Job 38:8
Parallel Verses
New International Version
"Who shut up the sea behind doors when it burst forth from the womb,

New Living Translation
"Who kept the sea inside its boundaries as it burst from the womb,

English Standard Version
“Or who shut in the sea with doors when it burst out from the womb,

New American Standard Bible
"Or who enclosed the sea with doors When, bursting forth, it went out from the womb;

King James Bible
Or who shut up the sea with doors, when it brake forth, as if it had issued out of the womb?

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Who enclosed the sea behind doors when it burst from the womb,

International Standard Version
"Who enclosed the sea with limits when it gushed out of the womb,

NET Bible
"Who shut up the sea with doors when it burst forth, coming out of the womb,

GOD'S WORD® Translation
"Who shut the sea behind gates when it burst through and came out of the womb,

Jubilee Bible 2000
Or who shut up the sea with doors, when it broke forth, as if it had issued out of the womb?

King James 2000 Bible
Or who shut up the sea with doors, when it broke forth, as if it had issued out of the womb?

American King James Version
Or who shut up the sea with doors, when it broke forth, as if it had issued out of the womb?

American Standard Version
Or who'shut up the sea with doors, When it brake forth, as if it had issued out of the womb;

Douay-Rheims Bible
Who shut up the sea with doors, when it broke forth as issuing out of the womb :

Darby Bible Translation
And who shut up the sea with doors, when it burst forth, issuing out of the womb?

English Revised Version
Or who shut up the sea with doors, when it brake forth, as if it had issued out of the womb;

Webster's Bible Translation
Or who shut up the sea with doors, when it broke forth, as if it had issued out of the womb?

World English Bible
"Or who shut up the sea with doors, when it broke forth from the womb,

Young's Literal Translation
And He shutteth up with doors the sea, In its coming forth, from the womb it goeth out.
Parallel Commentaries
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary

38:4-11 For the humbling of Job, God here shows him his ignorance, even concerning the earth and the sea. As we cannot find fault with God's work, so we need not fear concerning it. The works of his providence, as well as the work of creation, never can be broken; and the work of redemption is no less firm, of which Christ himself is both the Foundation and the Corner-stone. The church stands as firm as the earth.

Pulpit Commentary

Verse 8. - Or who shut up the sea with doors? From the earth a transition is made to the sea, as the second great wonder in creation (comp. Genesis 1:9, 10; Exodus 20:11; Psalm 104:24, 25). God's might is especially shown in his power to control and confine the sea, which rages so terribly and seems so utterly uncontrollable. God has blocked it in "with doors" - i.e. with "bounds that it cannot pass, neither turn again to cover the earth" (Psalm 145:9). Sometimes the barrier is one of lofty and solid rock, which seems well suited to confine and restrain; but sometimes it is no more than a thin streak of sliver sand or a bank of loose, shifting pebbles. Yet, in both cases alike, the restraint suffices. "The sand is placed for the bound of the sea by a perpetual decree, that it cannot pass it" (Jeremiah 5:22); the beach of shifting pebbles remains as firm as the rock itself, and never recedes or advances more than a few feet. When it brake forth, as if it had issued out of the womb; i.e. at its birth, when it was first formed, by the gathering together of the waters into one place (see Genesis 1:9).

Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

Or who shut up the sea with doors,.... From the earth the transition is to the sea, according to the order of the creation; and this refers not to the state and case of the sea as at the flood, of which some interpret it, but as at its first creation; and it is throughout this account represented as an infant, and here first as in embryo, shut up in the bowels of the earth, where it was when first created with it, as an infant shut up in its mother's womb, and with the doors of it; see Job 3:10; the bowels of the earth being the storehouses where God first laid up the deep waters, Psalm 33:7; and when the chaos, the misshapen earth, was like a woman big with child;

when it brake forth out of the abyss, as the Targum, with force and violence, as Pharez broke out of his mother's womb; for which reason he had his name given, which signifies a breach, Genesis 38:29; so it follows,

as if it had issued out of the womb; as a child out of its mother's womb; so the sea burst forth and issued out of the bowels of the earth, and covered it all around, as in Psalm 104:6; and now it was that the Spirit of God moved upon the face of the waters, before they were drained off the earth; this was the first open visible production of the sea, and nay be called the birth of it; see Genesis 1:2. Something like this the Heathen philosopher Archelaus had a notion of, who says (g), the sea was shut up in hollow places, and was as it were strained through the earth.

(g) Laert. Vit. Philosoph. l. 2. p. 99.

Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Bible Commentary

8. doors—floodgates; these when opened caused the flood (Ge 8:2); or else, the shores.

womb—of chaos. The bowels of the earth. Image from childbirth (Job 38:8, 9; Eze 32:2; Mic 4:10). Ocean at its birth was wrapped in clouds as its swaddling bands.

Job 38:8 Additional Commentaries
Context
God Challenges Job
7When the morning stars sang together And all the sons of God shouted for joy? 8"Or who enclosed the sea with doors When, bursting forth, it went out from the womb; 9When I made a cloud its garment And thick darkness its swaddling band,…
Cross References
Genesis 1:7
So God made the vault and separated the water under the vault from the water above it. And it was so.

Genesis 1:9
And God said, "Let the water under the sky be gathered to one place, and let dry ground appear." And it was so.

Job 28:25
When he established the force of the wind and measured out the waters,

Job 38:9
when I made the clouds its garment and wrapped it in thick darkness,

Psalm 104:6
You covered it with the watery depths as with a garment; the waters stood above the mountains.

Proverbs 8:29
when he gave the sea its boundary so the waters would not overstep his command, and when he marked out the foundations of the earth.

Proverbs 30:4
Who has gone up to heaven and come down? Whose hands have gathered up the wind? Who has wrapped up the waters in a cloak? Who has established all the ends of the earth? What is his name, and what is the name of his son? Surely you know!

Isaiah 40:12
Who has measured the waters in the hollow of his hand, or with the breadth of his hand marked off the heavens? Who has held the dust of the earth in a basket, or weighed the mountains on the scales and the hills in a balance?

Jeremiah 5:22
Should you not fear me?" declares the LORD. "Should you not tremble in my presence? I made the sand a boundary for the sea, an everlasting barrier it cannot cross. The waves may roll, but they cannot prevail; they may roar, but they cannot cross it.
Treasury of Scripture

Or who shut up the sea with doors, when it broke forth, as if it had issued out of the womb?

who

Job 38:10 And broke up for it my decreed place, and set bars and doors,

Genesis 1:9 And God said, Let the waters under the heaven be gathered together …

Psalm 33:7 He gathers the waters of the sea together as an heap: he lays up …

Psalm 104:9 You have set a bound that they may not pass over; that they turn …

Proverbs 8:29 When he gave to the sea his decree, that the waters should not pass …

Jeremiah 5:22 Fear you not me? said the LORD: will you not tremble at my presence…

out

Job 38:29 Out of whose womb came the ice? and the hoary frost of heaven, who …

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