Psalm 104:24
Parallel Verses
New International Version
How many are your works, LORD! In wisdom you made them all; the earth is full of your creatures.

New Living Translation
O LORD, what a variety of things you have made! In wisdom you have made them all. The earth is full of your creatures.

English Standard Version
O LORD, how manifold are your works! In wisdom have you made them all; the earth is full of your creatures.

New American Standard Bible
O LORD, how many are Your works! In wisdom You have made them all; The earth is full of Your possessions.

King James Bible
O LORD, how manifold are thy works! in wisdom hast thou made them all: the earth is full of thy riches.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
How countless are Your works, LORD! In wisdom You have made them all; the earth is full of Your creatures.

International Standard Version
How numerous are your works, LORD! You have made them all wisely; the earth is filled with your creations.

NET Bible
How many living things you have made, O LORD! You have exhibited great skill in making all of them; the earth is full of the living things you have made.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
How many are your works Lord Jehovah, and you have made them all in wisdom!

GOD'S WORD® Translation
What a large number of things you have made, O LORD! You made them all by wisdom. The earth is filled with your creatures.

Jubilee Bible 2000
O LORD, how manifold are thy works! in wisdom thou hast made them all; the earth is full of thy riches.

King James 2000 Bible
O LORD, how manifold are your works! in wisdom have you made them all: the earth is full of your riches.

American King James Version
O LORD, how manifold are your works! in wisdom have you made them all: the earth is full of your riches.

American Standard Version
O Jehovah, how manifold are thy works! In wisdom hast thou made them all: The earth is full of thy riches.

Douay-Rheims Bible
How great are thy works, O Lord? thou hast made all things in wisdom: the earth is filled with thy riches.

Darby Bible Translation
How manifold are thy works, O Jehovah! in wisdom hast thou made them all: the earth is full of thy riches.

English Revised Version
O LORD, how manifold are thy works! in wisdom hast thou made them all: the earth is full of thy riches.

Webster's Bible Translation
O LORD, how manifold are thy works! in wisdom hast thou made them all: the earth is full of thy riches.

World English Bible
Yahweh, how many are your works! In wisdom have you made them all. The earth is full of your riches.

Young's Literal Translation
How many have been Thy works, O Jehovah, All of them in wisdom Thou hast made, Full is the earth of thy possessions.
Parallel Commentaries
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary

104:19-30 We are to praise and magnify God for the constant succession of day and night. And see how those are like to the wild beasts, who wait for the twilight, and have fellowship with the unfruitful works of darkness. Does God listen to the language of mere nature, even in ravenous creatures, and shall he not much more interpret favourably the language of grace in his own people, though weak and broken groanings which cannot be uttered? There is the work of every day, which is to be done in its day, which man must apply to every morning, and which he must continue in till evening; it will be time enough to rest when the night comes, in which no man can work. The psalmist wonders at the works of God. The works of art, the more closely they are looked upon, the more rough they appear; the works of nature appear more fine and exact. They are all made in wisdom, for they all answer the end they were designed to serve. Every spring is an emblem of the resurrection, when a new world rises, as it were, out of the ruins of the old one. But man alone lives beyond death. When the Lord takes away his breath, his soul enters on another state, and his body will be raised, either to glory or to misery. May the Lord send forth his Spirit, and new-create our souls to holiness.

Pulpit Commentary

Verse 24. - O Lord, how manifold are thy works! This is a parenthetic ejaculation, from which the psalmist cannot refrain, as he contemplates creation so far. It breaks the continuity of his description (vers. 2-32), but not unpleasingly. In wisdom hast thou made them all (comp. Proverbs 3:19, "The Lord by wisdom hath founded the earth; by understanding hath he established the heavens"). (On the "wisdom" of God, as shown in creation, see the whole series of 'Bridgewater Treatises.') The earth is full of thy riches; or possessions (comp. Psalm 105:21). "The earth is the Lord's, and the fulness thereof" (Psalm 24:1). Creation gives the right of ownership.

Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

O Lord, how manifold are thy works,.... The psalmist having taken notice of many of the works of creation, stops and wonders at the number of them; though he had not gone through them all, and there were even things innumerable behind; see Psalm 104:25, he admires the sum of them, how great it was; and not only the quantity but the quality of them; for so the words may be rendered, "how great are thy works" (g), as for number, so for nature; in which there is such an amazing display of the greatness and power of God, and particularly of his wisdom, as is observed in the next clause.

In wisdom hast thou made them all not only one thing, as the heavens, Psalm 136:5, but everything is wisely contrived and made; there is a most glorious display of the wisdom of God in the most minute thing his hands have made; he has made everything beautiful in its season: a skilful artificer, when he has finished his work and looks it over again, often finds some fault or another in it: but when the Lord had finished his works of creation, and looked over them, he saw that all was good; infinite wisdom itself could find no blemish in them: what weak, foolish, stupid creatures must they be that pretend to charge any of the works of God with folly, or want of wisdom? Some by "wisdom" here understand Christ himself, the wisdom of God; and not amiss, since without him was not anything made; see Proverbs 3:19.

The earth is full of thy riches: or possessions (h); for as the Lord is the maker, he is the proprietor and the possessor of heaven and earth, and all that is in them, and can and does dispose thereof as seems good in his sight; and whatever of the riches and good things of the earth men may have, they are only stewards, the Lord is the rightful owner and possessor of them; see Genesis 14:19, with which compare Psalm 33:5; see Gill on Psalm 33:5.

(g) "quam multa ac magna", Gejerus. (h) "possessione tua", V. L. Pagninus, Montanus, Junius & Tremellius, Gejerus; "tuis possessionibus", Tigurine version, Vatablus, Piscator, Michaelis.

The Treasury of David

24 O Lord, how manifold are thy works! in wisdom hast thou made them all: the earth is full of thy riches.

25 So is this great and wide sea, wherein are things creeping innumerable, both small and great beasts.

26 There go the ships: there is that leviathan, whom thou hast made to play therein.

27 These wait all upon thee; that thou mayest give them their meat in due season.

28 That thou givest them they gather; thou openest thine hand, they are filled with good.

29 Thou hidest thy face, they are troubled; thou takest away their breath, they die, and return to their dust.

30 Thou sendest forth thy spirit, they are created; and thou renewest the face of the earth.

Psalm 104:24

"O Lord, how manifold are thy works!" They are not only many for number but manifold for variety. Mineral, vegetable, animal - what a range of works is suggested by these three names! No two even of the same class are exactly alike, and the classes are more numerous than science can number. Works in the heavens above and in the earth beneath, and in the waters under the earth, works which abide the ages, works which come to perfection and pass away in a year, works which with all their beauty do not outlive a day, works within works, and works within these - who can number one of a thousand? God is the great worker, and ordainer of variety. It is ours to study his works, for they are great, and sought out of all them that have pleasure therein. The kingdom of grace contains as manifold and as great works as that of nature, but the chosen of the Lord alone discern them. "In wisdom hast thou made them all," or wrought them all. They are all his works, wrought by his own power, and they all display his wisdom. It was wise to make them - none could be spared; every link is essential to the chain of nature - wild beasts as much as men, poisons as truly as odoriferous herbs. They are wisely made - each one fits its place, fills it, and is happy in so doing. As a whole, the "all" of creation is a wise achievement, and however, it may be chequered with mysteries, and clouded with terrors, it all works together for good, and as one complete harmonious piece of workmanship it answers the great Worker's end. "The earth is full of thy riches." It is not a poor-house, but a palace; not a hungry ruin, but a well-filled store-house. The Creator has not set his creatures down in a dwelling-place where the table is bare, and the buttery empty, he has filled the earth with food; and not with bare necessaries only, but with riches - dainties, luxuries, beauties, treasures. In the bowels of the earth are hidden mines of wealth, and on her surface are teeming harvests of plenty. All these riches are the Lord's; we ought to call them not "the wealth of nations," but "thy riches" O Lord! Not in one clime alone are these riches of God to be found, but in all lands - even the Arctic ocean has its precious things which men endure much hardness to win, and the burning sun of the equator ripens a produce which flavours the food of all mankind. If his house below is so full of riches what must his house above be, where

"The very streets are paved with gold

Exceeding clear and fine"?

Psalm 104:25

"So is this great and wide sea." He gives an instance of the immense number and variety of Jehovah's works by pointing to the sea. "Look," saith he, "at yonder ocean, stretching itself on both hands and embracing so many lands, it too swarms with animal life, and in its deeps lie treasures beyond all counting." The heathen made the sea a different province from the land, and gave the command thereof to Neptune, but we know of a surety that Jehovah rules the waves. "Wherein are things creeping innumerable, both small and great beasts;" read moving things and animals small and great, and you have the true sense. The number of minute forms of animal life is indeed beyond all reckoning; when a single phosphorescent wave may bear millions of infusoira, and around a fragment of rock armies of microscopic beings may gather, we renounce all idea of applying arithmetic to such a case. The sea in many regions appears to be all alive, as if every drop were a world. Nor are these tiny creatures the only tenants of the sea, for it contains gigantic mammals which exceed in bulk those which range the land, and a vast host of huge fishes which wander among the waves, and hide in the caverns of the sea as the tiger lurks in the jungle, or the lion roams the plain. Truly, O Lord, thou makest the sea to be as rich in the works of thy hands as the land itself.

Psalm 104:26

continued...

Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Bible Commentary

24-26. From a view of the earth thus full of God's blessings, the writer passes to the sea, which, in its immensity, and as a scene and means of man's activity in commerce, and the home of countless multitudes of creatures, also displays divine power and beneficence. The mention of

Psalm 104:24 Additional Commentaries
Context
O Lord, My God, You are Very Great
23Man goes forth to his work And to his labor until evening. 24O LORD, how many are Your works! In wisdom You have made them all; The earth is full of Your possessions. 25There is the sea, great and broad, In which are swarms without number, Animals both small and great.…
Cross References
Genesis 1:31
God saw all that he had made, and it was very good. And there was evening, and there was morning--the sixth day.

Psalm 40:5
Many, LORD my God, are the wonders you have done, the things you planned for us. None can compare with you; were I to speak and tell of your deeds, they would be too many to declare.

Psalm 50:10
for every animal of the forest is mine, and the cattle on a thousand hills.

Psalm 65:9
You care for the land and water it; you enrich it abundantly. The streams of God are filled with water to provide the people with grain, for so you have ordained it.

Psalm 136:5
who by his understanding made the heavens, His love endures forever.

Proverbs 3:19
By wisdom the LORD laid the earth's foundations, by understanding he set the heavens in place;

Proverbs 8:22
"The LORD brought me forth as the first of his works, before his deeds of old;

Jeremiah 10:12
But God made the earth by his power; he founded the world by his wisdom and stretched out the heavens by his understanding.

Jeremiah 51:15
"He made the earth by his power; he founded the world by his wisdom and stretched out the heavens by his understanding.
Treasury of Scripture

O LORD, how manifold are your works! in wisdom have you made them all: the earth is full of your riches.

how

Psalm 8:3 When I consider your heavens, the work of your fingers, the moon …

Psalm 40:5 Many, O LORD my God, are your wonderful works which you have done, …

Psalm 107:31 Oh that men would praise the LORD for his goodness, and for his wonderful …

Nehemiah 9:6 You, even you, are LORD alone; you have made heaven, the heaven of …

Job 5:9 Which does great things and unsearchable; marvelous things without number:

in wisdom

Psalm 136:5 To him that by wisdom made the heavens: for his mercy endures for ever.

Genesis 1:31 And God saw every thing that he had made, and, behold, it was very …

Proverbs 3:19,20 The LORD by wisdom has founded the earth; by understanding has he …

Proverbs 8:22 The LORD possessed me in the beginning of his way, before his works of old.

Jeremiah 10:12 He has made the earth by his power, he has established the world …

Romans 11:33 O the depth of the riches both of the wisdom and knowledge of God! …

Ephesians 1:8 Wherein he has abounded toward us in all wisdom and prudence;

Ephesians 3:10 To the intent that now to the principalities and powers in heavenly …

the earth

Psalm 24:1 The earth is the LORD's, and the fullness thereof; the world, and …

Psalm 50:10-12 For every beast of the forest is mine, and the cattle on a thousand hills…

Psalm 65:11 You crown the year with your goodness; and your paths drop fatness.

Genesis 1:11,12,24,25 And God said, Let the earth bring forth grass, the herb yielding …

1 Timothy 6:17 Charge them that are rich in this world, that they be not high minded, …

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