Job 36:30
Verse (Click for Chapter)
New International Version
See how he scatters his lightning about him, bathing the depths of the sea.

New Living Translation
See how he spreads the lightning around him and how it lights up the depths of the sea.

English Standard Version
Behold, he scatters his lightning about him and covers the roots of the sea.

New American Standard Bible
"Behold, He spreads His lightning about Him, And He covers the depths of the sea.

King James Bible
Behold, he spreadeth his light upon it, and covereth the bottom of the sea.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
See how He spreads His lightning around Him and covers the depths of the sea.

International Standard Version
He scatters his lightning above it, and covers the bottom of the sea.

NET Bible
See how he scattered his lightning about him; he has covered the depths of the sea.

New Heart English Bible
Look, he spreads his light around him. He covers the bottom of the sea.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Look, he scatters his flashes of lightning around him and covers the depths of the sea.

JPS Tanakh 1917
Behold, He spreadeth His light upon it; And He covereth the depths of the sea.

New American Standard 1977
“Behold, He spreads His lightning about Him,
            And He covers the depths of the sea.

Jubilee Bible 2000
Behold, he spreads his light upon it and covers the roots of the sea.

King James 2000 Bible
Behold, he spreads his lightning upon it, and covers the depths of the sea.

American King James Version
Behold, he spreads his light on it, and covers the bottom of the sea.

American Standard Version
Behold, he spreadeth his light around him; And he covereth the bottom of the sea.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And lighten with his light from above, he shall cover also the ends of the sea.

Darby Bible Translation
Lo, he spreadeth his light around him, and covereth the bottom of the sea.

English Revised Version
Behold, he spreadeth his light around him; and he covereth the bottom of the sea.

Webster's Bible Translation
Behold, he spreadeth his light upon it, and covereth the bottom of the sea.

World English Bible
Behold, he spreads his light around him. He covers the bottom of the sea.

Young's Literal Translation
Lo, He hath spread over it His light, And the roots of the sea He hath covered,
(30) His light appears to mean here the lightning which flashes forth from the cloud.

And covereth the bottom of the sea.--Literally, it hath covered the roots of the sea: i.e., it, the lightning, or He, God, hath covered those clouds which are composed of the roots of the sea, that is, the drops of water which are exhaled from the sea.

Verse 30. - Behold, he spreadeth his light upon it. God flashes the weird brilliance of his lightning over the heaven - not over himself, as some translate (Rosenmuller, Cook). He lights up the whole sky at once with the electric splendour, and even covereth with it the bottom (literally, the roots) of the see. This is, of course, hyperbole; but it seems to be Elihu's meaning. Behold, he spreadeth his light upon it,.... Upon his tabernacle; that is, upon the clouds, which are his tabernacle; either the light of the sun, whereby the clouds are dispersed and blotted out; an emblem of the blotting out of sin, or the forgiveness of it, Isaiah 44:22, which is like a clear shining after rain, 2 Samuel 23:4, or on a thin cloud, whereby the rainbow is formed, an emblem of peace and reconciliation by Christ; or lightning, which bursting out of the dark cloud is spread over it, when it seems to be all in flames. Cocceius renders it, "he spreads the light about himself"; God spreads it about himself, clothing himself with light as with a garment, and dwelling in light inaccessible to men: or he "spreads it upon him", upon man; causing his sun to shine on the just and unjust; or on it, the earth; so it was spread when first commanded to shine out of darkness, with which the earth in its primeval state was covered; and so it is spread every morning upon the earth; as soon as day breaks, the morning is spread upon the mountains, and in a short time it overspreads the whole hemisphere; an emblem this of the spread of the light of grace over the dark hearts of men, in conversion, which are like the earth in its chaotic state, or as in the night season covered with darkness; out of which they are called and brought by the grace of God, having the true light sprung and placed in their souls; which at first is but glimmering, and at best imperfect in the present state, yet is spreading and increasing, Proverbs 4:18; and of the spread of the great and glorious light of the Gospel in the world, in the times of the apostles, and as it will be in the latter day glory;

and covereth the bottom of the sea, or "the roots of the sea" (n); though one would think they should be rather covered with water and with darkness, as they are; see Job 38:8. This is to be understood either of the light of the sun, and the rays of it, which are so piercing and penetrating as to reach to the bottom of the sea, and cover it and exhale waters out of it; or of lightning, which is equally as piercing and penetrating, or more, and strikes to the very roots of the sea, and covers them, or rather discovers them, so that the channels of waters are seen, and the foundations of the world are discovered, Psalm 18:14; the Targum of this verse is,

"he spreads upon it rain, and covers the rocks or foundations of the sea;''

and the rain is called light according to Ramban, because by the descent of it the day is enlightened, and the darkness of the clouds removed; and by this means the bottom of the sea is covered, so that it passes its bounds and covers the rocks, that is, the borders of it, as others explain it (o).

(n) "radices maris", Pagninus, Montanus, &c. (o) In Bar Tzemach in loc. 30. light—lightning.

it—His tabernacle (Job 36:29). The light, in an instant spread over the vast mass of dark clouds, forms a striking picture.

spread—is repeated from Job 36:29 to form an antithesis. "He spreads not only clouds, but light."

covereth the bottom—roots.

of the sea—namely, with the light. In the storm the depths of ocean are laid bare; and the light "covers" them, at the same moment that it "spreads" across the dark sky. So in Ps 18:14, 15, the discovering of "the channels of waters" follows the "lightnings." Umbreit translates: "He spreadeth His light upon Himself, and covereth Himself with the roots of the sea" (Ps 104:2). God's garment is woven of celestial light and of the watery depths, raised to the sky to form His cloudy canopy. The phrase, "cover Himself with the roots of the sea," is harsh; but the image is grand.36:24-33 Elihu endeavours to fill Job with high thought of God, and so to persuade him into cheerful submission to his providence. Man may see God's works, and is capable of discerning his hand in them, which the beasts are not, therefore they ought to give him the glory. But while the worker of iniquity ought to tremble, the true believer should rejoice. Children should hear with pleasure their Father's voice, even when he speaks in terror to his enemies. There is no light but there may be a cloud to intercept it. The light of the favour of God, the light of his countenance, the most blessed light of all, even that light has many a cloud. The clouds of our sins cause the Lord to his face, and hinder the light of his loving-kindness from shining on our souls.
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