Genesis 1:7
Parallel Verses
New International Version
So God made the vault and separated the water under the vault from the water above it. And it was so.

New Living Translation
And that is what happened. God made this space to separate the waters of the earth from the waters of the heavens.

English Standard Version
And God made the expanse and separated the waters that were under the expanse from the waters that were above the expanse. And it was so.

New American Standard Bible
God made the expanse, and separated the waters which were below the expanse from the waters which were above the expanse; and it was so.

King James Bible
And God made the firmament, and divided the waters which were under the firmament from the waters which were above the firmament: and it was so.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
So God made the expanse and separated the water under the expanse from the water above the expanse. And it was so.

International Standard Version
So God made a canopy that separated the water beneath the canopy from the water above it. And that is what happened:

NET Bible
So God made the expanse and separated the water under the expanse from the water above it. It was so.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
So God made the horizon and separated the water above and below the horizon. And so it was.

Jubilee Bible 2000
And God made a firmament and divided the waters which were under the firmament from the waters which were above the firmament; and it was so.

King James 2000 Bible
And God made the firmament, and divided the waters which were under the firmament from the waters which were above the firmament: and it was so.

American King James Version
And God made the firmament, and divided the waters which were under the firmament from the waters which were above the firmament: and it was so.

American Standard Version
And God made the firmament, and divided the waters which were under the firmament from the waters which were above the firmament: and it was so.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And God made a firmament, and divided the waters that were under the firmament, from those that were above the firmament, and it was so.

Darby Bible Translation
And God made the expanse, and divided between the waters that are under the expanse and the waters that are above the expanse; and it was so.

English Revised Version
And God made the firmament, and divided the waters which were under the firmament from the waters which were above the firmament: and it was so.

Webster's Bible Translation
And God made the firmament; and divided the waters which were under the firmament from the waters which were above the firmament: and it was so.

World English Bible
God made the expanse, and divided the waters which were under the expanse from the waters which were above the expanse; and it was so.

Young's Literal Translation
And God maketh the expanse, and it separateth between the waters which are under the expanse, and the waters which are above the expanse: and it is so.
Parallel Commentaries
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary

1:6-13 The earth was emptiness, but by a word spoken, it became full of God's riches, and his they are still. Though the use of them is allowed to man, they are from God, and to his service and honour they must be used. The earth, at his command, brings forth grass, herbs, and fruits. God must have the glory of all the benefit we receive from the produce of the earth. If we have, through grace, an interest in Him who is the Fountain, we may rejoice in him when the streams of temporal mercies are dried up.

Pulpit Commentary

Verse 7. - And God made the firmament. How the present atmosphere was evolved from the chaotic mass of waters the Mosaic narrative does not reveal. The primary intention of that record being not to teach science, but to discover religious truth, the thing of paramount importance to be communicated was that the firmament was of God's construction. This, of course, does not prevent us from believing that the elimination of those gases (twenty-one parts of oxygen and seventy-nine of nitrogen, with a small proportion of carbonic acid gas and aqueous vapor) which compose our atmosphere was not effected by natural means; and how far it may have been assisted by the action of the light upon the condensing mass of the globe is a problem in the solution of which science may legitimately take an interest. And divided the waters which were under the firmament from the waters which were above the firmament. The upper waters are not the material of the stars (Delitzsch, Wordsworth), although Jupiter is of the same density as water, and Saturn only half its density; but the waters floating about in the higher spaces of the air. The under waters are not the lower atmospheric vapors, but the oceanic and terrestrial waters. How the waters are collected in the upper reaches of the atmosphere, Scripture, no less than science, explains to be by means of evaporation (Genesis 2:6; Job 36:27; Job 37:16). These latter passages suggest that the clouds are balanced, suspended, upheld by the buoyancy of the air in exact accordance with scientific principles. And it was so. Six times these words occur in the creation record. Sublimely suggestive of the resistless energy of the Divine word, which speaks, and it is done, commands, and it standeth fast, they likewise remind us of the sweet submissiveness of the creature to the all-wise Creator's will, and, perhaps, are designed as well to intimate the fixed and permanent character of those arrangements to which they are attached.

Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

And God made the firmament,.... By a word speaking, commanding it into being, producing it out of the chaos, and spreading it in that vast space between the heaven of heavens and our earth (z),

And divided the waters which were under the firmament from the waters which were above the firmament; the lower part of it, the atmosphere above, which are the clouds full of water, from whence rain descends upon the earth; and which divided between them and those that were left on the earth, and so under it, not yet gathered into one place; as it now does between the clouds of heaven and the waters of the sea. Though Mr. Gregory (a) is of opinion, that an abyss of waters above the most supreme orb is here meant; or a great deep between the heavens and the heaven of heavens, where, as in storehouses, the depth is laid up; and God has his treasures of snow, hail, and rain, and from whence he brought out the waters which drowned the world at the universal deluge. Others suppose the waters above to be the crystalline heaven, which for its clearness resembles water; and which Milton (b) calls the "crystalline ocean",

And it was so: the firmament was accordingly made, and answered this purpose, to divide the waters below it from those above it; or "it was firm" (c), stable and durable; and so it has continued.

(z) ------and God made The firmament, expanse of liquid, pure, Transparent, elemental air, diffused In circuit to the uttermost convex Of this great round.------ Milton, Paradise Lost, B. 7. l. 263, &c. (a) Notes and Observations, &c. c. 23. p. 110, &c. (b) Ibid. l. 291. (c) "et factum est firmum", Fagius & Nachmanides in ib.



Genesis 1:7 Additional Commentaries
Context
The Second Day: Firmament
6Then God said, "Let there be an expanse in the midst of the waters, and let it separate the waters from the waters." 7God made the expanse, and separated the waters which were below the expanse from the waters which were above the expanse; and it was so. 8God called the expanse heaven. And there was evening and there was morning, a second day.
Cross References
Genesis 1:8
God called the vault "sky." And there was evening, and there was morning--the second day.

Job 38:8
"Who shut up the sea behind doors when it burst forth from the womb,

Psalm 19:1
For the director of music. A psalm of David. The heavens declare the glory of God; the skies proclaim the work of his hands.

Psalm 148:4
Praise him, you highest heavens and you waters above the skies.
Treasury of Scripture

And God made the firmament, and divided the waters which were under the firmament from the waters which were above the firmament: and it was so.

divided.

Proverbs 8:28,29 When he established the clouds above: when he strengthened the fountains …

above.

Job 26:8 He binds up the waters in his thick clouds; and the cloud is not …

Psalm 104:10 He sends the springs into the valleys, which run among the hills.

Psalm 148:4 Praise him, you heavens of heavens, and you waters that be above the heavens.

Ecclesiastes 11:3 If the clouds be full of rain, they empty themselves on the earth: …

and it.

Genesis 1:9,11,15,24 And God said, Let the waters under the heaven be gathered together …

Matthew 8:27 But the men marveled, saying, What manner of man is this, that even …

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