and Gomorrah.)

Psalm 46:4
There is a river whose streams make glad the city of God, the holy place where the Most High dwells.
Treasury of Scripture

And a river went out of Eden to water the garden; and from there it was parted, and became into four heads.

a river.

Psalm 46:4 There is a river, the streams whereof shall make glad the city of …

Revelation 22:1 And he showed me a pure river of water of life, clear as crystal, …

Eden. Eden denotes pleasure or delight; but was certainly the name of a place, and was, most probably, situated in Armenia, near the sources of the great rivers Euphrates, Tigris, Phasis, and Araxes.

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Alphabetical: A and became divided Eden flowed four from garden headwaters into it Now of out river rivers separated the there to was water watering

OT Law: Genesis 2:10 A river went out of Eden (Gen. Ge Gn) Christian Bible Study Resources, Dictionary, Concordance and Search Tools

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