Job 30:4
Verse (Click for Chapter)
New International Version
In the brush they gathered salt herbs, and their food was the root of the broom bush.

New Living Translation
They pluck wild greens from among the bushes and eat from the roots of broom trees.

English Standard Version
they pick saltwort and the leaves of bushes, and the roots of the broom tree for their food.

New American Standard Bible
Who pluck mallow by the bushes, And whose food is the root of the broom shrub.

King James Bible
Who cut up mallows by the bushes, and juniper roots for their meat.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
They plucked mallow among the shrubs, and the roots of the broom tree were their food.

International Standard Version
"They would pluck off herbs from salt marshes to eat; and roots of the broom shrub for food.

NET Bible
By the brush they would gather herbs from the salt marshes, and the root of the broom tree was their food.

New Heart English Bible
They pluck salt herbs by the bushes. The roots of the broom are their food.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
They pick saltwort from the underbrush, and the roots of the broom plant are their food.

JPS Tanakh 1917
They pluck salt-wort with wormwood; And the roots of the broom are their food.

New American Standard 1977
Who pluck mallow by the bushes,
            And whose food is the root of the broom shrub.

Jubilee Bible 2000
Who cut up mallows among the bushes and juniper roots for their food.

King James 2000 Bible
Who pick mallows by the bushes, and juniper roots for their food.

American King James Version
Who cut up mallows by the bushes, and juniper roots for their meat.

American Standard Version
They pluck salt-wort by the bushes; And the roots of the broom are their food.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And they ate grass, and barks of trees, and the root of junipers was their food.

Darby Bible Translation
They gather the salt-wort among the bushes, and the roots of the broom for their food.

English Revised Version
They pluck salt-wort by the bushes; and the roots of the broom are their meat.

Webster's Bible Translation
Who cut up mallows by the bushes, and juniper roots for their food.

World English Bible
They pluck salt herbs by the bushes. The roots of the broom are their food.

Young's Literal Translation
Those cropping mallows near a shrub, And broom-roots is their food.
Study Bible
Job's Honor Turned into Contempt
3"From want and famine they are gaunt Who gnaw the dry ground by night in waste and desolation, 4Who pluck mallow by the bushes, And whose food is the root of the broom shrub. 5"They are driven from the community; They shout against them as against a thief,…
Cross References
1 Kings 19:4
But he himself went a day's journey into the wilderness, and came and sat down under a juniper tree; and he requested for himself that he might die, and said, "It is enough; now, O LORD, take my life, for I am not better than my fathers."

Job 30:3
"From want and famine they are gaunt Who gnaw the dry ground by night in waste and desolation,

Job 30:5
"They are driven from the community; They shout against them as against a thief,
Treasury of Scripture

Who cut up mallows by the bushes, and juniper roots for their meat.

mallows (The Hebrew malluach, in Arabic, malluch and in Syriac mallucho, is probably the halimus of the Romans, which Dioscorides describes as a kind of bramble, without thorns, the leaves of which are boiled and eaten.)

juniper roots (The Hebrew rothem, in Arabic, ratim, and in Spanish, retama, most probably signifies the genista or broom, which is very abundant in the deserts of Arabia.)

for their meat

2 Kings 4:38,39 And Elisha came again to Gilgal: and there was a dearth in the land; …

Amos 7:14 Then answered Amos, and said to Amaziah, I was no prophet, neither …

Luke 15:16 And he would fain have filled his belly with the husks that the swine …

Verse 4. - Who cut up mallows by the bushes. One of the plants on which they feed is the malluch, not really a "mallow," but probably the Atriplex halimus which is "a shrub from four to five feet high, with many thick branches; the leaves are rather sour to the taste; the flowers are purple, and very small; it grows on the sea-coast in Greece, Arabia, Syria, etc., and belongs to the natural order Chenopodiace" (see Smith's 'Dict. of the Bible,' vol. 2. p. 215). And juniper roots for their meat. Most moderns regard the rothen as the Genista monosperma, which is a kind of broom. It is a leguminous plant, having a white flower. and grows plentifully in the Sinaitic desert, in Palestine, Syria, and Arabia. The root is very bitter, and would only be used as food under extreme pressure, but the fruit is readily eaten by sheep, and the roots would, no doubt, yield some nourishment (see Dr. Cunningham Geikie's work,' The Holy Land and the Bible,' vol. 1. p. 258). Who cut up mallows by the bushes,.... Which with the Troglodytes were of a vast size (r); or rather "upon the bush" (s) or "tree"; and therefore cannot mean what we call mallows, which are herbs on the ground, and grow not on trees or bushes; and, besides, are not for food, but rather for medicine: though Plutarch (t) says they, were the food of the meaner sort of people; so Horace (u) speaks of them as such; and the word in the original is near in sound to a mallow; but it signifies something salt, wherefore Mr. Broughton renders it "salt herbs"; so Grotius, such as might grow by the seaside, or in salt marshes; and in Edom, or Idumea, where Job 54ed, was a valley of salt, see 2 Kings 14:7. Jarchi says it is the same with what the Syrians in their language call "kakuli", which with them is a kind of pulse; but what the Turks at this day call "kakuli" is a kind of salt herb, like to "alcali", which is the food of camels (x) the Septuagint render the word by "alima"; and, by several modern learned men, what is intended is thought to be the "halimus" of Dioscorides, Galen, and Avicenna; which is like unto a bramble, and grows in hedges and maritime places; the tops of which, when young and tender, are eaten, and the leaves boiled for food, and are eaten by poor people, being what soon filled the belly, and satisfied; and seem to be the same the Moors call "mallochia", and cry about the streets, as food for the poor to buy (y): however it appears upon the whole to be the tops or leaves of some sort of shrub, which Idumean people used to gather and live upon. The following story is reported in the Talmud (z) concerning King Jannai, who

"went to Cochalith in the wilderness, and there subdued sixty fortified towns; and, upon his return, he greatly rejoiced, and called all the wise men of Israel, and said unto them, our fathers ate "malluchim" (the word used in this text of Job) at the time they were employed in building the sanctuary; so we will eat "malluchim" on remembrance of our fathers; and they set "malluchim" on tables of gold, and they ate;''

which the gloss interprets herbs; the name of which, in the Syriac language, is "kakuli"; the Targum is, who plucks up thorns instead of eatable herbs. Some (a) render the word "nettles", see Job 30:7;

juniper roots for their meat, or "bread" (b); with the roots of which the poor were fed in time of want, as Schindler (v) observes: that bread may be, and has been made out of roots, is certain, as with the West Indians, out of the roots of "ages" and "jucca" (c); and in particular juniper roots in the northern countries have been used for bread (d); and there were a people in Ethiopia above Egypt, who lived upon roots of reeds prepared, and were called "rhisophagi" (e), "root eaters": some render the words, "or juniper roots to heat", or "warm with" (f), as the word is used in Isaiah 47:14; and coals of juniper have in them a very great and vehement heat, see Psalm 120:3; but if any part of the juniper tree was taken for this purpose, to warm with when cold, one should think the branches, or the body of the tree, should be cut down, rather than the roots dug up: another sense is given by some (g), that meat or bread is to be understood of the livelihood these persons got by digging up juniper roots, and selling them: there are others that think, that not the roots of juniper, but of "broom" (h), are meant, whose rape, or navew, or excrescence from the roots of it, seem to be more fit food. All this agrees with the Troglodytes, whom Pliny (i) represents as thieves and robbers, and, when pressed with famine, dig up herbs and roots: cutters of roots are reckoned among the worst of men by Manetho (k).

(r) Diodorus Siculus, l. 3. p. 175. (s) "super virgulto", Montanus, Schultens; "super arbustum", Bochart. (t) In symposio septem sap. (u) "-----me pascunt olivae. Me cichorea levesque malvae". Carmin. l. 1. Ode. 31. & Epod. Ode. 2.((x) Scheuchzer. Physic. Sacr. vol. 4. p. 760. (y) lbid. vid. Reinesium de Lingua Punic. c. 9. S. 20, 21. (z) T. Bab. Kiddushin, fol. 66. 1.((a) David de Pomis Lexic. fol. 80. 3.((b) "panis eorum", Montanus, Michaelis, Schultens. (v) Lexic. col. 1775. (c) Pet. Martyr. de Angleria, decad. 1. l. 1.((d) Olaus Magnus, de Ritu Gent. Septent. l. 12. c. 4. (e) Diod. Sic. l. 3. p. 159. (f) "Ad calefaciendum se", Pagninus; so Kimchi, Sepher Shorash rad, (g) Hillerus apud Schultens in loc. (h) "radix genistarum", Michaelis, Schultens; so some in Mercerus, Drusius, & Gussetius, p. 839. (i) Nat. Hist. l. 37. c. 8. (k) Apotelesm. l. 5. v. 183. 4. mallows—rather, "salt-wort," which grows in deserts and is eaten as a salad by the poor [Maurer].

by the bushes—among the bushes.

juniper—rather, a kind of broom, Spartium junceum [Linnæus], still called in Arabia, as in the Hebrew of Job, retem, of which the bitter roots are eaten by the poor.30:1-14 Job contrasts his present condition with his former honour and authority. What little cause have men to be ambitious or proud of that which may be so easily lost, and what little confidence is to be put in it! We should not be cast down if we are despised, reviled, and hated by wicked men. We should look to Jesus, who endured the contradiction of sinners.
Jump to Previous
Broom Brush Brushwood Bushes Cut Food Gather Gathered Herbs Juniper Leaves Making Mallows Meal Meat Pick Pluck Pulling Root Roots Salt Shrub Themselves Tree Warm Wormwood
Jump to Next
Broom Brush Brushwood Bushes Cut Food Gather Gathered Herbs Juniper Leaves Making Mallows Meal Meat Pick Pluck Pulling Root Roots Salt Shrub Themselves Tree Warm Wormwood
Links
Job 30:4 NIV
Job 30:4 NLT
Job 30:4 ESV
Job 30:4 NASB
Job 30:4 KJV

Job 30:4 Biblia Paralela
Job 30:4 Chinese Bible
Job 30:4 French Bible
Job 30:4 German Bible

Alphabetical: and broom brush bushes by food gathered herbs In is mallow of pluck root salt shrub the their they tree was Who whose

OT Poetry: Job 30:4 They pluck salt herbs by the bushes (Jb) Christian Bible Study Resources, Dictionary, Concordance and Search Tools
Job 30:3
Top of Page
Top of Page